Open Knowledge
23-​oct-​2015.​md4-​dec-​2015.​md
1 ##·​Preamble1 ##·​Preamble
2 2
3 The·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement,​3 The·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement,​
4 4
5 *Being*·​Parties·​to·​the·​United·​Nations·​Framework·​Convention·​on·​Climate·​Change,​·hereinafter·​referred·​to·​as·​"the·​Convention",​5 *Being*·​Parties·​to·​the·​United·​Nations·​Framework·​Convention·​on·​Climate·​Change·​(hereinafter·​referred·​to·​as·​"the·​Convention")​,​
6 6
7 *In·​[furtherance][pursuit​]*·of·​the·​objective,​·​[principles·and·​provisions]·of·​the·​Convention·​[as·​set·​out·​in·​Articles·​2,​·​3·and·4],​·​[including·​the·principles·​of·​equity·​and·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities·in·​light·​of·​different·​national·​circumstances,​]]7 *In·pursuit*·of·​the·​objective·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​[and·being·​guided·​by·​its·​principles·​[and·​provisions],​·including·​the·principle·​of·​equity·​and·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​[in·​the·​light·​of·​different·​national·​circumstances],​]
8 8
9 *Recalling*·decisions·​1/​CP.​17,​·​2/​CP.​18,​·​1/​CP.​19,​·​and·1/​CP·20,​9 *Pursuant·​to·​the*·Durban·​Platform·​for·​Enhanced·​Action·​adopted·​by·​decision·​1/​CP.​17·of·the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Convention·​at·​its·​seventeenth·​session,​
10 10
11 *[Taking*·account·of·the·​[particular·vulnerabilities·​and·specific·needs·of][particularly·​vulnerable][urgent·​and·​immediate·​needs·​and·​special·​circumstances·​of]·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·​especially·​[those·​that·are·particularly·vulnerable,​·​including]·​the·least·developed·country·​(LDC)​·​Parties[·​and·other·​Parties·​identified·​in·​Article·​4.​8·​of·​the·​Convention],​·​small·​island·​developing·​states·​(SIDS)​·​[,​·​small·​mountainous·​developing·​states]·​and·​Africa,​·​[and·​the·​central·​American·​isthmus]][*Taking·​full·​account*·​of·​the·​specific·​needs·​and·​special·​situations·​of·​the·​least·​developed·​countries·​and·​small·​island·​developing·​states·​arising·​from·​the·​adverse·​impacts·​of·climate·change],​11 *Recognizing*·​the·intrinsic·​relationship·​between·​climate·​change,​·​poverty·​eradication·​and·​[equitable·​access·​to]·​sustainable·​development,​·​[reaffirming·​that·responses·to·climate·change·shall·​[aim·to·avoid·​the·​adverse·​impacts·​of·response·measures,​·​and]·​promote·​[social·​and·​economic·​development·​in·​harmony·​with·​nature][sustainable·​development]],​]
12 12
13 *[Recognizing*·the·intrinsic·​relationship·​between·​climate·​change,​·​poverty·​eradication·​and·​sustainable·​development·​and·​r*eaffirming*·​that·​the·response·​to·​climate·change·should·be·​coordinated·​with·​social·​and·​economic·​development·​[in·​an·​integrated·​manner·​]with·​a·​view·​to·​avoiding·​adverse·​impacts·​[of·​response·​measures·​on·​the·​latter],​·​taking·​into·​full·​account·​the·​legitimate·​priority·​[needs]·​of·​developing·countries·​and·​their·​rights·​to·​equitable·​access·​to·​sustainable·​development·​for·​the·​achievement·​of·​sustained·​economic·​growth·​and·​the·​eradication·​of·​poverty,​]·​[r*ecognizing*·​the·​importance·​of·​promoting·​social·​and·​economic·​development·​in·​harmony·​with·​nature·​as·​the·​fundamental·​requirement·​to·​address·​climate·​change,​]],​13 *Taking*·account·​of·​the·specific·needs·​[and·​special·​circumstances]·​of·​[developing·​country]·​Parties,​·​[in·​accordance·​with·​the·​Convention]·​[and·​especially·​those·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable][to·​climate·related·events,​][including·mountainous·​developing·states],​
14 14
15 *Emphasizing*·​the·​need·​for·​[universal·​and·​]sustained·action·by·all·​to·​respond·​to·​the·​urgent·​threat·​of·​climate·​change·​based·​on·​the·​best·​available·​[and·universally·recognized]·​scientific·knowledge·including,​·inter·alia,​·​the·​assessment·​reports·​of·​the·Intergovernmental·​Panel·​on·​Climate·​Change[,​·​and·​inputs·​and·resources·from·​Parties],​15 [*Taking·account·also*·of·​the·​[different·and·additional]·specific·needs·and·special·​[situations]·​[circumstances·​]·​of·​[least·developed·country·​(LDC)​·​Parties·​in·​accordance·​with·​Article·​4,​·​paragraph·​9·​of·​the·Convention·​and·specific·circumstances·of]·​small·​island·​developing·​States·​(SIDS)​·​[and·​least·​developed·​country·​(LDC)​·Parties],​]·​[Africa]·​[and·​the·​Central·​American·​Isthmus],​
16 16
17 *Recognizing*·​the·outcomes·​of·​the·2013-​2015·Review[,​·​including·the·Report·of·​the·​SED,​·​which·​recognizes·​that·​"significant·​climate·​impacts·​are·​already·​occurring·​at·​the·​current·​level·​of·​global·​warming·​and·​additional·​magnitudes·​of·​warming·​will·​only·​increase·​the·​risk·​of·​severe,​·​pervasive·​and·​irreversible·​impacts"·​],​17 *Emphasizing*·​the·need·​to·​respond·​to·​the·​urgent·​threat·​of·​climate·​change·​on·​the·​basis·​of·​the·​[best·​available]·​[reliable]·​scientific·​knowledge,​·​in·​particular,​·​the·​assessment·​reports·​of·​the·Intergovernmental·Panel·on·Climate·Change,​
18 18
19 *[Noting*·that·​the·largest·share·​of·​historical·​global·​emissions·​of·​greenhouse·​gases·​has·​originated·​in·​developed·​countries,​·​that·​per·​capita·​emissions·​in·​developing·​countries·​are·​still·​relatively·​low·​and·​that·​the·share·of·global·emissions·originating·in·developing·countries·will·​grow·​to·​meet·​their·​social·​and·​development·​needs,​]19 *Recognizing*·​the·outcomes·​of·the·2013–2015·review,​·​[including·​the·report·on·the·structured·expert·dialogue·on·the·review,​]
20 20
21 *[Recognizing*·​that·Parties·should·take·action·​to·address·climate·change·​in·​accordance·​with·​evolving·​economic·​and·emissions·trends,​·​which·​will·​continue·​to·​evolve·​post-​2020,​]21 [*Noting*·​that·the·largest·share·of·historical·global·​emissions·of·​greenhouse·​gases·​has·​originated·​in·​developed·​countries,​·that·​per·​capita·​emissions·​in·​developing·​countries·​are·​still·​relatively·​low·​and·​that·​the·​share·​of·​global·​emissions·​originating·​in·​developing·​countries·​will·grow·​to·meet·their·​social·​and·​development·​needs,​]
22 22
23 *Emphasizing*·the·importance·of·respecting·​and·​taking·​into·​account·​[,​·​subject·​to·​jurisdiction]·​[right·​to·​development,​]·​human·​rights·​[including·​people·​under·​occupation],​·​gender·​equality·​[and·​women's·​empowerment],​·​[the·​rights·​of·​indigenous·​peoples,​][local·​communities,​]·​intergenerational·​equity·​concerns,​·​and·​the·​needs·​of·​[migrants]·​[particularly·​vulnerable·​groups]·​[people·​in·​vulnerable·​situations],​·​[including·​people·​under·​[foreign]·​occupation,​]·​women,​·​children·​and·​persons·​with·​disabilities,​·​when·​taking·​action·​to·​address·​climate·​change,​23 *Recognizing*·that·Parties·should·take·​action·​to·​address·​climate·​change·​in·​accordance·​with·​[[relevant][evolving·​economic·​and·​emission]·​trends,​·​which·​will·​continue·​to·​evolve·​post-​2020]·​[and·​the·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention],​
24 24
25 *Also·​emphasizing*·of·the·​importance·​of·aligning·actions·​with·the·goal·​of·​promoting·food·security·​and·livelihood·security,​·​restoration·​of·degraded·lands,​·​health,​·​and·ecosystem·integrity,​·​participation·in·environmental·​decision-​making·​by·​civil·​society·​and·​individuals,​·​and·​a·​just·​transition·​of·​the·workforce·​and·creation·of·decent·work·and·quality·jobs·​in·​accordance·​with·​nationally·​defined·​development·​priorities·​and·​strategies·​[towards·​environmentally·​sustainable·​economies·​for·​all],​25 [*Emphasizing*·​the·​importance·​of·​promoting,​·​protecting·​and·respecting·all·​human·​rights,​·including·​[to·​promote·​sustainable][the·​right·​to]·​development,​·​and]·​[the·​right·​to·​health,​]·​the·​rights·​of·indigenous·peoples,​·​[climate·induced]·​migrants·​[refugees·​and·internally·displaced·peoples],​·​children,​·​persons·​with·disabilities·​and·people·in·vulnerable·situations·​[and·under·occupation]·​[with·​due·​respect·​to·​sovereignty·​and·​territorial·​integrity·​of·​states],​·​as·​well·​as·​promoting·​health,​·​gender·​equality·​and·​the·​empowerment·​of·​women,​·​while·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​needs·​of·​local·​communities,​·​intergenerational·​equity·​concerns,​·​and·​[the·​integrity·​of·​[ecosystems·​and]·​Mother·​Earth],​·​when·​taking·​action·​to·​address·​climate·​change,​]
26 26
27 **Option·1:​**·​*Recognizing*·​the·importance·​and·special·characteristics·​of·land·use,​·​including·​forests,​·​in·​relation·​to,​·​inter·​alia,​·​food·​security,​·​diverse·​land·​management·​systems,​·​removals·​as·​well·​as·​emissions,​·​multiple·​sustainability·​objectives,​·​disturbance,​·​permanence,​·​legacy·​and·non-​anthropogenic·effects,​27 *Taking·into·​account*·​the·imperatives·​of·equitable·access·​to·sustainable·development,​·and·a·just·transition·of·the·workforce·​and·the·creation·​of·​decent·​work·​and·​quality·​jobs·​in·​accordance·​with·​nationally·​defined·​development·​priorities.​
28 28
29 **Option·​2:​**·​*Recognizing*·​the·​fundamental·priority·of·​the·​international·​community·​in·​the·​eradication·​of·​hunger·​and·​safeguarding·​food·​security,​29 *Recognizing*·​the·critical·importance·​[and·​[fundamental]·​priority]·​of·​safeguarding·​food·​security·​and·​ending·​hunger·​[consistent·​with·​the·​2030·​UN·​sustainable·​development·​agenda]·​[and·​the·​special·​characteristics·​of·​food·​and·​land]
30 30
31 *Recognizing*·​the·​critical·role·played·by·​sinks·​and·​reservoirs·​of·​greenhouse·​gases,​·​[such·as·​forests,​]·​through·​mitigation·and·adaptation·actions,​·​[including·​REDD-​plus,​]·​[and·the·​Joint·​Mitigation·​and·​Adaptation·Mechanism]·​to·attain·​the·stabilization·​of·greenhouse·gas·concentrations·​in·​the·atmosphere,​·​conserve·biological·diversity,​·​restore·ecosystems·​and·enhance·ecosystem·services,​·​including·food·security,​·​while·​acknowledging·​their·vulnerability·​to·​climate·​change·​and·​associated·​natural·​disturbances;​31 [*Recognizing·​also*·​the·​[special·characteristics·and]·​[critical]·​importance·of·the·​conservation·​and·​enhancement[,​·​as·​appropriate,​]·​of·​sinks·​and·​reservoirs·​of·​greenhouse·​gases,​·​[including·​[forests]·​[,​·​oceans]·​[,​·​ecological·biomes]·and·other·ecosystems,​·including·through·​[landscape·​restoration]·​[REDD-​plus,​·the·​Joint·​Mitigation·​and·​Adaptation·approach·for·​the·integral·​and·sustainable·management·of·forests]]·​[,​·​conservation·of·biodiversity],​·​and·the·related·benefits·​[for·achieving·the·​ultimate·​objective·​of·​the·​Convention],​·​as·​well·​as·​the·​multiple·​social·​and·environmental·objectives·of·​Parties·​[when·​managing·​their·​lands],​]]
32 32
33 *Reaffirming*·​the·​crucial·​importance·​of·​education,​·​training,​·​public·​awareness,​·​public·​participation,​·​public·​access·​to·​information·​and·international·cooperation·on·​these·​matters·​for·​promoting·​changes·​in·​lifestyles,​·​attitudes·​and·​behaviour·​needed·​[to·​foster·​low-​emission·​and·​climate-​resilient·​development]·​and·​to·​mobilize·​public·​support·​for·​climate·​policies·​and·​action,​·​*[recognizing*·​that·​sustainable·​lifestyles·​and·​sustainable·​patterns·​of·​consumption·​and·​production·​play·​an·​important·​role·​in·​addressing·​climate·​change,​·​[with·​the·lead·​of·​developed·​countries]and·​r*ecognizing*·​the·​important·​role·​that·subnational·​and·​local·​authorities,​·as·​well·​as·non-​state·​actors·​and·​the·​private·​sector,​·​play·in·addressing·​climate·​change,​33 *Affirming*·​the·​importance·​of·​education,​·​training,​·​public·​awareness,​·​public·​participation,​·​public·​access·​to·​information·​and·​cooperation·​[on·​climate·​change]·​at·​all·​levels·​on·​the·matters·addressed·in·this·​Agreement,​·and·recognizing·the·​[important]·role·of·​[subnational·​and·​local·​authorities·as·​well·​as·​[non·state·​actors·​and·​the·​private·​sector]]·​[a·multiplicity·of]·​[different]·​actors,​
34 34
35 [*Acknowledging*·​that·​putting·​a·​price·​on·​carbon·​is·​an·​important·​approach·​for·​cost-​effectiveness·​of·​the·​cuts·​in·​global·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions,​]35 [*Acknowledging*·​that·​putting·​a·​price·​on·​carbon·​is·​an·​important·​approach·​for·​cost-​effectiveness·​of·​the·​cuts·​in·​global·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions,​]
36 36
37 Have·​agreed·​as·​follows:​37 Have·​agreed·​as·​follows:​
38 38
39 ##·​Article·​1·​*(definitions)​*39 ##·​Article·​1·​*(definitions)​*
40 40
41 For·​the·​purposes·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​all·​definitions·​contained·​in·​Article·​1·​of·​the·​Convention·​apply.​·​In·​addition:​41 For·​the·​purposes·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​all·​definitions·​contained·​in·​Article·​1·​of·​the·​Convention·​apply.​·​In·​addition:​
42 42
43 1.​·​"Parties·​present·​and·​voting"·​means·​Parties·​present·​and·​casting·​an·​affirmative·​or·​negative·​vote;​43 1.​·​"Parties·​present·​and·​voting"·​means·​Parties·​present·​and·​casting·​an·​affirmative·​or·​negative·​vote;​
44 2.​·​"Party"·​means·​a·​Party·​to·​this·​Agreement;​44 2.​·​"Party"·​means·​a·​Party·​to·​this·​Agreement;​
45 3.​·​"CMA"·​means·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​this·​[Agreement];​45 3.​·​"CMA"·​means·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​this·​[Agreement];​
46 4.​·​[*Placeholder*·​for·​"countries·​in·​need·​of·​support";​]46 4.​·​[*Placeholder*·​for·​"countries·​in·​need·​of·​support";​]
47 5.​·​[Climate·​forcers:​·​compounds·​or·​group·​of·​compounds·​that·​contribute·​to·​climate·​change.​·​This·​contribution·​can·​be·​measured·​through·​their·​radiative·​forcing·​(W/​m2)​.​·​They·​are·​well-​mixed·​and·​near-​term·​greenhouse·​gases,​·​aerosols,​·​or·​particles;​]47 5.​·​[Climate·​forcers:​·​compounds·​or·​group·​of·​compounds·​that·​contribute·​to·​climate·​change.​·​This·​contribution·​can·​be·​measured·​through·​their·​radiative·​forcing·​(expressed·​in·W/​m2)​.​·​They·​are·​well-​mixed·​and·​near-​term·​greenhouse·​gases,​·​aerosols,​·​or·​particles;​]
48 6.​·​["Emission·​reductions"·​means·​the·​sum·​of·​all·​reduced·​emissions·​and·​increased·​carbon·​stocks;​]48 6.​·​["Emission·​reductions"·​means·​the·​sum·​of·​all·​reduced·​emissions·​and·​increased·​carbon·​stocks;​]
49 7.​·​["REDD+"·means·​a·​mechanism·​aimed·​at·​reducing·​emissions·​from·​deforestation·​and·​forest·​degradation·​and·​the·​role·​of·​conservation,​·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​and·​enhancement·​of·​forest·​carbon·​stocks·​in·​developing·​countries·​that·​is·​based·​on·​the·​Warsaw·​Framework·​for·​REDD+·and·​relevant·​decisions·​of·​the·​[Conference·​of·​the·​Parties];​]49 7.​·​["REDD-​plus"·means·​a·​mechanism·​aimed·​at·​reducing·​emissions·​from·​deforestation·​and·​forest·​degradation·​and·​the·​role·​of·​conservation,​·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​and·​enhancement·​of·​forest·​carbon·​stocks·​in·​developing·​countries,​·​which·​is·​based·​on·​the·​Warsaw·​Framework·​for·​REDD-​plus·and·​relevant·​decisions·​of·​the·​[Conference·​of·​the·​Parties];​]
50 8.​·​["JMA"·​means·​a·​mechanism·​for·​the·​implementation·​of·​joint·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​actions·​for·​the·​integral·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​alternative·​to·​REDD+·and·​to·​results-​based·​payments;​]50 8.​·​["JMA"·​means·​a·​mechanism·​for·​the·​implementation·​of·​joint·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​actions·​for·​the·​integral·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​alternative·​to·​REDD-​plus·and·​to·​results-​based·​payments;​]
51 9.​·​["Developed·​country·​Party"·​means·​a·​developed·​country·​Party·​[under·​the·​Convention]·​[within·​the·​meaning·​of·​this·​Agreement]·​[under·​the·​UN·​system];​]51 9.​·​["Developed·​country·​Party"·​means·​a·​developed·​country·​Party·​[under·​the·​Convention]·​[within·​the·​meaning·​of·​this·​Agreement]·​[under·​the·​UN·​system];​]
52 10.​·​["Developing·​country·​Party"·​means·​a·​developing·​country·​Party·​[under·​the·​Convention]·​[within·​the·​meaning·​of·​this·​Agreement]·​[under·​the·​UN·​system];​]52 10.​·​["Developing·​country·​Party"·​means·​a·​developing·​country·​Party·​[under·​the·​Convention]·​[within·​the·​meaning·​of·​this·​Agreement]·​[under·​the·​UN·​system];​]
53 11.​·​[*Placeholder*·​for·​"climate·​finance"];​53 11.​·​[*Placeholder*·​for·​"climate·​finance"];​
54 12.​·​["Conference·​of·​the·​Parties"·​means·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Convention;​]54 12.​·​["Conference·​of·​the·​Parties"·​means·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Convention;​]
55 13.​·​["Convention"·​means·​the·​United·​Nations·​Framework·​Convention·​on·​Climate·​Change,​·​adopted·​in·​New·​York·​on·​9·​May·​1992;​]55 13.​·​["Convention"·​means·​the·​United·​Nations·​Framework·​Convention·​on·​Climate·​Change,​·​adopted·​in·​New·​York·​on·​9·​May·​1992;​]
56 14.​·​["Party·​included·​in·​Annex·​I"·​means·​a·​Party·​included·​in·​Annex·​I·​to·​the·​Convention,​·​as·​may·​be·​amended,​·​or·​a·​Party·​which·​has·​made·​a·​notification·​under·​Article·​4,​·​paragraph·​2(g)​,​·​of·​the·​Convention;​]56 14.​·​["Party·​included·​in·​Annex·​I"·​means·​a·​Party·​included·​in·​Annex·​I·​to·​the·​Convention,​·​as·​may·​be·​amended,​·​or·​a·​Party·​which·​has·​made·​a·​notification·​under·​Article·​4,​·​paragraph·​2(g)​,​·​of·​the·​Convention;​]
57 57
58 *[Further·​definitions·​may·​be·​required·​at·​a·​later·​stage·​in·​the·​negotiating·​process.​]*58 *[Further·​definitions·​may·​be·​required·​at·​a·​later·​stage·​in·​the·​negotiating·​process.​]*
59 59
60 ##·​Article·​2·​*(purpose)​*60 ##·​Article·​2·​*(purpose)​*
61 61
62 **Option·​1:​**62 **Option·​1:​**
63 63
64 1.​·​The·​purpose·​of·​this·​Agreement·​is·​[to·​[enhance·​the·​implementation·​of·​the·​Convention·and]·to·​achieve·​[its]·objective·​[of·​the·​Convention]·as·​stated·​in·​its·​Article·​2.​·In·​order·​to·​strengthen·and·​support·the·​global·​response·​to·​the·​urgent·​threat·​of·​climate·​change,​·Parties·​[shall][agree·​to]·​to·​take·​urgent·​action·​and·​enhance·​[cooperation][support​]·so·​as·​to:​64 1.​·​The·​purpose·​of·​this·​Agreement·​is·​[to·enhance·​the·​implementation·​of·​the·​Convention·​[and]·​[to·​achieve·objective·of·​the·​Convention·as·​stated·​in·​its·​Article·​2].​·​[In·​order·​to·​strengthen·​[and·​support]·the·​global·​response·​to·​the·​urgent·​threat·​of·​climate·​change,​[Parties·​[agree·​to]·​to·​take·​urgent·​action·​and·​enhance·​[cooperation][and][co​ncomitant][support]]·so·​as·​to:​]
65 65
66 ···1.​·​hold·​the·​increase·​in·​the·​global·​average·​temperature·​[below·2·​°C][below·​1.​5·​°C][well·​below·​2·​°C][below·​2·​°C·​or·1.​5·​°C]·​[below·​1.​5·​°C·​or·​2·​°C][as·​far·​below·​2°C·​as·​possible]·​above·pre-​industrial·​levels·​by·​ensuring·​deep·​cuts·​in·​global·​greenhouse·​gas·​[net]·​emissions.​66 ····1.​··​Hold·​the·​increase·​in·​the·​global·​average·​temperature·​[below·​1.​5·​°C]·​[or]·​[well]·​[below·​2·​°C]·​above·preindustrial·​levels·​by·​ensuring·​deep·​cuts·​in·​global·​greenhouse·​gas·​[net]·​emissions;​
67 ···2.​·​pursue·a·transformation·towards·​sustainable·​development,​·to·foster·​societies·​that·​are·​resilient·​to·​climate·​change·and·economies·that·are·low·in·greenhouse·gas·emissions·​and·​to·ensure·​that·​food·​production·​and·distribution·​are·​not·​threatened.​67 ····2.​··​Increase·their·ability·​to·​adapt·​to·​the·​adverse·​impacts·​of·​climate·​change·​[and·to·effectively·respond·to·the·impacts·of·the·​implementation·​of·​response·​measures·​and·​to·loss·​and·damage].​
68 ···3.​·​increase·their·ability·​to·​adapt·​to·​the·​adverse·​impacts·​of·​climate·​change·​[and·​to·effectively·respond·to·the·​impacts·​of·​the·​implementation·​of·​response·​measures·​and·loss·and·damage.​]68 ····3.​·​[Pursue·​[a·​[global]·​transformation]·​[tractable·shift]·​[pathways]·​towards·​[a·low·​[carbon]·​[GHG·emissions]·​and·​climate·​resilient·​societies]·​[sustainable·​development],​·to·foster·​societies·​that·​are·​resilient·​to·​climate·​change·​and·​economies·​with·​low·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​[and·​to·ensure·that·food·production·​and·distribution·are·not·​threatened;​]
69 69
70 2.​·​[This·​Agreement·​shall·​be·​implemented·​on·​the·​basis·​of·​equity·​and·​science,​·​in·​[full]·accordance·​with·​the·principles·​of·equity·​and·common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities[,​·in·​light·​of·​national·​circumstances]·​[the·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention],​·​while·​ensuring·​the·​integrity·​and·​resilience·​of·​natural·​ecosystems,​·​[the·​integrity·​of·​Mother·​Earth,​·​protection·​of·​health,​·​a·​just·​transition·​of·​the·​workforce·​and·​creation·​of·​decent·​work·​and·​quality·​jobs·​in·​accordance·​with·​nationally·​defined·​development·​priorities]·​and·​the·​respect,​·​protection,​·​promotion·​and·fulfillment·​of·​human·​rights·​for·​all,​·​including·​the·​right·​to·​health·​and·​sustainable·​development,​·​[including·​the·​right·​of·​people·​under·​occupation]·​and·​to·​ensure·​gender·​equality·​and·​the·​full·​and·​equal·​participation·​of·​women,​·​[and·​intergenerational·​equity].​]70 2.​·This·​Agreement·​shall·​be·​implemented·​on·​the·​basis·​of·​equity·​and·​science,​·and·in·accordance·​with·​the·principle·​of·​[equity·​and]·common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​[in·​the·​light·​of·different·national·​circumstances,​]·​[the·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention],​·​while·​ensuring·​the·​integrity·​and·​resilience·​of·​natural·​ecosystems,​·​[the·​integrity·​of·​Mother·​Earth,​·the·protection·​of·​health,​·​a·​just·​transition·​of·​the·​workforce·​and·​creation·​of·​decent·​work·​and·​quality·​jobs·​in·​accordance·​with·​nationally·​defined·​development·​priorities]·​and·​the·​respect,​·​protection,​·​promotion·​and·fulfilment·​of·​human·​rights·​for·​all,​·​including·​indigenous·​peoples,​·​including·​the·​right·​to·​health·​and·​sustainable·​development,​·​[including·​the·​right·​of·​people·​under·​occupation]·​and·​to·​ensure·​gender·​equality·​and·​the·​full·​and·​equal·​participation·​of·​women,​·​[and·​intergenerational·​equity].​
71 71
72 **Option·​2:​**72 **Option·​2:​**·​No·​text
73
74 No·​text
75 73
76 ##·​Article·​2bis·​*(general)​*74 ##·​Article·​2bis·​*(general)​*
77 75
78 **Option·​1:​**76 **Option·​1:​**
79 77
80 1.​·All·​Parties·shall·regularly·​prepare,​·​communicate·and·​implement·​[intended]·​nationally·​determined·contributions·​towards·​achieving·​the·​[purposes·​of·​this·​Agreement·​as·​set·​out·​in·​Article·​2·​above]·​[objective·​of·​the·​Convention·​as·​set·​out·​in·​its·​Article·​2],​·in·​accordance·​with·​Article·​4·​of·​the·​Convention.​78 1.​··​[All·​Parties·​[shall]·regularly·​prepare,​·​communicate·​[and·​implement]·​[intended]·​nationally·​determined·​[contributions][compo​nents]·​[on·​[mitigation]·​and·adaptation]·​[undertakings·​in·​adaptation·​planning]·​[and·​means·​of·​implementation]\*·​[towards·​achieving·​the·​[purpose·​of·​this·​Agreement·​as·​set·​out·​in·​Article·​2]·​[objective·​of·​the·​Convention·​as·​set·​out·​in·​its·​Article·​2],​]·​[in·​accordance·​with·​Article·​4·​of·​the·​Convention]·​[in·​accordance·​with·​the·​provisions·​of·​this·​Agreement·​including·​the·​specific·​provisions·​related·​to·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​and·​means·​of·​implementation.​]]
81 79 2.​··​[Each·​Party's·​[intended]·​nationally·​determined·​contribution·​will·​represent·​a·​progression·​in·​the·​light·​of·​Parties'·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​commitments·​under·​the·​Convention.​]
82 2.​·​Each·Party's·​[intended]·​nationally·determined·contribution·​will·represent·a·progression·in·light·​of·Parties'·​differentiated·responsibilities·​and·commitments·under·the·​Convention.​80 3.​··​[The·extent·to·which·​developing·​country·​Parties·​will·effectively·implement·this·Agreement·will·depend·on·​the·effective·​implementation·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties·​of·​their·​commitments·​on·​the·​provision·​of·​finance,​·​technology·​development·​and·​transfer·​and·​capacity-​building.​]
81 4.​··​[Successive·​[intended]·​nationally·​determined·​contributions·​will·​be·​[informed·​by·​the·​result·​of·​the·​global·​stocktake·​as·​defined·​in·​Article·​10]·​and·​communicated·​before·​the·​expiry·​of·​the·​previous·​[intended]·​nationally·​determined·​contribution·​by·​the·​Party·​concerned.​]
83 82
84 3.​·​The·extent·​to·which·developing·country·​Parties·will·effectively·implement·​this·​Agreement·​will·​depend·​on·​the·effective·implementation·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties·​of·​their·​commitments·​on·​provision·​of·​finance,​·​technology·​development·​and·​transfer·​and·​capacity-​building.​83 \*·​*without·prejudice·​to·​the·terminology·to·be·used·to·​describe·​Parties'·commitments,​·undertakings·​and·efforts·under·the·​Paris·​Agreement*
85
86 4.​·​Successive·​[intended]·​nationally·​determined·​contribution·​will·​be·​communicated·​before·​the·​expiry·​of·​the·​previous·​[intended]·​nationally·​determined·​contribution·​by·​that·​Party.​
87 84
88 **Option·​2:​**85 **Option·​2:​**
89 86
90 No·​text87 No·​text
91 88
92 ##·​Article·​3·​*(mitigation)​*89 ##·​Article·​3·​*(mitigation)​*
93 90
94 1.​·​**Collective·​long-​term·​goal**91 1.​·​**Collective·​long-​term·​goal**
95 92
96 ····​**Option·1:​**·​[Parties·​aim·​[to·achieve·​the·​global·​temperature·​goal],​·​in·accordance·​with·​the·​best·​available·​science·​[and·​the·​principles·​of·​the·​Convention],​·​through·​[long-​term·​global·​[low-​[carbon][emission]·​transformation]·​[[climate][carbon]·​neutrality]],​·​[and·​peaking·​their·​[net]·​emissions]·​[by·​2030][20XX][as·​soon·​as·​possible],​·​[with·​a·​[x]40-​[y]70%·​net·​emission·​reduction·​below·​2010·​levels·​by·​2050][according·​to·the·global·carbon·budget·​distribution·​based·​on·​climate·​justice],​·​and·​[overall·​reductions][[net]·​zero·​emissions]·​[over·​the·​course·​of·​the·​century][by·​2050][by·​2100].​[^2]]93 ····​[Parties·​[collectively][cooper​atively]·​aim·to·reach·​the·​global·​temperature·​goal·referred·​to·in·Article·​2·​through:​
97 94 ····
98 ····​**Option·2:​**·​[Parties·​aim·​to·​reach·​long-​term·​global·​low-​emission·​transformation,​·​in·​the·​context·​of·​sustainable·​development·​and·​equitable·​access·​to·​atmospheric·​space·​*[placeholder·​for·​further·​elaboration·​of·​the·​context,​·​including·​CBDR,​·​comprehensiveness,​·​distribution·​of·​global·carbon·budget·based·on·climate·justice·​and·etc.​]*.​]95 ····​1.​·​[a·peaking·​of·​global·greenhouse·gas·emissions·as·soon·as·​possible[,​·​recognizing·​that·​peaking·​requires·​deeper·​cuts·​of·​emissions·​of·​developed·​countries·​and·will·​be·​longer·​for·​developing·​countries]]
96 ····​2.​·​[rapid·​reductions·​thereafter·​[in·​accordance·​with·​best·​available·​science]·​to·​at·​least·​a·​X·​[-​Y]·​per·​cent·​reduction·​in·​global·​[greenhouse·​gas·​emissions][CO2[e]]·​compared·​to·​20XX·​levels·​by·​2050]];​
97 ····​3.​·​[achieving·​zero·​global·​GHG·​emissions·​by·​2060-​2080]
98 ····​4.​·​[a·​long-​term·​low·​emissions·​transformation]·​[toward·​[climate·​neutrality][decarboni​zation]·​[over·​the·​course·​of·​this·​century]·​[as·​soon·​as·​possible·​after·​mid-​century];​
99 ····​5.​·​[equitable·​distribution·​of·​a·​global·​carbon·​budget·​based·​on·​historical·​responsibilities·​and·​[climate]·​justice]·​[on·​the·​basis·​of·​equity·​and·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities]·​[in·​the·​context·​of·​sustainable·​development·​and·​eradication·​of·​poverty][while·​ensuring·​that·​food·​security,​·​production·​and
100 ····​distribution·​is·​not·​threatened][informed·​by·​the·​best·​available·​science].​
99 101
100 ····​**Option·3:​**·​[In·pursuit·​of·the·​objective·​of·​the·​Convention·​set·​out·​in·​its·​Article·​2,​][and][to·​achieve·​the·​long-​term·​temperature·​goal·​set·​out·​in·​Article·​2·​of·​this·​Agreement,​]·​Parties·​aim·​to·​reach·​[by·​X·​date]·​[as·​soon·​as·​possible]·​[a·​peaking·​of·​global·greenhouse·gas·​emissions]·​[and·​rapid·​reductions·​of·​global·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​thereafter·​to·​at·​least]·​[40-​70]·​[70-​95]·​per·​cent·​below·​2010·​levels·​by·​2050]·​[and·​zero·​net·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​in·​the·​period·​2060·​-​·​2080]·​[[bearing·​in·​mind·​that·​peaking·​will·​vary·​for·​different·​countries·​and·will·be·longer·​for·​developing·​countries]·​[[and]·​bearing·​in·​mind·​social·​and·​economic·development·and·poverty·​eradication·​are·​the·​first·​and·​overriding·​priorities·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties]][[in·​pursuing·​[decarbonisation·​of·​the·​global·​economy·​over·​the·​course·​of·​this·​century]·​[global·​low·​-​·​carbon·​transformation]·​[global·​low-​emission·​transformation]]·​[in·​the·​sharing·​of·​the·​remaining·​global·​emission·​budget]].​102 ····​1bis.​·​[To·​achieve·​this,​·​policies·​and·measures·should·​take·​into·​account·​different·​socio-​economic·​contexts,​·be·comprehensive,​·​cover·all·relevant·sources,​·​sinks·​and·reservoirs·​of·greenhouse·gases·and·adaptation,​·​and·comprise·all·economic·sectors·​[for·developed·countries]]
101 103
102 2.​·​**Individual·​efforts**104 2.​·​**Individual·​efforts**
103 105
104 ····​**Option·​1:​**·Each·​Party·​[shall][should][other​]·​regularly·​[prepare]·​communicate·​[maintain]·​[fulfil]·​[implement]·​[a][successive]·nationally·​determined·mitigation·​[contribution][commit​ment][component·of·​the·contribution·referred·​to·​in·​Article·​2·​bis]·​(NDMC)​·​which·​the·​Party·​[shall][should][other​]·​implement.​106 ····Each·​Party·​shall·​regularly·​prepare,​·​communicate·​[and·​maintain]·​[successive]·​[NDMCs[^1]][INDC]·​and·​[shall][should][other​]·​[take·appropriate·domestic·measures]·​[have·​in·place][identify·and]·​[pursue]·​[implement]·​[domestic·laws,​·​[nationally·​determined]·​policies·​or·​other·​measures]·​[designed·​to]·​[implement][achieve][​carry·​out][that·​support·​the·implementation·​of]·its·​[NDMCs*][INDC]].​
105 107
106 ····​**Option·2:​**·​[Each·Party][All·Parties]·​[recognizing·​the·​principle·​of·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·respective·​capabilities]·​[shall][should][other​]·​regularly·​[formulate]·​[prepare],​·​[communicate]·​[submit],​·​[maintain]·​[update]·​and·​[shall][should][other​]·​[implement]·​[fulfil]·​[intended][nationally​·​determined·​mitigation·​[commitments][contrib​utions][actions]]·​[nationally·​determined·​mitigation·​commitments·​and/​or·​contributions]·​[a·​nationally·​determined·​contribution·​with·​a·​mitigation·​component],​·​[,​·​which·​can·​be·​in·​the·​form·​of·​co-​benefits·​resulting·​from·​[its]·​[the·​Party's]·​adaptation·​contributions·​and·​economic·​diversification·​plans]·​[programmes·​containing·​measures·​to·​mitigate·​climate·​change]·​*{hereafter*·​NDMCNDMCC}[placeholde​r·​of·​context,​·​pples,​·​art·​4,​·​support,​·​etc.​][^3]108 ····​[Placeholder·for·article·3.​8·​and·​3.​9]
109 ····​[Placeholder·​for·​context·​CBDRCC[,​·​in·​the·​light·​of·​different·​national·​circumstances]]
110 ····​[Placeholder·​referring·​to·​article·​4·​of·​the·​Convention]
111 ····​[Placeholder·​for·​support]
107 112
108 3.​·​**Differentiated·​efforts**113 3.​·​**Differentiated·​efforts**
109 114
110 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​No·​text·​additional·​to·​Article·​3.​2115 ····​**Option·​1:​**
111 ···
112 ····​**Option·​2:​**
113
114 ····​3.​3·​In·​accordance·​with·​Article·​4,​·​paragraph·​2,​·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​developed·​country·​Parties·​and·​other·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​I·​of·​the·​Convention·​shall·​undertake·​quantified·​economy-​wide·​absolute·​emission·​reduction·​commitments/​targets,​·​which·​are·​comparable,​·​measurable,​·​reportable·​and·​verifiable,​·​covering·​all·​GHGs·​and·​implemented·​domestically·​without·​any·​conditions;​
115
116 ····​3.​3bis·​In·​accordance·​with·​Article·​4,​·​paragraphs·​1,​·​3,​·​4,​·​5·​and·​7,​·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​developing·​country·​Parties·​should·​undertake·​diversified·​enhanced·​mitigation·​actions/​efforts·​in·​a·​measurable,​·​reportable,​·​and·​verifiable·​manner,​·​in·​the·​context·​of·​sustainable·​development·​and·​supported·​and·​enabled·​by·​the·​provision·​of·​adequate·​finance,​·​technology·​and·​capacity-​building·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties.​
117
118 ····​3.​3ter·​Developed·​country·​Parties'·​post-​2020·​economy-​wide·​absolute·​emission·​reduction·​commitments/​targets·​shall·​be·​progressively·​more·​ambitious·​over·​time.​
119
120 ····​3.​3quat·​Developing·​country·​Parties'·​post-​2020·​diversified·​enhanced·​mitigation·​actions/​efforts·​will·​be·​more·​ambitious·​than·​compared·​to·​their·​pre-​2020·​actions·​under·​the·​Bali·​Action·​Plan,​·​supported·​and·​enabled·​by·​enhanced·​finance,​·​technology·​development·​and·​transfer·​and·​capacity-​building·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties·​over·​time.​
121
122 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​{add·​*following·​to·​3.​2·​option*·​1}:​·​[in·​accordance·​with][taking·​into·​account]·​its·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​in·​light·​of·​different·​national·​*circumstances*·​{·​*principle·​based·​differentiation}*
123 116
124 ····​**Option·​4:​**·​*{modulators·to·3.​2}*117 ····​In·​accordance·​with·​Article·​4,​·​paragraph·​2,​·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​developed·​country·​Parties·​and·​other·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​I·​shall·​undertake·​quantified·​economy-​wide·​absolute·​emission·​reduction·​and·​limitation·​commitments/​targets,​·​which·​are·​comparable,​·​measurable,​·​reportable·​and·​verifiable,​·​cover·​all·​greenhouse·​gases·​and·​are·​implemented·​domestically·​without·​any·​conditions.​
125 118
126 ····​3.​3:​·​Each·​Party·​that·​has·​previously·​[communicated]·​[implemented]·​absolute·​economy-​wide·​emissions·​reduction·​or·​limitation·​targets·​should·​continue·​to·​do·​so·​and·all·​Parties·​should·aim·to·do·so·over·time.​·​*{modality·based·differentiation·option·1·​+·​progression·​of·modalities}*119 ····3bis.​·​In·accordance·with·Article·4,​·​paragraphs·1,​·​3,​·​4,​·​5·​and·7,​·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​developing·​country·​Parties·​should·undertake·diversified·enhanced·mitigation·actions/​efforts·in·a·measurable,​·​reportable,​·​and·verifiable·manner,​·​in·​the·​context·​of·sustainable·​development·​and·​supported·​and·​enabled·​by·​the·​provision·​of·​adequate·​finance,​·​technology·​and·​capacity-​building·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties.​
127 120
128 ····​3.​3alt:​·​Developed·​countries·​[and·​other·​Parties·​[in·​a·​position][who·​determine]·​to·​do·​so]·​should·​take·​the·​lead·​in·​mitigation·​efforts,​·​including·​by·​[communicating]·​[and·​implementing]·​absolute·​economy-​wide·​emissions·​reduction·​[or·​limitation]·​targets·​and·​all·​other·​Parties·​should·​aim·​to·​do·​so·​over·​time.​·​*[developed·​countries·​taking·​the·​lead·​+·​modality·​based·​differentiation·​option·​2]*·​[Parties·​may·​otherwise·​communicate·​quantified·​targets·​relative·​to·​business·​as·​usual,​·​carbon·​intensity·​of·​GDP,​·​or·​other·​reference·​point,​·​or·​non-​economy-​wide·​actions.​]121 ····​**Option·​2:​**
129 122
130 ····3.​3bis·Each·​Party's·​*NDMC/​NDMCC*·​[shall][should][other​]·​reflect·a·progression·beyond·the·​Party's·​previous·​efforts·​and·highest·possible·ambition·​*[level·of·ambition·​+·​progression]*·​[in·accordance·with][taking·into·account]·​its·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​in·​light·​of·​different·​national·​circumstances·​*[principle·​based·​differentiation]*123 ····Option·​(a)​:​·Each·​Party·that·has·previously·​[communicated]·​[implemented]·​absolute·economy-​wide·emissions·reduction·or·​limitation·​targets·​should·​continue·​to·​do·​so·​and·all·Parties·should·aim·to·do·so·over·time.​
124 ····
125 ····​Option·​(b)​:​·​Developed·​country·​Parties·​[and·​other·​Parties·​[in·​a·​position][that·​determine]·​to·​do·​so]·​should·​take·​the·​lead·​in·​mitigation·​efforts,​·​including·​by·​[communicating]·​[and·​implementing]·​absolute·​economy-​wide·​emissions·​reduction·​[or·​limitation]·​targets·​and·​all·​other·​Parties·​should·​aim·​to·​do·​so·​over·​time.​
131 126
132 ····3.​3bis·Alt·Each·Party's·​*NDMC/​NDMCC*·​[shall][should][other​]·​reflect·​the·highest·​possible·​ambition·​*[level·​of·​ambition]*·​[in·​accordance·​with][taking·​into·​account]·​its·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​in·​light·​of·​different·​national·​circumstances·​*[principle·​based·​differentiation]*127 ····​3bis·​[Developed·country·Parties·​should·​continue·​to·​take·​the·lead].​[^2]
133 128
134 ····​3.​x[^4]·​Notwithstanding·​Articles·​3.​2·and·3.​3·above,​·​Parties·that·​are·​LDCs,​·​SIDs·may·​communicate·​their·NDMC/​NDMCC·at·​their·​discretion,​·​including·​information·​on·​strategies,​·​plans·​and·​actions·​for·​low·​GHG·emission·development,​·​reflecting·​their·​special·​circumstances.​·​*{applies·​to·​all·​options·​for·​3.​3}*129 4.​·​**Flexibility**·​LDCs·​[and·SIDS][and·African·states]·may·​communicate·​their·​[NDMC*][INDC]·at·​their·​discretion,​·​including·​information·​on·​strategies,​·​plans·​and·​actions·​for·​low·​GHG·​development,​·​reflecting·​their·​special·​circumstances.​
135 130
136 4.​·​**Progression**·​Each·​Party's·​*NDMC/​NDMCC*·​[shall][should][other​]·be·progressively·​more·​ambitious·​over·​time.​·​[The·​progression·of·​ambition·​of·developing·country·Parties'·​*NDMC/​NDMCC*·​will·​be·​supported·and·enabled·by·enhanced·​finance,​·​technology·​development·​and·​transfer·​and·​capacity-​building·by·developed·country·​Parties·​over·​time.​]131 5.​·​**Progression/​ambition**·​Each·​Party's·​successive·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​[shall][should][will]​·represent·a·​progression·beyond·the·Party's·previous·efforts·​and·reflect·its·highest·​possible·​ambition·​[based·​on·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities·​[[and]·​in·​light·​of·​different·​national·​circumstances·​[and·​best·​available·​science]]·​[based·​on·​provision·​of·​finance,​·​technology·​and·​capacity-​building·to·developing·countries].​[^3]
137 132
138 5.​·​**Ambition**·Each·Party·should·ensure·that·​its·​*NDMC/​NDMCC*·​reflects·​the·Party's·highest·possible·ambition,​·​in·light·​of·its·national·circumstances·​and·of·recommendations·​by·science.​133 6.​·​**Information**·In·communicating·their·​[proposed]·​[intended]·​[NDMC*][INDC],​·​Parties·​shall·​provide·​the·information·necessary·for·clarity,​·transparency·​and·understanding,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​[decision·​1/​CP.​21][decision·​1/​CP.​20·​]·​[and·​any·​subsequent·​decisions·of·the·​CMA.​]·​[Article·​12·​of·​the·​Convention·​and·​the·​relevant·​arrangement·​for·​reporting·​information·​adopted·​by·the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Convention·​(COP)​·​including·​those·​resulting·​from·​the·​Bali·​Action·​Plan·​and·​the·​information·​listed·​in·​decision·​1/​CP.​20.​]
139 134
140 6.​·​**Information**·​In·​communicating·​their·​[proposed]·​[intended]·​*NDMC/​NDMCC,​*·​Parties·​shall·​provide·​the·​information·​necessary·​for·​clarity,​·​transparency·​and·​understanding,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​[decision·​1/​CP.​21·​][1/​CP.​20·​]·​[and·​any·​subsequent·​decisions·​by·​the·​CMA.​]·​[Article·​12·​of·​the·​Convention·​and·​the·​relevant·​arrangement·​for·​reporting·​information·​adopted·​by·​the·​CoP·​including·​those·​resulting·​from·​the·​Bali·​Action·​Plan·​and·​the·​information·​listed·​in·​decision·​1/​CP.​20.​]135 7.​·​**Features**[^4]
141 136
142 7.​·​**Features**[^5]137 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​Each·​Party's·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​[shall][should]·​be·​quantified·​or·​quantifiable,​·​[be·​unconditional,​·​at·​least·​in·​part·​],​·​maintain·​coverage·​of·​emissions·​and·​removals·​covered·​previously,​·​and·​strive·​for·​coverage·​of·​all·​significant·​emissions·​and·​removals·​over·​time.​·​Additional·​guidance·​may·​be·​elaborated·​by·​decision·​[of·​the·​CMA][1/​CP.​21].​
143 138
144 ····​**Option·1:​**·​[Each·​Party'·s·​*NDMC/​NDMCC*·​[shall]·​[should]·​[other]:​139 ····​**Option·2**:​·Each·Developed·​country·Party's·​[NDMC*][INDC]·shall·​be·​quantified,​·​cover·​all·​key·​categories·​of·​emissions·​by·​sources·​and·​removals·​by·​sinks·​and·​use·​common·​Intergovernmental·​Panel·​on·​Climate·​Change·​(IPCC)​·​metrics,​·​guidance·​and·​guidelines·​for·​the·​estimation·​of·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​and·​removals;​·​and·​others·​strive·​to·​communicate·​this·​over·​time.​·​Additional·​guidance·​may·​be·​elaborated·​by·​the·​[CMA]·​[IPC]·​at·​its·​[x]·​session
145 ···
146 ····​1.​·​[Be·​quantified·​or·​quantifiable;​]
147 ····​2.​·​[Be·​unconditional,​·​at·​least·​in·​part;​][^6][·​with·​developing·​countries·​able·​to·​specify·​additional·​levels·​of·​mitigation·​to·​be·​implemented·​with·​support;​]
148 ····​3.​·​[Maximize·​adaptation·​co-​benefits;​]
149 ····​4.​·​[Prioritize·​actions·​that·​are·​immediately·​implementable,​·​scalable·​and·​results·​oriented,​·​including·​REDD+;​].​
150 ····​5.​·​[[Strive·​to]·​include·​all·​key·​categories·​of·​emissions·​by·​sources·​and·​removals·​by·​sinks;​]
151 ····​6.​·​[Include·​any·​source,​·​sink·​or·​activity·​that·​has·​been·​previously·​included;​]
152 ····​7.​·​[Continue·​to·​include·​any·​sources,​·​sink·​or·​activity·​that·​has·​been·​previously·​included;​]
153 ····​8.​·​[Be·​based·​on·​reference·​values·​that·​are·​defined·​transparently·​and·​are·​consistent·​with·​environmental·​integrity;​]
154 ····​9.​·​[Use·​common·​Intergovernmental·​Panel·​on·​Climate·​Change·​(IPCC)​·​metrics,​·​guidance·​and·​guidelines·​for·​the·​estimation·​of·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​and·​removals·​as·​agreed·​by·​the·​CMA;​]
155 ····​10.​·​[To·​the·​extent·​that·​it·​uses·​baselines,​·​base·​these·​on·​real·​and·​verifiable·​data;​]
156 ····​11.​·​[Be·​implemented·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention;​]
157 ····​12.​·​[Take·​into·​account·​the·​outcomes·​of·​the·​global·​stock-​take·​and·​the·​process·​to·​facilitate·​implementation·​set·​out·​in·​Articles·​10·​and·​11·​respectively;​]
158 ····​13.​·​[Parties·​should·​use·​joint·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​approach·​for·​the·​integral·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​as·​an·​alternative·​policy·​approach·​to·​results-​based·​payments;​]
159 ····​14.​·​[,​·​which·​can·​be·​in·​the·​form·​of·​co-​benefits·​resulting·​from·​[its]·​[the·​Party's]·​adaptation·​contributions·​and·​economic·​diversification·​plans·​]
160 ····​15.​·​[Ensure·​environmental·​integrity;​]
161 ····​16.​·​[Other.​]]
162 140
163 ····​**Option·2:​**141 ····​**Option·3**:​·​Guidance·​on·​the·​features·​of·​[NDMCs*][INDC]·​to·​be·​elaborated·​by·​decision·​[of·​the·​CMA·​][1.​CP/​21].​
164 142
165 ····​[Each·developed·country·Party's·​*NDMC/​NDMCC*·​[and·​of·those·Parties·in·a·position·to·​do·​so][shall][should][ot​her]:​143 ····​**Option·4**:​·​Guidance·on·the·​features·​of·​[NDMCs*][INDC]·​to·​be·​elaborated·​by·​decision·​of·the·CMA·at·its·x·session.​
166 144
167 ····​1.​·​[Be·quantified·or·quantifiable;​]145 ····​**Option·5**:​·​No·text·in·​agreement
168 ····​2.​·​[Be·​unconditional;​]
169 ····​3.​·​[Maximize·​adaptation·​co-​benefits;​]
170 ····​4.​·​[Prioritize·​actions·​that·​are·​immediately·​implementable,​·​scalable·​and·​results·​oriented,​·​including·​REDD+;​].​
171 ····​5.​·​[[Strive·​to]·​include·​all·​key·​categories·​of·​emissions·​by·​sources·​and·​removals·​by·​sinks;​]
172 ····​6.​·​[Include·​any·​source,​·​sink·​or·​activity·​that·​has·​been·​previously·​included;​]
173 ····​7.​·​[Continue·​to·​include·​any·​sources,​·​sink·​or·​activity·​that·​has·​been·​previously·​included;​]
174 ····​8.​·​[Be·​based·​on·​reference·​values·​that·​are·​defined·​transparently·​and·​are·​consistent·​with·​environmental·​integrity;​]
175 ····​9.​·​[Use·​common·​Intergovernmental·​Panel·​on·​Climate·​Change·​(IPCC)​·​metrics,​·​guidance·​and\·​guidelines·​for·​the·​estimation·​of·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​and·​removals·​as·​agreed·​by·​the·​CMA;​]
176 ····​10.​·​[To·​the·​extent·​that·​it·​uses·​baselines,​·​base·​these·​on·​real·​and·​verifiable·​data;​]
177 ····​11.​·​[Be·​implemented·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention;​]
178 ····​12.​·​[Take·​into·​account·​the·​outcomes·​of·​the·​global·​stock-​take·​and·​the·​process·​to·​facilitate·​implementation·​set·​out·​in·​Articles·​10·​and·​11·​respectively;​]
179 ····​13.​·​[Parties·​should·​use·​joint·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​approach·​for·​the·​integral·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​as·​an·​alternative·​policy·​approach·​to·​results-​based·​payments;​]
180 ····​14.​·​[,​·​which·​can·​be·​in·​the·​form·​of·​co-​benefits·​resulting·​from·​[its]·​[the·​Party's]·​adaptation·​contributions·​and·​economic·​diversification·​plans·​]
181 ····​15.​·​[Ensure·​environmental·​integrity;​]>
182 ····​16.​·​[Other.​]]
183
184 ····​[Each·​developing·​country·​Party's·​*NDMC/​NDMCC*·​[shall][should][other​]:​
185
186 ····​1.​·​[Be·​expressed·​as·​an·​unconditional·​target·​and·​a·​conditional·​target,​·​based·​on·​the·​provision·​of·​finance·​and/​or·​technology·​transfer·​and/​or·​capacity·​building;​]
187 ····​2.​·​[Be·​expressed·​as·​a·​sectoral·​or·​collection·​of·​targets;​]
188 ····​3.​·​[Be·​expressed·​where·​possible,​·​in·​a·​manner·​that·​is·​quantified·​or·​quantifiable;​]
189 ····​4.​·​[Maximize·​adaptation·​co-​benefits;​]
190 ····​5.​·​[Prioritize·​actions·​that·​are·​immediately·​implementable,​·​scalable·​and·​results·​oriented,​·​including·​REDD+;​].​
191 ····​6.​·​[[Strive·​to]·​include·​all·​key·​categories·​of·​emissions·​by·​sources·​and·​removals·​by·​sinks;​]
192 ····​7.​·​[Include·​any·​source,​·​sink·​or·​activity·​that·​has·​been·​previously·​included;​]
193 ····​8.​·​[Continue·​to·​include·​any·​sources,​·​sink·​or·​activity·​that·​has·​been·​previously·​included;​]
194 ····​9.​·​[Be·​based·​on·​reference·​values·​that·​are·​defined·​transparently·​and·​are·​consistent·​with\·​environmental·​integrity;​]
195 ····​10.​·​[Use·​common·​Intergovernmental·​Panel·​on·​Climate·​Change·​(IPCC)​·​metrics,​·​guidance·​and·​guidelines·​for·​the·​estimation·​of·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​and·​removals·​as·​agreed·​by·​the·​CMA;​]
196 ····​11.​·​[To·​the·​extent·​that·​it·​uses·​baselines,​·​base·​these·​on·​real·​and·​verifiable·​data;​]
197 ····​12.​·​[Be·​implemented·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention;​]
198 ····​13.​·​[Take·​into·​account·​the·​outcomes·​of·​the·​global·​stock-​take·​and·​the·​process·​to·​facilitate·​implementation·​set·​out·​in·​Articles·​10·​and·​11·​respectively;​]
199 ····​14.​·​[Parties·​should·​use·​joint·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​approach·​for·​the·​integral·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​as·​an·​alternative·​policy·​approach·​to·​results-​based·​payments;​]
200 ····​15.​·​[,​·​which·​can·​be·​in·​the·​form·​of·​co-​benefits·​resulting·​from·​[its]·​[the·​Party's]·​adaptation·​contributions·​and·​economic·​diversification·​plans;​]
201 ····​16.​·​[Ensure·​environmental·​integrity;​]
202 ····​17.​·​[other.​]]
203 146
204 8.​·​**Timing**147 8.​·​**Timing**
205 148
206 ····​1.​·​*First·​communication*149 ····​1.​·​*First·​communication·​option·​for·​agreement[^5]*
207 150
208 ········​**Option·​1:​**·Each·​Party's·​first·​*NDMC/​NDMCC*·is·​that·​listed·​in·Annex·​[x]·​to·​the·​Agreement.​[^7]151 ········​**Option·​1[^6][^7]:​**·Each·​Party's·​first·​[NDMC*][INDC]·is·​that·​listed·​in·​[Annex·​[x]·​to·​the·​Agreement][the·​registry][the·​website].​
209 152
210 ········​**Option·​2:​**·​Each·​Party·shall·communicate·​its·​first·​*NDMC/​NDMCC*·no·​later·​than·​upon·​[ratification·​or·​acceptance·​of]·​[joining]·​this·agreement.​153 ········​**Option·​2:​**·​Each·​Party·​[shall][should]·communicate·​its·​first·​[NDMC*][INDC]·no·​later·​than·​upon·​[ratification·​or·​acceptance·​of]·​[joining]·​this·Agreement.​
211 154
212 ········​**Option·​3:​**·​No·​provision·​on·​first·​communication·​in·Agreement·​[For·Decision·text]155 ········​**Option·​3:​**·​No·​provision·​on·​first·​communication·​in·agreement·and/​or·decision
213 156
214 ····​2.​·​*Subsequent·​communications*157 ····​2.​·​*Subsequent·​communications*
215 158
216 ········​**Option·​1:​**·​*communication·​to·​5·​year·​time·​period*159 ········​**Option·​1:​**·​*communication·​to·​5·​year·​time·​period*
217 160
218 ········​1.​·​*Every·​5·​years,​·harmonised·​NDC*161 ········​1.​·Every·​5·​years,​·​*harmonised*·​[NDMC*][INDC]
162
163 ············​Each·​Party·​shall·​[[communicate·​its·​[successive]·​[new]]·​[update·​its]·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​by·​[year·​x]·​[2020]·​[2021]·​and·​every·​five·​years·​thereafter·​on·​a·​[synchronized][common​]·​basis,​·​[or·​resubmit·​an·​existing·​[NDMC*][INDC]]·​[for·​the·​subsequent·​five-​year·​time·​frame],​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​outcomes·​of·​the·​global·​stocktake·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​10.​
219 164
220 ············​Each·​Party·​shall·​[[communicate·​its·​[successive]·​[new]]·​[update·​its]·​*NDMC/​NDMCC*·​by·​[year·​x]·​[2020]·​[2021]·​and·​every·​five·​years·​thereafter,​·​on·​a·​[synchronised][common​]·​basis,​·​[or·​resubmit·​an·​existing·​*NDMC/​NDMCC],​*·​[for·​the·​subsequent·​5·​year·​timeframe],​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​outcomes·​of·​the·​global·​stocktaking·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​[x].​
221 ············
222 ········​2.​·​*Submit·​INDC*165 ········​2.​·​*Submit·​INDC*
223 166
224 ············​All·​Parties·​shall·​submit·​[intended]·​[proposed]·​*NDMC/​NDMCC*·​[12·​[-​18]·​months·​prior·​to]·​[well·​before]·​[finalisation·​[inscriptions]167 ············​All·​Parties·​shall·​submit·​their·​[intended]·​[proposed]·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​[12·​[–18]·​months·​prior·​to]·​[well·​before]·​[finalization·​[inscriptions]
225 168
226 ········​3.​·​*Finalise·​NDC*169 ········​3.​·​Finalize·​[NDMC*][INDC]
227 170
228 ············​[[with·​a·​view·​to·​[inscription·​in·​[Annex]·​x[^8]][finalization]·​[at·​least·3·​months·​prior·​to][well·​before]·​the·​CMA·​at·​which·​*NDMC/​NDMCC*·will·​be·​collectively·​updated]];​·​*[placeholder·​for·​an·​option·​regarding·​an·​"indicative"·​or·​"intended"·​subsequent·NDMC/​NDMCC·for·​[5]·​years·​after·​the·​year·​of·​the·​submitted·​contribution.​]·​*171 ···········​[[with·​a·​view·​to·​[inscription·​in·​[Annex]·​x[^8]][finalization]·​[at·​least·three·​months·​prior·​to][well·​before]·​the·session·​of·​the·CMA·​at·​which·​[NDMC*][INDC]·will·​be·​collectively·​updated]];​·​[*placeholder·​for·​an·​option·​regarding·​an·​"indicative"·​or·​"intended"·​subsequent·​[NDMC*][INDC]·for·​[five]·​years·​after·​the·​year·​of·​the·​submitted·​contribution.​*]
229 172
230 ········​**Option·​2:​**·​*communication·​before·​the·​end·​of·​the·​period·​of·​implementation*173 ········​**Option·​2:​**·​*communication·​before·​the·​end·​of·​the·​period·​of·​implementation*
231 174
232 ········​Successive·​*NDMC/​NDMCC*·​[shall]·​[will]·​[other]·​be·​communicated·​by·​Parties·​after·​completion·​of·​the·​current·​implementation·​cycle.​175 ········​Successive·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​[shall]·​[will]·​[other]·​be·​communicated·​by·​Parties·​after·​completion·​of·​the·​current·​implementation·​cycle.​
233 176
234 ····​3.​·​*Consultative·​period/​ex·​ante·​(including·​parts·​of·​3.​2·​bis,​·​4·​and·​4bis,​·​3.​10)​*177 ····​3.​·​*Consultative·​period/​ex·​ante[^9]
235 178
236 ········​**Option·​1:​**·​[In·​the·​12·​[-​18]·​month·​period·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​x]·​[The·​CMA·​shall·​facilitate·​[conduct]]·​[All·​Parties·​shall·​participate·​in]·​a·​[preparatory]·​process·​to·​[facilitate]·​[enhance]·​the·​clarity,​·​transparency·​and·​understanding·​of·​the·​[intended]·​[proposed]·​*NDMC/​NDMCC,​*·including·​their·​aggregate·​effect·​in·​the·​light·​of·​the·​long-​term·​temperature·​goal·​in·​Article·​2·​of·​this·​agreement,​·​including·​through·​the·​production·​of·​an·​aggregate·​synthesis·​report.​·​The·​[preparatory]·​process·​shall·​be·​conducted·​in·​accordance·​with·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​to·​be·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session·179 ········​**Option·​1:​**·​[In·​the·​12·​[–18]·​month·​period·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​x]·​[The·​CMA·​shall·​facilitate·​[conduct]]·​[All·​Parties·​shall·​participate·​in]·​a·​[preparatory]·​process·​to·​[facilitate]·​[enhance]·​the·​clarity,​·​transparency·​and·​understanding·​of·​the·​[intended]·​[proposed]·​[NDMC*][INDC],​·including·​their·​aggregate·​effect·​in·​the·​light·​of·​the·​long-​term·​temperature·​goal·referred·​to·in·​Article·​2,​·​including·​through·​the·​production·​of·​an·​aggregate·​synthesis·​report.​·​The·​[preparatory]·​process·​shall·​be·​conducted·​in·​accordance·​with·the·modalities·​and·​procedures·​to·​be·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session.​
237 180
238 ········​**Option·​2:​**·​No·​provision·​on·​consultative·​period/​ex·​ante181 ········​**Option·​2:​**·​No·​provision·​on·​consultative·​period/​ex·​ante
239 182
240 ········​**Option·​3:​**·​Placement:​·​Deal·​with·​this·​issue·​in·​Article·​9183 ····​5.​·​*Adjustments*
241
242 ····​4.​·​*Common·​timeframe·​in·​future·​(previous·​6·​option·​1b,​·​quater)​*
243
244 ········​**Option·​1:​**·​A·​common·​timeframe·​for·​Parties'·​NDMC/​NDMCC·​from·​2030·​onward·​shall·​be·​decided·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session
245
246 ········​**Option·​2:​**·​No·​provision·​for·​common·​timeframe
247 ········
248 ········​**Option·​3:​**·​Differentiated·​timeframes·​for·​developed·​and·​developing·​countries·​to·​be·​decided·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session
249
250 ····​5.​·​*Adjustments·​at·​any·​time·​(previous·​3.​4·​ter·​and·​3.​6·​ter)​*
251 184
252 ·······​**Option·​1:​**·A·​Party·​may,​·at·​any·​time,​·​submit·an·update·​to·its·​NDMC/​NDMCC·​that·​represents·​a·​progression·​in·​ambition·​beyond·​its·previous·efforts·​[in·​accordance·​with·​the·​simplified·​adjustment·​procedure·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·X]185 ········A·​Party·​may·at·​any·​time·adjust·​its·existing·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​with·​a·view·to·enhancing·​its·level·of·​ambition·​[,​·in·​accordance·​with·​the·​simplified·​adjustment·​procedure·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·19,​·​paragraph·​3].​·​[Adjustments·​towards·​lower·​ambition·​levels·​may·​only·​be·​communicated·​in·​case·​the·​[developing·​country]·​Party's·​efforts·​are·​[severely]·​affected·​by·​an·​extreme·​natural·​event,​·​economic·​shock·​or·​force·​majeure.​][Developing·​country·​Parties·​may·​adjust·​their·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​at·​their·​discretion·​depending·​upon·​the·​adequacy·​and·​availability·​of·​finance,​·​technology·​development·​and·​transfer·​and·​capacity-​building·​support.​]
253
254 ·······​**Option·​2:​**·​The·​enhancement·​of·​the·​<span·​style="font-​variant:​small-​caps;​">[(I)​NDCs][NDMC/​NDMCC]</​span>·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties·​is·​premised·​on·​the·​adequacy·​of·​finance,​·​technology·​transfer·​and·​capacity·​building·​support·​from·​developed·​country·​Parties.​·​A·​developing·​country·​Party·​may·​adjust·​its·​[(I)​NDC][NDMC/​NDMCC]·​when·​severely·​affected·​by·​an·​extreme·​natural·​event,​·​force·​majeure,​·​or·​when·​adequate·​finance,​·​technology·​development·​and·​transfer,​·​and·​capacity·​building·​support·​is·​not·​available;​
255
256 ······​**Option·​3:​**·​No·​text·​on·​adjustment
257
258 ······​*Additional·​notes·​on·​related·​provisions:​*
259
260 ······​\*·​*3.​4:​·​This·​restructuring·​does·​not·​deal·​with·​the·​accompanying·​information·​requirements,​·​as·​currently·​outlined·​in·​3.​4.​·​After·​stripping·​out·​the·​timings·​elements,​·​the·​paragraph·​would·​read:​·​There·​shall·​be·​a·​high-​level·​session·​on·​mitigation,​·​as·​part·​of·​the·​process·​outlined·​in·​Article·​10·​every·​5·​years,​·​the·​modalities·​of·​which·​are·​to·​be·​in·​accordance·​with·​decision·​1/​CP.​21·​and·​any·​subsequent·​decisions·​by·​the·​CMA]*
261 186
262 9.​·​**Housing**187 9.​·​**Housing**
263 188
264 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​[The·NDMC/​NDMCC·communicated·​by·​Parties·​shall·​be·​[listed][published]·in·a·​[online·​registry·​maintained·​by·​the·​secretariat][Annex·​[X]·​to·​this·agreement][on·​the·​UNFCCC·​website].​]189 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​[The·​[NDMC*][INDC]·communicated·​by·​Parties·​shall·​be·​[listed][published]·​[in·an·online·​registry·​maintained·​by·​the·​secretariat][·​in·Annex·​[X]·​to·​this·Agreement][on·​the·​UNFCCC·​website].​]
265 190
266 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​[The·NDMC/​NDMCC·communicated·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties·​shall·​be·​inscribed·​in·​Annex·​A·​to·​this·agreement.​191 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​[The·​[NDMC*][INDC]·communicated·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties·​shall·​be·​inscribed·​in·​Annex·​A·​to·​this·Agreement.​
192 ····
193 ····​The·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​communicated·​by·​developing·​country·​Parties·​shall·​be·​inscribed·​in·​Annex·​B·​to·​this·​Agreement.​]
267 194
268 ····​The·​NDMC/​NDMCC·​communicated·​by·​developing·​country·​Parties·​shall·​be·​inscribed·​in·​Annex·​B·​to·​this·​agreement.​]
269 195
270 10.​·​**Accounting**196 10.​·​**Accounting**[^10]
271 197
272 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​[In·​tracking·​progress·​towards·​achieving·​NDMC/​NDMCC,​·Parties·​shall·​apply·​the·​principles·​of·​transparency,​·​accuracy,​·​completeness,​·​comparability,​·​consistency,​·​avoidance·​of·​double-​counting,​·and·​environmental·​integrity.​]198 ····​**Option·​1:​**:​·​[In·​tracking·​progress·​towards·​achieving·their·​[NDMC*][INDC],​·Parties·​shall·​apply·​the·​principles·​of·​transparency,​·​accuracy,​·​completeness,​·​comparability,​·​consistency,​·​avoidance·​of·​double·counting·and·​environmental·​integrity.​]
273 199
274 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​[In·​tracking·​progress·​towards·​achieving·​NDMC/​NDMCC,​·Parties·​shall·​apply·​the·​principles·​of·​transparency,​·​accuracy,​·​completeness,​·​comparability,​·​consistency,​·​avoidance·​of·​double-​counting,​·​and·​environmental·​integrity.​]200 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​[In·​tracking·​progress·​towards·​achieving·their·​[NDMC*][INDC],​·Parties·​shall·​apply·​the·​principles·​of·​transparency,​·​accuracy,​·​completeness,​·​comparability,​·​consistency,​·​avoidance·​of·​double·counting,​·​and·​environmental·​integrity.​]
275 201
276 ····​[The·​rules·​and·​guidance·​related·​to·​tracking·​of·​progress·​towards·​achieving·NDMC/​NDMCC·accounting·​[that·​are·​set·​forth·​in·​[relevant·​COP·​decisions·​and·​in]·​decision·​1/​CP.​21],​·​including·​with·​respect·​to·​land·​use·​[and·land-​use·​change]·​[and·​forests]·​[·and·​REDD+]·​[and·​internationally·​transferred·​mitigation·​outcomes],​·​[shall·​be·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session·​and·maybe·​amended·​by·​any·​subsequent·​decisions·by·​the·​CMA]·​[so·​as·​to·​improve·​clarity,​·​transparency·​and·​environmental·​integrity·​of·the·agreement.​]202 ····​[The·​rules·​and·​guidance·​related·​to·the·tracking·​of·​progress·​towards·​achieving·​[NDMC*][INDC]·accounting·​[that·​are·​set·​forth·​in·​[relevant·​COP·​decisions·​and·​in]·​decision·​1/​CP.​21],​·​including·​with·​respect·​to·​land·​use·​[and·landuse·​change]·​[and·​forests]·​[and·​REDD-​plus]·​[and·​internationally·​transferred·​mitigation·​outcomes],​·​[shall·​be·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session·​and·may·​be·​amended·​by·​any·​subsequent·​decisions·of·​the·​CMA]·​[so·​as·​to·​improve·the·clarity,​·​transparency·​and·​environmental·​integrity·​of·this·Agreement.​]
277 203
278 ····​**Option·​3:​**204 ····​**Option·​3:​**
279 ····205 ····
280 ····​1.​·​[Taking·​into·​consideration·​the·​principles·​of·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​and·article·​4.​9·of·​the·​Convention]·​[The·​rules·​and·​guidance·​related·​to·​accounting·​[that·​are·​set·​forth·​in·​[relevant·​COP·​decisions·​and·​in]·​decision·​1/​CP.​21],​·​including·​with·​respect·​to·​land·​use·​[and·​land-​use·​change]·​[and·​forests][·​and·​REDD+][and·​internationally·​transferred·​mitigation·​outcomes],​·​[shall·​be·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session·​and·maybe·​amended·​by·​any·​subsequent·​decisions·by·​the·​CMA]·​[so·​as·​to·​improve·​clarity,​·​transparency·​and·​environmental·​integrity·​of·the·agreement.​]206 ····​1.​·​[Taking·​into·​consideration·​the·​principles·​of·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​and·Article·​4,​·​paragraph·9,​·of·​the·​Convention]·​[The·​rules·​and·​guidance·​related·​to·​accounting·​[that·​are·​set·​forth·​in·​[relevant·​COP·​decisions·​and·​in]·​decision·​1/​CP.​21],​·​including·​with·​respect·​to·​land·​use·​[and·​land-​use·​change]·​[and·​forests][·​and·​REDD-​plus][and·​internationally·​transferred·​mitigation·​outcomes],​·​[shall·​be·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session·​and·may·​be·​amended·​by·​any·​subsequent·​decisions·of·​the·​CMA]·​[so·​as·​to·​improve·the·clarity,​·​transparency·​and·​environmental·​integrity·​of·this·Agreement.​]
281 207
282 ····​2.​·​[In·​accounting·​for·their·NDMC/​NDMCC,​·each·​Party·​shall,​·​taking·​into·​account·​guidance·​developed·​under·​paragraph·​(a)​·​above]:​208 ····​2.​·​[In·​accounting·​for·its·​[NDMC*][INDC],​·each·​Party·​shall,​·​taking·​into·​account·the·guidance·​developed·​under·​paragraph·​[x](a)​·​above]:​
283 209
284 ········​1.​·​[Use·​common·​metrics,​·​guidance·​and·​guidelines·​accepted·​by·​the·​IPCC·​for·​the·​estimation·​of·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​and·​removals·​and·​agreed·​by·​the·​CMA];​210 ········​1.​·​[Use·​the·​common·​metrics,​·​guidance·​and·​guidelines·​accepted·​by·​the·​IPCC·​for·​the·​estimation·​of·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​and·​removals·​and·​agreed·​by·​the·​CMA];​
285 ········​2.​·​[Ensure·​methodological·​consistency·​between·​the·​definition·​of·​the·​*NDMC/​NDMCC*·and·​its·​implementation];​211 ········​2.​·​[Ensure·​methodological·​consistency·​between·​the·​definition·​of·​the·​[NDMC*][INDC]·and·​its·​implementation];​
286 ········​3.​·​[Include·​an·​explanation·​for·​the·​exclusion·​from·their·​*NDMC/​NDMCC*·of·​any·​key·​categories·​of·​emissions·​and·​removals,​·​and·​strive·​to·​include·​these·​over·​time];​212 ········​3.​·​[Include·​an·​explanation·​for·​the·​exclusion·​from·the·​[NDMC*][INDC]of·​any·​key·​categories·​of·​emissions·​and·​removals,​·​and·​strive·​to·​include·​these·​over·​time];​
287 ········​4.​·​[[Ensure·​that]·​Once·​a·​source,​·​sink·​or·​activity·​is·​accounted·​for·​in·​a·​*NDMC/​NDMCC,​*·Parties·​shall·​continue·​to·​include];​213 ········​4.​·​[[Ensure·​that]·​Once·​a·​source,​·​sink·​or·​activity·​is·​accounted·​for·​in·​a·​[NDMC*][INDC],​·Parties·​shall·​continue·​to·​include·​it];​
288 ········​5.​·​[[Ensure·​that]·​internationally·​transferred·​mitigation·​outcomes·used·​by·​any·​Party·to·​meet·​its·​nationally·​determined·​mitigation·​commitment·​shall·​be·​real,​·​permanent,​·​additional·​and·​verified,​·be·​subject·​to·​systems·​to·​ensure·​that·​units·​are·​not·​counted·​more·​than·​once·​in·​tracking·​progress·toward·​nationally·​determined·​mitigation·​commitments·and·shall·​be·​supplemental·​to·​domestic·​action].​214 ········​5.​·​[[Ensure·​that]·​internationally·​transferred·​mitigation·​outcomes·​to·​meet·​its·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​are·​real,​·​permanent,​·​additional·​and·​verified,​·are·​subject·​to·​systems·​to·​ensure·​that·​units·​are·​not·​counted·​more·​than·​once·​in·​tracking·​progress·towards·​nationally·​determined·​mitigation·​commitments,​·and·are·​supplemental·​to·​domestic·​action].​
289 215
290 ····​**Option·​4:​**·​Deal·​with·​accounting·​in·​Transparency·​of·​Action·​and·​Support216 ····​**Option·​4:​**·​Deal·​with·​accounting·​in·​Transparency·​of·​Action·​and·​Support
291 217
292 ····​**Option·​5:​**·​No·​provisions·​on·​accounting·​and·​land·​use218 ····​**Option·​5:​**·​No·​provisions·​on·​accounting·​and·​land·​use
293 ····219 ····
294 ····​*Differentiation·​modulator:​·​(A·​choice·​to·​be·​made·​for·​options·​1,​·​2,​·​and·​3)​.​·​*220 ····​*Differentiation·​modulator:​·​(A·​choice·​to·​be·​made·​for·​options·​1,​·​2,​·​and·​3)​.​*
295 221
296 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​[Taking·​into·​consideration·​the·​principles·​of·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​and·​article·​4.​9·​of·​the·​Convention]222 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​[Taking·​into·​consideration·​the·​principles·​of·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​and·​article·​4.​9·​of·​the·​Convention]
297 223
298 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​*No·​differentiation·​modulator·​applied·​in·​this·​specific·​paragraph·​(does·​not·​prejudge·​how·​or·​where·​differentiation·​is·​treated·​in·​this·​section)​.​*224 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​*No·​differentiation·​modulator·​applied·​in·​this·​specific·​paragraph·​(does·​not·​prejudge·​how·​or·​where·​differentiation·​is·​treated·​in·​this·​section)​.​*
299 225
300 11.​·​**Methods·​and·​guidance**226 11.​·​**Methods·​and·​guidance**
301 227
302 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​In·​the·​context·​of·​*NDMC/​NDMCC,​*·when·​recognising·​and·​implementing·​mitigation·​actions·​in·​respect·​of·​anthropogenic·​emissions·​and·​removals·​[including·​from·​land·​use·​[or·​REDD+]],​·​Parties·​may·​draw·​from·​[/​build·​on]·​existing·​methods·​and·​guidance·​under·​the·​UNFCCC·​and·​the·​IPCC.​228 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​In·​the·​context·​of·​*[NDMC*][INDC],​*·when·​recognising·​and·​implementing·​mitigation·​actions·​in·​respect·​of·​anthropogenic·​emissions·​and·​removals·​[including·​from·​land·​use·​[or·​REDD+]],​·​Parties·​may·​draw·​from·​[/​build·​on]·​existing·​methods·​and·​guidance·​under·​the·​UNFCCC·​and·​the·​IPCC.​
303 229
304 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​*No·​provisions·​on·​accounting·​and·​land·​use*230 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​*No·​provisions·​on·​accounting·​and·​land·​use*
305 231
306 12.​·​**Long-​term·​strategies**232 12.​·​**Long-​term·​strategies**
307 233
308 ····​[Parties·​[are·​invited][should·​strive·​]][invite·​Parties,​·​on·​voluntary·​basis]·​to·​formulate·​and·​communicate·longer-​term·​low-​emission·​development·​strategies·​[in·​accordance·​with·​the·​modalities·​to·​be·​decided·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session][Developed·​country·​Parties·​shall·​formulate·​low·​emissions·​development·​strategies·​with·​time·​frames·​for·​zero·​emissions.​·​Developing·​country·​Parties·​are·​encouraged·​to·​develop·​a·​long-​term·​green·​and·low-​carbon·​development·​strategy,​·​plan·​or·​programme,​·​as·​appropriate].​234 ····​[Parties·​[are·​invited][should·​strive·​]][invite·​Parties,​·​on·a·voluntary·​basis]·​to·​formulate·​and·​communicate·longerterm·​low-​emission·​development·​strategies·​[in·​accordance·​with·​the·​modalities·​to·​be·​decided·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session][Developed·​country·​Parties·​shall·​formulate·​low-​emission·​development·​strategies·​with·​time·​frames·​for·​achieving·​zero·​emissions.​·​Developing·​country·​Parties·​are·​encouraged·​to·​develop·​a·​long-​term·​green·​and·lowcarbon·​development·​strategy,​·​plan·​or·​programme,​·​as·​appropriate].​
309 235
310 ····​[The·​secretariat·​shall·​maintain·in·​a·​public·​registry,​·Parties'·​communicated·​low-​emission·​development·​strategies.​]236 ····​[The·​secretariat·​shall·​maintain·​Parties'·​communicated·​low-​emission·​development·​strategies·​in·​a·​public·​registry.​]
311 237
312 13.​·​**Response·​Measures**238 13.​·​**Response·​Measures**
313 239
314 ····​*[Preamble:​·​Parties·​acknowledge·​the·​importance·​of·​cooperation·​including·​around·​economic·​diversification·​to·​reduce·​the·​adverse·​impacts·​of·​the·​implementation·​of·​response·​measures.​]*240 ····​*[Preamble:​·​Parties·​acknowledge·​the·​importance·​of·​cooperation·​including·​around·​economic·​diversification·​to·​reduce·​the·​adverse·​impacts·​of·​the·​implementation·​of·​response·​measures.​]*
315 241
316 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​[Parties·​shall·​give·​full·​consideration·​to·​what·​actions·​are·​necessary·​under·the·​Agreement·​to·​meet·​the·​specific·​needs·​and·​concerns·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties·​arising·​from·​the·​impact·​of·​the·​implementation·​of·​response·​measures,​·​including·​in·​terms·​of·​economic·​diversification,​·​and·​taking·​into·​consideration·​that·​poverty·​eradication·​and·​social·​and·​economic·​development,​·are·​the·​first·​and·​overriding·​priorities·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties.​242 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​[Parties·​shall·​give·​full·​consideration·​to·​what·​actions·​are·​necessary·​under·this·​Agreement·​to·​meet·​the·​specific·​needs·​and·​concerns·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties·​arising·​from·​the·​impact·​of·​the·​implementation·​of·​response·​measures,​·​including·​in·​terms·​of·​economic·​diversification,​·​and·​taking·​into·​consideration·​that·​poverty·​eradication·​and·​social·​and·​economic·​development·are·​the·​first·​and·​overriding·​priorities·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties.​
317 243 ····
318 ·····Parties·​agree·​to·​enhance·​actions·​under·​this·agreement,​·​including·​through·​strengthening·​institutional·​arrangements·and·shall·​adopt·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​for·​enhancing·​those·​arrangements.​·​To·​this·​end·​the·​CMA·​shall·​establish·​a·​cooperative·​mechanism·​to·​address·​the·​adverse·​impacts·​of·​the·​implementation·​of·​response·​measures·​on·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·​as·​included·​in·Decision·​X/​CP.​21.​]244 ····Parties·​agree·​to·​enhance·​actions·​under·​this·Agreement,​·​including·​through·​strengthening·​institutional·​arrangements,​·and·to·​adopt·​adopt·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​for·​enhancing·​those·​arrangements.​·​To·​this·​end·​the·​CMA·​shall·​establish·​a·​cooperative·​mechanism·​to·​address·​the·​adverse·​impacts·​of·​the·​implementation·​of·​response·​measures·​on·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·​as·​included·​in·decision·​-​/​CP.​21.​]
319 245
320 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​No·​text246 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​No·​text
321 247
322 14.​·​**Unilateral·​Measures**248 14.​·​**Unilateral·​Measures**
323 249
324 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​[Developed·​country·​Parties·​shall·​not·​resort·​to·​any·​form·​of·​unilateral·​measures·​against·​goods·​and·​services·​from·​developing·​country·​Parties·​on·​any·​grounds·​related·​to·​climate·​change,​·​recalling·​the·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​in·​particular·​its·​Article·​3,​·​paragraphs·​1,​·​4·​and·​5,​·​and·​Article·​4,​·​paragraphs·​3,​·​5,​·​7,​·​8,​·​9·​and·​10,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​principles·​of·​equity,​·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities,​·and·​the·​obligations·​of·​developed·​country·​Parties·​to·​provide·​financial·​resources,​·​transfer·​of·​technologies·​and·​capacity-​building·​support·​to·​developing·​country·​Parties.​]250 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​[Developed·​country·​Parties·​shall·​not·​resort·​to·​any·​form·​of·​unilateral·​measures·​against·​goods·​and·​services·​from·​developing·​country·​Parties·​on·​any·​grounds·​related·​to·​climate·​change,​·​recalling·​the·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​in·​particular·​its·​Article·​3,​·​paragraphs·​1,​·​4·​and·​5,​·​and·​Article·​4,​·​paragraphs·​3,​·​5,​·​7,​·​8,​·​9·​and·​10,​·and·taking·​into·​account·​the·​principles·​of·​equity,​·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·and·​the·​obligations·​of·​developed·​country·​Parties·​to·​provide·​financial·​resources,​·​transfer·​of·​technologies·​and·​capacity-​building·​support·​to·​developing·​country·​Parties.​]
325 251
326 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​[No·​text.​]252 ····​**Option·​2:​**·No·​text.​
327 253
328 15.​·​**REIOS**·​[Parties,​·​including·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organizations·​and·​their·​member·​States,​·​may·​jointly·​communicate·​and[/​or]·​implement·​their·​*NDMC/​NDMCC[*·detailing·​in·its·​joint·​communication·​combined·​level·​of·​*NDMC/​NDMCC*·and·​individual·​levels·​of·​NDMC/​NDMCC·of·​each·​member·​State·​of·​that·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization.​·​If·​Parties·​acting·​jointly·​do·​so·​in·​the·​framework·​of,​·​and·​together·​with,​·​a·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization,​·​any·​alteration·​in·​the·​composition·​of·​the·​organization·​after·​adoption·​of·​this·​Agreement·​shall·​not·​affect·​existing·NDMC/​NDMCC·under·​this·​Agreement.​·​Any·​alteration·​in·​the·​composition·​of·​the·​organization·​shall·​only·​apply·​for·​the·​purposes·​of·​those·​commitments·​under·​Article·​3·​that·​are·​adopted·​subsequent·​to·​that·​alteration.​·​If·​Parties·acting·​jointly·​to·​implement·​their·NDMC/​NDMCC·in·​the·​framework·​of,​·​and·​together·​with,​·​a·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·which·​is·​itself·​a·​Party·​to·​this·​Agreement,​·​each·​member·​State·​of·​that·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·​individually,​·and·​together·​with·​the·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·​shall,​·​in·​the·​event·​of·​failure·​to·​achieve·​the·​total·​combined·​level·​of·NDMC/​NDMCC,​·be·​responsible·​for·its·​level·​of·​NDMC/​NDMCC·as·​communicated·​in·​accordance·​with·​this·​Article.​]254 15.​·​**REIOS**·​[Parties,​·​including·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organizations·​and·​their·​member·​States,​·​may·​jointly·​communicate·​and[/​or]·​implement·​their·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​[detailing·​in·their·​joint·​communication·​the·​combined·​level·​of·​[NDMC*][INDC]·and·​individual·​levels·​of·the·​[NDMC*][INDC]·of·​each·​member·​State·​of·​that·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization.​·​If·​Parties·​acting·​jointly·​do·​so·​in·​the·​framework·​of,​·​and·​together·​with,​·​a·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization,​·​any·​alteration·​in·​the·​composition·​of·​the·​organization·​after·​adoption·​of·​this·​Agreement·​shall·​not·​affect·​existing·​[NDMC*][INDC]under·​this·​Agreement.​·​Any·​alteration·​in·​the·​composition·​of·​the·​organization·​shall·​apply·​only·​for·​the·​purposes·​of·​those·​commitments·​under·​Article·​3·​that·​are·​adopted·​subsequent·​to·​that·​alteration.​·​If·​Parties·act·​jointly·​to·​implement·​their·​[NDMC*][INDC]·in·​the·​framework·​of,​·​and·​together·​with,​·​a·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·that·​is·​itself·​a·​Party·​to·​this·​Agreement,​·​each·​member·​State·​of·​that·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·​individually·and·​together·​with·​the·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·​shall,​·​in·​the·​event·​of·​failure·​to·​achieve·​the·​total·​combined·​level·​of·​[NDMC*][INDC],​·be·​responsible·​for·the·​level·​of·its·​[NDMC*][INDC]·as·​communicated·​in·​accordance·​with·​this·​Article.​]
329 255
330 16.​·​**Cooperative·​approaches**256 16.​·​**Cooperative·​approaches**
331 257
332 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​Parties·​may·​also·​cooperate·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·​NDMC/​NDMCC.​·​{second·​sentence·​of·​original·​3.​8}258 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​Parties·​may·​also·​cooperate·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·their·​[NDMC*][INDC].​
333 259
334 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​[Parties·when·​using·​cooperative·​approaches·shall·​ensure·​that·​they·​deliver·​real·​permanent·additional·​and·​verified·​internationally·​transferrable·​mitigation·​outcomes·which·​shall·​only·be·accounted·once]260 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​[Parties,​·when·​using·​cooperative·​approaches,​·shall·​ensure·​that·​they·​deliver·​real,​·permanent,​·​additional·and·​verified·​internationally·​transferrable·​mitigation·​outcomes,​·​which·​shall·​be·​counted·​only·​once.​][The·​cooperation·​of·​Parties·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·​mitigation·​activities·​to·​implement·​their·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​may·​include·​cooperation·​through·​the·​Warsaw·​Framework·​for·​REDD-​plus,​·​mechanisms·​developed·​under·​the·​COP·​and·​cooperative·​approaches·​involving·​the·​international·​transfer·​of·​mitigation·​outcomes·​that·​meet·​standards·​and·​guidelines·​to·​be·​decided·​on·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session·​that·​are·​aimed·​at·​ensuring·​environmental·​integrity·​and·​the·​delivery·​of·​real,​·​permanent,​·additional·​and·​verified·​internationally·​transferrable·​mitigation·​outcomes·that·​shall·​be·counted·​only·​once·​in·​tracking·​progress·​towards·​[NDMC*][INDC].​·​The·​CMA·​shall·​provide·​that·​a·​mechanism·​for·​supporting·​sustainable·​development·​is·​available·​to·​assist·​Parties·​in·​fulfilling·​their·​[NDMC*][INDC],​·​while·​respecting·​the·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​of·​the·​host·​Party.​][^11]
335
336 ····​[The·​cooperation·​of·​Parties·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·​mitigation·​activities·​to·​implement·​NDMC/​NDMCC·​may·​include·​cooperation·​through·​the·​Warsaw·​Framework·​for·​REDD-​plus,​·​mechanisms·​developed·​under·​the·​COP·​and·​cooperative·​approaches·​involving·​the·​international·​transfer·​of·​mitigation·​outcomes·​that·​meet·​standards·​and·​guidelines,​·​to·​be·​decided·​upon·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session,​·​that·​are·​aimed·​at·​ensuring·​environmental·​integrity·​and·​that·​ensure·​that·​they·​deliver·​real,​·​permanent,​·​additional·​and·​verified·​internationally·​transferrable·​mitigation·​outcomes·​that·​shall·​only·​be·​accounted·​once·​toward·​tracking·​progress·​toward·​NDCs.​·​The·​CMA·​shall·​provide·​for·​a·​mechanism·​to·​support·​sustainable·​development,​·​to·​be·​available·​to·​assist·​Parties·​in·​fulfilling·​their·​NDMC/​NDMCC,​·​while·​respecting·​the·​NDMC/​NDMCC·​of·​the·​host·​Party.​]
337
338 ····​-​·​*Potential·​elements·​of·​elaboration·​of·​the·​option:​*
339 ····​-​·​*Approval·​by·​the·​Parties·​involved*
340 ····​-​·​*Transfer·​of·​units/​outcomes*
341 ····​-​·​*Standards·​for·​environmental·​integrity*
342 ····​-​·​*Real,​·​verified,​·​permanent,​·​additional*
343 ····​-​·​*Accounted·​once/​no·​double·​counting·​(also·​see·​the·​relevance·​of·​article·​3.​5·​of·​the·​text·​of·​October·​5^th^·​as·​well·​as·​3.​4·​quinquies·​and·​paragraph·​30(e)​·​of·​the·​decision)​*
344 ····​-​·​*Transparency,​·​accuracy,​·​completeness,​·​comparability,​·​consistency*
345 261
346 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​Parties·​acknowledge·​the·​importance·​of·​cooperation·​instruments·​to·​enhance·​mitigation·​commitments·​at·​the·​local,​·​regional·​and/​or·​international·​level.​262 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​Parties·​acknowledge·​the·​importance·​of·​cooperation·​instruments·​to·​enhance·​mitigation·​commitments·​at·​the·​local,​·​regional·​and/​or·​international·​level.​
347 263
348 ····​**Option·​4:​**·​No·​provision264 ····​**Option·​4:​**·​No·​provision
349 265
350 17.​·​**Support**·​Developed·​country·​Parties,​·​the·​operating·​entities·​of·​the·​Financial·​Mechanism·​and·​any·​other·​organizations·​in·​a·​position·​to·​do·​so·​shall·​provide·​support·​for·​the·​preparation,​·​communication·​and·​implementation·​of·​NDMC/​NDMCC·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties.​266 17.​·​**Support**[^12][^13]​
351
352 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​[Developing·​country·​Parties][developing·​country·​Parties·​and·​other·​countries·​with·​economies·​in·​transitions][Parties·​in·​need·​of·​support]·​are·​eligible·​for·​support·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Article.​
353 267
354 ····​**Option·2:​**·​The·​developed·​country·​Parties·​and·​other·​developed·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​to·​Convention·​shall·​provide·​new·​and·​additional·​financial·​resources,​·​technology·​transfer·​and·​capacity·building·​to·​meet·​the·​agreed·​full·​costs·​incurred·​by·​developing·​country·​Parties·​in·​complying·​with·​their·​obligations·​under·​this·​Article.​268 ····​**Option·1:​**·​The·​developed·​country·​Parties·​and·​other·​developed·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​to·the·Convention·​[and·​other·​Parties·​with·​the·​capacity·​to·​do·​so]·shall·​provide·​new·​and·​additional·​financial·​resources,​·​technology·​transfer·​and·​capacity-​building·​to·​meet·​the·​agreed·​full·​costs·​incurred·​by·​developing·​country·​Parties·​[and·Parties·​whose·​special·​circumstances·​are·​recognized·​by·​the·​COP]·in·​complying·​with·​their·​obligations·​under·​this·​Article.​
355 269
356 18.​·​**Framing**·​[The·implementation·​of·​the·provisions·​of·​this·​Article·​should·​[reflect][be·​subject·​to]·​[national·​circumstances]]·​[common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities·​in·​light·​of·​different·​national·​circumstances·​and·​different·​development·​stages·​]·​[differentiation·​between·​developed·​and·​developing·​country·​Parties·​]·​[of·​LDCs·​and·​SIDs].​270 ····​**Option·2:​**·​[Developing·country·​Parties][and·​other·​countries·​with·​economies·​in·​transition][and·​Parties·​whose·​special·​circumstances·​are·​recognized·​by·​the·COP][Parties·​in·​need·​of·​support]·​are·​eligible·​for·​support·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Article.​
357 271
358 ····​[The·​extent·​to·​which·​developing·​country·​Parties·​will·​effectively·​implement·​their·​commitments·​will·​depend·​on·​the·​effective·​implementation·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties·​of·​their·​commitments·​related·​to·​financial·​resources,​·​transfer·​of·​technology·​and·​capacity-​building.​]272 ····​**Option·​3:​**·The·​extent·​to·​which·​developing·​country·​Parties·​will·​effectively·​implement·​their·​commitments·​will·​depend·​on·​the·​effective·​implementation·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties·​of·​their·​commitments·​related·​to·​financial·​resources,​·​transfer·​of·​technology·​and·​capacity-​building.​
359 273
360 19.​·​**International·​Transport·​Emissions**274 18.​·​**International·​Transport·​Emissions**
361 275
362 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​Parties·​[shall][should][other​]·​pursue·​limitation·​or·​reduction·​of·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​from·​international·​aviation·​and·​marine·​bunker·​fuels,​·​working·​through·​the·​International·​Civil·​Aviation·​Organization·​and·​the·​International·​Maritime·​Organization,​·​respectively,​·​with·​a·​view·​to·​agreeing·​concrete·​measures·​addressing·​these·​emissions,​·​including·​developing·​procedures·​for·​incorporating·​emissions·​from·​international·​aviation·​and·​marine·​bunker·​fuels·​into·​low-​emission·​development·​strategies.​276 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​Parties·​[shall][should][other​]·​pursue·​limitation·​or·​reduction·​of·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​from·​international·​aviation·​and·​marine·​bunker·​fuels,​·​working·​through·​the·​International·​Civil·​Aviation·​Organization·​and·​the·​International·​Maritime·​Organization,​·​respectively,​·​with·​a·​view·​to·​agreeing·​concrete·​measures·​addressing·​these·​emissions,​·​including·​developing·​procedures·​for·​incorporating·​emissions·​from·​international·​aviation·​and·​marine·​bunker·​fuels·​into·​low-​emission·​development·​strategies.​
363 277
364 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​No·​text278 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​No·​text
365 279
366 ##·​[Article·​3bis]·​*(REDD-​plus)​*280 ##·​[Article·​3bis]·​*(REDD-​plus)​*
367 281
368 1.​·​[Mechanisms·​for·​forest·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​are]·​[A·​REDD-​plus·​mechanism·​is]·​hereby·​defined.​282 1.​·​[Mechanisms·​for·​forest·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​are]·​[A·​REDD-​plus·​mechanism·​is]·​hereby·​defined.​
369 283
370 2.​·​The·​REDD-​plus·​mechanism·​consists·​of·​relevant·​decisions·​of·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties,​·​including·​decisions·​9·​to·​15/​CP.​19·​and·​decision·​XX/​CP.​21.​284 2.​·​The·​REDD-​plus·​mechanism·​consists·​of·​relevant·​decisions·​of·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties,​·​including·​decisions·​9·​to·​15/​CP.​19·​and·​decision·​XX/​CP.​21.​
371 285
372 3.​·​The·​purpose·​of·​the·​REDD-​plus·​mechanism·​shall·​be·​to·​incentivize·​the·​reduction·​of·​emissions·​from·​deforestation·​and·​forest·​degradation·​and·​to·​promote·​conservation,​·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​and·​enhancement·​of·​forest·​carbon·​stocks·​in·​developing·​countries,​·​while·​enhancing·​the·​non-​carbon·​benefits·​derived·​as·​a·​result·​of·​the·​multiple·​functions·​of·​forests,​·​including·​alleviating·​poverty·​and·​building·​ecosystem·​resilience.​286 3.​·​The·​purpose·​of·​the·​REDD-​plus·​mechanism·​shall·​be·​to·​incentivize·​the·​reduction·​of·​emissions·​from·​deforestation·​and·​forest·​degradation·​and·​to·​promote·​conservation,​·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​and·​enhancement·​of·​forest·​carbon·​stocks·​in·​developing·​countries,​·​while·​enhancing·​the·​non-​carbon·​benefits·​derived·​as·​a·​result·​of·​the·​multiple·​functions·​of·​forests,​·​including·​alleviating·​poverty·​and·​building·​ecosystem·​resilience.​
373 287
374 4.​·​[The·​Joint·​Mitigation·​and·​Adaptation·​Mechanism·​(JMA)​·​is·​established·​to·​support·​the·​integral·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​as·​an·​alternative·​to·​results-​based·​payments,​·​in·​accordance·​to·​decision·​X/​CP.​21.​]288 4.​·​[The·​Joint·​Mitigation·​and·​Adaptation·​Mechanism·​(JMA)​·​is·​established·​to·​support·​the·​integral·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​as·​an·​alternative·​to·​results-​based·​payments,​·​in·​accordance·​to·​decision·​X/​CP.​21.​]
375 289
376 ##·​[Article·​3ter]·​*(mechanism·​to·​support·​sustainable·​development)​*290 ##·​[Article·​3ter]·​*(mechanism·​to·​support·​sustainable·​development)​*
377 291
378 **Option·​1:​**292 **Option·​1:​**
379 293
380 1.​·Establishes·​a·​mechanism·​to·​support·​sustainable·​development·to·​be·​available·​to·​assist·​Parties·​in·​fulfilling·​their·NDMC/​NDMCC.​·This·​mechanism·​shall·​be·​under·​the·​authority·​and·​guidance·​of·​the·​CMA·​and·​be·​supervised·​by·​a·​body·​designated·​by·​the·​CMA,​·​and·​would·​aim·​to:​294 1.​·A·​mechanism·​is·​established·​to·​support·​sustainable·​development,​·to·​be·​available·​to·​assist·​Parties·​in·​fulfilling·​their·​[NDMC*][INDC].​·This·​mechanism·​shall·​be·​under·​the·​authority·​and·​guidance·​of·​the·​CMA·​and·​be·​supervised·​by·​a·​body·​designated·​by·​the·​CMA,​·​and·​would·​aim·​to:​
381 295
382 ····​1.​·​Enhance·​mitigation·​ambition·​and·​the·​mobilization·​of·​financing·​for·​climate·​action;​296 ····​1.​·​Enhance·​mitigation·​ambition·​and·​the·​mobilization·​of·​financing·​for·​climate·​action;​
383 ····​2.​·​Incentivise·​and·​enable·​participation·​in·​cost-​effective·​mitigation·​action·​by·​public·​and·​private·​entities·​acting·​under·​the·​responsibility·​of·​a·​Party.​297 ····​2.​·​Incentivise·​and·​enable·​participation·​in·​cost-​effective·​mitigation·​action·​by·​public·​and·​private·​entities·​acting·​under·​the·​responsibility·​of·​a·​Party.​
384 298
385 2.​·​The·​CMA·​shall·​adopt·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​for·​the·​mechanism·​referred·​above·​on·​its·​first·​session.​]299 2.​·​The·​CMA·​shall·​adopt·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​for·​the·​mechanism·​referred·​above·​on·​its·​first·​session.​]
386 300
387 ····​*Additional·​elements·​to·​article·3·​ter·​to·​be·​reflected·​in·​the·​article·​(these·​are·​also·​applicable·​to·​paragraph·34·​of·​the·​decision)​:​*301 ····​*Additional·​elements·​to·​article·3ter·​to·​be·​reflected·​in·​the·​article·​(these·​are·​also·​applicable·​to·​paragraph·46·​of·​the·​decision)​:​*
388 302
389 ····​-​·​*Additional·​element·​-​·​own·​contribution·​-​·​EU·​submission·​on·​paragraph·​34*·​"Deliver·​where·​desired·​by·​Participating·​Parties·​a·​net·​contribution·​to·​mitigation·​over·​and·​above·​the·​current·NDMC/​NDMCC·of·​the·​Parties·​participating".​303 ····​-​·​*Additional·​element·​-​·​own·​contribution·​-​·​EU·​submission·​on·​paragraph·​34*·​"Deliver·​where·​desired·​by·​Participating·​Parties·​a·​net·​contribution·​to·​mitigation·​over·​and·​above·​the·​current·​[NDMC*]/​[INDC]·of·​the·​Parties·​participating".​
390 ····​-​·​*Approval·​by·​the·​Parties·​involved*304 ····​-​·​*Approval·​by·​the·​Parties·​involved*
391 ····​-​·​*Article·​3·​ter·​enabling·​creation·​of·​multiple·​mechanisms*305 ····​-​·​*Article·​3·​ter·​enabling·​creation·​of·​multiple·​mechanisms*
392 ····​-​·​*Sustainable·​development·​criteria·​of·​the·​host·​country*306 ····​-​·​*Sustainable·​development·​criteria·​of·​the·​host·​country*
393 307
394 **Option·​2:​**308 **Option·​2:​**
395 309
396 1.​·​Recommends·​that·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session·​consider·​establishing·​a·​mechanism·​to·​support·​sustainable·​development·​to·​be·​available·​to·​assist·​Parties·​in·​fulfilling·​their·NDMC/​NDMCC.​·This·​mechanism·​would·​be·​under·​the·​authority·​and·​guidance·​of·​the·​CMA·​and·​be·​supervised·​by·​a·​body·​designated·​by·​the·​CMA,​·​and·​would·​aim·​to:​310 1.​·​Recommends·​that·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session·​consider·​establishing·​a·​mechanism·​to·​support·​sustainable·​development·​to·​be·​available·​to·​assist·​Parties·​in·​fulfilling·​their·​[NDMC*][INDC].​·This·​mechanism·​would·​be·​under·​the·​authority·​and·​guidance·​of·​the·​CMA·​and·​be·​supervised·​by·​a·​body·​designated·​by·​the·​CMA,​·​and·​would·​aim·​to:​
397 311
398 ····​1.​·​Enhance·​mitigation·​ambition·​and·​the·​mobilization·​of·​financing·​for·​climate·​action;​312 ····​1.​·​Enhance·​mitigation·​ambition·​and·​the·​mobilization·​of·​financing·​for·​climate·​action;​
399 ····​2.​·​Incentivize·​and·​enable·​participation·​in·​cost-​effective·​mitigation·​action·​by·​public·​and·​private·​entities·​acting·​under·​the·​responsibility·​of·​a·​Party;​313 ····​2.​·​Incentivize·​and·​enable·​participation·​in·​cost-​effective·​mitigation·​action·​by·​public·​and·​private·​entities·​acting·​under·​the·​responsibility·​of·​a·​Party;​
400 314
401 2.​·​Requests·​the·​SBSTA·​to·​elaborate·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​for·​the·​mechanism·​for·​sustainable·​development·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​34·​above·​and·​report·​to·​the·​IPC·​at·​its·​[X]·​session·​with·​a·​view·​to·​the·​IPC·​making·​recommendations,​·​for·​consideration·​and·​adoption·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session,​·​that·​inter·​alia:​315 2.​·​Requests·​the·​SBSTA·​to·​elaborate·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​for·​the·​mechanism·​for·​sustainable·​development·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​34·​above·​and·​report·​to·​the·​IPC·​at·​its·​[X]·​session·​with·​a·​view·​to·​the·​IPC·​making·​recommendations,​·​for·​consideration·​and·​adoption·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session,​·​that·​inter·​alia:​
402 316
403 ····​1.​·​Provide,​·​where·​desired·​by·​the·​participating·​Parties,​·​for·​the·​creation·​and·​issuance·​of·​real,​·​permanent,​·​additional·​and·​verified·​mitigation·​outcomes·​that·​may·​be·​used·​to·​meet·NDMC/​NDMCC·in·​a·​manner·​that·​is·​supplementary·​to·​domestic·​action,​·​is·​consistent·​with·​the·​rules·​and·​guidance·​for·​accounting,​·​and·​provides·​for·​a·​share·​of·​proceeds·​for·​adaptation;​317 ····​1.​·​Provide,​·​where·​desired·​by·​the·​participating·​Parties,​·​for·​the·​creation·​and·​issuance·​of·​real,​·​permanent,​·​additional·​and·​verified·​mitigation·​outcomes·​that·​may·​be·​used·​to·​meet·​[NDMC*][INDC]·in·​a·​manner·​that·​is·​supplementary·​to·​domestic·​action,​·​is·​consistent·​with·​the·​rules·​and·​guidance·​for·​accounting,​·​and·​provides·​for·​a·​share·​of·​proceeds·​for·​adaptation;​
404 ····​2.​·​Deliver,​·​where·​desired·​by·​participating·​Parties,​·​a·​net·​decrease·​or·​avoidance·​of·​emissions;​318 ····​2.​·​Deliver,​·​where·​desired·​by·​participating·​Parties,​·​a·​net·​decrease·​or·​avoidance·​of·​emissions;​
405 ····​3.​·​Build·​on·​the·​mechanism·​defined·​in·​Article·​12·​of·​the·​Kyoto·​Protocol·​and·​related·​decisions·​of·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Kyoto·​Protocol;​]·​{paragraph·34·​option·​1·​of·​the·​decision}319 ····​3.​·​Build·​on·​the·​mechanism·​defined·​in·​Article·​12·​of·​the·​Kyoto·​Protocol·​and·​related·​decisions·​of·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Kyoto·​Protocol;​]·​{paragraph·46·​option·​1·​of·​the·​decision}
406 320
407 **Option·​3**321 **Option·​3**
408 322
409 [For·​the·​purpose·​of·​meeting·​a·​portion·​of·​its·​mitigation·​commitment·​under·​Article·​3,​·​any·​Party·​may·​elect·​to·​use·​certified·​units·​(CU)​·​generated·​under·​the·​new·​market-​based·​mechanism·​defined·​under·​decision·​2/​CP.​17,​·​paragraph·​83,​·​subject·​to·​the·​adoption·​by·​the·​CMA·​of·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​elaborating·​each·​of·​the·​elements·​in·​decision·​1/​CP.​18·​paragraph·​51,​·​and·​the·​adoption·​of·​eligibility·​rules·​for·​participation·​which·​promote·​fair·​and·​equitable·​access·​for·​all·​Parties.​·​These·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​shall·​ensure·​that·​the·​design·​and·​operation·​of·​the·​mechanism·​delivers·​net·​global·​emission·​reductions,​·​through·​the·​cancellation·​of·​a·​share·​of·​units·​generated,​·​transferred,​·​used·​or·​acquired·​from·​offsetting·​activities.​]323 [For·​the·​purpose·​of·​meeting·​a·​portion·​of·​its·​mitigation·​commitment·​under·​Article·​3,​·​any·​Party·​may·​elect·​to·​use·​certified·​units·​(CU)​·​generated·​under·​the·​new·​market-​based·​mechanism·​defined·​under·​decision·​2/​CP.​17,​·​paragraph·​83,​·​subject·​to·​the·​adoption·​by·​the·​CMA·​of·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​elaborating·​each·​of·​the·​elements·​in·​decision·​1/​CP.​18·​paragraph·​51,​·​and·​the·​adoption·​of·​eligibility·​rules·​for·​participation·​which·​promote·​fair·​and·​equitable·​access·​for·​all·​Parties.​·​These·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​shall·​ensure·​that·​the·​design·​and·​operation·​of·​the·​mechanism·​delivers·​net·​global·​emission·​reductions,​·​through·​the·​cancellation·​of·​a·​share·​of·​units·​generated,​·​transferred,​·​used·​or·​acquired·​from·​offsetting·​activities.​]
410 324
411 **Option·​4:​**325 **Option·​4:​**
412 326
413 Establishes·​a·​mechanism·​to·​support·​holistic·​and·​integrated·​approaches·​to·​sustainable·​development·​in·​harmony·​with·​nature·​to·​be·​available·​to·​assist·​developing·​country·​Parties·​in·​fulfilling·​their·NDMC/​NDMCC·including·​in·​a·​balanced·​manner·​mitigation,​·​adaptation,​·​provision·​of·​finance,​·​technology·​transfer·​and·​capacity·​building.​·​This·​mechanism·​shall·​be·​under·​the·​authority·​and·​guidance·​of·​the·​CMA·​and·​be·​supervised·​by·​a·​body·​designated·​by·​the·​CMA,​·​and·​would·​aim·​to:​327 Establishes·​a·​mechanism·​to·​support·​holistic·​and·​integrated·​approaches·​to·​sustainable·​development·​in·​harmony·​with·​nature·​to·​be·​available·​to·​assist·​developing·​country·​Parties·​in·​fulfilling·​their·​[NDMC*][INDC]·including·​in·​a·​balanced·​manner·​mitigation,​·​adaptation,​·​provision·​of·​finance,​·​technology·​transfer·​and·​capacity·​building.​·​This·​mechanism·​shall·​be·​under·​the·​authority·​and·​guidance·​of·​the·​CMA·​and·​be·​supervised·​by·​a·​body·​designated·​by·​the·​CMA,​·​and·​would·​aim·​to:​
414 328
415 (a)​·​Enhance·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​ambition·​and·​the·​provision·​mobilization·​of·​public·​financing·​technology·​transfer·​and·​capacity·​building·​in·​an·​integrated·​manner·​for·​climate·​action;​329 (a)​·​Enhance·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​ambition·​and·​the·​provision·​mobilization·​of·​public·​financing·​technology·​transfer·​and·​capacity·​building·​in·​an·​integrated·​manner·​for·​climate·​action;​
416 330
417 (b)​·​Enhance·​non-​market-​based·​approaches·​and·​enable·​participation·​in·​joint·​cost-​effective·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​actions·​by·​public·​and·​private·​entities·​acting·​under·​the·​responsibility·​of·​a·​Party.​331 (b)​·​Enhance·​non-​market-​based·​approaches·​and·​enable·​participation·​in·​joint·​cost-​effective·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​actions·​by·​public·​and·​private·​entities·​acting·​under·​the·​responsibility·​of·​a·​Party.​
418 332
419 (c)​·​Support·​the·​implementation·​of·​the·​joint·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​approach·​for·​the·​integral·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​as·​an·​alternative·​policy·​approach·​to·​results-​based·​payments.​333 (c)​·​Support·​the·​implementation·​of·​the·​joint·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​approach·​for·​the·​integral·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​as·​an·​alternative·​policy·​approach·​to·​results-​based·​payments.​
420 334
421 (d)​·​Fully·​respect·​mitigation·​contributions·​of·​participating·​Parties·​to·​ensure·​that·​the·​global·​mitigation·​effort·​is·​not·​undermined.​335 (d)​·​Fully·​respect·​mitigation·​contributions·​of·​participating·​Parties·​to·​ensure·​that·​the·​global·​mitigation·​effort·​is·​not·​undermined.​
422 336
423 The·​CMA·​shall·​adopt·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​for·​the·​mechanism·​referred·​above·​on·​its·​first·​session.​]337 The·​CMA·​shall·​adopt·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​for·​the·​mechanism·​referred·​above·​on·​its·​first·​session.​]
424 338
425 **Option·​5:​**339 **Option·​5:​**
426 340
427 No·​Article·​3ter.​341 No·​Article·​3ter.​
428 342
429 ##·​Article·​4·​*(adaptation)​*343 ##·​Article·​4·​*(adaptation)​*
430 344
431 1.​·​**Option·​1:​**·Parties·​hereby·establish·the·​[global·​goal][long-​term·​vision]·​of·​enhancing·​adaptive·​capacity,​·​strengthening·​resilience·​and·​reducing·​vulnerability·​to·​climate·​change,​·​[in·​accordance·​with·​the·​objective,​·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​including·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·with·​a·​view·​to·​[enabling·​climate·resilient·sustainable·​development·and]·​ensuring·​adaptation·​in·​the·​context·​of·​the·​goal·​of·​holding·​the·​increase·​in·​the·​global·​average·​temperature·​[below·​2·C][below·​[2·​or]·​1.​5·C]·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​2·​of·​this·​Agreement].​345 1.​·Parties·​hereby·​[establish][share]·the·​[global·​goal][long-​term·​vision]·​of·​enhancing·​adaptive·​capacity,​·​strengthening·​resilience·​and·​reducing·​vulnerability·​to·​climate·​change,​·​[in·​accordance·​with·​the·​objective,​·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​including·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​]·with·​a·​view·​to·​[[enabling][contribut​ing·to]·​[climate-​resilient]·sustainable·​development]·​[and]·​ensuring·​adaptation·​in·​the·​context·​of·​the·​goal·​of·​holding·​the·​increase·​in·​the·​global·​average·​temperature·​[below·​2·​°C][below·​[2·​or]·​1.​5·​°C]·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​2].​
432 346
433 ····​Parties·​recognize·​that·​adaptation·​is·​a·​[global]·challenge·​faced·​by·​all·​with·​local,​·​national,​·​regional·​and·​international·​dimensions,​·​and·​that·​it·​is·​a·​key·​component·​of·​and·​contribution·​to·​the·​long-​term·​global·​response·​to·​climate·​change·​to·​protect·​people,​·​livelihoods·​and·​ecosystems[,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​urgent·​and·​immediate·​needs·​of·​those·​developing·​countries·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable].​347 ····​Parties·​recognize·​that·​adaptation·​is·​a·global·challenge·​faced·​by·​all·​with·​local,​·​subnational,​·​national,​·​regional·​and·​international·​dimensions,​·​and·​that·​it·​is·​a·​key·​component·​of·​and·​contribution·​to·​the·​long-​term·​global·​response·​to·​climate·​change·​to·​protect·​people,​·​livelihoods·​and·​ecosystems[,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​urgent·​and·​immediate·​needs·​of·​those·​developing·​countries·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable].​
434 348
435 ····​**Option·2:​**·Parties·share·​the·goal·​of·increasing·resilience·and·reducing·vulnerability·to·climate·change,​·recognizing·that·​adaptation·​is·a·​challenge·​faced·​by·​all,​·​with·​local,​·​national,​·​regional·​and·​international·​dimensions,​·​and·​that·​it·​is·​a·​key·​component·​of·​and·​contribution·​to·​the·​long-​term·global·response·to·climate·change·to·protect·people,​·​livelihoods·and·ecosystems.​349 2.​·​**Option·1:​**·​[Parties·recognize·that·adaptation·​[will][may]·​be·​needed·​regardless·​of·the·level·of·​mitigation·​reached·​[and·​that·​[greater·​aggregate·​levels·​of·​mitigation·​can·​reduce·​the·​need·​for·​additional·​adaptation·​efforts][the·​greater·​their·​collective·​mitigation·​efforts,​·​the·​less·​adaptation·​is·needed·​[in·​the·​long·term]][less·adaptation·will·be·needed·if[,​·​inter·alia,​]·​their·collective·mitigation·efforts·​are·​greater]].​]
436
437 2.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​[Parties·​recognize·​that·​adaptation·​will·​be·​needed·​regardless·​of·​the·​level·​of·​mitigation·​reached·​and·​that·​[less·​adaptation·​will·​be·​needed·​if[,​·​inter·​alia,​]·​their·​collective·​mitigation·​efforts·​are·​greater].​]
438 350
439 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​[The·​[global·​goal][long-​term·​vision]·​for·​adaptation·​shall·​be·​the·​basis·​for,​·​inter·​alia:​351 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​[The·​[global·​goal][long-​term·​vision]·​for·​adaptation·​shall·​be·​the·​basis·​for,​·​inter·​alia:​
440 352
441 ····​1.​·​Assessment·​of·​the·​adequacy·​of·​support·​from·​developed·​country·​Parties[[^9]]·​to·​developing·​country·​Parties[[^10]]·​and·​a·​platform·​to·​undertake·​such·​an·​assessment·​through·​strengthened·​measurement,​·​reporting,​·​and·​verification·​of·​support;​353 ····​1.​·​Assessment·​of·​the·​adequacy·​of·​support·​from·​developed·​country·​Parties[[^14]]·​to·​developing·​country·​Parties[[^15]]·​and·​a·​platform·​to·​undertake·​such·​an·​assessment·​through·​strengthened·​measurement,​·​reporting,​·​and·​verification·​of·​support;​
442 ····​2.​·​Recognition·​of·​adaptation·​efforts·​of·​developing·​countries;​354 ····​2.​·​Recognition·​of·​adaptation·​efforts·​of·​developing·​countries;​
443 ····​3.​·​Recognition·​of·​increased·​adaptation·​needs·​and·​associated·​costs·​in·​light·​of·​mitigation·​efforts,​·​taking·​into·​account·​that·​adaptation·​will·​be·​needed·​regardless·​of·​the·​level·​of·​mitigation·​reached,​·​and·​also·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​relationship·​between·​aggregate·​mitigation·​ambition,​·​associated·​climate·​change·​impacts,​·​and·​adaptation·​needs·​and·​cost,​·​and·​recognizing·​there·​are·​limits·​to·​adaptation.​]355 ····​3.​·​Recognition·​of·​increased·​adaptation·​needs·​and·​associated·​costs·​in·​light·​of·​mitigation·​efforts,​·​taking·​into·​account·​that·​adaptation·​will·​be·​needed·​regardless·​of·​the·​level·​of·​mitigation·​reached,​·​and·​also·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​relationship·​between·​aggregate·​mitigation·​ambition,​·​associated·​climate·​change·​impacts,​·​and·​adaptation·​needs·​and·​cost,​·​and·​recognizing·​there·​are·​limits·​to·​adaptation.​]
444 356
445 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​no·​text357 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​no·​text
446 358
447 3.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​Parties·​[acknowledge][X]·​that·​adaptation·​action·​should·​follow·​a·​country-​driven,​·​gender-​responsive,​·​participatory·​and·​fully·​transparent·​approach,​·​[respecting·​[human·​rights][right·​to·​life][rights·​of·​people·​under·​occupation]·​and]·​taking·​into·​consideration·​vulnerable·​groups,​·​communities·​and·​ecosystems,​·​and·​should·​be·​based·​on·​and·​guided·​by·​the·​best·​available·​science·​and[,​·​as·​appropriate,​]·​traditional·​and·​indigenous·​[and·​local·​knowledge·​systems][[peoples·​knowledge]·​and·​[local]·​knowledge,​]·​[taking·​into·​account·​relevant·​activity·​on·​adaptation·​of·​UN·​specialized·​organizations]·​with·​a·​view·​to·​integrating·​adaptation·​into·​relevant·​social,​·​economic·​and·​environmental·​policies·​and·​actions,​·​where·​appropriate.​359 3.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​Parties·​[acknowledge][X]·​that·​adaptation·​action·​should·​follow·​a·​country-​driven,​·​gender-​responsive,​·​participatory·​and·​fully·​transparent·​approach,​·​[respecting·​[human·​rights][right·​to·​life][rights·​of·​people·​under·​occupation]·​and]·​taking·​into·​consideration·​vulnerable·​groups,​·​communities·​and·​ecosystems,​·​and·​should·​be·​based·​on·​and·​guided·​by·​the·​best·​available·​science·​and[,​·​as·​appropriate,​]·​traditional·​and·​indigenous·​[and·​local·​knowledge·​systems][[peoples·​knowledge]·​and·​[local]·​knowledge,​]·​[taking·​into·​account·​relevant·​activity·​on·​adaptation·​of·​UN·​specialized·​organizations]·​with·​a·​view·​to·​integrating·​adaptation·​into·​relevant·​social,​·​economic·​and·​environmental·​policies·​and·​actions,​·​where·​appropriate.​
448 360
449 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​Parties·​acknowledge·​that·​adaptation·​action·​should·​follow·​a·​country-​driven,​·​gender-​responsive,​·​participatory·​and·​fully·​transparent·​approach,​·​taking·​into·​consideration·​vulnerable·​groups,​·​communities·​and·​ecosystems,​·​and·​should·​be·​based·​on·​and·​guided·​by·​the·​best·​available·​science·​and,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​traditional·​indigenous·​and·​local·​knowledge·​systems,​·​[taking·​into·​account·​relevant·​activity·​on·​adaptation·​of·​UN·​specialized·​organizations,​]·​with·​a·​view·​to·​integrating·​adaptation·​into·​relevant·​socio-​economic·​and·​environmental·​policies·​and·​actions,​·​where·​appropriate.​361 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​Parties·​acknowledge·​that·​adaptation·​action·​should·​follow·​a·​country-​driven,​·​gender-​responsive,​·​participatory·​and·​fully·​transparent·​approach,​·​taking·​into·​consideration·​vulnerable·​groups,​·​communities·​and·​ecosystems,​·​and·​should·​be·​based·​on·​and·​guided·​by·​the·​best·​available·​science·​and,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​traditional·​indigenous·​and·​local·​knowledge·​systems,​·​[taking·​into·​account·​relevant·​activity·​on·​adaptation·​of·​UN·​specialized·​organizations,​]·​with·​a·​view·​to·​integrating·​adaptation·​into·​relevant·​socio-​economic·​and·​environmental·​policies·​and·​actions,​·​where·​appropriate.​
450 362
451 4.​·​Parties·​further·​recognize·​the·​importance·​of·​[international·​cooperation·​and]·​support·​for·​adaptation·​efforts·​and·​the·​importance·​of·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​needs·​of·​those·​developing·​countries·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable,​·​recognizing·​the·​particular·​vulnerabilities·​of·​Least·​Developed·​Countries·​and·​Small·​Island·​Developing·​States.​·​[Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​of·​the·​Convention·​shall·​enhance·​the·​support·​for·​the·​implementation·​of·​paragraph·​7·​of·​this·​Article,​·​national·​adaptation·​plans·​and·​the·​other·​adaptation·​actions,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​provisions·​of·​Article·​4·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​recognizing·​the·​urgent·​and·​immediate·​needs·​and·​special·​circumstances·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·​especially·​those·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable.​]363 4.​·​Parties·​further·​recognize·​the·​importance·​of·​[international·​cooperation·​and]·​support·​for·​adaptation·​efforts·​and·​the·​importance·​of·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​needs·​of·​those·​developing·​countries·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable,​·​recognizing·​the·​particular·​vulnerabilities·​of·​Least·​Developed·​Countries·​and·​Small·​Island·​Developing·​States.​·​[Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​of·​the·​Convention·​shall·​enhance·​the·​support·​for·​the·​implementation·​of·​paragraph·​7·​of·​this·​Article,​·​national·​adaptation·​plans·​and·​the·​other·​adaptation·​actions,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​provisions·​of·​Article·​4·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​recognizing·​the·​urgent·​and·​immediate·​needs·​and·​special·​circumstances·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·​especially·​those·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable.​]
452 364
453 5.​·​Parties·​[shall][should]·​enhance·​[their]·​cooperation,​·​including·​with·​respect·​to:​365 5.​·​Parties·​[shall][should]·​enhance·​[their]·​cooperation·​[for·​enhancing·​action·​on·​adaptation,​·taking·​into·​account·​the·​Cancun·​Adaptation·​Framework],​·​[including·​with·​respect·​to][which·​may·​include]:​
454
455 ····​1.​·​Sharing·​information,​·​good·​practices,​·​experiences·​and·​lessons·​learned[,​including·​through·​a·​knowledge·​dimension·​informed·​by·​science,​·​planning·​and·​policy·​aspects·​to·​implement·​adaptation·​action;​]
456 ····​2.​·​[Strengthening·​institutional·​arrangements·​[under·​the·​Convention]·​to·​support·​the·​synthesis·​of·​relevant·​information·​and·​knowledge·​as·​well·​as·​the·​provision·​of·​technical·​[support·​and]·​guidance·​[and·​support][to·​the·​Parties];​
457 ····​3.​·​[Strengthening·​information·​available·​to·​underscore·​the·​importance·​of·​systematic·​observation·​of·​the·​climate·​system·​for·​advancing·​scientific·​knowledge·​on·​climate·​change·​and·​advising·​informed·​policy-​making·​to·​include]·​[early·​warning·​and·​emergency·​response·​preparedness][compreh​ensive·​climate·​risk·​management];​
458 ····​4.​·​[Assessment·​for·​the·​adequacy·​of·​support·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​2·​(option·​2·​(a)​)​·​above,​·​with·​a·​view·​to·​ensuring·​transparency·​and·​accountability;​]
459 ····​5.​·​[Assisting·​developing·​countries·​to·​identify·​adaptation·​needs,​·​priorities,​·​support·​provided·​and·​received·​for·​adaptation·​actions·​and·​efforts,​·​challenges·​and·​gaps·​encouraging·​good·​practices.​]
460 ····​6.​·​[Improving·​the·​effectiveness·​and·​durability·​of·​adaptation·​actions]
461
462 6.​·​Each·​Party,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​[Article·​4,​·​paragraph·​1·​of·​the·​Convention·​and]·​its·​national·​circumstances·​and·​priorities·​[shall][should]·​engage·​in·​[a]·​[national]·​adaptation·​planning·​[process],​·​[including·​national·​adaptation·​plans,​]·​and/​or·​enhance·​other·​relevant·​plans,​·​policies,​·​actions,​·​and/​or·​contributions,​·​which·​could·​include:​
463 366
464 ····​1.​·​Assessments·​of·​climate·​change·​impacts·​[and][or]·​vulnerability·​[with·​a·​view·​to·​identifying·​the·​vulnerable·​people,​·​places,​·​ecosystems·​and·​sectors];​
465 ····​2.​·​[Prioritizing·​action·​with·​respect·​to·​the·​most·​vulnerable·​people,​·​places,​·​[and]·​ecosystems·​[and·​sectors];​]
466 ····​3.​·​Strengthening·​[governance·​and·​enabling·​environments·​for][arrangements·​for·​implementation·​of]·​adaptation;​
467 ····​4.​·​Monitoring[,​·​reporting],​·​evaluating,​·​and·​learning·​from,​·​adaptation·​plans,​·​policies,​·​programmes·​and·​actions;​
468 ····​5.​·​[Building·​resilience·​of·​socio-​economic·​and·​ecological·​systems,​·​including·​through·​economic·​diversification·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​natural·​resources;​]
469 ····​6.​·​[Enhancing·​of·​implementation·​of·​plans,​·​policies·​and·​actions·​in·​a·​manner·​that·​is·​continuous·​and·​shall·​have·​continuous·​and·​enhanced·​international·​support.​]
470 ····​7.​·​[Strategies·​and·​approaches·​for·​enhancing·​the·​effectiveness·​of·​adaptation·​planning·​and·​actions,​·​in·​the·​context·​of·​broader·​economic·​and·​development·​efforts.​]
471 367
472 7.​·Each·Party·​[shall][should][may]·​submit·​[[an]·​adaptation·​communication[s]][com​munications·​or·​undertakings·​on·​adaptation]·​that·​[shall][should][may][​,​·​with·​a·​view·​to·​sharing·good·​practices,​·​experiences,​·and·​lessons·​learned,​·​including·on·progress·in·implementing·​adaptation·action,​·​and·​to·​build·​capacity]·​include:​368 ····​1.​·Sharing·information,​·good·​practices,​·​experiences·and·​lessons·​learned,​·​including,​·as·​appropriate,​·​as·​it·​relates·​to·science,​·​planning,​·​policies·and·​implementation·​of·​adaptation·​actions;​
369 ····​2.​·​[Strengthening·​institutional·​arrangements·​[[,​·​including·​those]·​under·​the·​Convention]·​to·​support·​the·​synthesis·​of·​relevant·​information·​and·​knowledge·​as·​well·​as·​the·​provision·​of·​technical·​[support·​and]·​guidance·​[and·​support][to·​[the]·​Parties];​]
370 ····​3.​·​[Advancing][*alternat​ive·​verb*]·​scientific·​knowledge·​on·​climate,​·​including·​research·​and·​systematic·​observation·​of·​the·​climate·​system·​in·​a·​manner·​that·​informs·​the·​development·​and·​delivery·​of·​climate·​services·​and·​supports·​decision-​making;​
371 ····​4.​·​[Assessment·​of·​the·​[effectiveness][adequ​acy]·​of·​support·​[referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​2·​(option·​2(a)​)​·​of·​this·​Article]·​with·​a·​view·​to·​ensuring·​transparency·​and·​accountability;​]
372 ····​5.​·​[Assisting·​[developing]·​countries·​[,​·​including·​Parties·​whose·​special·​circumstances·​are·​recognized·​by·​the·​decisions·​of·​the·​COP]·​[and·​other·​Parties·​in·​need·​of·​support,​·​including·​countries·​with·​economies·​in·​transition]·​to·​identify·​[effective·​adaptation·​practices,​]·​adaptation·​needs,​·​priorities,​·​[support·​provided·​and·​received·​for·​adaptation·​actions·​and·​efforts,​]·​challenges·​and·​gaps·​[in·​a·​manner·​consistent·​with]·​and·​encouraging·​good·​practices;​]
373 ····​6.​·​[Improving·​the·​effectiveness·​and·​durability·​of·​adaptation·​actions.​]
473 374
474 ····1.​·​Its·​priorities[,​·​experiences,​·​efforts],​·​needs,​·​plans·​[and·​actions];​375 6.​·Each·​Party,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​[Article·​4,​·​paragraph·​1,​·​of·​the·​Convention·​and]·​its·​national·​circumstances·​[,​·​commitments·​related·​to·​sustainable·​development,​]·​and·​priorities·​should·​engage·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·​adaptation·​planning·​processes·and·​actions,​·​including·​the·​development·​or·​enhancement·​of·​relevant·​plans,​·​policies,​·​and/​or·​contributions,​·​which·​may·​include:​
475 ····​2.​·​[The·​level·​of·​support·​needed·​by·​developing·​country·​Parties·​in·​order·​to·​enhance·​adaptation·​action;​]
476 ····​3.​·​[Actions·​on·​provision·​of·​support·​to·​developing·​country·​Parties·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties;​]
477 376
478 8.​·​The·​[adaptation·​communication[s]][com​munications·​or·​undertakings·​on·​adaptation]·​referred·​to·in·paragraph·7·above,​·​[shall][should][may]·​be:​377 ····​1.​·​[Process·​to·formulate·and·implement]·national·​adaptation·​plans;​
378 ····​2.​·​Assessment·​of·​climate·​change·​impacts·​and·​vulnerability·​with·​a·​view·​to·​formulating·​nationally·​determined·​prioritized·​actions,​·​taking·​into·​account·​vulnerable·​people,​·​places,​·​and·​ecosystems.​
379 ····​3.​·​Strengthening·​[[governance·​and]·​enabling·​environments·​for][arrangements·​for·​the·​implementation·​of]·​adaptation;​
380 ····​4.​·​Monitoring,​·​evaluating·​and·​learning·​from·​adaptation·​plans,​·​policies,​·​programmes·​and·​actions;​
381 ····​5.​·​Building·​resilience·​of·​socioeconomic·​and·​ecological·​systems,​·​including·​through·​economic·​diversification·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​natural·​resources;​
382 ····​6.​·​[Strategies·​and·​approaches·​for·​enhancing·​the·​effectiveness·​of·​adaptation·​planning·​and·​actions·​in·​the·​context·​of·​broader·​economic·​and·​development·​efforts.​][Enhancing·​the·​implementation·​of·​plans·​policies·​and·​actions·​in·​a·​manner·​that·​is·​continuous,​·​effective,​·​and·​that·​shall·​have·​continuous·​and·​enhanced·​international·​support·​in·​the·​context·​of·​broader·​economic·​development·​efforts.​]
479 383
480 ····​1.​·​Submitted·independently[,​·​included·in,​]·or·in·conjunction·​with·​another·​communication\^·​including·​a·national·​adaptation·plan,​·​an·​[intended]·​nationally·​determined·​contribution,​·​and/​or·​a·​national·​communication][,​·in·​a·​manner·that·does·not·​create·​an·​additional·​burden·​to·​[developing·​country]·​Parties;​]384 7.​·​[Each·Party·may·submit·​an·adaptation·communication·​[or·​communications·​on·​undertakings·​on·​adaptation,​·​with·​a·​view·​to·implement·​[those·​undertakings][its·​adaptation·​actions][,​·​efforts,​]]·​that·​may·​include:​
481 ····​2.​·​Option·​1:​·​[Updated·​[periodically]·​every·​[X]·​[5]·​years·​[periodically]·​in·​[conjunction·​with·​the·​mitigation·​cycle][accordance·​with·​modalities·​to·​be·​decided·​by·​the·​[CMA][CMP]].​
482 385
483 ·········​Option·2:​·​no·text386 ····​1.​·​Its·priorities,​·​good·practices,​·​lessons·​learned,​·​needs,​·​plans·​and·​actions;​
387 ····​2.​·​[The·​level·​of·​support·​needed·​by·​developing·​country·​Parties·​to·​enhance·​adaptation·​action;​]]
484 388
485 9.​·​**Option·1:​**·​The·​[[an]·​adaptation·communication[s]][com​munications·or·undertakings·​on·adaptation]·​referred·​to·in·paragraph·​7·​above·​shall·​be·​[recorded·​in·​[a·​registry][[another][o​ther]·​modalit[y][ies]]]·​made·​publicly·​available·​by·​the·​secretariat·​[on·​the·​UNFCCC·​website][in·​accordance·​with·​modalities·​to·​be·​decided·​by·​the·​[CMA][CMP]·​at·​its·​first·​session].​389 ····7.​bis·​[Developed·country·​Parties·​shall·communicate·their·actions·​on·provision·of·support·​to·developing·countries.​]
486 390
487 ···​**Option·​2:​**·​no·​text391 8.​·​[The·adaptation·communication·​[or·​communications·​on·​undertakings·​on·​adaptation]·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​7·​of·​this·​Article,​·​in·​a·​manner·​that·​does·​not·​create·​an·​additional·​burden·​on·​[developing·​country]·​Parties,​·​may·​be:​
488 392
489 10.​·​**Option·1:​**·​[There·​shall·​be·​a·​[high-​level·session][global·stocktake]·​on·​adaptation·every·​[X]·​years,​·​with·the·purpose·of·​[raising·the·profile·of·​adaptation·​efforts·​undertaken·and·​considering·​experiences,​·​challenges,​·​and·​future·​priorities,​·​with·​a·view·​to·​increasing·​the·​effectiveness·​of·​adaptation·​actions][enhancing·​implementation·​of·​adaptation·​action·​based·​on·​the·​[an·​adaptation·​communication[s]][com​munications·​or·​undertakings·​on·​adaptation]·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​7·​above,​·​assessing·​the·​adequacy·​of·​support,​·​and·​recognizing·​adaptation·​efforts·​of·​developing·​countries],​·​and·​guided·​by·​modalities·​to·​be·​adopted·​by·​the·​[CMA][CMP]·​at·​its·​first·​session.​]393 ····1.​·​Submitted·independently,​·as·​a·component·​of,​·or·​in·conjunction·with·another·communication·​[or·document],​·​including·a·national·​adaptation·plan[,​·​intended·nationally·determined·contribution][nationa​lly·​determined·​mitigation·​contribution],​·​and/​or·a·national·communication;​
394 ····​2.​·​Updated·​or·​submitted·​[periodically]·​[in·​conjunction·​with·​mitigation·​cycles]·​[for·​those·​Parties·​who·​want·​to·​submit·​an·​adaptation·​component·​in·​their·​[INDC]]·​[or·​updated·​periodically].​]
490 395
491 ···​**Option·​2:​**·​[The·​[CMA][CMP]·shall·​facilitate·​the·​communication·of·​adaptation·​efforts·​for·​the·​stocktake·referred·​to·​in·​Article·10.​]396 9.​·​[The·​[[an]·​adaptation·communication[s]][or·undertakings·on·adaptation]·referred·​to·​in·paragraph·7·​of·​this·​Article·​[shall][may]·​be·​[recorded·​in·​a·​registry][made·​publicly·​available·​by·​the·​secretariat·​[on·​the·​UNFCCC·​website]]·​[in·​accordance·​with·​modalities·​to·​be·​decided·​by·​the·​[CMA][CMP]·​at·​its·​first·​session].​]
492 397
493 ···​**Option·​3:​**·​no·​text398 10.​·​[[There·shall·be·​a·​[high-​level·​session][global·​stocktake]·​on·​adaptation·​every·​[X]·​years·​with·​the·​purpose·​of·​[raising·​the·​profile·​of·​adaptation·​efforts·​undertaken·​and·​considering·​experiences,​·​challenges·​and·​future·​priorities,​·​with·​a·​view·​to·​increasing·​the·​effectiveness·​of·​adaptation·​actions][enhancing·​the·​implementation·​of·​adaptation·​action·​based·​on·​[the]·​[an]·​adaptation·​communication[s]][or·​undertakings·​on·​adaptation]·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​7·​of·​this·​Article,​·​assessing·​the·​adequacy·​of·​support·​and·​recognizing·​the·​adaptation·​efforts·​of·​developing·​countries],​·​guided·​by·​modalities·​to·​be·​adopted·​by·​the·​[CMA][CMP]·​at·​its·​first·​session.​]
494 399
495 11.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​[The·Adaptation·​Committee·​and·​the·​Least·​Developed·​Countries·​Expert·​Group[,​·​the·​Adaptation·​Fund,​·​the·Green·Climate·Fund,​·​LDCF,​·​SCCF,​·​the·Technology·​Executive·​Committee,​·​the·Consultative·​Group·​of·​Experts·​on·​National·​Communications·​from·​Parties·​not·​included·​in·​Annex·​I·​to·​the·​Convention,​·​and·​other·​relevant·​bodies]·​shall·​serve·​this·​Agreement[,​·​be·enhanced·and·their·work·intensified,​·​as·appropriate,​·​within·their·respective·mandates][under·​the·guidance·by·​the·CMA].​]400 11.​·​[[The·AC,​·​the·LEG,​·the·​AF,​·​the·​GCF,​·​the·LDCF,​·the·SCCF,​·​the·TEC,​·​the·CGE,​·​and·​other·​relevant·​bodies][Institutional​·​arrangements·​for·​adaptation·​under·​the·​Convention]·​shall·​serve·​this·​Agreement.​·​The·CMA·shall,​·based·on·a·review·of·​institutional·​arrangements·under·​the·Convention,​·​further·elaborate·​the·adaptation·​framework·​for·​this·​Agreement·​in·​order·​to·​enhance·​its·​coherence·​and·​effectiveness,​·​building·​on,​·​consolidating·​and·​coordinating·​institutional·​arrangements·​relevant·​to·​adaptation·​under·​the·​Convention.​]
496
497 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​Institutional·​arrangements·​for·​adaptation·​under·​the·​Convention·​shall·​serve·​this·​agreement.​·​The·​CMA·​shall,​·​based·​on·​a·​review·​of·​institutional·​arrangements·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​further·​elaborate·​the·​adaptation·​framework·​for·​this·​Agreement,​·​in·​order·​to·​enhance·​its·​coherence·​and·​effectiveness,​·​building·​on,​·​consolidating·​and·​coordinating·​institutional·​arrangements·​relevant·​to·​adaptation·​under·​the·​Convention.​
498 401
499 12.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​[[Developing·​country]·​Parties·​[in·​need][other·​Parties·​in·​need·​of·​support]·​are·​eligible·​for·​support·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Article]402 12.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​[[Developing·​country]·​Parties·​[in·​need][other·​Parties·​in·​need·​of·​support]·​are·​eligible·​for·​support·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Article]
500 403
501 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​[Developed·​country·​Parties·​shall·​provide·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·need·​of·​those·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable,​·​with·​long-​term,​·​scaled-​up,​·​predictable,​·​new·​and·​additional·​finance,​·​technology·​and·​capacity-​building,​·consistent·​with·​relevant·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​to·​implement·​urgent,​·short-​,​·​medium-​·​and·​long-​term·​adaptation·​actions,​·​plans,​·​programmes·​and·​projects·​at·​the·​local,​·​national,​·​subregional·​and·​regional·​levels,​·​in·​and·​across·​different·​economic·​and·​social·sectors·​and·ecosystems][Developed​·​countries·​[shall][should]·​transfer·​technology,​·​in·​particular·​for·​early·​warning·​systems·​through·​United·​Nations·​mechanisms,​·​in·​order·​to·​make·​it·​accessible·​for·​all].​404 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​[Developed·​country·​Parties·​shall·​provide·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·needs·​of·​those·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable,​·​with·​long-​term,​·​scaled-​up,​·​predictable,​·​new·​and·​additional·​finance,​·​technology·​and·​capacity-​building,​·in·​accordance·​with·​the·​relevant·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​to·​implement·​urgent·​and·short-​,​·​medium-​·​and·​long-​term·​adaptation·​actions,​·​plans,​·​programmes·​and·​projects·​at·​the·​local,​·​national,​·​subregional·​and·​regional·​levels,​·​in·​and·​across·​different·​economic·​and·​social·​ecosystems.​].​]
502 405
503 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​no·​text·​*(text·​on·​adaptation·​support·​to·​be·​considered·​in·​Articles·​6,​·​7,​·​8,​·​and·​9)​*406 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​no·​text·​*(text·​on·​adaptation·​support·​to·​be·​considered·​in·​Articles·​6,​·​7,​·​8,​·​and·​9)​*
504 407
505 ##·​Article·​5·​*(loss·​and·​damage)​*408 ##·​Article·​5·​*(loss·​and·​damage)​*
506 409
507 **Option·​I:​**410 **Option·​I:​**
508 411
509 1.​·​An·​international·​mechanism·​to·​address·​loss·​and·​damage·​is·​hereby·​defined·​under·​this·​agreement/​protocol·​and·​shall·​be·​bound·​by·​the·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​in·​particular·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities.​412 1.​·​An·​international·​mechanism·​to·​address·​loss·​and·​damage·​is·​hereby·​defined·​under·​this·​agreement/​protocol·​and·​shall·​be·​bound·​by·​the·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​in·​particular·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities.​
510 413
511 2.​·​The·​purpose·​of·​the·​mechanism·​shall·​be·​to·​promote·​and·​support·​the·​development·​and·​implementation·​of·​approaches·​to·​address·​loss·​and·​damage·​associated·​with·​the·​adverse·​effects·​of·​climate·​change,​·​inter·​alia,​·​extreme·​events·​and·​slow·​onset·​events,​·​in·​developing·​countries·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable·​to·​the·​adverse·​effects·​of·​climate·​change.​414 2.​·​The·​purpose·​of·​the·​mechanism·​shall·​be·​to·​promote·​and·​support·​the·​development·​and·​implementation·​of·​approaches·​to·​address·​loss·​and·​damage·​associated·​with·​the·​adverse·​effects·​of·​climate·​change,​·​inter·​alia,​·​extreme·​events·​and·​slow·​onset·​events,​·​in·​developing·​countries·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable·​to·​the·​adverse·​effects·​of·​climate·​change.​
512 415
513 3.​·​The·​international·​mechanism·​on·​loss·​and·​damage·​shall·​draw·​upon,​·​further·​develop·​and·​elaborate·​on·​the·​work·​of·​the·​Warsaw·​International·​Mechanism·​on·​Loss·​and·​Damage·​pursuant·​to·​relevant·​COP·​decisions,​·​including·​the·​development·​of·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​for·​the·​mechanism's·​operation·​and·​support.​·​It·​can·​involve,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​existing·​bodies·​and·​expert·​groups·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​as·​well·​as·​relevant·​organizations·​and·​expert·​bodies·​outside·​the·​Convention,​·​and·​be·​informed·​by·​relevant·​precedents·​in·​international·​law.​416 3.​·​The·​international·​mechanism·​on·​loss·​and·​damage·​shall·​draw·​upon,​·​further·​develop·​and·​elaborate·​on·​the·​work·​of·​the·​Warsaw·​International·​Mechanism·​on·​Loss·​and·​Damage·​pursuant·​to·​relevant·​COP·​decisions,​·​including·​the·​development·​of·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​for·​the·​mechanism's·​operation·​and·​support.​·​It·​can·​involve,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​existing·​bodies·​and·​expert·​groups·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​as·​well·​as·​relevant·​organizations·​and·​expert·​bodies·​outside·​the·​Convention,​·​and·​be·​informed·​by·​relevant·​precedents·​in·​international·​law.​
514 417
515 4.​·​The·​international·​mechanism·​on·​loss·​and·​damage·​shall·​be·​subject·​to·​the·​authority·​and·​guidance·​of·​the·​governing·​body/​CMP/​CMA·​and·​supported·​through·​the·​financial·​mechanism·​of·​the·​Convention.​418 4.​·​The·​international·​mechanism·​on·​loss·​and·​damage·​shall·​be·​subject·​to·​the·​authority·​and·​guidance·​of·​the·​governing·​body/​CMP/​CMA·​and·​supported·​through·​the·​financial·​mechanism·​of·​the·​Convention.​
516 419
517 5.​·​The·​governing·​body/​CMP/​CMA·​shall,​·​at·​its·​first·​session,​·​establish·​a·​climate·​change·​displacement·​coordination·​facility·​to·​help·​coordinate·​efforts·​to·​address·​the·​displacement·​of·​people·​as·​a·​result·​of·​the·​extreme·​impacts·​of·​climate·​change.​420 5.​·​The·​governing·​body/​CMP/​CMA·​shall,​·​at·​its·​first·​session,​·​establish·​a·​climate·​change·​displacement·​coordination·​facility·​to·​help·​coordinate·​efforts·​to·​address·​the·​displacement·​of·​people·​as·​a·​result·​of·​the·​extreme·​impacts·​of·​climate·​change.​
518 421
519 6.​·​The·​governing·​body/​CMP/​CMA·​shall,​·​at·​its·​first·​session,​·​initiate·​a·​process·​to·​develop·​approaches·​to·​address·​irreversible·​and·​permanent·​damage·​resulting·​from·​human-​induced·​climate·​change,​·​and·​shall·​endeavour·​to·​complete·​this·​process·​within·​four·​years.​]422 6.​·​The·​governing·​body/​CMP/​CMA·​shall,​·​at·​its·​first·​session,​·​initiate·​a·​process·​to·​develop·​approaches·​to·​address·​irreversible·​and·​permanent·​damage·​resulting·​from·​human-​induced·​climate·​change,​·​and·​shall·​endeavour·​to·​complete·​this·​process·​within·​four·​years.​]
520 423
521 **Option·​II:​**·​No·​reference·​to·​loss·​and·​damage·​(no·​Article·​5)​.​]424 **Option·​II:​**·​No·​reference·​to·​loss·​and·​damage·​(no·​Article·​5)​.​]
522 425
523 ##·​Article·​6·​*(finance)​*426 ##·​Article·​6·​*(finance)​*
524 427
525 **Option·​1:​**428 1.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​[[Over·​time,​]·​[climate]·​finance·​[flows]·​[from·​developed·​country·​Parties]·​should·​be·​consistent·​with·​[the·​transformation·​to][a·​pathway·​towards]·​low-​emission·​and·​climate·​resilient·​[societies·​and·​economies][developmen​t][,​·​[including]·​in·​the·​context·​of·​[developing]·​countries'·​sustainable·​development·​priorities·​and·​efforts·​to·​eradicate·​poverty].​]
526
527 1.​·​[Over·​time,​·​[all]·​finance·​flows·​should·​[promote][and][be·​consistent·​with]·​the·​transformation·​to·​low-​emission·​and·​climate·​resilient·​societies·​and·​economies.​]
528
529 2.​·​[To·​this·​end,​·​all·​Parties·​shall·​take·​action·​to·​mobilize,​·​and/​or·​facilitate·​the·​mobilisation·​of,​·​climate·​finance·​in·​line·​with·​their·​respective·​and·​evolving·​responsibilities·​and·​capabilities.​·​Some·​Parties·​may·​need·​support·​in·​order·​to·​take·​action.​]
530
531 3.​·​[The·​actions·​taken·​by·​Parties·​in·​the·​mobilization·​of·​climate·​finance·​shall·​reflect·​and·​be·​dynamically·​adapted·​to·​future·​changes·​in·​needs,​·​developments·​and·​environmental·​and·​economic·​realities,​·​reflecting·​evolving·​capabilities·​and·​responsibilities.​]
532
533 4.​·​[[Developed·​country·​Parties·​should·​take·​the·​lead·​and][Developed·​country·​Parties[,​·​Parties·​with·​economies·​in·​transition]·​[and·​Parties·​[in·​a·​position][with·​capacity]·​to·​do·​so]]·​[All·​Parties·​[in·​a·​position][with·​capacity]·​to·​do·​so]·​[shall][should][other​]·​provide·​support·​to·​assist·​developing·​country·​Parties·​with·​respect·​to·​both·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​[and·​others·​in·​a·​position·​to·​do·​so·​should·​complement·​such·​efforts].​]
534
535 **Option·​2:​**
536 429
537 1.​·​[In·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​developed·​country·​Parties·​and·​other·​developed·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·to·​the·​Convention·shall·provide·​and·mobilize·​new·​and·​additional,​·​adequate,​·​predictable,​·​accessible,​·​sustained·​and·​scaled-​up·​financial·​resources·​to·developing·countries·​to·​enhance·​the·​implementation·​of·​their·​policies,​·​strategies,​·​regulations,​·​and·​action·​plans·​and·​their·​climate·​change·​actions·​with·​respect·​to·​both·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​to·​contribute·​to·​the·​achievement·​of·​the·​objective·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​meeting·​costs·​of·​adaptation,​·​addressing·​loss·​and·​damage·​and·​including·​access·​to·​and·​transfer·​of·​environmentally-​sound·​technologies·​and·​capacity-​building,​·​based·​on·​the·​principles·​and·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention.​]·​*{This·​paragraph·​would·​replace·​option·​1·​paragraphs·​1·​to·​4}*430 ····​**Option·2:​**·​[Climate·finance,​·​as·​defined·​in·​Article·​1·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·shall·​be·​provided·​from·developed·​country·​Parties·​and·​other·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​of·​the·​Convention·in·the·context·of·developing·country·Parties',​·​needs,​·​sustainable·​development·​priorities,​·​food·​security·​and·​efforts·​to·eradicate·​poverty.​]
538 431
539 2.​·​[Parties·​[[shall][should][othe​r]·take·appropriate·steps·​to][should·promote·​the·mobilization·of·climate·finance·from·​a·wide·variety·of·instruments·and·channels,​·​including·public,​·​private,​·​bilateral,​·​multilateral,​·​domestic,​·​and·international.​·​In·​this·​regard]:​432 2.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​[[Developed·​country·Parties·​and·​other·​developed·​country·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​to·​the·​Convention][Developed​·​country·​Parties·​should·​take·​the·​lead·​and][Developed·​country·​Parties[,​·​Parties·​with·​economies·​in·​transition]·​[and·​Parties·​in·​a·​position·​to·​do·​so]]·​[All·​Parties·​in·​a·​position·​to·​do·​so]·​[shall][should][other​]·provide·​[support][[new·​and·additional]·​financial·​resources]·​to·​assist·​developing·​country·​Parties·​[including·Parties·​whose·​special·​circumstances·​recognized·​by·​[Article·​4.​8·​of·​the·​Convention][COP·​decisions]]·​with·​respect·​to·​both·​mitigation·and·adaptation·​[as·well·as·​addressing·​loss·​and·​damage]·​[and·​others·​in·​a·​position·​to·​do·​so·​should·​complement·​such·​efforts].​]
540 433
541 ····​1.​·​[Recognizing·the·​importance·​of·​mobilizing·​domestic·​resources·​[in·​the·​first·​instance],​·​Parties·​[in·​a·​position][with·​capacity]·​to·​do·​so·​should·​provide·​support·​to·​assist·​developing·​country·​Parties·​in·need·of·support·​with·​respect·​to·​both·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation;​]434 ····​**Option·2:​**·​[Developed·​country·​Parties·and·​other·​developed·​Parties·​included·in·Annex·II·to·​the·​Convention·​shall·​provide·​new·​and·​additional,​·​adequate,​·​predictable,​·​accessible,​·​sustained·​and·​scaled-​up·​financial·​resources·​to·​developing·​countries·​to·​enhance·​actions·​with·​respect·​to·​both·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​to·​contribute·​to·​the·​achievement·​of·​the·​[objective][purpose]·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​based·​on·​the·​principles·​and·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention.​]
542 435
543 ······​*{Substantive·overlap·​with·option·1·paragraph·4·​and·option·​2·​paragraph·​1}*436 ····​**Option·3:​**·​[Parties·​in·​a·​position·​to·​do·​so,​·​including·​developed·​country·​Parties,​·​should·​provide·​support·​to·​assist·​developing·​country·​Parties·​in·​need·​of·​support·​with·respect·to·both·mitigation·​and·adaptation.​]
544 ····​2.​·​Parties·​[shall][should]·​strive·​to·​improve·​domestic·​[and·​international]·​enabling·​environments·​[and·​policy·​frameworks]·​to·​[attract]·​[and]·​[mobilize]·​low-​emission,​·​climate-​resilient·​[finance·​and]·​investment,​·​noting·​that·​cooperative·​action·​and·​support·​may·​enhance·​such·​efforts;​
545 ····​3.​·​[Parties·​should]·​[prioritize·​the·​provision·​of]·​[recognize·​the·​importance·​of·​providing]·​[the·​most·​concessional·​finance]·​[grant-​based·​[and·​concessional·​finance][support]]·​to·​the·​poorest,​·​most·​vulnerable,​·​and/​or·​those·​with·​the·​least·​ability·​to·​mobilize·​other·​resources,​·​[including][especiall​y]·​for·​adaptation[,​·​with·​priority·​given·​to·​financing·​for·​activities·​that·​are·​readily·​implementable,​·​scalable,​·​results·​based·​and·​deliver·​co-​benefits];​]
546 ····​4.​·​[Prioritize·​financial·​support·​for·​results-​based·​payments·​for·​verifiable·​achieved·​emission·​reductions·​related·​to·​existing·​approaches·​under·​the·​Convention;​]
547 ····​5.​·​[Parties·​should·​integrate·​climate·​considerations,​·​including·​resilience,​·​into·​their·​domestic·​development·​plans,​·​international·​development·​assistance,​·​and·​domestic·​and·​international·​investments;​]
548 ····​6.​·​[Parties·​should·​[reduce·​international·​support·​for·​high-​emission·​[and·​maladaptive]·​investments]·​[and[/​or]][or]·​[enhance·​international·​support·​for·​low-​emission·​and·​climate-​resilient·​investments].​]
549 437
550 3.​·​[Parties·​[shall][should][other​]·​explore·options·for·simplifying·procedures·for·accessing·support·​[and·​improving·​readiness],​·​in·​particular·​for·​the·​LDCs·​and·​SIDS.​]438 3.​·​[Parties·should·integrate·climate·considerations,​·​including·resilience,​·​into·international·development·assistance.​]
551 439
552 4.​·​[Parties·​[shall][should][other​]·​implement·​and·improve·where·necessary·​the·pricing·​of·greenhouse·gas·emissions.​]440 4.​·​**Option·1:​**·​[All·Parties·shall·take·​action·​to·​mobilize,​·​and/​or·​facilitate·​the·mobilisation·​of,​·​climate·​finance·​in·​line·​with·​their·​respective·​and·​evolving·​responsibilities·​and·​capabilities.​·​Some·​Parties·​may·​need·​support·​in·​order·​to·​take·​action.​]·​[The·​actions·​taken·​by·​Parties·​in·​the·​mobilization·​of·climate·finance·shall·​reflect·​and·​be·​dynamically·​adapted·​to·​future·​changes·​in·​needs,​·​developments·​and·​environmental·​and·​economic·​realities,​·​reflecting·​evolving·​capabilities·​and·​responsibilities.​]
553 441
554 5.​·​**Option·1**·​[[Parties·​recognize·​the·​importance·​of·​the·​Green·​Climate·​Fund·​and·​other·multilateral·mechanisms·​[and·other·​efforts]·​for]·​The·​mobilization·​of·​climate·​finance·​[that]·​[shall][should][other​]·​be·​scaled·​up·​[in·a·predictable·and·transparent·manner]·​[beyond·​previous·​efforts]·​[from·USD·100·billion·per·year]·​from·2020.​]442 ····​**Option·2:​**·​[Developed·country·Parties·​and·​other·Parties·included·​in·Annex·II·to·the·Convention·​shall·​mobilize·​financial·​resources·beyond·​their·​previous·​efforts,​·​supporting·country-​driven·strategies,​·​and·taking·into·account·the·​needs·​and·​priorities·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties.​]
443 ····
444 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​[As·​part·​of·​a·​shared·​effort,​·​Parties·​should·​cooperate·​to·​promote·​the·​mobilization·​of·​climate·​finance·​from·​a·​wide·​variety·​of·​sources,​·​instruments·​and·​channels,​·​including·​public,​·​private,​·​bilateral,​·​multilateral,​·​domestic,​·​and·​international.​]
555 445
556 ····​**Option·2**.​·​[The·provision·​and·mobilization·of·financial·resources·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties·​and·other·developed·Parties·included·in·Annex·​II·​shall·​represent·​a·​progression·​beyond·​their·​previous·​efforts,​·​and·​financial·​resources·​shall·​be·​scaled·​up·​from·​a·​floor·​of·​US\$100·​billion·​per·​year·​from·​2020,​·​including·​a·​clear·