Open Knowledge
9-​dec-​2015.​md12-​dec-​2015.​md
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1 ##·​Preamble2 ##·​Preamble
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3 The·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement,​4 The·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement,​
4 5
5 *Being*·​Parties·​to·​the·​United·​Nations·​Framework·​Convention·​on·​Climate·​Change·hereinafter·​referred·​to·​as·​"the·​Convention",​6 *Being*·​Parties·​to·​the·​United·​Nations·​Framework·​Convention·​on·​Climate·​Change,​·hereinafter·​referred·​to·​as·​"the·​Convention",​
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7 *In·​pursuit*·​of·​the·​objective·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​and·​being·​guided·​by·​its·​principles,​·​including·​the·​principle·​of·​equity·​and·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​in·​the·​light·​of·​different·​national·​circumstances,​
8 7
9 *Pursuant*·​to·​the·​Durban·​Platform·​for·​Enhanced·​Action·​established·​by·​decision·​1/​CP.​17·​of·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Convention·​at·​its·​seventeenth·​session,​8 *Pursuant*·​to·​the·​Durban·​Platform·​for·​Enhanced·​Action·​established·​by·​decision·​1/​CP.​17·​of·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Convention·​at·​its·​seventeenth·​session,​
10 9
11 *Recognizing*·​the·intrinsic·relationship·between·climate·change,​·poverty·eradication·​and·equitable·access·to·sustainable·development,​·and·reaffirming·that·​responses·​to·​climate·​change·​should·​aim·​to·​meet·​the·specific·​needs·​and·​concerns·​arising·​from·​the·​adverse·​impacts·​of·response·measures,​10 *In·pursuit*·​of·​the·objective·​of·the·Convention,​·​and·​being·​guided·​by·​its·​principles,​·​including·​the·​principle·​of·​equity·​and·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​in·​the·​light·​of·​different·​national·​circumstances,​
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13 *Taking*·​account·​of·​the·​specific·​needs·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·​and·​especially·​those·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable·​to·​climate-​related·​events,​
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15 *Also·​taking·​account*·​of·​the·​specific·​needs·​and·​special·​situations·​of·​the·​least·​developed·​country·​(LDC)​·​Parties·​as·​set·​out·​in·​Article·​4,​·​paragraph·​9,​·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​and·​the·​specific·​circumstances·​of·​small·​island·​developing·​States·​(SIDS)​,​
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17 *Emphasizing*·​the·​need·​to·​respond·​to·​the·​urgent·​threat·​of·​climate·​change·​on·​the·​basis·​of·​the·​best·​availablescientific·​knowledge,​·​in·​particular,​·​the·​assessment·​reports·​of·​the·​Intergovernmental·​Panel·​on·​Climate·​Change,​
18 11
19 *Noting*·that·​the·largest·share·​of·historical·global·emissions·​of·greenhouse·​gases·​has·​originated·​in·​developed·​countries,​·​that·​per·​capita·​emissions·​in·​developing·​countries·​are·​still·​relatively·​low·​and·​that·the·share·of·global·emissions·​originating·​in·​developing·​countries·​will·​grow·​to·​meet·​their·​social·​and·​development·​needs,​12 *Recognizing*·​the·need·for·an·effective·​and·progressive·response·​to·the·urgent·threat·of·climate·change·​on·​the·​basis·​of·​the·​best·​available·​scientific·​knowledge,​
20 13
21 *Recognizing*·​that·Parties·should·take·​action·​to·address·​climate·​change·​in·accordance·with·​evolving·​economic·​and·​emission·​trends,​·​which·​will·​continue·​to·​evolve·​post-​2020,​14 *Also·​recognizing*·the·​specific·​needs·​and·​special·​circumstances·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·​especially·those·that·are·​particularly·​vulnerable·​to·the·​adverse·​effects·​of·​climate·​change,​·​as·​provided·​for·​in·the·Convention,​
22 15
23 *Emphasizing*·​the·importance·​of·Parties·promoting,​·​protecting·​and·respecting·​all·​human·​rights,​·​the·​right·​to·​health,​·​and·​the·​rights·​of·indigenous·​peoples,​·​migrants,​·​children,​·​persons·​with·​disabilities·​and·​people·​in·​vulnerable·​situations·​and·​under·​occupation,​·​and·​the·​right·​to·​development,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​their·​obligations,​·​as·​well·​as·​promoting·​gender·​equality·​and·​the·​empowerment·​of·​women,​·​when·​taking·​action·​to·​address·​climate·​change,​16 *Taking·full·account*·of·​the·specific·needs·​and·special·​situations·of·​the·least·developed·countries·​with·regard·​to·funding·and·transfer·​of·​technology,​
24 17
25 *Noting*·​the·needs·​and·​integrity·​of·terrestrial·ecosystems,​·​oceans·and·Mother·Earth,​18 *Recognizing*·that·​Parties·​may·​be·​affected·​not·​only·​by·​climate·​change,​·​but·​also·​by·the·impacts·​of·the·measures·taken·in·response·​to·​it,​
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27 *Taking·​into·​account*·​the·imperatives·​of·a·​just·​transition·​of·​the·​workforce·​and·​the·​creation·​of·​decent·​work·​and·​quality·​jobs·​in·​accordance·​with·​nationally·​defined·​development·​priorities,​20 *Emphasizing*·​the·intrinsic·relationship·that·climate·change·actions,​·​responses·​and·impacts·have·​with·equitable·access·​to·​sustainable·​development·and·​eradication·​of·​poverty,​
28 21
29 *Recognizing*·​the·​fundamental·​priority·​of·​safeguarding·​food·​security·​and·​ending·​hunger,​·​and·​the·​particular·​vulnerabilities·​of·​food·​production·​systems·​to·​the·​adverse·​impacts·​of·​climate·​change,​22 *Recognizing*·​the·​fundamental·​priority·​of·​safeguarding·​food·​security·​and·​ending·​hunger,​·​and·​the·​particular·​vulnerabilities·​of·​food·​production·​systems·​to·​the·​adverse·​impacts·​of·​climate·​change,​
30 23
31 *Also·recognizing*·​the·importance·​of·​the·conservation·​and·enhancement,​·​as·appropriate,​·of·sinks·​and·reservoirs·of·​greenhouse·​gases·​referred·​to·​in·Article·4,​·​paragraph·1(d)​,​·​of·the·Convention,​·​including·through·​internationally·​agreed·​approaches,​24 *Taking·into·​account*·​the·imperatives·​of·​a·​just·​transition·​of·​the·workforce·​and·the·creation·​of·decent·work·and·quality·​jobs·​in·accordance·with·nationally·defined·development·priorities,​
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33 *Affirming*·​the·​importance·​of·​education,​·​training,​·​public·​awareness,​·​public·​participation·​and·​public·​access·​to·​information·​and·​cooperation·​at·​all·​levels·​on·​the·​matters·​addressed·​in·​this·​Agreement,​·​and·​recognizing·​the·​importance·​of·​engagements·​of·​all·​levels·​of·​government·​and·​various·​actors,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​respective·​national·​legislations·​of·​Parties,​·​in·​addressing·​climate·​change,​
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35 Have·​agreed·​as·​follows:​
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37 ##·​Article·​1·​*(definitions)​*
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39 For·​the·​purposes·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​all·​definitions·​contained·​in·​Article·​1·​of·​the·​Convention·​apply.​
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41
42 ##·​Article·​2·​*(purpose)​*
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44 1.​·​The·​purpose·​of·​this·​Agreement·​is·​to·​[enhance·​the·​implementation·​of·​the·​Convention·​and·​to·​achieve·​its·​objective][further·​implement·​the·​objective·​of·​the·​Convention·​set·​out·​in·​its·​Article·​2·​[through·​enhanced·​action,​·​cooperation·​and·​support]]·​so·​as:​
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46 ····​1.​·​To·​hold·​the·​increase·​in·​the·​global·​average·​temperature·​to
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48 ········​**Option·​1:​**·​below·​2·​°C·​above·​pre-​industrial·​levels,​
49
50 ········​**Option·​2:​**·​well·​below·​2°C·​above·​pre-​industrial·​levels·​[and·​to·​[rapidly]·​scale·​up·​global·​efforts·​to·​limit·​temperature·​increase·​to·​below·​1.​5·​°C]·​[,​while·​recognizing·​that·​in·​some·​regions·​and·​vulnerable·​ecosystems·​high·​risks·​are·​projected·​even·​for·​warming·​above·​1.​5·​°C],​
51
52 ········​**Option·​3:​**·​below·​1.​5°C·​above·​pre-​industrial·​levels,​
53 ···​taking·​into·​account·​the·​best·​available·​science,​·​equity,​·​sustainable·​development,​·​the·​need·​to·​ensure·​food·​security·​and·​the·​availability·​of·​means·​of·​implementation,​·​by·​ensuring·​deep·​reductions·​in·​global·​greenhouse·​gas·​[net]·​emissions;​
54
55 ····​2.​·​To·​increase·​their·​ability·​to·​adapt·​to·​the·​adverse·​impacts·​of·​climate·​change·​[and·​to·​effectively·​respond·​to·​the·​impacts·​of·​the·​implementation·​of·​response·​measures·​and·​to·​loss·​and·​damage];​
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57 ····​3.​·​To·​pursue·​sustainable·​development·​in·​a·​manner·​that·​fosters·​climate·​resilience·​and·​low·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions,​·​and·​that·​does·​not·​threaten·​food·​production·​and·​distribution;​
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59 ····​4.​·​To·​make·​finance·​flows·​consistent·​with·​a·​pathway·​towards·​low-​emission·​and·​climate-​resilient·​development,​·​in·​the·​context·​of·​sustainable·​development·​priorities·​and·​efforts·​to·​eradicate·​poverty.​
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61 2.​·​This·​Agreement·​will·​be·​implemented·​on·​the·​basis·​of·​equity·​and·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​principle·​of·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​in·​the·​light·​of·​different·​national·​circumstances·​and·​on·​the·​basis·​of·​respect·​for·​human·​rights.​
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63 ##·​Article·​2bis·​*(general)​*
64
65 **Option·​1:​**
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67 1.​··​All·​Parties·​shall·​undertake·​efforts·​defined·​in·​Articles·​3,​·​4,​·​6,​·​7,​·​8·​and·​9·​towards·​achieving·​the·​purpose·​of·​this·​Agreement·​as·​set·​out·​in·​its·​Article·​2,​·​and·​communicate·​such·​efforts·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​provisions·​of·​this·​Agreement.​·​Over·​time·​such·​efforts·​will·​represent·​a·​progression·​taking·​into·​account·​Parties·​different·​national·​circumstances·​and·​development·​stages·​while·​recognizing·​that·​the·​extent·​of·​the·​efforts·​taken·​by·​developing·​country·​Parties·​will·​depend·​on·​the·​extent·​of·​support·​they·​receive.​
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69 2.​··​Subsequent·​efforts·​will·​be·​informed·​by·​the·​results·​of·​the·​global·​stocktake·​as·​defined·​in·​Article·​10,​·​and·​represent·​a·​progression·​taking·​into·​account·​Parties’·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​in·​light·​of·​different·​national·​circumstances.​
70
71
72 **Option·​2:​**
73
74 1.​·​[All·​Parties·​[shall]·​regularly·​prepare,​·​communicate·​[and·​implement]·​[intended]·​nationally·​determined·​[contributions][compo​nents]·​[on·​[mitigation]·​and·​adaptation]·​[undertakings·​in·​adaptation·​planning]·​[and·​means·​of·​implementation]·​3·​[towards·​achieving·​the·​[purpose·​of·​this·​Agreement·​as·​set·​out·​in·​Article·​2·​of·​the·​Convention]
75 [objective·​of·​the·​Convention·​as·​set·​out·​in·​its·​Article·​2],​][in·​accordance·​with·​Article·​4·​of·​the·​Convention][in·​accordance·​with·​the·​provisions·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​including·​the·​specific·​provisions·​related·​to·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​and·​means·​of·​implementation.​]
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77 2.​·​Each·​Party’s·​[intended]·​nationally·​determined·​contribution·​will·​represent·​a·​progression·​in·​the·​light·​of·​Parties’·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​commitments·​under·​the·​Convention
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79 3.​·​The·​extent·​to·​which·​developing·​country·​Parties·​will·​effectively·​implement·​this·​Agreement·​will·​depend·​on·​the·​effective·​implementation·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties·​of·​their·​commitments·​on·​the·​provision·​of·​finance,​·​technology·​development·​and·​transfer·​and·​capacity-​building.​
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81 4.​·​Successive·​[intended]·​nationally·​determined·​contributions·​will·​be·​[informed·​by·​the·​result·​of·​the·​global·​stocktake·​as·​defined·​in·​Article·​10·​of·​the·​Convention]·​and·​communicated·​before·​the·​expiry·​of·​the·​previous·​[intended]·​nationally·​determined·​contribution·​by·​the·​Party·​concerned.​]
82
83
84 ##·​Article·​3·​*(mitigation)​*
85
86 1.​·​**Collective·​long-​term·​goal**
87
88 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​Parties·​collectively·​aim·​to·​reach·​the·​global·​temperature·​goal·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​2·​through·​[a·​peaking·​of·​global·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​as·​soon·​as·​possible,​·​recognizing·​that·​peaking·​requires·​deeper·​cuts·​of·​emissions·​of·​developed·​countries·​and·​will·​be·​longer·​for·​developing·​countries;​·​rapid·​reductions·​thereafter·​to·​[40–70·​per·​cent][70–95·​per·​cent]·​below·​2010·​levels·​by·​2050;​·​toward·​achieving·​net·​zero·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​[by·​the·​end][after·​the·​middle]·​of·​the·​century]·​informed·​by·​best·​available·​science,​·​on·​the·​basis·​of·​equity·​and·​in·​the·​context·​of·​sustainable·​development·​and·​poverty·​eradication.​
89
90 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​Parties·​collectively·​aim·​to·​reach·​the·​global·​temperature·​goal·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​2·​through·​a·​longterm·​global·​low·​emissions·​[transformation·​toward·​[climate·​neutrality][decarboni​zation]]·​over·​the·​course·​of·​this·​century·​informed·​by·​best·​available·​science,​·​on·​the·​basis·​of·​equity·​and·​in·​the·​context·​of·​sustainable·​development·​and·​poverty·​eradication.​
91
92 2.​·​**Individual·​efforts**
93
94 ····​Each·​Party·​shall·​regularly·​prepare,​·​communicate·​[and·​maintain][successive]​·​###4
95 and·​[shall][should][other​][take·​appropriate·​domestic·​measures]·​[have·​in·​place][identify·​and]·​[pursue]·​[implement]·​[[domestic·​laws],​[nationally·​determined]·​policies·​or·​other·​measures]·​[designed·​to]·​[implement][achieve][​carry·​out][that·​support·​the·​implementation·​of]·​its·​###].​
96
97 3.​·​**Differentiated·​efforts**
98
99 ····​**Option·​1:​**
100 ····​In·​accordance·​with·​Article·​4,​·​paragraph·​2,​·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​developed·​country·​Parties·​and·​other·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​I·​shall·​undertake·​quantified·​economy-​wide·​absolute·​emission·​reduction·​and·​limitation·​commitments/​targets,​·​which·​are·​comparable,​·​measurable,​·​reportable·​and·​verifiable,​·​cover·​all·​greenhouse·​gases·​and·​are·​implemented·​domestically·​without·​any·​conditions.​
101
102 ····​3bis.​·​In·​accordance·​with·​Article·​4,​·​paragraphs·​1,​·​3,​·​4,​·​5·​and·​7,​·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​developing·​country·​Parties·​should·​undertake·​diversified·​enhanced·​mitigation·​actions/​efforts·​in·​a·​measurable,​·​reportable,​·​and·​verifiable·​manner,​in·​the·​context·​of·​sustainable·​development·​and·​supported·​and·​enabled·​by·​the·​provision·​of·​adequate·​finance,​·​technology·​and·​capacity-​building·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties.​
103
104 ····​**Option·​2:​**
105 ····​Each·​Party·​that·​has·​previously·​communicated·​absolute·​economy·​wide·​emissions·​reduction·​or·​limitation·​targets·​should·​continue·​to·​do·​so·​and·​all·​Parties·​should·​aim·​to·​do·​so·​over·​time.​
106
107 ····​3bis.​·​Developed·​country·​Parties·​should·​continue·​to·​take·​the·​lead.​
108
109 4.​·​**Flexibility**
110
111 ····​LDCs·​[and·​SIDS][and·​African·​states]·​may·​communicate·​their·​###·​at·​their·​discretion,​·​including·​information·​on·​strategies,​·​plans·​and·​actions·​for·​low·​greenhouse·​gas·​development,​·​reflecting·​their·​special·​circumstances.​
112
113 5.​·​**Support**
114
115 ···​**Option·​1:​**·​Developed·​country·​Parties·​and·​other·​developed·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​to·​the·​Convention·​[and·​other·​Parties·​with·​the·​capacity·​to·​do·​so]·​shall·​provide·​new·​and·​additional·​financial·​resources,​·​technology·​transfer·​and·​capacity-​building·​to·​meet·​the·​agreed·​full·​costs·​incurred·​by·​developing·​country·​Parties·​in·​complying·​with·​their·​obligations·​under·​this·​Article.​
116
117 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​Developing·​country·​Parties·​are·​eligible·​for·​support·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Article.​
118
119 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​The·​extent·​to·​which·​developing·​country·​Parties·​will·​effectively·​implement·​their·​commitments·​will·​depend·​on·​the·​effective·​implementation·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties·​of·​their·​commitments·​related·​to·​financial·​resources,​·​transfer·​of·​technology·​and·​capacity-​building.​
120
121 6.​·​**Progression/​ambition**
122
123 ····​Each·​Party’s·​successive·​###·​[shall][should][will]​·​represent·​a·​progression·​beyond·​the·​Party’s·​previous·​efforts·​and·​reflect·​its·​highest·​possible·​ambition·​[based·​on·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​in·​light·​of·​different·​national·​circumstances].​
124
125 7.​·​**Information**
126
127 ····​[In·​communicating·​their·​###,​·​all·​Parties·​shall·​provide·​the·​information·​necessary·​for·​the·​clarity,​·​transparency·​and·​understanding·​in·​accordance·​with·​decision·​1/​CP.​21·​and·​any·​subsequent·​decisions·​of·​the·​CMA].​
128
129 8.​·​**Timing**
130
131 ····​Parties·​shall·​communicate·​an·​###·​every·​five·​years·​in·​accordance·​with·​decisions·​of·​the·​CMA·​being·​informed·​by·​the·​outcomes·​of·​the·​global·​stock·​take·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​10.​
132
133 9.​·​The·​CMA·​shall·​decide·​on·​common·​timeframes·​for·​####,​·​no·​later·​than·​its·​[X]·​session.​
134 25
135 10.​·​**Adjustments**26 *Acknowledging*·​that·​climate·​change·​is·​a·​common·​concern·​of·​humankind,​·​Parties·​should,​·​when·​taking·​action·​to·​address·​climate·​change,​·​respect,​·​promote·​and·​consider·​their·​respective·​obligations·​on·​human·​rights,​·​the·​right·​to·​health,​·​the·​rights·​of·​indigenous·​peoples,​·​local·​communities,​·​migrants,​·​children,​·​persons·​with·​disabilities·​and·​people·​in·​vulnerable·​situations·​and·​the·​right·​to·​development,​·​as·​well·​as·​gender·​equality,​·​empowerment·​of·​women·​and·​intergenerational·​equity,​
136 27
137 ····​A·Party·​may·​at·​any·​time·​adjust·​its·​existing·​###·​with·​a·​view·​to·​enhancing·​its·​level·​of·ambition·​[,​·​in·accordance·with·​the·simplified·adjustment·​procedure·​referred·​to·​in·Article·19,​·​paragraph·​3].​28 *Recognizing*·​the·importance·​of·the·conservation·and·​enhancement,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​of·​sinks·​and·​reservoirs·​of·​the·greenhouse·gases·​referred·​to·​in·the·Convention,​
138 29
139 11.​·​**Housing**30 *Noting*·​the·​importance·​of·​ensuring·​the·​integrity·​of·​all·​ecosystems,​·​including·​oceans,​·​and·​the·​protection·​of·​biodiversity,​·​recognized·​by·​some·​cultures·​as·​Mother·​Earth,​·​and·​noting·​the·​importance·​for·​some·​of·​the·​concept·​of·​"climate·​justice",​·​when·​taking·​action·​to·​address·​climate·​change,​
140 31
141 ····​The·​###·​communicated·by·Parties·shall·be·recorded·​[in·an·online·registry·maintained·by·​the·secretariat][in·​Annex·​[X]·​to·​this·​Agreement].​32 *Affirming*·​the·importance·of·education,​·​training,​·​public·awareness,​·​public·participation,​·​public·access·to·information·and·cooperation·​at·​all·​levels·​on·​the·matters·addressed·​in·​this·​Agreement,​
142 33
143 12.​·​**Accounting**34 *Recognizing*·​the·​importance·​of·​the·​engagements·​of·​all·​levels·​of·​government·​and·​various·​actors,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​respective·​national·​legislations·​of·​Parties,​·​in·​addressing·​climate·​change,​
144 35
145 ····​Parties·shall·​[track·progress·towards][account·​for]·​their·​###.​·​In·​[tracking·​progress·​towards][accounting·​for]·​their·​###,​·​Parties·​shall·​promote·​environmental·​integrity,​·​transparency,​·​accuracy,​·​completeness,​·​comparability·​and·consistency,​·and·ensure·​the·avoidance·of·double·counting,​·in·accordance·with·guidance·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA.​36 *Also·recognizing*·​that·sustainable·lifestyles·​and·sustainable·patterns·​of·consumption·and·production,​·with·developed·country·Parties·​taking·​the·lead,​·​play·​an·​important·​role·​in·​addressing·​climate·​change,​
146 37
147 13.​·​**Methods·and·guidance**38 Have·agreed·as·​follows:​
148 39
149 ····​In·the·​context·​of·​their·​###,​·​when·​recognizing·​and·​implementing·​mitigation·​actions·​with·​respect·​to·​anthropogenic·​emissions·​and·​removals,​·​Parties·​[may·​draw·​from·​and·​build·​on]·​[shall·​take·​into·​account],​·​as·​appropriate,​·​existing·​methods·​and·​guidance,​·​under·​the·​Convention·​and·​from·​the·​IPCC·​as·​adopted·​by·​the·​COP.​40 ##·​Article·1
150 41
151 ····​**Response·​measures**42 For·the·​purposes·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​all·​definitions·​contained·​in·​Article·​1·​of·​the·​Convention·​apply.​·​In·​addition:​
152 43
153 ····​[Preamble:​·​Parties·​acknowledge·​the·importance·of·cooperation,​·including·around·economic·diversification·to·reduce·the·adverse·​impacts·​of·​the·​implementation·​of·​response·​measures.​]44 1.​·​"Convention"·​means·​the·United·Nations·Framework·Convention·on·Climate·Change,​·​adopted·in·New·York·on·9·May·1992.​
45 2.​·​"Conference·​of·​the·​Parties"·​means·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Convention.​
46 3.​·​"Party"·​means·​a·​Party·​to·​this·​Agreement
154 47
155 14.​·​[Parties·shall·​give·​full·​consideration·​to·​what·​actions·​are·​necessary·​under·​this·​Agreement·​to·​meet·​the·​specific·​needs·​and·​concerns·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties·​arising·​from·​the·​impact·​of·​the·​implementation·​of·​response·​measures,​·​including·​in·​terms·​of·​economic·​diversification,​·​and·​taking·​into·​consideration·​that·​poverty·​eradication·​and·​social·​and·​economic·​development·​are·​the·​first·​and·​overriding·​priorities·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties.​48 ##·​Article·​2
156 49
157 15.​·Parties·​agree·​to·​enhance·​actions·​under·​this·​Agreement,​·including·​through·​strengthening·​institutional·​arrangements,​·​and·​to·​adopt·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​for·​enhancing·​those·​arrangements.​·​To·​this·​end·​the·​CMA·​shall·​establish·​a·​cooperative·​mechanism·​to·​address·​the·​adverse·​impacts·​of·​the·​implementation·​of·​response·measures·on·developing·country·Parties,​·as·​included·in·decision·​-​/​CP.​21.​]50 1.​·This·​Agreement,​·in·​enhancing·​the·​implementation·​of·the·​Convention,​·​including·​its·​objective,​·​aims·​to·​strengthen·​the·​global·response·to·the·threat·of·climate·change,​·in·the·​context·​of·​sustainable·​development·​and·​efforts·​to·​eradicate·​poverty,​·​including·​by:​
158 51
159 ····​**REIOs**52 ····​1.​·​Holding·​the·​increase·​in·​the·​global·​average·​temperature·​to·​well·​below·​2·​°C·​above·​pre-​industrial·​levels·​and·​to·​pursue·​efforts·​to·​limit·​the·​temperature·​increase·​to·​1.​5·​°C·​above·​pre-​industrial·​levels,​·​recognizing·​that·​this·​would·​significantly·​reduce·​the·​risks·​and·​impacts·​of·​climate·​change;​
53 ····​2.​·​Increasing·​the·​ability·​to·​adapt·​to·​the·​adverse·​impacts·​of·​climate·​change·​and·​foster·​climate·​resilience·​and·​low·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​development,​·​in·​a·​manner·​that·​does·​not·​threaten·​food·​production;​
54 ····​3.​·​Making·​finance·​flows·​consistent·​with·​a·​pathway·​towards·​low·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​and·​climate-​resilient·​development.​
160 55
161 16.​·Parties,​·​including·regional·economic·integration·organisations·​and·their·member·States,​·that·​have·​reached·​an·​agreement·​to·​[implement·​their·​###s·​jointly]·​[act·​under·​Article·​3,​·​paragraph·​2,​·​jointly],​·​shall·​notify·​the·secretariat·​of·the·terms·of·​the·​agreement,​·​including·​the·​emission·​level·​allocated·​to·​each·​Party·​within·​the·​relevant·​time·​period,​·​at·​the·​time·​when·​they·​communicate·​their·​###s.​·​The·​secretariat·​shall·​in·​turn·​inform·​the·​Parties·​and·​signatories·​to·​the·​Convention·​of·​the·​terms·​of·​this·​Agreement.​56 2.​·​This·Agreement·will·be·implemented·​to·reflect·equity·​and·​the·principle·​of·common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​in·the·light·​of·different·national·​circumstances.​
162 57
163 17.​·​[In·the·​event·​of·​failure·​by·​the]·​[Each]·​Part[y]·​[ies]·​to·​such·​an·​agreement·​[to·​achieve·​their·​common·​###s],​·​each·​party·​to·​that·​agreement]·​shall·​be·​responsible·​for·​its·​emission·​level·​as·​set·​out·​in·​that·​agreement·​in·​accordance·​with·​paragraph·​[14]·​above·​and·​Articles·​[9]·​and·​[11].​58 ##·​Article·​3
164 59
165 18.​·​If·​Parties·​[implementing·their·​###s·jointly]·​[acting·jointly]do·so·​in·the·framework·of,​·and·together·​with,​·​a·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·​which·​is·​itself·​a·​Party·​to·​this·​Agreement,​·​each·​member·​State·​of·​that·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·​individually,​·​and·​together·​with·​the·regional·economic·integration·​organization·​shall[,​·​in·​the·event·​of·failure·to·​achieve·​the·​common·​###s,​]·​be·​responsible·​for·​its·​emission·​level·​as·​set·​out·​in·​the·agreement·notified·under·paragraph·​(1)​·​in·accordance·with·paragraph·​[14]·​above·and·Articles·​[9]·​and·​[11].​60 As·nationally·determined·contributions·​to·the·global·response·to·climate·change,​·all·​Parties·​are·​to·​undertake·and·communicate·​ambitious·​efforts·​as·​defined·​in·​Articles·​4,​·​7,​·​9,​·​10,​·​11·​and·​13·​with·​the·view·​to·achieving·​the·purpose·of·this·Agreement·​as·​set·​out·​in·Article·​2.​·​The·​efforts·​of·​all·​Parties·​will·​represent·​a·​progression·​over·​time,​·​while·​recognizing·the·need·to·support·developing·country·Parties·for·the·effective·​implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement.​
166 61
167 19.​·​If·Parties·​[implementing]·​[acting]·​jointly·​do·​so·​in·​the·​framework·​of,​·​and·​together·​with,​·​a·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization,​·​any·​alteration·​in·​the·​composition·​of·​the·​organization·​shall·​not·​affect·​existing·​###s·​and·​shall·​only·​apply·​for·​the·​purposes·​of·​those·​###s·​that·​are·​communicated·​subsequent·​to·​the·​alteration.​62 ##·​Article·​4
168 63
169 ····​**Cooperative·​approaches**64 1.​·​In·order·​to·​achieve·​the·​long-​term·​temperature·​goal·​set·​out·​in·​Article·​2,​·​Parties·​aim·​to·​reach·​global·​peaking·​of·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​as·​soon·​as·​possible,​·​recognizing·​that·​peaking·​will·​take·​longer·​for·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·​and·​to·​undertake·​rapid·​reductions·​thereafter·​in·​accordance·​with·​best·​available·​science,​·​so·​as·​to·​achieve·​a·​balance·​between·​anthropogenic·​emissions·​by·​sources·​and·​removals·​by·​sinks·​of·​greenhouse·​gases·​in·​the·​second·​half·​of·​this·​century,​·​on·​the·​basis·​of·​equity,​·​and·​in·​the·​context·​of·​sustainable·​development·​and·​efforts·​to·​eradicate·​poverty.​
170 65
171 ····​[Parties·​shall,​·where·​engaging·​on·​a·​voluntary·​basis·​in·​cooperative·​approaches·​that·​involve·​the·use·​of·internationally·transferred·​mitigation·​outcomes·​towards·​###,​·​promote·​sustainable·​development·​and·​environmental·​integrity·​and·​apply·​robust·​accounting·​to·​ensure,​·​inter·​alia,​·the·avoidance·​of·double·counting,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​guidance·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA.​]66 2.​·​Each·​Party·​shall·prepare,​·​communicate·​and·maintain·successive·nationally·determined·contributions·that·​it·​intends·​to·achieve.​·​Parties·shall·pursue·domestic·mitigation·measures,​·​with·​the·aim·​of·​achieving·​the·​objectives·​of·​such·​contributions.​
172 67
173 21.​·​**Long-​term·strategies**68 3.​·​Each·Party's·​successive·​nationally·​determined·​contribution·​will·​represent·​a·​progression·​beyond·​the·​Party's·​then·​current·​nationally·​determined·​contribution·​and·​reflect·​its·​highest·​possible·​ambition,​·​reflecting·​its·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​in·​the·​light·​of·​different·​national·​circumstances.​
174 69
175 ····​All·​Parties·​should·voluntarily·formulate·​and·communicate·long-​term·low-​emission·development·strategies70 4.​·​Developed·​country·​Parties·​should·continue·taking·the·lead·by·undertaking·​economy-​wide·​absolute·emission·reduction·targets.​·​Developing·​country·​Parties·​should·​continue·​enhancing·​their·​mitigation·​efforts,​·​and·​are·​encouraged·​to·​move·​over·​time·​towards·​economy-​wide·​emission·​reduction·​or·​limitation·​targets·​in·​the·​light·​of·​different·​national·​circumstances.​
176 71
177 ##·​[Article·​3bis]·​*(REDD-​plus)​*72 5.​·​Support·shall·​be·​provided·​to·​developing·​country·​Parties·​for·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Article,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​Articles·​9,​·​10·​and·​11,​·​recognizing·​that·​enhanced·​support·​for·​developing·​country·​Parties·​will·​allow·​for·​higher·​ambition·​in·​their·​actions.​
178 73
179 1.​·Parties·are·encouraged·to·​conserve·​and·enhance,​·​as·appropriate,​·​sinks·​and·reservoirs·of·GHG·as·referred·to·in·Article·4·paragraph·1(d)​·​of·the·Convention.​74 6.​·The·least·developed·countries·​and·small·island·​developing·​States·​may·​prepare·​and·communicate·strategies,​·​plans·and·actions·for·low·greenhouse·gas·emissions·development·reflecting·their·special·​circumstances.​
180 75
181 2.​·​Parties·are·encouraged·​to·incentivize,​[including·by·scaling·up·resources]·​the·​reduction·​of·​emissions·​from·​deforestation·​and·​forest·​degradation·​and·​to·​promote·​the·​conservation·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​and·​enhancement·​of·​forest·​carbon·​stocks·​in·​developing·​countries,​·​while·​enhancing·​the·​non-​carbon·​benefits;​·​and·​to76 7.​·Mitigation·co-​benefits·resulting·​from·Parties'·​adaptation·​actions·​and/​or·economic·diversification·plans·​can·​contribute·​to·mitigation·outcomes·under·this·Article.​
182 support·​alternative·​policy·​approaches,​·​such·​as·​joint·​mitigation·​and·​adaption·​approaches·​for·​the·​integral·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests,​·​including·​alleviating·​poverty·​and·​building·​ecosystem·​resilience,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​previous·​COP·​decisions·​related·​to·​forests.​
183 77
78 8.​·​In·​communicating·​their·​nationally·​determined·​contributions,​·​all·​Parties·​shall·​provide·​the·​information·​necessary·​for·​clarity,​·​transparency·​and·​understanding·​in·​accordance·​with·​decision·​1/​CP.​21·​and·​any·​relevant·​decisions·​of·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement.​
184 79
185 ##·​[Article·3ter]·​*(mechanism·​to·support·sustainable·development)​*80 9.​·​Each·Party·​shall·​communicate·​a·​nationally·​determined·​contribution·​every·​five·​years·​in·​accordance·​with·​decision·​1/​CP.​21·​and·​any·​relevant·​decisions·​of·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·the·Paris·Agreement·​and·​be·​informed·​by·​the·​outcomes·​of·​the·​global·​stocktake·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​14.​
186 81
187 ···​**Proposed·​Mechanism·​1**82 10.​·​The·Conference·of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement·​shall·​consider·​common·​time·​frames·​for·​nationally·​determined·​contributions·​at·​its·​first·​session.​
188 83
189 1.​·​[A·mechanism·​to·support·sustainable·development·​[in·developing·country·Parties]·​is·hereby·established·​under·​the·authority·​and·​guidance·​of·​the·CMA,​·​shall·be·supervised·​by·​a·​body·​designated·​by·​the·CMA,​·​and·shall·aim·​to:​84 11.​·A·Party·may·at·any·time·adjust·its·existing·nationally·determined·contribution·with·​a·view·to·​enhancing·​its·​level·​of·​ambition,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​guidance·​adopted·​by·​the·Conference·of·the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement.​
190 85
191 ······​1.​·Promote·sustainable·development·​[in·developing·country·Parties];​86 12.​·Nationally·determined·contributions·communicated·by·​Parties·​shall·​be·​recorded·​in·​a·​public·​registry·​maintained·​by·​the·​secretariat.​
192 ······​2.​·​Incentivise·​and·​facilitate·​participation·​in·​mitigation·​action·​by·​public·​and·​private·​entities·​under·​the·​responsibility·​of·​a·​Party;​
193 ······​3.​·​Enhance·​mitigation·​ambition·​by·​[developing·​country]·​Parties·​[,​·​by·​incentivising·​supplementary·​voluntary·​climate·​action,​·​beyond·​their·​###];​
194 ······​4.​·​Deliver,​·​where·​desired·​by·​participating·​Parties,​·​a·​net·​decrease·​in,​·​or·​avoidance·​of,​·​emissions;​
195 ······​5.​·​Assist·​Parties·​[with·​a·​###·​reflecting·​an·​absolute·​target·​in·​relation·​to·​a·​base·​year]·​to·​fulfil·​their·​###,​·​through·​the·​use·​of·​mitigation·​outcomes·​from·​mitigation·​activities·​[in·​developing·​country·​Parties];​
196 ······​6.​·​Ensure·​environmental·​integrity,​·​including·​by·​ensuring·​that·​such·​mitigation·​shall·​not·​be·​claimed·​more·​than·​once,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​guidance·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA·​pursuant·​to·​Article·​[3,​·​paragraph·​14].​]
197 87
198 2.​·​[The·​CMA·​shall·​ensure·that·a·share·​of·​the·proceeds·from·activities·​under·​the·mechanism·are·used·​to·​cover·​administrative·​expenses·​as·​well·​as·​to·​assist·​developing·​country·​Parties·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable·​to·​the·adverse·effects·​of·​climate·​change·​to·​meet·​the·​costs·​of·​adaptation.​]88 13.​·​Parties·​shall·account·​for·​their·​nationally·​determined·​contributions.​·​In·​accounting·​for·​anthropogenic·​emissions·​and·​removals·​corresponding·​to·​their·​nationally·​determined·​contributions,​·​Parties·​shall·​promote·​environmental·​integrity,​·​transparency,​·​accuracy,​·​completeness,​·​comparability·​and·​consistency,​·​and·ensure·the·avoidance·of·​double·​counting,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​guidance·​adopted·​by·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·Parties·serving·​as·the·meeting·of·the·​Parties·​to·​the·Paris·Agreement.​
199 89
200 3.​·​[The·CMA·shall·adopt·modalities·​and·procedures·for·​this·mechanism·​at·​its·​first·​session.​]90 14.​·​In·the·context·of·their·​nationally·​determined·​contributions,​·​when·​recognizing·​and·implementing·mitigation·​actions·​with·​respect·​to·​anthropogenic·​emissions·​and·​removals,​·​Parties·​should·​take·​into·​account,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​existing·​methods·​and·​guidance·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​in·​the·​light·​of·​the·​provisions·​of·​paragraph·​13·​of·​this·Article.​
201 91
202 **Proposed·​Mechanism·​2**92 15.​·​Parties·shall·take·​into·​consideration·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement·​the·​concerns·​of·​Parties·​with·​economies·​most·​affected·​by·​the·​impacts·​of·​response·​measures,​·​particularly·​developing·​country·​Parties.​
203 93
204 1.​·​[A·mechanism·is·hereby·established·​to·support·holistic·and·integrated·approaches·​to·​sustainable·​development·​in·​harmony·​with·​nature,​·​to·​be·​available·​to·​assist·​[developing·​country]·​Parties·​in·​fulfilling·​their·​###,​·​including,​·​in·​a·​balanced·​manner,​·​mitigation,​·​adaptation,​·​provision·​of·finance,​·​technology·transfer·​and·​capacity·​building.​·​This·​mechanism·​shall·be·​under·​the·authority·​and·​guidance·​of·​the·CMA,​·shall·​be·​supervised·​by·​a·​body·​designated·​by·​the·CMA,​·and·​shall·aim·​to:​94 16.​·​Parties,​·​including·regional·economic·integration·organizations·​and·their·member·​States,​·​that·​have·​reached·​an·​agreement·​to·act·jointly·​under·paragraph·​2·​of·​this·​Article·​shall·​notify·the·secretariat·​of·​the·terms·of·that·agreement,​·​including·​the·emission·​level·​allocated·​to·​each·​Party·​within·​the·​relevant·​time·​period,​·when·​they·​communicate·​their·​nationally·​determined·​contributions.​·​The·​secretariat·​shall·in·​turn·​inform·​the·​Parties·​and·​signatories·​to·​the·​Convention·​of·​the·​terms·​of·​that·​agreement.​
205 ······​1.​·​Enhance·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​ambition·​and·​the·​provision·​or·​mobilization·​of·​public·​financing,​·​technology·​transfer·​and·​capacity·​building,​·​in·​an·​integrated·​manner·​for·​climate·​action;​
206 ······​2.​·​Enhance·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​ambition·​and·​the·​provision·​or·​mobilization·​of·​public·​financing,​·​technology·​transfer·​and·​capacity·​building,​·​in·​an·​integrated·​manner·​for·​climate·​action;​
207 ······​3.​·​Support·​the·​implementation·​of·​the·​joint·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​approach·​for·​the·​integral·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​as·​an·​alternative·​policy·​approach·​to·​results-​based·​payments;​
208 ······​4.​·​Fully·​respect·​mitigation·​contributions·​of·​participating·​Parties·​to·​ensure·​that·​the·​global·​mitigation·​effort·​is·​not·​undermined.​
209 95
210 2.​·The·CMA·​shall·adopt·modalities·​and·procedures·for·the·mechanism·at·its·first·session.​]96 17.​·Each·party·​to·​such·​an·​agreement·​shall·be·responsible·​for·​its·emission·level·​as·​set·​out·​in·​the·​agreement·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​16·​above·​in·​accordance·​with·​paragraphs·​13·​and·​14·​of·​this·​Article·​and·​Articles·​13·​and·​15.​
211 97
212 ##·Article·4·​*(adaptation)​*98 18.​·​If·​Parties·​acting·​jointly·​do·​so·​in·​the·​framework·​of,​·​and·​together·​with,​·​a·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·​which·​is·​itself·​a·​Party·​to·​this·​Agreement,​·​each·​member·​State·​of·​that·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·​individually,​·​and·​together·​with·​the·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization,​·​shall·​be·​responsible·​for·​its·​emission·​level·​as·​set·​out·​in·​the·​agreement·​communicated·​under·​paragraph·​16·​of·​this·Article·in·​accordance·​with·​paragraphs·​13·​and·​14·​of·​this·​Article·​and·​Articles·​13·​and·​15.​
213 99
214 1.​·​Parties·hereby·establish·the·global·goal·​of·enhancing·adaptive·capacity,​·​strengthening·resilience·and·reducing·​vulnerability·​to·​climate·​change,​·​[in·​accordance·​with·​the·​objective,​·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​including·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​]·​with·​a·​view·​to·​contributing·​to·​sustainable·​development·​[and·​ensuring·​adaptation·in·​the·context·​of·the·goal·of·​holding·​the·​increase·​in·​the·​global·​average·​temperature·​below·​[2·​degrees·​C][[2·​or]·​1.​5·​degrees·​C·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​2].​100 19.​·All·Parties·should·strive·​to·formulate·​and·communicate·​long-​term·​low·​greenhouse·​gas·​emission·​development·​strategies,​·​mindful·​of·Article·2·​taking·​into·​account·​their·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·in·​the·light·​of·different·national·circumstances.​
215 101
216 2.​·​Parties·recognize·​that·​adaptation·​is·​a·​global·​challenge·​faced·​by·​all·​with·​local,​·​subnational,​·​national,​·​regional·​and·​international·​dimensions,​·​and·​that·​it·​is·​a·​key·​component·​of·​and·​contribution·​to·​the·​long-​term·​global·​response·​to·​climate·​change·​to·​protect·​people,​·​livelihoods·​and·​ecosystems,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​urgent·​and·​immediate·​needs·​of·​those·​developing·​countries·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable.​102 ##·​Article·​5
217 103
218 3.​·Adaptation·efforts·​of·developing·countries·shall·be·recognized,​·in·accordance·with·​the·modalities·to·​be·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session.​104 1.​·Parties·should·take·action·​to·conserve·and·enhance,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​sinks·​and·​reservoirs·​of·​greenhouse·​gases·​as·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​4,​·​paragraph·​1(d)​,​·​of·​the·Convention,​·​including·forests.​
219 105
220 4.​·​Parties·recognize·​the·need·​for·adaptation·regardless·​of·the·level·​of·mitigation·reached,​·​that·greater·​levels·​of·​mitigation·can·reduce·​the·need·​for·​additional·​adaptation·​efforts,​·​[and]·​that·​greater·​adaptation·​needs·​involve·​greater·​adaptation·​costs[·​and·​that·​greater·​rates·​and·magnitude·​of·climate·change·​increase·​the·likelihood·​of·exceeding·adaptation·limits].​106 2.​·​Parties·are·encouraged·to·take·action·to·implement·​and·support,​·​including·through·results-​based·payments,​·​the·existing·​framework·​as·​set·​out·​in·​related·​guidance·​and·​decisions·​already·​agreed·​under·​the·Convention·​for:​·​policy·​approaches·​and·​positive·​incentives·​for·​activities·​relating·​to·​reducing·​emissions·​from·​deforestation·​and·​forest·​degradation,​·​and·​the·​role·​of·conservation,​·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​and·​enhancement·​of·​forest·​carbon·​stocks·​in·​developing·​countries;​·​and·​alternative·​policy·​approaches,​·​such·​as·​joint·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·approaches·​for·​the·​integral·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests,​·​while·​reaffirming·​the·​importance·​of·​incentivizing,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​non-​carbon·​benefits·​associated·​with·​such·​approaches.​
221 107
222 5.​·​Parties·acknowledge·​that·​adaptation·​action·​should·​follow·​a·​country-​driven,​·​gender-​responsive,​·​participatory·​and·​fully·​transparent·​approach,​·​taking·​into·​consideration·​vulnerable·​groups,​·​communities·​and·​ecosystems,​·​and·​should·​be·​based·​on·​and·​guided·​by·​the·​best·​available·​science·​and,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​traditional,​·​indigenous·​peoples108 ##·​Article·6
223 knowledge·​and·​local·​knowledge·​systems,​·​with·​a·​view·​to·​integrating·​adaptation·​into·​relevant·​socioeconomic·​and·​environmental·​policies·​and·​actions,​·​where·​appropriate.​
224 109
225 6.​·​Parties·​recognize·​the·importance·​of·support·​and·international·​cooperation·​for·adaptation·efforts·​and·the·importance·of·taking·into·​account·​the·​needs·​of·​those·​developing·​countries·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable·​[,​recognizing·​the·​particular·​vulnerabilities·​of·​the·​least·​developed·​countries·​(LDCs)​·and·small·island·​developing·​States·​(SIDS)​].​110 1.​·​Parties·​recognize·that·some·Parties·choose·to·pursue·​voluntary·​cooperation·in·​the·implementation·​of·their·nationally·determined·contributions·to·allow·for·higher·ambition·in·their·mitigation·​and·adaptation·actions·and·to·​promote·​sustainable·​development·​and·​environmental·​integrity.​
226 111
112 2.​·​Parties·​shall,​·​where·​engaging·​on·​a·​voluntary·​basis·​in·​cooperative·​approaches·​that·​involve·​the·​use·​of·​internationally·​transferred·​mitigation·​outcomes·​towards·​nationally·​determined·​contributions,​·​promote·​sustainable·​development·​and·​ensure·​environmental·​integrity·​and·​transparency,​·​including·​in·​governance,​·​and·​shall·​apply·​robust·​accounting·​to·​ensure,​·​inter·​alia,​·​the·​avoidance·​of·​double·​counting,​·​consistent·​with·​guidance·​adopted·​by·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement.​
227 113
228 7.​·Parties·should·strengthen·their·cooperation·for·enhancing·​action·​on·​adaptation,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​Cancun·​Adaptation·​Framework,​·​including·​with·​regard·​to:​114 3.​·The·use·of·internationally·transferred·mitigation·outcomes·​to·​achieve·​nationally·​determined·​contributions·​under·​this·​Agreement·​shall·​be·​voluntary·​and·​authorized·​by·​participating·​Parties.​
229 115
230 ······​1.​·Sharing·information,​·​good·practices,​·​experiences·and·​lessons·​learned,​·​including,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​as·​these·​relate·​to·​the·science,​·​planning,​·​policies·​and·implementation·​of·adaptation·actions;​116 4.​·A·mechanism·to·contribute·​to·​the·mitigation·​of·greenhouse·gas·​emissions·​and·​support·​sustainable·​development·​is·​hereby·​established·​under·​the·​authority·​and·​guidance·​of·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement·​for·​use·​by·​Parties·​on·​a·​voluntary·​basis.​·​It·​shall·​be·​supervised·​by·​a·​body·​designated·​by·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement,​·​and·​shall·​aim:​
231 ······​2.​·​Strengthening·​institutional·​arrangements,​·​including·​those·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​to·​support·​the·​synthesis·​of·​relevant·​information·​and·​knowledge·​and·​the·​provision·​of·​technical·​support·​and·​guidance·​to·​the·​Parties;​
232 ······​3.​·​Strengthening·​scientific·​knowledge·​on·​climate,​·​including·​research,​·​systematic·​observation·​of·​the·​climate·​system·​and·​early·​warning·​systems,​·​in·​a·​manner·​that·​informs·​climate·​services·​and·​supports·​decisionmaking;​
233 ······​4.​·​Assisting·​developing·​country·​Parties·​[[and·​other·​countries]·​in·​need]·​to·​identify·​effective·​adaptation·​practices,​·​adaptation·​needs,​·​priorities,​·​support·​provided·​and·​received·​for·​adaptation·​actions·​and·​efforts,​·​and·​challenges·​and·​gaps,​·​in·​a·​manner·​consistent·​with·​encouraging·​good·​practices;​
234 ······​5.​·​Improving·​the·​effectiveness·​and·​durability·​of·​adaptation·​actions.​
235 117
236 8.​·Encourages·United·​Nations·​specialized·​organizations·​and·​agencies·​to·​support·​the·efforts·​of·Parties·to·implement·the·actions·referred·to·​in·​paragraph·​7·​of·​this·​Article,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​provisions·​of·​paragraph·​5·​of·​this·​Article.​118 ····​1.​·To·promote·​the·mitigation·​of·greenhouse·gas·emissions·while·fostering·sustainable·development;​
237 119
238 9.​·Each·Party·shall,​·​as·appropriate,​·​engage·​in·​the·implementation·​of·adaptation·planning·processes·​and·actions,​·​including·the·development·or·enhancement·of·​relevant·​plans,​·​policies·​and/​or·​contributions,​·​which·​may·​include:​120 ····​2.​·To·incentivize·and·facilitate·​participation·​in·​the·mitigation·​of·greenhouse·gas·emissions·​by·​public·​and·private·entities·authorized·by·a·Party;​
239 121
240 ······​1.​·Implementation·​of·adaptation·actions,​·undertakings·​and/​or·​efforts;​122 ····​3.​·To·​contribute·​to·​the·​reduction·​of·emission·levels·in·the·​host·​Party,​·​which·​will·​benefit·​from·​mitigation·​activities·​resulting·​in·​emission·​reductions·​that·​can·​also·​be·​used·​by·​another·​Party·​to·​fulfil·​its·​nationally·​determined·​contribution;​·​and
241 ······​2.​·​The·​process·​to·​formulate·​and·​implement·​national·​adaptation·​plans;​
242 ······​3.​·​Assessment·​of·​climate·​change·​impacts·​and·​vulnerability,​·​with·​a·​view·​to·​formulating·​nationally·​determined·​prioritized·​actions,​·​taking·​into·​account·​vulnerable·​people,​·​places·​and·​ecosystems;​
243 ······​4.​·​Monitoring·​and·​evaluation·​and·​learning·​from·​adaptation·​plans,​·​policies,​·​programmes·​and·​actions;​
244 ······​5.​·​Building·​resilience·​of·​socioeconomic·​and·​ecological·​systems,​·​including·​through·​economic·​diversification·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​natural·​resources.​
245 123
246 10.​·Each·Party·​shall,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​submit·​an·adaptation·communication,​·​which·may·include·its·​priorities,​·​support·​needs,​·​plans·​and·​actions.​124 ····​4.​·To·deliver·​an·overall·mitigation·in·global·emissions.​
247 125
248 11.​·The·adaptation·communication·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·10·​of·​this·​Article·​shall·​be,​·​as·appropriate,​·​submitted·and·updated·independently,​·​or·​as·​a·​component·​of·or·in·conjunction·with·​other·​communications,​·​including·​a·​national·​adaptation·​plan,​·​a[n·​intended]·nationally·​determined·​contribution·referred·​to·in·Article·​[3,​·​paragraph·2][2·​bis.​]·of·this·Agreement,​·​and/​or·a·national·​communication.​126 5.​·Emission·reductions·resulting·​from·​the·​mechanism·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·4·​of·​this·​Article·​shall·not·be·used·to·demonstrate·achievement·​of·the·host·Party's·​nationally·​determined·​contribution·if·​used·​by·​another·​Party·​to·demonstrate·achievement·​of·its·nationally·determined·contribution.​
249 127
250 12.​·Developing·country·Parties·​[[and·​other·​countries·​]in·​need]·​shall·​receive·​continuous·​and·​enhanced·​international·​support·​for·​the·implementation·​of·paragraphs·9·​to·11·​of·​this·​Article,​·​in·accordance·with·​the·provisions·​of·Articles·6,​·​7·and·8·​of·this·​Agreement.​128 6.​·The·Conference·​of·the·Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·the·​Paris·​Agreement·​shall·​ensure·​that·​a·​share·​of·​the·​proceeds·​from·​activities·​under·​the·​mechanism·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​4·​of·​this·​Article·is·used·​to·​cover·​administrative·​expenses·​as·​well·​as·​to·​assist·​developing·​country·​Parties·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable·​to·​the·adverse·​effects·​of·climate·change·to·meet·​the·​costs·​of·adaptation.​
251 129
252 13.​·There·​shall·be·a·global·stocktake·on·​adaptation·​every·​5·​years,​·​consistent·​with·​the·global·​stocktake·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​10,​·​and·​guided·​by·​modalities·​to·​be·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session,​·​with·​the·​purpose·​of:​130 7.​·The·Conference·of·​the·Parties·serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement·​shall·​adopt·​rules,​·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​for·​the·​mechanism·​referred·​to·​in·paragraph·4·of·this·Article·​at·​its·​first·​session.​
253 131
254 ······​1.​·Recognizing·​and·enhancing·​the·​implementation·​of·adaptation·action·based·on·​the·adaptation·​communication·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​10·​of·this·Article;​132 8.​·Parties·​recognize·​the·​importance·​of·​integrated,​·​holistic·​and·balanced·​non-​market·​approaches·​being·​available·​to·​Parties·​to·​assist·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·their·nationally·determined·contributions,​·​in·​the·context·​of·sustainable·development·​and·​poverty·​eradication,​·​in·​a·​coordinated·​and·​effective·​manner,​·​including·​through,​·​inter·​alia,​·​mitigation,​·​adaptation,​·​finance,​·​technology·​transfer·​and·​capacity-​building,​·​as·​appropriate.​·​These·​approaches·​shall·​aim·​to:​
255 ······​2.​·​Assessing·​the·​adequacy·​and·​effectiveness·​of·​support·​for·​adaptation;​
256 ······​3.​·​Reviewing·​the·​overall·​progress·​in·​achieving·​the·​global·​goal·​on·​adaptation·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​1·​of·​this·​Article.​
257 133
258 ##·​Article·5·​*(loss·​and·damage)​*134 ····​1.​·​Promote·mitigation·​and·adaptation·​ambition;​
135 ····​2.​·​Enhance·​public·​and·​private·​sector·​participation·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·​nationally·​determined·​contributions;​·​and
136 ····​3.​·​Enable·​opportunities·​for·​coordination·​across·​instruments·​and·​relevant·​institutional·​arrangements.​
259 137
260 **Option·I:​**·​The·following·text·​to·be·included·as·​Article·​5·​(Loss·​and·​Damage)​138 9.​·​A·framework·for·non-​market·​approaches·​to·sustainable·development·is·​hereby·​defined·​to·​promote·​the·​nonmarket·​approaches·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​8·​of·​this·​Article.​
261 139
262 **Option·​II:​**:​·​The·​following·​text·​to·​be·​part·​of·Article·4·​alongside·​adaptation·​provision140 ##·Article·7
263 141
264 1.​·​[The·Warsaw·International·Mechanism·for·Loss·​and·Damage·associated·​with·Climate·Change·Impacts·shall·serve·this·Agreement.​142 1.​·​Parties·hereby·establish·the·global·goal·​on·​adaptation·​of·​enhancing·​adaptive·​capacity,​·​strengthening·​resilience·​and·reducing·vulnerability·to·​climate·​change,​·with·a·view·to·contributing·to·sustainable·development·​and·​ensuring·​an·​adequate·​adaptation·​response·​in·​the·​context·​of·​the·​temperature·​goal·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​2.​
265 143
266 2.​·Upon·the·completion·​of·its·review·at·the·​twenty-​second·​session·​of·​the·​COP,​9·​the·​Warsaw·​International·​Mechanism·​shall·​be·​subject·​to·​the·authority·​and·guidance·​of·the·CMA·and·supported·through·​the·Financial·Mechanism·​of·the·Convention.​144 2.​·Parties·recognize·that·​adaptation·​is·​a·​global·​challenge·​faced·​by·​all·​with·​local,​·​subnational,​·​national,​·​regional·​and·​international·​dimensions,​·​and·​that·​it·​is·​a·​key·​component·​of·and·makes·a·contribution·​to·​the·long-​term·​global·​response·​to·​climate·​change·​to·​protect·​people,​·​livelihoods·​and·ecosystems,​·​taking·into·​account·​the·urgent·​and·immediate·needs·​of·those·​developing·​country·​Parties·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable·​to·the·adverse·​effects·​of·​climate·​change.​
267 145
268 3.​·A·climate·change·displacement·coordination·facility·​shall·​be·established·under·​the·​[Warsaw·International·​Mechanism][CMA]·​to·​help·​coordinate·​efforts·​to·address·climate·change·induced·displacement,​·​migration·and·planned·relocation.​146 3.​·The·adaptation·efforts·of·developing·country·​Parties·​shall·​be·recognized,​·​in·accordance·​with·​the·modalities·​to·be·adopted·by·the·Conference·of·the·Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement·​at·​its·​first·​session.​
269 147
270 4.​·A·process·to·develop·approaches·to·address·irreversible·​and·permanent·damage·resulting·from·human-​induced·climate·change·​will·​be·​initiated·​under·​the·​[Warsaw·International·Mechanism][CMA]·​with·a·view·to·completing·this·process·within·four·years.​]148 4.​·Parties·recognize·that·the·current·need·for·adaptation·​is·​significant·​and·that·greater·levels·of·mitigation·can·reduce·​the·need·for·additional·adaptation·efforts,​·​and·that·greater·adaptation·needs·can·involve·​greater·​adaptation·​costs.​
271 149
272 ##·​Article·​6·​*(finance)​*150 5.​·​Parties·acknowledge·​that·​adaptation·​action·​should·​follow·​a·​country-​driven,​·​gender-​responsive,​·​participatory·​and·​fully·​transparent·​approach,​·​taking·​into·​consideration·​vulnerable·​groups,​·​communities·​and·​ecosystems,​·​and·​should·​be·​based·​on·​and·​guided·​by·​the·​best·​available·​science·​and,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​traditional·​knowledge,​·​knowledge·​of·​indigenous·​peoples·​and·​local·​knowledge·​systems,​·​with·​a·​view·​to·​integrating·​adaptation·​into·​relevant·​socioeconomic·​and·​environmental·​policies·​and·​actions,​·​where·​appropriate.​
273 151
274 **Directional·​goal**152 6.​·​Parties·recognize·​the·​importance·​of·​support·​for·​and·​international·​cooperation·​on·​adaptation·​efforts·​and·​the·​importance·​of·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​needs·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·​especially·​those·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable·​to·​the·​adverse·​effects·​of·​climate·​change.​
275 153
276 1.​·Developed·​country·Parties·shall·provide·​[new,​]·​[additional,​]·​[adequate,​]·​[predictable,​]·​[accessible,​]·​[sustained]·​and·​[scaled-​up]·​financial·resources·to·assist·developing·country·Parties·​with·respect·​to·​both·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation.​·​Other·​Parties·​may·​on·​a·​voluntary,​·​complementary·​basis,​·​provide·​resources·​to·​developing·​countries,​·​including·​through·​South-​South·​cooperation·​initiatives.​154 7.​·​Parties·should·strengthen·their·​cooperation·on·​enhancing·​action·​on·​adaptation,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​Cancun·​Adaptation·​Framework,​·​including·​with·​regard·​to:​
277 155
278 **Mobilization**156 ····​1.​·​Sharing·​information,​·​good·​practices,​·​experiences·​and·​lessons·​learned,​·​including,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​as·​these·​relate·​to·​science,​·​planning,​·​policies·​and·​implementation·​in·​relation·​to·​adaptation·​actions;​
157 ····​2.​·​Strengthening·​institutional·​arrangements,​·​including·​those·​under·​the·​Convention·​that·​serve·​this·​Agreement,​·​to·​support·​the·​synthesis·​of·​relevant·​information·​and·​knowledge,​·​and·​the·​provision·​of·​technical·​support·​and·​guidance·​to·​Parties;​
158 ····​3.​·​Strengthening·​scientific·​knowledge·​on·​climate,​·​including·​research,​·​systematic·​observation·​of·​the·​climate·​system·​and·​early·​warning·​systems,​·​in·​a·​manner·​that·​informs·​climate·​services·​and·​supports·​decisionmaking;​
159 ····​4.​·​Assisting·​developing·​country·​Parties·​in·​identifying·​effective·​adaptation·​practices,​·​adaptation·​needs,​·​priorities,​·​support·​provided·​and·​received·​for·​adaptation·​actions·​and·​efforts,​·​and·​challenges·​and·​gaps,​·​in·​a·​manner·​consistent·​with·​encouraging·​good·​practices;​
160 ····​5.​·​Improving·​the·​effectiveness·​and·​durability·​of·​adaptation·​actions.​
279 161
280 2.​·​**Option·1:​**·​All·​Parties·shall·take·action·​to·mobilize,​·and/​or·facilitate·​the·mobilisation·​of,​·​climate·​finance·​from·​a·​wide·​variety·​of·sources,​·​public·and·​private,​·​bilateral·​and·​multilateral,​·​including·​additional·​sources,​·​as·​well·​as·​through·​facilitative·​policy·​frameworks,​·​in·​line·​with·​their·​respective·​and·​evolving·​responsibilities·​and·​capabilities,​·​with·​developed·​country·​Parties·​taking·​the·​lead,​·​noting·​the·​significant·​role·​of·public·funds.​·​[Some·​Parties·​may·​need·​support·​in·​order·​to·​take·​action.​]162 8.​·​United·Nations·specialized·organizations·​and·agencies·are·encouraged·​to·support·the·​efforts·​of·​Parties·​to·​implement·​the·​actions·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​7·​of·​this·​Article,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​provisions·​of·​paragraph·​5·​of·​this·​Article.​
281 163
282 ····​**Option·2:​**·​Developed·country·Parties·​and·other·Parties·included·in·​Annex·​II·​to·​the·Convention·shall·mobilize·​financial·​resources·​beyond·​their·​previous·​efforts,​·​supporting·​country-​driven·​strategies,​·​and·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​needs·​and·​priorities·​of·developing·country·Parties.​164 9.​·​Each·Party·shall,​·​as·appropriate,​·​engage·​in·adaptation·planning·processes·​and·the·​implementation·​of·actions,​·​including·the·development·​or·​enhancement·​of·​relevant·​plans,​·​policies·​and/​or·​contributions,​·​which·​may·​include:​
283 165
284 ····​**Option·3:​**·​As·​part·​of·a·shared·​effort,​·led·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties,​·​Parties·​should·​cooperate·​to·​promote·​the·​mobilization·​of·​climate·​finance·​from·​a·​wide·​variety·​of·​sources,​·​instruments·​and·channels,​·​including·​public,​·​private,​·​bilateral,​·​multilateral,​·​domestic,​·​and·​international.​166 ····​1.​·​The·implementation·​of·adaptation·actions,​·undertakings·​and/​or·efforts;​
167 ····​2.​·​The·​process·​to·​formulate·​and·​implement·​national·​adaptation·​plans;​
168 ····​3.​·​The·​assessment·​of·​climate·​change·​impacts·​and·​vulnerability,​·​with·​a·​view·​to·​formulating·​nationally·​determined·​prioritized·​actions,​·​taking·​into·​account·​vulnerable·​people,​·​places·​and·​ecosystems;​
169 ····​4.​·​Monitoring·​and·​evaluating·​and·​learning·​from·​adaptation·​plans,​·​policies,​·​programmes·​and·​actions;​·​and
170 ····​5.​·​Building·​the·​resilience·​of·​socioeconomic·​and·​ecological·​systems,​·​including·​through·​economic·​diversification·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​natural·​resources.​
285 171
286 **Mainstreaming**172 10.​·​Each·​Party·​should,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​submit·​and·​update·​periodically·​an·​adaptation·​communication,​·​which·​may·​include·​its·​priorities,​·​implementation·​and·​support·​needs,​·​plans·​and·​actions,​·​without·​creating·​any·​additional·​burden·​for·​developing·​country·​Parties.​
287 173
288 3.​·​[Parties·should·integrate·climate·considerations,​·​including·resilience,​·into·international·development·assistance.​]174 11.​·​The·adaptation·communication·referred·to·​in·​paragraph·​10·​of·​this·​Article·​shall·​be,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​submitted·​and·​updated·​periodically,​·​as·​a·​component·​of·​or·​in·​conjunction·​with·​other·​communications·​or·​documents,​·​including·a·national·adaptation·plan,​·​a·​nationally·​determined·​contribution·​as·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​4,​·​paragraph·​2,​·​and/​or·​a·​national·​communication.​
289 175
290 **Scale**176 12.​·​The·​adaptation·​communications·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​10·​of·​this·​Article·​shall·​be·​recorded·​in·​a·​public·​registry·​maintained·​by·​the·​secretariat.​
291 177
292 4.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​The·​mobilization·​of·​climate·​finance·​[shall][should]·​be·​scaled·​up·​in·​a·​predictable·​and·transparent·manner·​[beyond·previous·efforts]·​[from·USD·100·billion·per·year]·​from·2020[,​·​recognizing·​the·​important·​role·​of·​the·​Green·​Climate·​Fund·​in·​the·​scaling·​up·​of·​financial·​resources·​for·​the·​implementation·​of·this·agreement,​·as·​well·​as·​other·​multilateral·​mechanisms·​and·other·efforts].​178 13.​·​Continuous·​and·enhanced·international·support·shall·be·provided·to·developing·country·Parties·​for·​the·​implementation·​of·paragraphs·7,​·9,​·​10·​and·11·of·​this·​Article,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​provisions·​of·​Articles·​9,​·​10·​and·​11.​
293 179
294 ····​**Option·​2:​**·The·provision·and·mobilization·​of·​financial·​resources·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties·​and·​other·​developed·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​shall·​represent·​a·​progression·​beyond·​their·​previous·​efforts·​with·​clearly·​identified·​pathways·​to·​annual·​expected·​levels·​of·​available·​resources·​towards·​achieving·​short-​term·​collective·​quantified·​goals·​for·​the·​post·​2020·​period·​to·​be·​periodically·​established·​and·​reviewed.​·​Financial·​resources·​shall·​be·​scaled·​up·​from·​a·​floor·​of·​US$100·​billion·​per·​year,​·​including·​a·​clear·​burden-​sharing·​formula,​·​and·​in·​line·​with·​needs·​and·​priorities·​identified·​by·​developing·​country·​Parties·​in·​the·​context·​of·​contributing·​to·​the·​achievement·​of·​the·​purpose·​as·​defined·​in·​Article·2·​of·​this·​Agreement.​·​It·​shall·take·​into·​account·​an·​equitable·​regional·​distribution·​of·​financial·​resources·​and·​a·​gender-​sensitive·​approach,​·​and·​include·​the·​implementation·​of·​Articles·​5·​and·​6·​of·​the·​Convention.​180 14.​·The·global·stocktake·referred·​to·​in·​Article·14·​shall,​·inter·alia:​
295 181
296 ····​**Option·3:​**·​As·part·​of·a·shared·​mobilization·​effort·​Parties·​should,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​paragraphs·​X-​Y,​·​enhance·​the·​scale·​and·​effectiveness·​of·​climate·​finance·​by:​·​mobilizing·​climate·​finance·​from·​a·​wide·​variety·​of·​instruments·​and·​channels;​·​provide,​·​when·​in·​a·​position·​to·​do·​so,​·​support·​to·​developing·​countries·​in·​need·​of·​support;​·​appropriately·​prioritize·​support;​·​improve·​enabling·​environments;​·​integrate·​climate·​considerations·​into·​international·​development·​assistance;​·​and·​reduce·​international·​support·​for·​high-​emissions·​investments.​182 ····​1.​·​Recognize·adaptation·efforts·​of·​developing·country·Parties;​
183 ····​2.​·​Enhance·​the·​implementation·​of·​adaptation·​action·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​adaptation·​communication·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​10·​of·​this·​Article;​
184 ····​3.​·​Review·​the·​adequacy·​and·​effectiveness·​of·​adaptation·​and·​support·​provided·​for·​adaptation;​·​and
185 ····​4.​·​Review·​the·​overall·​progress·​made·​in·​achieving·​the·​global·​goal·​on·​adaptation·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​1·​of·​this·​Article.​
297 186
298 **Balance·mitigation·​–·​adaptation**187 ##·​Article·8
299 188
300 5.​·The·provision·​of·scaled-​up·​financial·​resources·​should·​aim·​to·​achieve·​a·​balance·​between·​adaptation·​and·mitigation,​·​taking·into·​account·​country-​driven·​strategies,​·​and·​the·​priorities·​and·needs·of·developing·​country·​Parties,​·​especially·​those·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable·​to·​the·​adverse·​effects·​of·​climate·​change,​·​[including·LDCs,​·​SIDS,​·​and·Africa],​·​considering·​the·need·for·public·​and·grant-​based·​resources·​for·​adaptation.​189 1.​·Parties·recognize·​the·importance·​of·averting,​·minimizing·and·addressing·loss·and·damage·associated·​with·​the·​adverse·​effects·​of·​climate·​change,​·including·extreme·weather·events·​and·slow·onset·events,​·​and·the·​role·​of·​sustainable·​development·​in·​reducing·​the·​risk·​of·​loss·​and·​damage.​
301 190
302 **Loss·​and·damage**191 2.​·​The·​Warsaw·​International·​Mechanism·​for·Loss·​and·Damage·​associated·​with·​Climate·​Change·​Impacts·​shall·​be·​subject·​to·​the·​authority·​and·​guidance·​of·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement·​and·​may·​be·​enhanced·​and·​strengthened,​·​as·​determined·​by·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement.​
303 192
304 6.​·The·CMA·shall·ensure·that·​adequate·​support·is·​available·​to·​the·​International·​Mechanism·​to·address·​Loss·​and·Damage·as·defined·​in·​Article·​(XX)​,​·​as·​well·​as·​to·​promote·​and·​support·​the·development·and·​implementation·​of·​approaches·​to·​address·​irreversible·​and·​permanent·​damage·​resulting·​from·​human-​induced·​climate·​change.​193 3.​·Parties·should·enhance·understanding,​·​action·​and·​support,​·​including·​through·​the·Warsaw·​International·​Mechanism,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​on·​a·​cooperative·​and·facilitative·basis·with·​respect·​to·loss·​and·​damage·associated·with·the·​adverse·​effects·​of·​climate·​change.​
305 194
306 **Communication**195 4.​·​Accordingly,​·​areas·​of·​cooperation·​and·​facilitation·​to·​enhance·​understanding,​·​action·​and·​support·​may·​include:​
307 196
308 7.​·​**Option·1:​**·​[Developed·country]·​Parties·​[and·​other·​developed·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II]·​[shall][should]·​[periodically][bienni​ally]·​communicate·​[relevant,​·​indicative]·​information·​on·​[the·​[provision]·​[and·​mobilization]·​[and·​implementation]·​of·​[financial·​resources][support·​to·​developing·​countries],​·​including·​[available]·​quantitative·​and·​qualitative·​information·​on·​the]·​projected·​[efforts·​to·​mobilize·​[and·​attract]·​climate·​finance][levels·​of·​public·​[climate·​finance][financial·​resources·​to·​be·​provided·​to·​developing·​country·​Parties].​197 ····​1.​·​Early·​warning·​systems;​
198 ····​2.​·​Emergency·​preparedness;​
199 ····​3.​·​Slow·​onset·​events;​
200 ····​4.​·​Events·​that·​may·​involve·​irreversible·​and·​permanent·​loss·​and·​damage;​
201 ····​5.​·​Comprehensive·​risk·​assessment·​and·​management;​
202 ····​6.​·​Risk·​insurance·​facilities,​·​climate·​risk·​pooling·​and·​other·​insurance·​solutions;​
203 ····​7.​·​Non-​economic·​losses;​
204 ····​8.​·​Resilience·​of·​communities,​·​livelihoods·​and·​ecosystems
309 205
310 ····​**Option·2:​**·​Developed·country·Parties·​and·other·developed·Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​shall·​biennially·​communicate·​on·​the·provision·​and·mobilization·of·financial·​resources,​·​including·​quantitative·​and·​qualitative·​information·​on·​the·projected·​levels·​of·​public·​financial·​resources·​to·​be·​provided·​to·​developing·​country·​Parties.​206 5.​·​The·Warsaw·International·Mechanism·​shall·collaborate·with·existing·bodies·​and·expert·groups·under·​the·Agreement,​·​as·well·as·relevant·organizations·and·expert·bodies·outside·the·Agreement.​
311 207
312 ····​**Option·3:​**·​Parties·​should·​periodically·​communicate·​relevant,​·​indicative·​information·​about·​their·​plans·​related·​to·​paragraphs·​X-​Y,​·​as·​appropriate.​208 ##·​Article·9
313 209
314 **Stocktake**210 1.​·​Developed·​country·​Parties·​shall·​provide·​financial·​resources·​to·​assist·​developing·​country·​Parties·​with·​respect·​to·​both·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​in·​continuation·​of·​their·​existing·​obligations·​under·​the·​Convention.​
315 211
316 8.​·The·stocktake·​shall·​take·​into·​account·​available·​information·​by·​[developed·​country]·Parties·and·Agreement·​bodies·​on·​efforts·​related·​to·climate·finance.​·​{Note:​·​Pending·outcome·of·discussions·on·Article·10}212 2.​·Other·​Parties·are·encouraged·​to·provide·or·continue·to·provide·such·support·voluntarily.​
317 213
318 **MRV**214 3.​·​As·​part·​of·​a·​global·​effort,​·​developed·​country·​Parties·​should·​continue·​to·​take·​the·​lead·​in·​mobilizing·​climate·​finance·​from·​a·​wide·​variety·​of·​sources,​·​instruments·​and·​channels,​·​noting·​the·​significant·​role·​of·​public·​funds,​·​through·​a·​variety·​of·​actions,​·​including·​supporting·​country-​driven·​strategies,​·​and·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​needs·​and·​priorities·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties.​·​Such·​mobilization·​of·​climate·​finance·​should·​represent·​a·​progression·​beyond·​previous·​efforts.​
319 215
320 9.​·Transparent,​·complete,​·​consistent,​·​comparable,​·​and·accurate·information·on·support·for·​developing·​country·​Parties·provided,​·mobilized·through·​public·interventions·and·received·shall·​[regularly][bienniall​y]·​be·provided·by·​[X]·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​modalities,​·​procedures·​and·​guidelines·​to·​be·​adopted·​at·​the·​CMA,​·​at·​its·​first·​session,​·​as·​stipulated·​in·​Article·​9,​·​paragraph·​8.​·​{Note:​·​pending·​outcome·​of·​Article·​9}216 4.​·The·​provision·​of·​scaled-​up·​financial·​resources·​should·​aim·​to·​achieve·​a·​balance·​between·​adaptation·​and·​mitigation,​·taking·​into·​account·​country-​driven·​strategies,​·​and·the·priorities·and·needs·of·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·especially·those·that·are·particularly·vulnerable·​to·​the·adverse·effects·​of·climate·change·​and·​have·​significant·​capacity·​constraints,​·​such·​as·​the·​least·​developed·​countries·​and·​small·​island·​developing·​States,​·​considering·​the·​need·​for·​public·​and·​grant-​based·​resources·​for·​adaptation.​
321 217
322 **Financial·​Mechanism**218 5.​·​Developed·country·​Parties·​shall·​biennially·​communicate·​indicative·​quantitative·​and·​qualitative·​information·​related·​to·​paragraphs·​1·​and·​3·​of·​this·​Article,​·​as·​applicable,​·​including,​·​as·​available,​·​projected·​levels·​of·​public·​financial·​resources·​to·​be·​provided·​to·​developing·​country·​Parties.​·​Other·​Parties·​providing·​resources·​are·​encouraged·​to·​communicate·​biennially·​such·​information·​on·​a·​voluntary·​basis.​
323 219
324 10.​·​The·Financial·Mechanism·of·​the·Convention,​·​including·its·operating·entities,​·​shall·serve·as·the·financial·​mechanism·​of·​this·​Agreement.​220 6.​·​The·global·stocktake·referred·​to·​in·​Article·​14·​shall·​take·​into·​account·​the·relevant·information·provided·by·developed·country·Parties·and/​or·​Agreement·​bodies·​on·​efforts·​related·​to·​climate·​finance.​
325 221
326 11.​·The·CMA·​shall·​provide·guidance·​to·​the·entities·entrusted·with·the·operation·of·the·Financial·Mechanism·of·the·Convention·on·​the·​policies,​·​programme·​priorities·​and·​eligibility·​criteria·​related·​to·this·Agreement,​·​through·​the·​COP.​222 7.​·Developed·country·​Parties·​shall·​provide·transparent·and·consistent·information·on·​support·​for·​developing·​country·​Parties·​provided·​and·​mobilized·​through·​public·​interventions·​biennially·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·modalities,​·​procedures·​and·​guidelines·​to·​be·​adopted·​by·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·Parties·serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·Parties·​to·the·​Paris·​Agreement,​·at·its·first·​session,​·​as·​stipulated·​in·​Article·​13,​·​paragraph·​13.​·​Other·​Parties·​are·​encouraged·​to·​do·​so.​
327 223
328 **Access**224 8.​·​The·​Financial·​Mechanism·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​including·​its·​operating·​entities,​·​shall·​serve·​as·​the·​financial·​mechanism·​of·​this·​Agreement.​
329 225
330 12.​·​The·​Financial·​Mechanism·​of·​the·​Convention,​·and·​its·​operating·​entities,​·​serving·​the·​Agreement·shall·​aim·​to·​ensure·​efficient·​access·​to·​support·​for·​developing·​country·​Parties.​226 9.​·​The·​institutions·​serving·​this·​Agreement,​·​including·​the·​operating·​entities·​of·​the·​Financial·​Mechanism·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​shall·​aim·​to·​ensure·​efficient·​access·​to·financial·​resources·​through·​simplified·​approval·​procedures·​and·​enhanced·​readiness·support·​for·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·​in·​particular·​for·​the·​least·​developed·​countries·​and·​small·​island·​developing·​States,​·​in·​the·​context·​of·​their·​national·​climate·​strategies·​and·​plans.​
331 227
332 13.​·​[The·​[stocktake·​shall·​take·​into·​account·​available·​information·​by·​[developed·​country]·​Parties·​and·​Agreement·​bodies·​on·​efforts·​related·​to·​climate·​finance][CMA·​shall·​facilitate·​the·​communication·​of·​finance·​efforts·​for·​the·​stocktake·​referred·​to·​in·Article·​10,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​[annual·​reports][biennial·​assessment]·​of·​the·​Standing·​Committee·​on·​Finance].​]·​{Pending·​outcome·​of·​discussions·​on·​Article·​10}228 ##·Article·​10
333 229
334 *Note:​·​A·joint·submission·was·received·from·Turkey·​and·Ukraine·for·Art·​2.​bis·​“Parties·​with·​special·​circumstances·​have·​been·​recognized·​by·​the·​COP·​and·​other·​Parties·​that·​are·​undergoing·​the·​process·​of·​transition·​to·market·economy,​·​shall·​have·​access·​to·​financial·​support,​·​including·​for·​the·​transfer·​of·​technology,​·​under·​the·​Agreement·​to·​enhance·​implementation·​of·​the·​policies·​and·​strategies·​in·​relation·​to·​climate·​change·for·action.​*230 1.​·Parties·share·a·long-​term·vision·on·​the·importance·​of·fully·realizing·​technology·development·​and·transfer·​in·order·​to·​improve·​resilience·​to·​climate·​change·and·to·​reduce·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions.​
335 231
336 ##·​Article·7·​*(technology·​development·​and·​transfer)​*232 2.​·​Parties,​·​noting·the·​importance·​of·​technology·​for·​the·​implementation·​of·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​actions·​under·​this·​Agreement·​and·​recognizing·​existing·​technology·​deployment·​and·​dissemination·​efforts,​·​shall·​strengthen·​cooperative·​action·​on·technology·​development·​and·​transfer.​
337 233
338 1.​·All·Parties[,​·​in·accordance·with·the·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​in·particular·Article·​4·​[and·​Article·​11]],​·​noting·​the·​importance·​of·​technology·​for·​the·​implementation·​of·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​actions·​under·​this·​Agreement·​and·​recognizing·​existing·​deployment·​and·​dissemination·​efforts,​·​[shall][should]·​strengthen234 3.​·The·Technology·Mechanism·established·under·​the·​Convention·shall·serve·​this·​Agreement
339 cooperative·​action·​[to·​accelerate·​and·​upscale]·​[on]·​[technology·​development·​and·​transfer]·​[through]·​[,​·​inter·​alia:​
340 235
341 ······​1.​·​[Improving·endogenous·capacities·and·enabling·environments·​according·​to·nationally·determined·needs·and·priorities,​·​in·accordance·with·​Article·​4,​·​paragraph·​5,​·of·​the·Convention];​236 4.​·​A·technology·framework·is·hereby·established·​to·provide·overarching·guidance·to·the·work·​of·​the·Technology·​Mechanism·​in·​promoting·​and·​facilitating·​enhanced·​action·​on·​technology·​development·​and·​transfer·​in·​order·​to·​support·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​in·​pursuit·​of·​the·​long-​term·​vision·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​1·​of·​this·​Article.​
342 ······​2.​·​[Addressing·​barriers·​[in·​accessing·​to][for]·​the·​transfer·​of·​safe,​·​appropriate·​and·​environmentally·​and·​socially·​sound·​technologies·​[by·​developing·​countries];​]
343 ······​3.​·​Fostering·​cooperative·​approaches·​to·​research·​and·​development].​
344 237
345 2.​·Parties·share·a·​long-​term·vision·on·​the·​importance·​of·​fully·​realizing·​technology·​development·​and·​transfer·​in·​order·​to·​improve·​resilience·​to·​climate·​change·​and·​to·reduce·greenhouse·gas·emissions.​238 5.​·Accelerating,​·​encouraging·and·enabling·innovation·​is·​critical·​for·​an·​effective,​·long-​term·global·response·​to·​climate·​change·​and·promoting·​economic·​growth·​and·​sustainable·​development.​·​Such·​effort·​shall·​be,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​supported,​·​including·​by·​the·​Technology·​Mechanism·​and,​·​through·​financial·​means,​·​by·​the·​Financial·​Mechanism·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​for·​collaborative·​approaches·to·research·and·development,​·​and·facilitating·​access·​to·​technology,​·​in·​particular·​for·​early·​stages·​of·​the·​technology·​cycle,​·​to·​developing·​country·​Parties.​
346 239
347 3.​·A·technology·framework·is·hereby·​established·​to·provide·overarching·guidance·to·​the·work·​of·the·Technology·Mechanism·in·promoting·​and·​facilitating·​enhanced·​action·​on·​technology·​development·​and·​transfer·in·order·to·​support·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​in·​pursuit·​of·​the·long-​term·vision·​referred·​to·​in·paragraph·2·of·this·Article.​240 6.​·Support,​·​including·financial·support,​·​shall·be·provided·​to·developing·country·Parties·for·​the·implementation·​of·this·Article,​·​including·for·strengthening·cooperative·​action·​on·​technology·​development·​and·​transfer·at·different·stages·​of·​the·technology·cycle,​·​with·​a·​view·​to·​achieving·​a·​balance·​between·​support·​for·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation.​·​The·​global·​stocktake·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​14·​shall·​take·​into·​account·​available·​information·​on·​efforts·​related·​to·​support·​on·​technology·​development·​and·​transfer·​for·​developing·​country·​Parties.​
348 241
349 4.​·​Accelerating,​·​encouraging·and·​enabling·​innovation·​is·​critical·​for·​an·​effective,​·​long-​term·​global·​response·​to·​climate·​change·​and·​providing·​affordable·​and·​reliable·​energy·​access·​and·​promoting·​economic·​development.​·​Such·​effort·​shall·​be·​supported,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​by·​the·​Technology·​Mechanism·​and·​Financial·​Mechanism·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​for·​research·​and·​development,​·​collaborative·​approaches,​·​and·​[meeting·​the·​cost·​of·​the·​transfer·​of][facilitating·​access·​to]·​technology,​·​in·​particular·​for·​early·​stages·​of·​the·​technology·​cycle,​·​to·​developing·​countries.​242 ##·​Article·​11
350 243
351 5.​··​The·Technology·​Mechanism·​shall·​serve·​this·​Agreement.​244 1.​·​Capacity-​building·under·​this·​Agreement·​should·​enhance·​the·​capacity·​and·​ability·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·​in·​particular·​countries·​with·​the·​least·​capacity,​·​such·​as·​the·​least·​developed·​countries,​·​and·​those·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable·​to·​the·​adverse·​effects·​of·​climate·​change,​·​such·​as·​small·​island·​developing·​States,​·​to·​take·​effective·​climate·​change·​action,​·​including,​·​inter·​alia,​·​to·​implement·​adaptation·​and·​mitigation·​actions,​·​and·​should·​facilitate·​technology·​development,​·​dissemination·​and·​deployment,​·​access·​to·​climate·​finance,​·​relevant·​aspects·​of·​education,​·​training·​and·​public·​awareness,​·​and·​the·​transparent,​·​timely·​and·​accurate·​communication·​of·​information.​
352 245
353 6.​·Developing·​country·​Parties·are·​eligible·​for·​support·​in·​the·implementation·of·this·Article.​246 2.​·Capacity-​building·​should·​be·​country-​driven,​·​based·​on·​and·​responsive·​to·​national·​needs,​·​and·​foster·​country·​ownership·​of·​Parties,​·​in·​particular,​·​for·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·​including·at·​the·national,​·​subnational·and·local·levels.​·​Capacity-​building·​should·​be·​guided·​by·​lessons·​learned,​·​including·​those·​from·​capacity-​building·​activities·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​and·​should·​be·​an·​effective,​·​iterative·​process·​that·​is·​participatory,​·​cross-​cutting·​and·​gender-​responsive.​
354 247
355 7.​·​[In·accordance·with·Article·4,​·​paragraphs·3[·​and·​5][,​·​5·​and·​9],​·​of·​the·Convention,​]·​[developed·​country]·​[All]·​Parties·​[and·​other·​Parties·included·​in·​Annex·​II·to·the·​Convention]·​shall·​provide·​support,​·​including·​financial·​support,​·​for·​strengthening·​cooperative·​action·​on·​technology·​development·​and·​transfer·​and·​for·​the·​implementation·​of·​the·​technology·​framework·​through·​the·​Technology·​Mechanism·​and·​the·​Financial·​Mechanism.​·​[The·​overall·​implementation·​of·​the·​commitments·​will·​be·​assessed·​periodically·​through·​a·​global·​stocktake·​in·​accordance·​with·​Article·​10·​of·​this·​Agreement.​]·Parties·shall·regularly·communicate·the·progress·​in·implementing·the·provision·​of·​support·​[in·​a·​measurable,​·​reportable·​and·​verifiable·​manner]·​[in·​accordance·​with·​Articles·​6·​and·​9·​of·​this·​Agreement].​248 3.​·All·​Parties·should·cooperate·​to·enhance·​the·capacity·​of·developing·country·Parties·to·implement·​this·​Agreement.​·​Developed·​country·Parties·should·enhance·support·for·capacity-​building·​actions·​in·developing·country·Parties.​
356 249
357 ##·​Article·8·​*(capacity-​building)​*250 4.​·​All·Parties·​enhancing·​the·​capacity·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties·​to·​implement·​this·​Agreement,​·​including·​through·​regional,​·​bilateral·​and·​multilateral·​approaches,​·​shall·​regularly·​communicate·​on·​these·​actions·​or·​measures·​on·capacity-​building.​·​Developing·​country·​Parties·​should·​regularly·​communicate·​progress·​made·​on·​implementing·​capacity-​building·​plans,​·​policies,​·​actions·​or·​measures·​to·​implement·​this·​Agreement.​
358 251
359 1.​·​Capacity-​building·under·​this·​Agreement·​should·​enhance·​the·capacity·and·ability·of·​[countries]·​[developing·country·​Parties,​·​in·​particular·​countries·​with·​the·least·capacity,​·​such·as·LDCs·and·SIDS·​and·​African·​countries·​[,​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·​the·Convention]]·to·take·effective·climate·change·action,​·including,​·​inter·​alia,​·​to·​implement·​adaptation·​and·mitigation·actions,​·​and·facilitate·technology·​development,​·​dissemination·​and·​deployment,​·​access·​to·​climate·​finance,​·​relevant·​aspects·​of·​education,​·​training·​and·​public·​awareness,​·​and·​the·transparent,​·​timely·and·accurate·communication·of·​information.​252 5.​·​Capacity-​building·activities·​shall·​be·​enhanced·​through·​appropriate·​institutional·​arrangements·​to·​support·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​including·​the·appropriate·institutional·arrangements·established·under·​the·Convention·that·serve·this·Agreement.​·​The·Conference·​of·​the·Parties·serving·as·​the·meeting·​of·the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement·​shall,​·​at·​its·​first·​session,​·​consider·​and·​adopt·​a·​decision·​on·​the·​initial·​institutional·​arrangements·​for·​capacity-​building.​
360 253
361 2.​·​Capacity-​building·should·​be·​country-​driven,​·​based·​on·​and·​responsive·​to·​national·​needs,​·​and·​foster·​country·​ownership·​of·​Parties,​·​[in·​particular,​·​for·​developing·​country·​Parties,​]·​including·​at·​the·​national,​·​subnational·​and·​local·​levels.​·​Capacity-​building·​should·​be·​guided·​by·​lessons·​learned,​·​including·​those·​from·​capacity-​building·​activities·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​and·​should·​be·​an·​effective,​·​iterative·​process·​that·​is·​participatory,​·​cross-​cutting·​and·​gender-​responsive.​254 ##·​Article·​12
362 255
363 3.​·​All·Parties·should·​cooperate·​to·​enhance·​the·capacity·​of·developing·country·Parties·​to·implement·​this·​Agreement.​·​Developed·​country·​Parties·​should·​enhance·​support·​for·​actions·​for·​capacity-​building·​in·​developing·​countries.​256 Parties·shall·​cooperate·in·​taking·​measures,​·​as·​appropriate,​·to·​enhance·climate·change·education,​·​training,​·​public·awareness,​·​public·participation·and·​public·​access·​to·information,​·​recognizing·​the·​importance·​of·​these·​steps·​with·​respect·​to·​enhancing·​actions·​under·​this·​Agreement.​
364 257
365 4.​·​All·​Parties·​enhancing·​the·​capacity·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties·​to·​implement·​this·​Agreement,​·​including·​through·​regional,​·​bilateral·​and·​multilateral·​approaches,​·​shall·​regularly·​communicate·​on·​these·​actions·​or·​measures·​on·​capacity-​building.​·​Developing·​country·​Parties·​shall·​regularly·​communicate·​progress·​made·​on·​implementing·​capacity-​building·​plans,​·​policies,​·​actions·​or·​measures·​to·​implement·​this·​Agreement.​·​*{Note:​·​pending·​on·Article·9}*258 ##·Article·13
366 259
367 5.​·Capacity-​building·activities·shall·be·​enhanced·through·appropriate·​institutional·​arrangements·​to·​support·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​including·​the·​appropriate·​institutional·​arrangements·​established·​under·​the·​Convention·​that·​serve·​this·​Agreement·​[to·​the·​extent·​that·​they·​serve·​this·​Agreement].​·​The·​CMA·​shall·​decide·​on·​the·​initial·​institutional·​arrangements·​for·capacity-​building·at·its·first·session.​260 1.​·In·order·​to·build·mutual·trust·and·confidence·and·​to·promote·effective·implementation,​·​an·enhanced·transparency·framework·​for·action·and·support,​·​with·built-​in·flexibility·​which·​takes·​into·​account·​Parties'·​different·​capacities·​and·​builds·​upon·​collective·​experience·​is·​hereby·​established.​
368 261
369 ##·Article·8·bis262 2.​·​The·​transparency·​framework·​shall·​provide·​flexibility·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·​the·​provisions·​of·​this·Article·to·those·​developing·​country·​Parties·​that·​need·​it·​in·​the·​light·​of·​their·​capacities.​·​The·​modalities,​·​procedures·​and·​guidelines·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​13·​of·​this·​Article·​shall·​reflect·​such·​flexibility.​
370 263
371 Parties·​shall·cooperate·in·taking·​measures,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​to·​enhance·climate·change·education,​·​training,​·​public·awareness,​·​public·participation·and·​public·​access·​to·​information,​·​recognizing·​the·importance·​of·these·steps·with·respect·to·enhancing·actions·under·this·Agreement.​264 3.​·​The·​transparency·​framework·​shall·build·on·​and·enhance·the·transparency·arrangements·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​recognizing·​the·special·​circumstances·​of·the·least·developed·countries·and·small·island·developing·States,​·​and·be·​implemented·​in·​a·​facilitative,​·​non-​intrusive,​·​non-​punitive·​manner,​·​respectful·​of·​national·​sovereignty,​·​and·​avoid·​placing·​undue·​burden·​on·​Parties.​
372 265
373 ##·​Article·​9·​*(transparency)​*266 4.​·​The·​transparency·​arrangements·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​including·​national·​communications,​·​biennial·​reports·​and·​biennial·​update·​reports,​·​international·​assessment·​and·​review·​and·​international·​consultation·​and·​analysis,​·​shall·​form·​part·​of·​the·​experience·​drawn·​upon·​for·​the·​development·​of·​the·​modalities,​·​procedures·​and·​guidelines·​under·​paragraph·​13·​of·​this·​Article.​
374 267
375 1.​·​**Option·1:​**·​A·​robust·​transparency·​framework·​covering·​both·​action·​and·​support,​·​differentiated·​between·​developed·​and·​developing·​countries,​·​building·​on·​the·​arrangements·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​related·​decisions·​of·​the·COP·​and·mechanisms·established·by·​the·Cancun·Agreements·​(decision·1/​CP.​16)​,​·​applicable·to·all·​Parties,​·​and·​providing·​flexibility·​to·​developing·​countries·​is·​hereby·​established.​268 5.​·​The·purpose·​of·​the·framework·for·transparency·of·action·​is·to·provide·​a·​clear·​understanding·​of·​climate·​change·​action·​in·​the·​light·​of·​the·​objective·​of·​the·​Convention·​as·​set·​out·​in·​its·​Article·​2,​·​including·​clarity·​and·​tracking·​of·​progress·​towards·​achieving·​Parties'·​individual·​nationally·​determined·​contributions·​under·​Article·​4,​·​and·​Parties'·​adaptation·​actions·​under·​Article·​7,​·​including·​good·​practices,​·​priorities,​·​needs·​and·​gaps,​·​to·​inform·​the·​global·​stocktake·​under·​Article·​14.​
376 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​A·​unified·​and·​robust·​transparency·​framework,​·​covering·​both·​action·​and·​support,​·​with·​built-​in·​flexibility·​to·​take·​into·​account·​Parties’·​differing·​capacities,​·​and·​applicable·​to·​all·​Parties·​is·​hereby·​established.​
377 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​Building·​on·​existing·​arrangements·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​a·​transparency·​framework·​for·​action·​and·​support·​that·​takes·​into·​account·​Parties·​different·​capacities·​and·​is·​applicable·​to·​all·​Parties·​is·​hereby·​established.​
378 269
379 2.​·​The·transparency·​framework·​shall·​provide·​flexibility·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·​the·provisions·​of·this·Article·​to·developing·country·​Parties·​in·​the·light·​of·their·capabilities.​·​The·modalities,​·procedures·​and·guidelines·​referred·to·in·paragraph·8·​of·this·​Article·shall·​reflect·​such·​flexibility.​270 6.​·​The·purpose·​of·​the·framework·​for·​transparency·​of·support·is·​to·provide·clarity·​on·​support·​provided·​and·​received·​by·​relevant·​individual·​Parties·​in·​the·context·​of·climate·change·actions·​under·​Articles·​4,​·7,​·​9,​·​10·​and·11,​·​and,​·to·the·extent·possible,​·​to·​provide·​a·​full·​overview·​of·aggregate·​financial·​support·​provided,​·​to·​inform·​the·​global·​stocktake·​under·​Article·14.​
380 271
381 3.​·The·transparency·​framework·​shall·be·guided·​by·​the·principles·of·​the·​Convention·​and·​building·​on·​the·​provisions·​and·​arrangements·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​recognizing·​the·​special·​circumstances·​of·​the·​least·​developed·​countries·​and·​small·​island·​developing·​States,​·​and·​be·​implemented·​in·​a·​facilitative,​·​non-​intrusive,​·​non-​punitive·​manner,​·​respectful·​of·​national·​sovereignty,​·​and·​avoid·​placing·​undue·​burden·​on·​Parties·​and·​the·​secretariat.​272 7.​·Each·Party·​shall·regularly·provide·​the·following·information:​
382 273
383 4.​·The·purpose·​of·​the·system·for·transparency·​of·action·is·​to:​274 ·1.​·​A·​national·​inventory·​report·​of·​anthropogenic·​emissions·​by·​sources·​and·​removals·​by·​sinks·​of·​greenhouse·​gases,​·​prepared·​using·​good·​practice·​methodologies·​accepted·​by·​the·​Intergovernmental·​Panel·​on·​Climate·​Change·​and·​agreed·​upon·​by·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·Parties·serving·as·​the·​meeting·​of·the·Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement;​
384 ····​1.​·​Provide·​a·​clear·​understanding·​of·​climate·​change·​actions·​in·​the·​light·​of·​the·​objective·​as·​set·​by·​Article·​2·​of·​the·​Convention;​
385 ····​2.​·​Provide·​a·​clear·​understanding·​of·​the·​anthropogenic·​emissions·​by·​sources·​and·​removals·​by·​sinks·​of·​individual·​Parties;​
386 ····​3.​·​Facilitate·​understanding·​of·​global·​aggregate·​emissions·​and·​removals·​to·​inform·​the·​global·​stocktake·​under·​Article·​10;​
387 ····​4.​·​Ensure·​clarity·​and·​tracking·​of·​progress·​made·​towards·​*{insert·​the·​relevant·​phrase·​from·​outcome·​of·​Article·​3.​2}·​and·​achieving·​individual·​Parties’·​respective·​mitigation·​{insert·​the·​relevant·​phrase·​from·​outcome·​of·​Article·​3.​2}*·​under·​Article·​3;​
388 ····​5.​·​Provide·​clarity·​on·​Parties’·​adaptation·​actions·​under·​Article·​4,​·​including·​good·​practices,​·​priorities,​·​needs·​and·​gaps.​
389 275
390 5.​·The·purpose·​of·​the·​framework·​for·​transparency·​of·​support·​is·​to:​276 ·2.​·​Information·necessary·​to·​track·​progress·​made·​in·​implementing·​and·​achieving·​its·​nationally·​determined·​contribution·​under·​Article·​4.​
391 ····​1.​·​Provide·​a·​clear·​understanding·​of·​the·​support·​provided·​and·​received·​by·​relevant·​individual·​Parties·​in·​the·​context·​of·​climate·​change·​actions·​under·​Articles·​3·​and·​4;​
392 ····​2.​·​Achieve,​·​to·​the·​extent·​possible,​·​a·​full·​overview·​of·​aggregate·​financial·​support·​provided,​·​to·​inform·​the·​global·​stocktake·​under·​Article·​10;​
393 ····​3.​·​Ensure·​clarity·​and·​tracking·​of·​progress·​made·​in·​providing·​support·​in·​accordance·​with·​Articles·​6,​·​7·​and·​8;​
394 ····​4.​·​Ensure·​clarity·​and·​tracking·​of·​progress·​made·​in·​providing·​support·​in·​accordance·​with·​Articles·​6,​·​7·​and·​8;​
395 ····​5.​·​Ensure·​the·​avoidance·​of·​double·​counting·​of·​financial·​resources·​provided.​
396 277
397 6.​·​Each·​Party·shall·regularly·​provide·the·​following·information·in·​accordance·​with·​guidelines·​referred·​to·in·paragraph·6·of·this·​Article:​278 8.​·​Each·​Party·should·also·​provide·​information·related·​to·climate·change·impacts·and·adaptation·​under·​Article·​7,​·​as·​appropriate.​
398 ····​1.​·​Its·​national·​inventory·​of·​anthropogenic·​emissions·​by·​sources·​and·​removals·​by·​sinks·​of·​greenhouse·​gases;​
399 ····​2.​·​Projections·​of·​anthropogenic·​emissions·​by·​sources·​and·​removals·​by·​sinks·​of·​greenhouse·​gas;​
400 ····​3.​·​Progress·​made·​towards·​achieving·​individual·​Parties'·​respective·​mitigation·····​*{insert·​the·​relevant·​phrase·​from·​outcome·​of·​Article·​3.​2}*·​under·​Article·​3·​including·​information·​specific·​to·​type·​of·​*{insert·​the·​relevant·​phrase·​from·​outcome·​of·​Article·​3.​2};​*
401 ····​4.​·​Climate·​change·​impacts·​and·​actions·​taken·​to·​build·​resilience·​and·​reduce·​vulnerability,​·​and·​progress·​on·​adaptation·​actions·​under·​Article·​4;​
402 ····​5.​·​Support·​provided·​and·​received,​·​as·​relevant,​·​*including·​specific·​information·​required·​under·​Article·​6.​13,​·​6.​14,​·​7·​and·​8.​*
403 279
404 7.​·​**Option·1:​**·​The·​information·​provided·by·each·Party·as·​required·​under·this·Article·shall·​be·​subject·​to·​a·​technical·​expert·​review,​·in·​accordance·​with·​guidelines·​and·procedures·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA,​·​with·​additional·​flexibility·​to·​be·​given·​to·​LDCs·​and·​SIDS.​280 9.​·​Developed·country·​Parties·​shall,​·​and·​other·​Parties·​that·​provide·​support·​should,​·​provide·​information·on·financial,​·technology·transfer·​and·capacity-​building·support·provided·​to·developing·country·Parties·under·​Article·​9,​·​10·​and·11.​
405 The·​review·​shall·​provide·​a·​thorough,​·​objective·​and·​comprehensive·​technical·​assessment·​of·​the·​Party’s·​implementation·​and·​achievement·​of·​its·​nationally·​determined·​mitigation·​*{insert·​the·​relevant·​phrase·​from·​outcome·​of·​Article·​3.​2}*·​and·​other·​requirements·​of·​the·​Agreement,​·​analyze·​the·​extent·​to·​which·​the·​Parties·​reporting·​is·​in·​line·​with·​the·​guidelines·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA,​·​and·​identify·​any·​areas·​for·​improvement·​in·​reporting·​and·​possible·​capacity·​building,​·​in·​consultation·​with·​the·​Party·​concerned.​·​The·​technical·​expert·​review·​shall·​be·​carried·​out·​by·​an·​expert·​review·​team·​that·​shall·​produce·​a·​report,​·​to·​be·​consulted·​with·​the·​Party·​concerned,​·​for·​publication·​by·​the·​secretariat·​and·​consideration·​by·​the·​CMA.​·​The·​report·​shall·​identify·​any·​issues·​related·​to·​compliance·​in·​accordance·​with·​Article·​11.​·​A·​multilateral·​and·​facilitative·​examination·​shall·​consider·​the·​information·​above.​
406 281
407 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​All·​information·​provided·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties,​·​and·​shall·​be·​reviewed·​through·​a·​robust·​technical·​review·​process·​followed·​by·​a·​multilateral·​assessment·​process,​·​and·​result·​in·​a·​conclusion·​with·​consequences·​for·​compliance;​·​All·​the·​information·​provided·​by·​developing·​country·​Parties·​should·be·analyzed·through·a·technical·​analysis·​process·​followed·​by·​a·​multilateral·​facilitative·​sharing·​of·​views,​·​result·​in·​a·​summary·​report,​·​in·​a·​manner·​that·​is·​nonintrusive,​·​non-​punitive·​and·respectful·​of·​national·​sovereignty,​·​according·​to·​the·​level·​of·​support·​received·from·developed·country·Parties.​282 10.​·​Developing·​country·​Parties·​should·provide·information·on·financial,​·technology·transfer·​and·capacity-​building·​support·needed·​and·received·under·Articles·9,​·​10·and·​11.​
408 283
409 8.​·The·CMA·shall,​·​at·its·first·​session,​·​building·​on·​experience·​from·​the·​arrangements·​related·​to·​transparency·​under·the·Convention,​·and·elaborating·on·​the·​provisions·​in·​this·​Article,​·adopt·common·modalities,​·procedures·​and·guidelines,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​for·​the·​transparency·​of·action·and·support.​·​*{Placeholder·to·​revisit·​this·​para·​pending·​outcomes·​of·​discussion·​on·​accounting}*284 11.​·Information·submitted·by·each·Party·​under·paragraphs·7·and·9·of·​this·​Article·shall·undergo·a·technical·expert·​review,​·in·​accordance·​with·​decision·​1/​CP.​21.​·​For·​those·​developing·​country·​Parties·​that·​need·​it·​in·​the·light·​of·their·capacities,​·​the·review·process·shall·include·assistance·in·identifying·​capacity-​building·​needs.​·​In·​addition,​·​each·​Party·​shall·​participate·​in·​a·​facilitative,​·​multilateral·​consideration·​of·progress·with·respect·​to·​efforts·​under·​Article·​9,​·​and·​its·​respective·​implementation·​and·​achievement·​of·​its·​nationally·​determined·​contribution.​
410 285
411 9.​·​The·transparency·arrangements·​under·the·Convention,​·​including·national·​communications,​·​biennial·​reports·​and·​biennial·​update·​reports,​·​international·​assessment·​and·​review·​(IAR)​·​and·​international·​consultation·​and·​analysis·​(ICA)​,​·shall·form·part·​of·​the·experience·drawn·upon·​for·​the·development·​of·​modalities,​·​procedures·​and·​guidelines·under·​paragraph·8·​of·​this·​Article.​286 12.​·​The·technical·expert·​review·​under·this·paragraph·​shall·consist·of·​a·​consideration·​of·​the·Party's·support·provided,​·​as·​relevant,​·​and·​its·​implementation·​and·​achievement·​of·​its·​nationally·​determined·​contribution.​·​The·​review·​shall·​also·​identify·​areas·​of·​improvement·​for·​the·Party,​·​and·​include·​a·​review·​of·​the·​consistency·​of·​the·​information·​with·​the·​modalities,​·​procedures·​and·​guidelines·referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·13·​of·​this·​Article,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​flexibility·​accorded·​to·​the·​Party·​under·​paragraph·​2·​of·​this·​Article.​·​The·​review·​shall·​pay·​particular·​attention·​to·​the·​respective·​national·​capabilities·​and·​circumstances·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties.​
412 287
413 10.​·Support·shall·be·provided·​to·developing·countries·​for·​the·implementation·​of·paragraphs·​6·​and·7·​of·​this·​Article.​288 13.​·The·Conference·​of·the·Parties·serving·as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement·​shall,​·​at·​its·​first·​session,​·​building·​on·​experience·​from·​the·​arrangements·​related·​to·​transparency·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​and·​elaborating·​on·​the·​provisions·​in·​this·​Article,​·​adopt·​common·​modalities,​·​procedures·​and·​guidelines,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​for·​the·​transparency·​of·​action·​and·​support.​
414 289
415 11.​·Developed·​country·​Parties·​shall·provide·support·​to·​developing·country·Parties·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Article.​·​*{to·​be·​revised·​pending·​global·​solution·​in·​Article·​6}*290 14.​·Support·​shall·be·provided·​to·​developing·countries·for·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Article.​
416 291
417 12.​·​Support·​shall·​also·​be·​provided·​for·​the·​building·​of·​transparency-​related·​capacity·​of·​developing·countries·​on·​a·​continuous·​basis.​292 15.​·​Support·​shall·​also·​be·​provided·​for·​the·​building·​of·​transparency-​related·​capacity·​of·​developing·country·​Parties·​on·​a·​continuous·​basis.​
418 293
419 ##·​Article·10·​*(global·​stocktake)​*294 ##·​Article·14
420 295
421 1.​·​The·CMA·​shall·​periodically·​take·​stock·​of·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement·​to·​assess·​the·​collective·​progress·​towards·​achieving·​the·​purpose·​of·​this·​Agreement·​and·​its·​long-​term·​goals.​·It·​shall·​do·​so·​in·​a·​comprehensive·​and·​facilitative·​manner,​·​considering·​mitigation,​·​adaptation·​and·​the·​means·​of·​implementation·​and·​support,​·​and·​in·​light·​of·​the·​best·​available·​science·​[and·​equity].​296 1.​·​The·Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement·​shall·​periodically·​take·​stock·​of·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement·​to·​assess·​the·​collective·​progress·​towards·​achieving·​the·​purpose·​of·​this·​Agreement·​and·​its·​long-​term·​goals·​(referred·​to·​as·​the·​"global·​stocktake")​.​·It·​shall·​do·​so·​in·​a·​comprehensive·​and·​facilitative·​manner,​·​considering·​mitigation,​·​adaptation·​and·​the·​means·​of·​implementation·​and·​support,​·​and·​in·the·light·​of·​equity·​and·​the·​best·​available·​science.​
422 297
423 2.​·​The·CMA·​shall·​undertake·​its·​first·​global·​stocktake·​in·​[2023][2024]·and·​every·​five·​years·​thereafter·​unless·​otherwise·​decided·​by·​the·CMA.​298 2.​·​The·Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement·​shall·​undertake·​its·​first·​global·​stocktake·​in·2023·and·​every·​five·​years·​thereafter·​unless·​otherwise·​decided·​by·​the·Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement.​
424 299
425 3.​·​The·​outcome·​of·​the·​stocktake·​shall·​guide·​and·​inform·​Parties·​in·​updating·​and·​enhancing·​their·​actions·​and·​support,​·​in·​a·​nationally·​determined·​manner,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​relevant·​provisions·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​as·​well·​as·​in·​enhancing·​international·​cooperation·​for·​climate·​action.​300 3.​·​The·​outcome·​of·​the·global·stocktake·​shall·​inform·​Parties·​in·​updating·​and·​enhancing,​·​in·​a·​nationally·​determined·​manner,​·their·​actions·​and·​support·in·​accordance·​with·​the·​relevant·​provisions·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​as·​well·​as·​in·​enhancing·​international·​cooperation·​for·​climate·​action.​
426 301
427 ##·​Article·11·​*(facilitating·​implementation·​and·​compliance)​*302 ##·​Article·15
428 303
429 1.​·​A·​mechanism·​to·​facilitate·​implementation·​of·​[and·​promote·​compliance·​with]·the·​provisions·​of·​this·​Agreement·​is·​hereby·​established.​304 1.​·​A·​mechanism·​to·​facilitate·​implementation·​of·and·​promote·​compliance·​with·the·​provisions·​of·​this·​Agreement·​is·​hereby·​established.​
430 305
431 2.​·​The·​mechanism·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​1·​of·​this·​Article·​shall·​consist·​of·​a·​committee·​that·​shall·​be·​expert-​based·​and·​facilitative·​in·​nature·​and·​function·​in·​a·​manner·​that·​is·​transparent,​·​non-​adversarial,​·and·​non-​punitive.​·​The·​committee·​shall·​pay·​particular·​attention·​to·​the·​respective·​national·​capabilities·​and·​circumstances·​of·​Parties.​306 2.​·​The·​mechanism·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​1·​of·​this·​Article·​shall·​consist·​of·​a·​committee·​that·​shall·​be·​expert-​based·​and·​facilitative·​in·​nature·​and·​function·​in·​a·​manner·​that·​is·​transparent,​·​non-​adversarial·and·​non-​punitive.​·​The·​committee·​shall·​pay·​particular·​attention·​to·​the·​respective·​national·​capabilities·​and·​circumstances·​of·​Parties.​
432 307
433 3.​·​The·​committee·​shall·​operate·​under·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​adopted·​by·​the·CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session·​and·​report·​annually·​to·​the·CMA.​308 3.​·​The·​committee·​shall·​operate·​under·​the·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​adopted·​by·​the·Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement·​at·​its·​first·​session·​and·​report·​annually·​to·​the·Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement.​
434 309
435 ##·​Article·12·​*(CMA)​*310 ##·​Article·16
436 311
437 1.​·​The·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties,​·​the·​supreme·​body·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​shall·​serve·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement.​312 1.​·​The·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties,​·​the·​supreme·​body·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​shall·​serve·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement.​
438 313
439 2.​·​Parties·​to·​the·​Convention·​that·​are·​not·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement·​may·​participate·​as·​observers·​in·​the·​proceedings·​of·​any·​session·​of·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement.​·​When·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serves·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement,​·​decisions·​under·​this·​Agreement·​shall·​be·​taken·​only·​by·​those·​that·​are·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement.​314 2.​·​Parties·​to·​the·​Convention·​that·​are·​not·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement·​may·​participate·​as·​observers·​in·​the·​proceedings·​of·​any·​session·​of·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement.​·​When·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serves·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement,​·​decisions·​under·​this·​Agreement·​shall·​be·​taken·​only·​by·​those·​that·​are·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement.​
440 315
441 3.​·​When·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serves·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement,​·​any·​member·​of·​the·​Bureau·​of·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​representing·​a·​Party·​to·​the·​Convention·​but,​·​at·​that·​time,​·​not·​a·​Party·​to·​this·​Agreement,​·​shall·​be·​replaced·​by·​an·​additional·​member·​to·​be·​elected·​by·​and·​from·among·​the·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement.​316 3.​·​When·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serves·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement,​·​any·​member·​of·​the·​Bureau·​of·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​representing·​a·​Party·​to·​the·​Convention·​but,​·​at·​that·​time,​·​not·​a·​Party·​to·​this·​Agreement,​·​shall·​be·​replaced·​by·​an·​additional·​member·​to·​be·​elected·​by·​and·​from·amongst·​the·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement.​
317
318 4.​·​The·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement·​shall·​keep·​under·​regular·​review·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement·​and·​shall·​make,​·​within·​its·​mandate,​·​the·​decisions·​necessary·​to·​promote·​its·​effective·​implementation.​·​It·​shall·​perform·​the·​functions·​assigned·​to·​it·​by·​this·​Agreement·​and·​shall:​
442 319
443 4.​·The·CMA·shall·keep·under·regular·review·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement·and·​shall·​make,​·​within·​its·​mandate,​·​the·​decisions·​necessary·​to·​promote·​its·​effective·​implementation.​·​It·​shall·​perform·​the·​functions·​assigned·​to·​it·​by·​this·​Agreement·​and·​shall:​320 ····​1.​·Establish·such·subsidiary·bodies·as·deemed·necessary·​for·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement;​·and
444 ··​1.​·Establish·​such·subsidiary·bodies·​as·deemed·necessary·​for·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement;​·​and321 ····​2.​·Exercise·​such·other·functions·​as·may·be·​required·​for·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement.​
445 ··​2.​·​Exercise·​such·​other·​functions·​as·​may·​be·​required·​for·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement.​
446 322
447 5.​·​The·​rules·​of·​procedure·​of·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​and·​the·​financial·​procedures·​applied·​under·​the·​Convention·​shall·​be·​applied·​mutatis·​mutandis·​under·​this·​Agreement,​·​except·​as·​may·​be·​otherwise·​decided·​by·​consensus·​by·​the·CMA.​323 5.​·​The·​rules·​of·​procedure·​of·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​and·​the·​financial·​procedures·​applied·​under·​the·​Convention·​shall·​be·​applied·​mutatis·​mutandis·​under·​this·​Agreement,​·​except·​as·​may·​be·​otherwise·​decided·​by·​consensus·​by·​the·Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement.​
448 324
449 6.​·​The·​first·​session·​of·​the·CMA·​shall·​be·​convened·​by·​the·​secretariat·​in·​conjunction·​with·​the·​first·​session·​of·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​that·​is·​scheduled·​after·​the·​date·​of·​entry·​into·​force·​of·​this·​Agreement.​·​Subsequent·​ordinary·​sessions·​of·​the·CMA·​shall·​be·​held·​in·​conjunction·​with·​ordinary·​sessions·​of·​the·COP,​·​unless·​otherwise·​decided·​by·​the·CMA.​325 6.​·​The·​first·​session·​of·​the·Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement·​shall·​be·​convened·​by·​the·​secretariat·​in·​conjunction·​with·​the·​first·​session·​of·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​that·​is·​scheduled·​after·​the·​date·​of·​entry·​into·​force·​of·​this·​Agreement.​·​Subsequent·​ordinary·​sessions·​of·​the·Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement·​shall·​be·​held·​in·​conjunction·​with·​ordinary·​sessions·​of·​the·Conference·​of·​the·​Parties,​·​unless·​otherwise·​decided·​by·​the·Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement.​
450 326
451 7.​·​Extraordinary·​sessions·​of·​the·CMA·​shall·​be·​held·​at·​such·​other·​times·​as·​may·​be·​deemed·​necessary·​by·​the·CMA·​or·​at·​the·​written·​request·​of·​any·​Party,​·​provided·​that,​·​within·​six·​months·​of·​the·​request·​being·​communicated·​to·​the·​Parties·​by·​the·​secretariat,​·​it·​is·​supported·​by·​at·​least·​one·​third·​of·​the·​Parties.​327 7.​·​Extraordinary·​sessions·​of·​the·Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement·​shall·​be·​held·​at·​such·​other·​times·​as·​may·​be·​deemed·​necessary·​by·​the·Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement·​or·​at·​the·​written·​request·​of·​any·​Party,​·​provided·​that,​·​within·​six·​months·​of·​the·​request·​being·​communicated·​to·​the·​Parties·​by·​the·​secretariat,​·​it·​is·​supported·​by·​at·​least·​one·​third·​of·​the·​Parties.​
452 328
453 8.​·​The·​United·​Nations,​·its·​specialized·​agencies·​and·​the·​International·​Atomic·​Energy·​Agency,​·​as·​well·​as·​any·​State·​member·​thereof·​or·​observers·​thereto·​not·​party·​to·​the·​Convention,​·​may·​be·​represented·​at·​sessions·​of·​the·CMA·​as·​observers.​·​Any·​body·​or·​agency,​·​whether·​national·​or·​international,​·​governmental·​or·​non-​governmental,​·​which·​is·​qualified·​in·​matters·​covered·​by·​this·​Agreement·​and·​which·​has·​informed·​the·​secretariat·​of·​its·​wish·​to·​be·​represented·​at·​a·​session·​of·​the·CMA·​as·​an·​observer,​·​may·​be·​so·​admitted·​unless·​at·​least·​one·​third·​of·​the·​Parties·​present·​object.​·​The·​admission·​and·​participation·​of·​observers·​shall·​be·​subject·​to·​the·​rules·​of·​procedure·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​5·​of·​this·​Article.​329 8.​·​The·​United·​Nations·​and·its·​specialized·​agencies·​and·​the·​International·​Atomic·​Energy·​Agency,​·​as·​well·​as·​any·​State·​member·​thereof·​or·​observers·​thereto·​not·​party·​to·​the·​Convention,​·​may·​be·​represented·​at·​sessions·​of·​the·Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement·​as·​observers.​·​Any·​body·​or·​agency,​·​whether·​national·​or·​international,​·​governmental·​or·​non-​governmental,​·​which·​is·​qualified·​in·​matters·​covered·​by·​this·​Agreement·​and·​which·​has·​informed·​the·​secretariat·​of·​its·​wish·​to·​be·​represented·​at·​a·​session·​of·​the·Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement·​as·​an·​observer,​·​may·​be·​so·​admitted·​unless·​at·​least·​one·​third·​of·​the·​Parties·​present·​object.​·​The·​admission·​and·​participation·​of·​observers·​shall·​be·​subject·​to·​the·​rules·​of·​procedure·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​5·​of·​this·​Article.​
454 330
455 ##·​Article·13·​*(secretariat)​*331 ##·​Article·17
456 332
457 1.​·​The·​secretariat·​established·​by·​Article·​8·​of·​the·​Convention·​shall·​serve·​as·​the·​secretariat·​of·​this·​Agreement.​333 1.​·​The·​secretariat·​established·​by·​Article·​8·​of·​the·​Convention·​shall·​serve·​as·​the·​secretariat·​of·​this·​Agreement.​
458 334
459 2.​·​Article·​8,​·​paragraph·​2,​·​of·​the·​Convention·​on·​the·​functions·​of·​the·​secretariat,​·​and·​Article·​8,​·​paragraph·​3,​·​of·​the·​Convention·on·​arrangements·​made·​for·​the·​functioning·​of·​the·​secretariat·shall·​apply·​mutatis·​mutandis·​to·​this·​Agreement.​·​The·​secretariat·​shall,​·​in·​addition,​·​exercise·​the·​functions·​assigned·​to·​it·​under·​this·​Agreement·​and·​by·​the·CMA.​335 2.​·​Article·​8,​·​paragraph·​2,​·​of·​the·​Convention·​on·​the·​functions·​of·​the·​secretariat,​·​and·​Article·​8,​·​paragraph·​3,​·​of·​the·​Convention,​·on·​the·​arrangements·​made·​for·​the·​functioning·​of·​the·​secretariat,​·shall·​apply·​mutatis·​mutandis·​to·​this·​Agreement.​·​The·​secretariat·​shall,​·​in·​addition,​·​exercise·​the·​functions·​assigned·​to·​it·​under·​this·​Agreement·​and·​by·​the·Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement.​
460 336
461 ##·​Article·14·​*(sbsta·​and·​sbi)​*337 ##·​Article·18
462 338
463 1.​·​The·​Subsidiary·​Body·​for·​Scientific·​and·​Technological·​Advice·​and·​the·​Subsidiary·​Body·​for·​Implementation·​(SBI)​·established·​by·​Articles·​9·​and·​10·​of·​the·​Convention·​shall·​serve,​·​respectively,​·​as·​the·​Subsidiary·​Body·​for·​Scientific·​and·​Technological·​Advice·​and·​the·​Subsidiary·​Body·​for·​Implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement.​·​The·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention·​relating·​to·​the·​functioning·​of·​these·​two·​bodies·​shall·​apply·​mutatis·​mutandis·​to·​this·​Agreement.​·​Sessions·​of·​the·​meetings·​of·​the·​Subsidiary·​Body·​for·​Scientific·​and·​Technological·​Advice·​and·​the·​Subsidiary·​Body·​for·​Implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement·​shall·​be·​held·​in·​conjunction·​with·​the·​meetings·​of,​·​respectively,​·​the·​Subsidiary·​Body·​for·​Scientific·​and·​Technological·​Advice·​and·​the·​Subsidiary·​Body·​for·​Implementation·​of·​the·​Convention.​339 1.​·​The·​Subsidiary·​Body·​for·​Scientific·​and·​Technological·​Advice·​and·​the·​Subsidiary·​Body·​for·​Implementation·established·​by·​Articles·​9·​and·​10·​of·​the·​Convention·​shall·​serve,​·​respectively,​·​as·​the·​Subsidiary·​Body·​for·​Scientific·​and·​Technological·​Advice·​and·​the·​Subsidiary·​Body·​for·​Implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement.​·​The·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention·​relating·​to·​the·​functioning·​of·​these·​two·​bodies·​shall·​apply·​mutatis·​mutandis·​to·​this·​Agreement.​·​Sessions·​of·​the·​meetings·​of·​the·​Subsidiary·​Body·​for·​Scientific·​and·​Technological·​Advice·​and·​the·​Subsidiary·​Body·​for·​Implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement·​shall·​be·​held·​in·​conjunction·​with·​the·​meetings·​of,​·​respectively,​·​the·​Subsidiary·​Body·​for·​Scientific·​and·​Technological·​Advice·​and·​the·​Subsidiary·​Body·​for·​Implementation·​of·​the·​Convention.​
464 340
465 2.​·​Parties·​to·​the·​Convention·​that·​are·​not·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement·​may·​participate·​as·​observers·​in·​the·​proceedings·​of·​any·​session·​of·​the·​subsidiary·​bodies.​·​When·​the·​subsidiary·​bodies·​serve·​as·​the·​subsidiary·​bodies·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​decisions·​under·​this·​Agreement·​shall·​be·​taken·​only·​by·​those·​that·​are·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement.​341 2.​·​Parties·​to·​the·​Convention·​that·​are·​not·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement·​may·​participate·​as·​observers·​in·​the·​proceedings·​of·​any·​session·​of·​the·​subsidiary·​bodies.​·​When·​the·​subsidiary·​bodies·​serve·​as·​the·​subsidiary·​bodies·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​decisions·​under·​this·​Agreement·​shall·​be·​taken·​only·​by·​those·​that·​are·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement.​
466 342
467 3.​··When·​the·​subsidiary·​bodies·​established·​by·​Articles·​9·​and·​10·​of·​the·​Convention·​exercise·​their·​functions·​with·​regard·​to·​matters·​concerning·​this·​Agreement,​·​any·​member·​of·​the·​bureaux·​of·​those·​subsidiary·​bodies·​representing·​a·​Party·​to·​the·​Convention·​but,​·​at·​that·​time,​·​not·​a·​Party·​to·​this·​Agreement,​·​shall·​be·​replaced·​by·​an·​additional·​member·​to·​be·​elected·​by·​and·​from·among·​the·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement.​343 3.​·When·​the·​subsidiary·​bodies·​established·​by·​Articles·​9·​and·​10·​of·​the·​Convention·​exercise·​their·​functions·​with·​regard·​to·​matters·​concerning·​this·​Agreement,​·​any·​member·​of·​the·​bureaux·​of·​those·​subsidiary·​bodies·​representing·​a·​Party·​to·​the·​Convention·​but,​·​at·​that·​time,​·​not·​a·​Party·​to·​this·​Agreement,​·​shall·​be·​replaced·​by·​an·​additional·​member·​to·​be·​elected·​by·​and·​from·amongst·​the·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement.​
468 344
469 ##·​Article·15·​*(bodies·​and·​institutional·​arrangements·​to·​serve·​agreement)​*345 ##·​Article·19
470 346
471 1.​·​Subsidiary·​bodies·​or·​other·​institutional·​arrangements·​established·​by·​or·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​other·​than·​those·​referred·​to·​in·​this·​Agreement,​·​shall·​serve·​this·​Agreement·​upon·​a·​decision·​of·​the·CMA.​·​The·CMA·​shall·​specify·​the·​functions·​to·​be·​exercised·​by·​such·​bodies·​or·​arrangements.​347 1.​·​Subsidiary·​bodies·​or·​other·​institutional·​arrangements·​established·​by·​or·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​other·​than·​those·​referred·​to·​in·​this·​Agreement,​·​shall·​serve·​this·​Agreement·​upon·​a·​decision·​of·​the·Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement.​·​The·Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement·​shall·​specify·​the·​functions·​to·​be·​exercised·​by·​such·subsidiary·bodies·​or·​arrangements.​
472 348
473 2.​·​The·CMA·​may·​provide·​further·​guidance·​to·those·​subsidiary·​bodies·​and·​institutional·​arrangements·​[including·​the·​functions·​to·​be·​exercised·​by·​such·​bodies·​and·​institutional·​arrangements]·​[including·​for·​members·​of·​such·​bodies·​and·​institutional·​arrangements·​nominated·​by·​Parties·​to·​the·​Convention·​that·​are·​not·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement]·​[to·​the·​extent·​that·​these·​bodies·​and·​institutional·​arrangements·​serve·​this·​Agreement].​349 2.​·​The·Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Paris·​Agreement·​may·​provide·​further·​guidance·​to·such·​subsidiary·​bodies·​and·​institutional·​arrangements.​
474 350
475 ##·​Article·16·​*(signature·​and·​instruments·​of·​ratification,​·​acceptance,​·​approval·​or·​accesssion)​*351 ##·​Article·20
476 352
477 1.​·​This·​Agreement·​shall·​be·​open·​for·​signature·​and·​subject·​to·​ratification,​·​acceptance·​or·​approval·​by·​States·​and·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organizations·​that·​are·​Parties·​to·​the·​Convention.​·​It·​shall·​be·​open·​for·​signature·​at·​the·​United·​Nations·​Headquarters·​in·​New·​York·​from·​22·​April·​2016·​to·​21·​April·​2017.​·​Thereafter,​·​this·​Agreement·​shall·​be·​open·​for·​accession·​from·​the·​day·​following·​the·​date·​on·​which·​it·​is·​closed·​for·​signature.​·​Instruments·​of·​ratification,​·​acceptance,​·​approval·​or·​accession·​shall·​be·​deposited·​with·​the·​Depositary.​353 1.​·​This·​Agreement·​shall·​be·​open·​for·​signature·​and·​subject·​to·​ratification,​·​acceptance·​or·​approval·​by·​States·​and·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organizations·​that·​are·​Parties·​to·​the·​Convention.​·​It·​shall·​be·​open·​for·​signature·​at·​the·​United·​Nations·​Headquarters·​in·​New·​York·​from·​22·​April·​2016·​to·​21·​April·​2017.​·​Thereafter,​·​this·​Agreement·​shall·​be·​open·​for·​accession·​from·​the·​day·​following·​the·​date·​on·​which·​it·​is·​closed·​for·​signature.​·​Instruments·​of·​ratification,​·​acceptance,​·​approval·​or·​accession·​shall·​be·​deposited·​with·​the·​Depositary.​
478 354
479 2.​·​Any·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·​that·​becomes·​a·​Party·​to·​this·​Agreement·​without·​any·​of·​its·​member·​States·​being·​a·​Party·​shall·​be·​bound·​by·​all·​the·​obligations·​under·​this·​Agreement.​·​In·​the·​case·​of·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organizations·​with·​one·​or·​more·​member·​States·​that·​are·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement,​·​the·​organization·​and·​its·​member·​States·​shall·​decide·​on·​their·​respective·​responsibilities·​for·​the·​performance·​of·​their·​obligations·​under·​this·​Agreement.​·​In·​such·​cases,​·​the·​organization·​and·​the·​member·​States·​shall·​not·​be·​entitled·​to·​exercise·​rights·​under·​this·​Agreement·​concurrently.​355 2.​·​Any·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·​that·​becomes·​a·​Party·​to·​this·​Agreement·​without·​any·​of·​its·​member·​States·​being·​a·​Party·​shall·​be·​bound·​by·​all·​the·​obligations·​under·​this·​Agreement.​·​In·​the·​case·​of·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organizations·​with·​one·​or·​more·​member·​States·​that·​are·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement,​·​the·​organization·​and·​its·​member·​States·​shall·​decide·​on·​their·​respective·​responsibilities·​for·​the·​performance·​of·​their·​obligations·​under·​this·​Agreement.​·​In·​such·​cases,​·​the·​organization·​and·​the·​member·​States·​shall·​not·​be·​entitled·​to·​exercise·​rights·​under·​this·​Agreement·​concurrently.​
480 356
481 3.​·​In·​their·​instruments·​of·​ratification,​·​acceptance,​·​approval·​or·​accession,​·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organizations·​shall·​declare·​the·​extent·​of·​their·​competence·​with·​respect·​to·​the·​matters·​governed·​by·​this·​Agreement.​·​These·​organizations·​shall·​also·​inform·​the·​Depositary,​·​who·​shall·​in·​turn·​inform·​the·​Parties,​·​of·​any·​substantial·​modification·​in·​the·​extent·​of·​their·​competence.​357 3.​·​In·​their·​instruments·​of·​ratification,​·​acceptance,​·​approval·​or·​accession,​·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organizations·​shall·​declare·​the·​extent·​of·​their·​competence·​with·​respect·​to·​the·​matters·​governed·​by·​this·​Agreement.​·​These·​organizations·​shall·​also·​inform·​the·​Depositary,​·​who·​shall·​in·​turn·​inform·​the·​Parties,​·​of·​any·​substantial·​modification·​in·​the·​extent·​of·​their·​competence.​
482 358
483 ##·​Article·18·​*(entry·​into·​force)​*359 ##·​Article·21
484 360
485 1.​·​This·​Agreement·​shall·​enter·​into·​force·​on·​the·​thirtieth·​day·​after·​the·​date·​on·​which·​at·​least·​[50][60]·Parties·​to·​the·​Convention·​have·​deposited·​their·​instruments·​of·​ratification,​·​acceptance,​·​approval·​or·​accession·​[,​·​but·​not·​earlier·​than·​1·​January·​2020].​]361 1.​·​This·​Agreement·​shall·​enter·​into·​force·​on·​the·​thirtieth·​day·​after·​the·​date·​on·​which·​at·​least·​55·Parties·​to·​the·​Convention·​accounting·​in·​total·​for·​at·​least·​an·​estimated·​55·​percent·​of·​the·​total·​global·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​have·​deposited·​their·​instruments·​of·​ratification,​·​acceptance,​·​approval·​or·​accession.​
486 362
487 2.​·For·each·​State·​or·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·​that·​ratifies,​·​accepts·​or·​approves·​this·​Agreement·​or·​accedes·​thereto·​after·​the·condition·set·out·​in·​paragraph·​1·​of·​this·​Article·for·entry·into·force·has·been·fulfilled,​·​this·Agreement·shall·​enter·​into·​force·​on·the·thirtieth·​day·​after·​the·​date·​of·deposit·​by·such·State·or·regional·economic·​integration·​organization·​of·​its·​instrument·​of·​ratification,​·​acceptance,​·​approval·​or·​accession.​363 2.​·Solely·for·​the·limited·purpose·of·​paragraph·​1·​of·​this·​Article,​·​"total·global·greenhouse·gas·emissions"·​means·​the·most·up-​to-​date·amount·​communicated·​on·​or·​before·​the·​date·​of·adoption·​of·this·Agreement·by·the·Parties·to·​the·​Convention.​
488 364
489 3.​·​For·​the·purposes·of·​paragraph·​1·​of·​this·​Article,​·​any·instrument·deposited·​by·a·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·shall·​not·​be·​counted·​as·​additional·​to·​those·​deposited·​by·​its·member·States.​365 3.​·​For·each·​State·​or·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·​that·​ratifies,​·​accepts·​or·​approves·​this·​Agreement·​or·​accedes·​thereto·​after·the·conditions·set·​out·​in·​paragraph·​1·​of·​this·​Article·for·entry·​into·​force·​have·​been·​fulfilled,​this·​Agreement·​shall·​enter·​into·​force·​on·​the·​thirtieth·​day·​after·​the·​date·​of·​deposit·​by·such·​State·​or·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·of·​its·instrument·of·​ratification,​·​acceptance,​·​approval·​or·​accession.​
490 366
491 ##·​Article·​19·​*(AMENDMENTS)​*367 4.​·​For·the·​purposes·​of·​paragraph·​1·​of·​this·​Article,​·​any·​instrument·​deposited·​by·​a·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·​shall·​not·​be·​counted·​as·​additional·​to·​those·​deposited·​by·​its·​member·​States.​
492 368
493 1.​·​Annexes·to·​this·​Agreement·​shall·​form·​an·​integral·​part·​thereof·​and,​·​unless·​otherwise·​expressly·​provided·​for,​·​a·​reference·​to·​this·​Agreement·​constitutes·​at·​the·​same·​time·​a·​reference·​to·​any·​annexes·​thereto.​·​Such·​annexes·​shall·​be·​restricted·​to·​lists,​·​forms·​and·​any·​other·​material·​of·​a·​descriptive·​nature·​that·​is·​of·​a·​scientific,​·​technical,​·​procedural·​or·​administrative·​character.​369 ##·​Article·​22
494 370
495 2.​·The·​provisions·​of·​Article·16·​of·​the·​Convention·​on·​the·​adoption·and·​amendment·of·annexes·​to·​the·​Convention·​shall·​apply·​mutatis·​mutandis·​to·​this·​Agreement.​371 The·​provisions·​of·​Article·15·​of·​the·​Convention·​on·​the·​adoption·​of·amendments·​to·​the·​Convention·​shall·​apply·​mutatis·​mutandis·​to·​this·​Agreement.​
496 372
497 3.​·​[An·adjustment·​proposed·​by·​a·​Party·​[to·​enhance]·​the·​efforts·​expressed·​by·​its·​[mitigation·​commitment]·​inscribed·​in·​Annex·​[X]·​to·​this·​Agreement·​shall·​be·​considered·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA·​unless·​more·​than·​three·​fourths·​of·​the·​Parties·​present·​and·​voting·​object·​to·​its·​adoption.​·​The·​adopted·​adjustment·​shall·​be·​communicated·​by·​the·​secretariat·​to·​the·​Depositary,​·​who·​shall·​circulate·​it·​to·​all·​Parties,​·​and·​it·​shall·​enter·​into·​force·​on·​1·​January·​of·​the·​year·​following·​the·​communication·​by·​the·​Depositary.​·​Such·​adjustments·​shall·​be·​binding·​upon·​Parties.​]373 ##·​Article·​23
498 374
499 ##·Article·20·​*(ANNEXES)​*375 1.​·​The·​provisions·​of·Article·16·​of·​the·​Convention·​on·​the·​adoption·​and·​amendment·​of·​annexes·​to·​the·​Convention·​shall·​apply·​mutatis·​mutandis·​to·​this·​Agreement.​
500 376
501 1.​·​Annexes·​to·​this·​Agreement·​shall·​form·​an·​integral·​part·​thereof·​and,​·​unless·​otherwise·​expressly·​provided·​for,​·​a·​reference·​to·​this·​Agreement·​constitutes·​at·​the·​same·​time·​a·​reference·​to·​any·​annexes·​thereto.​·​Such·​annexes·​shall·​be·​restricted·​to·​lists,​·​forms·​and·​any·​other·​material·​of·​a·​descriptive·​nature·​that·​is·​of·​a·​scientific,​·​technical,​·​procedural·​or·​administrative·​character.​377 2.​·​Annexes·​to·​this·​Agreement·​shall·​form·​an·​integral·​part·​thereof·​and,​·​unless·​otherwise·​expressly·​provided·​for,​·​a·​reference·​to·​this·​Agreement·​constitutes·​at·​the·​same·​time·​a·​reference·​to·​any·​annexes·​thereto.​·​Such·​annexes·​shall·​be·​restricted·​to·​lists,​·​forms·​and·​any·​other·​material·​of·​a·​descriptive·​nature·​that·​is·​of·​a·​scientific,​·​technical,​·​procedural·​or·​administrative·​character.​
502 378
503 2.​·​The·​provisions·​of·Article·16·​of·​the·​Convention·​on·​the·​adoption·​and·​amendment·​of·​annexes·​to·​the·​Convention·​shall·​apply·​mutatis·​mutandis·​to·​this·​Agreement.​379 ##·Article·24
504
505 ##·​Article·​21·​*(SETTLEMENT·​OF·​DISPUTES)​*
506 380
507 The·​provisions·​of·​Article·​14·​of·​the·​Convention·​on·​settlement·​of·​disputes·​shall·​apply·​mutatis·​mutandis·​to·​this·​Agreement.​381 The·​provisions·​of·​Article·​14·​of·​the·​Convention·​on·​settlement·​of·​disputes·​shall·​apply·​mutatis·​mutandis·​to·​this·​Agreement.​
508 382
509 ##·​Article·22·​*(VOTING)​*383 ##·​Article·25
510 384
511 1.​·​Each·​Party·​shall·​have·​one·​vote,​·​except·​as·​provided·in·​paragraph·​2·​of·​this·​Article.​385 1.​·​Each·​Party·​shall·​have·​one·​vote,​·​except·​as·​provided·for·​paragraph·​2·​of·​this·​Article.​
512 386
513 2.​·​Regional·​economic·​integration·​organizations,​·​in·​matters·​within·​their·​competence,​·​shall·​exercise·​their·​right·​to·​vote·​with·​a·​number·​of·​votes·​equal·​to·​the·​number·​of·​their·​member·​States·​that·​are·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement.​·​Such·​an·​organization·​shall·​not·​exercise·​its·​right·​to·​vote·​if·​any·​of·​its·​member·​States·​exercises·​its·​right,​·​and·​vice·​versa.​387 2.​·​Regional·​economic·​integration·​organizations,​·​in·​matters·​within·​their·​competence,​·​shall·​exercise·​their·​right·​to·​vote·​with·​a·​number·​of·​votes·​equal·​to·​the·​number·​of·​their·​member·​States·​that·​are·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement.​·​Such·​an·​organization·​shall·​not·​exercise·​its·​right·​to·​vote·​if·​any·​of·​its·​member·​States·​exercises·​its·​right,​·​and·​vice·​versa.​
514 388
515 ##·​Article·23·​*(DEPOSITARY)​*389 ##·​Article·26
516 390
517 The·​Secretary-​General·​of·​the·​United·​Nations·​shall·​be·​the·​Depositary·​of·​this·​Agreement.​391 The·​Secretary-​General·​of·​the·​United·​Nations·​shall·​be·​the·​Depositary·​of·​this·​Agreement.​
518 392
519 ##·​Article·24·​*(RESERVATIONS)​*393 ##·​Article·27
520 394
521 No·​reservations·​may·​be·​made·​to·​this·​Agreement.​395 No·​reservations·​may·​be·​made·​to·​this·​Agreement.​
522 396
523 ##·​Article·25·​*(WITHDRAWAL)​*397 ##·​Article·28
524 398
525 1.​·​At·​any·​time·​after·​three·​years·​from·​the·​date·​on·​which·​this·​Agreement·​has·​entered·​into·​force·​for·​a·​Party,​·​that·​Party·​may·​withdraw·​from·​this·​Agreement·​by·​giving·​written·​notification·​to·​the·​Depositary.​399 1.​·​At·​any·​time·​after·​three·​years·​from·​the·​date·​on·​which·​this·​Agreement·​has·​entered·​into·​force·​for·​a·​Party,​·​that·​Party·​may·​withdraw·​from·​this·​Agreement·​by·​giving·​written·​notification·​to·​the·​Depositary.​
526 400
527 2.​·​Any·​such·​withdrawal·​shall·​take·​effect·​upon·​expiry·​of·​one·​year·​from·​the·​date·​of·​receipt·​by·​the·​Depositary·​of·​the·​notification·​of·​withdrawal,​·​or·​on·​such·​later·​date·​as·​may·​be·​specified·​in·​the·​notification·​of·​withdrawal.​401 2.​·​Any·​such·​withdrawal·​shall·​take·​effect·​upon·​expiry·​of·​one·​year·​from·​the·​date·​of·​receipt·​by·​the·​Depositary·​of·​the·​notification·​of·​withdrawal,​·​or·​on·​such·​later·​date·​as·​may·​be·​specified·​in·​the·​notification·​of·​withdrawal.​
528 402
529 3.​·​Any·​Party·​that·​withdraws·​from·​the·​Convention·​shall·​be·​considered·​as·​also·​having·​withdrawn·​from·​this·​Agreement.​403 3.​·​Any·​Party·​that·​withdraws·​from·​the·​Convention·​shall·​be·​considered·​as·​also·​having·​withdrawn·​from·​this·​Agreement.​
530 404
531 ##·​Article·26·​*(LANGUAGES)​*405 ##·​Article·29
532 406
533 The·​original·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​of·​which·​the·​Arabic,​·​Chinese,​·​English,​·​French,​·​Russian·​and·​Spanish·​texts·​are·​equally·​authentic,​·​shall·​be·​deposited·​with·​the·​Secretary-​General·​of·​the·​United·​Nations.​407 The·​original·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​of·​which·​the·​Arabic,​·​Chinese,​·​English,​·​French,​·​Russian·​and·​Spanish·​texts·​are·​equally·​authentic,​·​shall·​be·​deposited·​with·​the·​Secretary-​General·​of·​the·​United·​Nations.​
534 408
535 [Placeholder·​for·​Annex·​X]409 DONE·at·Paris·this·​twelfth·​day·​of·​December·​two·​thousand·​and·​fifteen.​
536
537
538
539 [10nov]:​·​http:​/​/​unfccc.​int/​resource/​docs/​2015/​adp2/​eng/​11infnot.​pdf
540 [4dec]:​·​http:​/​/​unfccc.​int/​files/​bodies/​awg/​application/​pdf/​_adp_compilation_4dec​[email protected]​pdf
541 410
411 IN·​WITNESS·​WHEREOF,​·​the·​undersigned,​·​being·​duly·​authorized·​to·​that·​effect,​·​have·​signed·​this·​Agreement.​