Open Knowledge
4-​dec-​2015.​md9-​dec-​2015.​md
1 ##·​Preamble1 ##·​Preamble
2 2
3 The·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement,​3 The·​Parties·​to·​this·​Agreement,​
4 4
5 *Being*·​Parties·​to·​the·​United·​Nations·​Framework·​Convention·​on·​Climate·​Change·​(hereinafter·​referred·​to·​as·​"the·​Convention")​,​5 *Being*·​Parties·​to·​the·​United·​Nations·​Framework·​Convention·​on·​Climate·​Change·hereinafter·​referred·​to·​as·​"the·​Convention",​
6 6
7 *In·​pursuit*·​of·​the·​objective·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​[and·​being·​guided·​by·​its·​principles·​[and·​provisions],​·including·​the·​principle·​of·​equity·​and·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​[in·​the·​light·​of·​different·​national·​circumstances],​]7 *In·​pursuit*·​of·​the·​objective·​of·​the·​Convention,​·and·​being·​guided·​by·​its·​principles,​·including·​the·​principle·​of·​equity·​and·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·in·​the·​light·​of·​different·​national·​circumstances,​
8 8
9 *Pursuant·to·​the*·Durban·​Platform·​for·​Enhanced·​Action·adopted·​by·​decision·​1/​CP.​17·​of·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Convention·​at·​its·​seventeenth·​session,​9 *Pursuant*·to·​the·Durban·​Platform·​for·​Enhanced·​Action·established·​by·​decision·​1/​CP.​17·​of·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Convention·​at·​its·​seventeenth·​session,​
10 10
11 *Recognizing*·​the·​intrinsic·​relationship·​between·​climate·​change,​·​poverty·​eradication·​and·​[equitable·​access·​to]·sustainable·​development,​·​[reaffirming·​that·​responses·​to·​climate·​change·shall·​[aim·​to·avoid·​the·​adverse·​impacts·​of·​response·​measures,​·​and]·​promote·​[social·​and·​economic·​development·​in·​harmony·​with·​nature][sustainable·​development]],​]11 *Recognizing*·​the·​intrinsic·​relationship·​between·​climate·​change,​·​poverty·​eradication·​and·equitable·​access·​to·sustainable·​development,​·​and·reaffirming·​that·​responses·​to·​climate·​change·should·aim·​to·meet·​the·​specific·​needs·​and·​concerns·​arising·​from·​the·​adverse·​impacts·​of·​response·​measures,​
12 12
13 *Taking*·​account·​of·​the·​specific·​needs·​[and·special·circumstances]·​of·​[developing·​country]·Parties,​·​[in·​accordance·​with·​the·​Convention]·​[and·​especially·​those·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable][to·​climate·related·​events,​][including·​mountainous·​developing·​states],​13 *Taking*·​account·​of·​the·​specific·​needs·​of·developing·​country·Parties,​·and·​especially·​those·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable·to·​climate-​related·​events,​
14 14
15 [*Taking·​account·​also*·​of·​the·​[different·and·​additional]·specific·​needs·​and·​special·​[situations]·​[circumstances·​]·of·​[least·​developed·​country·​(LDC)​·​Parties·​in·​accordance·​with·​Article·​4,​·​paragraph·​9·of·​the·​Convention·and·​specific·​circumstances·​of]·small·​island·​developing·​States·​(SIDS)​·​[and·​least·​developed·​country·​(LDC)​·​Parties],​]·​[Africa]·​[and·​the·​Central·​American·​Isthmus],​15 *Also·​taking·​account*·​of·​the·​specific·​needs·​and·​special·situations·​of·​the·​least·​developed·​country·​(LDC)​·​Parties·​as·​set·​out·​in·​Article·​4,​·​paragraph·​9,​·​of·​the·​Convention,​·and·​the·specific·circumstances·of·​small·​island·​developing·​States·​(SIDS)​,​
16 16
17 *Emphasizing*·​the·​need·​to·​respond·​to·​the·​urgent·​threat·​of·​climate·​change·​on·​the·​basis·​of·​the·​[best·available]·​[reliable]·​scientific·​knowledge,​·​in·​particular,​·​the·​assessment·​reports·​of·​the·​Intergovernmental·​Panel·​on·​Climate·​Change,​17 *Emphasizing*·​the·​need·​to·​respond·​to·​the·​urgent·​threat·​of·​climate·​change·​on·​the·​basis·​of·​the·best·availablescientific·​knowledge,​·​in·​particular,​·​the·​assessment·​reports·​of·​the·​Intergovernmental·​Panel·​on·​Climate·​Change,​
18 18
19 *Recognizing*·​the·outcomes·​of·the·2013–2015·review,​·​[including·​the·report·on·the·structured·expert·dialogue·on·the·review,​]19 *Noting*·that·​the·largest·share·​of·​historical·​global·​emissions·​of·​greenhouse·​gases·​has·​originated·​in·​developed·​countries,​·​that·​per·​capita·​emissions·​in·​developing·​countries·​are·​still·​relatively·​low·​and·​that·​the·share·of·global·emissions·originating·in·developing·countries·will·​grow·​to·​meet·​their·​social·​and·​development·​needs,​
20 20
21 [*Noting*·​that·the·largest·share·of·historical·global·emissions·of·​greenhouse·​gases·​has·​originated·​in·developed·countries,​·​that·per·capita·​emissions·​in·​developing·​countries·​are·​still·​relatively·​low·​and·that·the·​share·​of·​global·​emissions·​originating·​in·​developing·​countries·​will·grow·​to·meet·their·​social·​and·​development·​needs,​]21 *Recognizing*·​that·Parties·should·take·action·​to·address·climate·change·​in·​accordance·​with·​evolving·​economic·​and·emission·trends,​·​which·​will·​continue·​to·​evolve·​post-​2020,​
22 22
23 *Recognizing*·that·​Parties·should·take·​action·​to·​address·​climate·​change·​in·​accordance·​with·​[[relevant][evolving·​economic·​and·​emission]·​trends,​·​which·​will·​continue·​to·​evolve·​post-​2020]·​[and·​the·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention],​23 *Emphasizing*·the·​importance·​of·​Parties·promoting,​·​protecting·and·​respecting·​all·​human·​rights,​·​the·​right·​to·​health,​·​and·​the·​rights·​of·​indigenous·​peoples,​·​migrants,​·​children,​·​persons·​with·​disabilities·​and·​people·​in·​vulnerable·​situations·​and·​under·​occupation,​·​and·​the·​right·​to·​development,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​their·​obligations,​·​as·​well·​as·​promoting·​gender·​equality·​and·​the·​empowerment·​of·​women,​·​when·​taking·​action·​to·​address·​climate·​change,​
24 24
25 [*Emphasizing*·​the·importance·​of·​promoting,​·​protecting·​and·​respecting·​all·​human·​rights,​·​including·​[to·​promote·​sustainable][the·​right·​to]·​development,​·​and]·​[the·​right·​to·​health,​]·​the·​rights·​of·​indigenous·​peoples,​·​[climate·​induced]·​migrants·​[refugees·​and·​internally·​displaced·​peoples],​·​children,​·​persons·​with·​disabilities·​and·​people·​in·​vulnerable·​situations·​[and·​under·​occupation]·​[with·​due·​respect·​to·​sovereignty·​and·​territorial·​integrity·​of·states],​·​as·well·​as·​promoting·​health,​·gender·​equality·​and·the·​empowerment·​of·​women,​·​while·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​needs·​of·​local·​communities,​·​intergenerational·​equity·​concerns,​·​and·​[the·​integrity·​of·​[ecosystems·​and]·Mother·​Earth],​·​when·​taking·​action·​to·​address·​climate·​change,​]25 *Noting*·​the·needs·​and·​integrity·​of·terrestrial·ecosystems,​·oceans·​and·​Mother·​Earth,​
26 26
27 *Taking·​into·​account*·​the·​imperatives·​of·​equitable·​access·​to·​sustainable·​development,​·​and·​a·​just·​transition·​of·​the·​workforce·​and·​the·​creation·​of·​decent·​work·​and·​quality·​jobs·​in·​accordance·​with·​nationally·​defined·​development·​priorities.​27 *Taking·​into·​account*·​the·​imperatives·​of·​a·​just·​transition·​of·​the·​workforce·​and·​the·​creation·​of·​decent·​work·​and·​quality·​jobs·​in·​accordance·​with·​nationally·​defined·​development·​priorities,​
28 28
29 *Recognizing*·​the·critical·importance·​[and·​[fundamental]·priority]·of·​safeguarding·​food·​security·​and·​ending·​hunger·​[consistent·​with·​the·​2030·​UN·​sustainable·​development·​agenda]·​[and·​the·special·characteristics·​of·​food·and·land]29 *Recognizing*·​the·​fundamental·priority·of·​safeguarding·​food·​security·​and·​ending·​hunger,​·and·​the·particular·vulnerabilities·​of·​food·production·systems·​to·​the·​adverse·​impacts·​of·​climate·​change,​
30 30
31 [*Recognizing·also*·​the·​[special·characteristics·​and]·​[critical]·importance·​of·​the·​conservation·​and·​enhancement[,​·as·​appropriate,​]·of·​sinks·​and·​reservoirs·​of·​greenhouse·​gases,​·​[including·​[forests]·​[,​·​oceans]·​[,​·​ecological·biomes]·​and·other·ecosystems,​·including·through·​[landscape·​restoration]·​[REDD-​plus,​·​the·​Joint·​Mitigation·​and·​Adaptation·​approach·​for·​the·​integral·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests]]·​[,​·​conservation·​of·​biodiversity],​·​and·​the·​related·​benefits·​[for·​achieving·​the·​ultimate·​objective·of·​the·​Convention],​·​as·well·as·the·multiple·​social·​and·​environmental·​objectives·​of·​Parties·​[when·​managing·​their·​lands],​]]31 *Also·recognizing*·​the·​importance·​of·​the·​conservation·​and·​enhancement,​·as·​appropriate,​·of·​sinks·​and·​reservoirs·​of·​greenhouse·​gases·referred·to·in·Article·4,​·paragraph·1(d)​,​·of·​the·​Convention,​·​including·through·internationally·agreed·approaches,​
32 32
33 *Affirming*·​the·​importance·​of·​education,​·​training,​·​public·​awareness,​·​public·​participation,​·public·​access·​to·​information·​and·​cooperation·​[on·climate·​change]·at·​all·​levels·​on·​the·​matters·​addressed·​in·​this·​Agreement,​·​and·​recognizing·​the·​[important]·​role·​of·​[subnational·​and·local·​authorities·​as·​well·​as·​[non·​state·​actors·and·the·private·sector]]·​[a·multiplicity·​of]·​[different]·​actors,​33 *Affirming*·​the·​importance·​of·​education,​·​training,​·​public·​awareness,​·​public·​participation·​and·public·​access·​to·​information·​and·​cooperation·​at·​all·​levels·​on·​the·​matters·​addressed·​in·​this·​Agreement,​·​and·​recognizing·​the·​importance·​of·​engagements·​of·​all·​levels·​of·​government·​and·various·​actors,​·​in·accordance·with·respective·national·legislations·​of·​Parties,​·​in·​addressing·​climate·​change,​
34
35 [*Acknowledging*·​that·​putting·​a·​price·​on·​carbon·​is·​an·​important·​approach·​for·​cost-​effectiveness·​of·​the·​cuts·​in·​global·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions,​]
36 34
37 Have·​agreed·​as·​follows:​35 Have·​agreed·​as·​follows:​
38 36
39 ##·​Article·​1·​*(definitions)​*37 ##·​Article·​1·​*(definitions)​*
40 38
41 For·​the·​purposes·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​all·​definitions·​contained·​in·​Article·​1·​of·​the·​Convention·​apply.​·​In·​addition:​39 For·​the·​purposes·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​all·​definitions·​contained·​in·​Article·​1·​of·​the·​Convention·​apply.​
42
43 1.​·​"Parties·​present·​and·​voting"·​means·​Parties·​present·​and·​casting·​an·​affirmative·​or·​negative·​vote;​
44 2.​·​"Party"·​means·​a·​Party·​to·​this·​Agreement;​
45 3.​·​"CMA"·​means·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​this·​[Agreement];​
46 4.​·​[*Placeholder*·​for·​"countries·​in·​need·​of·​support";​]
47 5.​·​[Climate·​forcers:​·​compounds·​or·​group·​of·​compounds·​that·​contribute·​to·​climate·​change.​·​This·​contribution·​can·​be·​measured·​through·​their·​radiative·​forcing·​(expressed·​in·​W/​m2)​.​·​They·​are·​well-​mixed·​and·​near-​term·​greenhouse·​gases,​·​aerosols,​·​or·​particles;​]
48 6.​·​["Emission·​reductions"·​means·​the·​sum·​of·​all·​reduced·​emissions·​and·​increased·​carbon·​stocks;​]
49 7.​·​["REDD-​plus"·​means·​a·​mechanism·​aimed·​at·​reducing·​emissions·​from·​deforestation·​and·​forest·​degradation·​and·​the·​role·​of·​conservation,​·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​and·​enhancement·​of·​forest·​carbon·​stocks·​in·​developing·​countries,​·​which·​is·​based·​on·​the·​Warsaw·​Framework·​for·​REDD-​plus·​and·​relevant·​decisions·​of·​the·​[Conference·​of·​the·​Parties];​]
50 8.​·​["JMA"·​means·​a·​mechanism·​for·​the·​implementation·​of·​joint·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​actions·​for·​the·​integral·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​alternative·​to·​REDD-​plus·​and·​to·​results-​based·​payments;​]
51 9.​·​["Developed·​country·​Party"·​means·​a·​developed·​country·​Party·​[under·​the·​Convention]·​[within·​the·​meaning·​of·​this·​Agreement]·​[under·​the·​UN·​system];​]
52 10.​·​["Developing·​country·​Party"·​means·​a·​developing·​country·​Party·​[under·​the·​Convention]·​[within·​the·​meaning·​of·​this·​Agreement]·​[under·​the·​UN·​system];​]
53 11.​·​[*Placeholder*·​for·​"climate·​finance"];​
54 12.​·​["Conference·​of·​the·​Parties"·​means·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Convention;​]
55 13.​·​["Convention"·​means·​the·​United·​Nations·​Framework·​Convention·​on·​Climate·​Change,​·​adopted·​in·​New·​York·​on·​9·​May·​1992;​]
56 14.​·​["Party·​included·​in·​Annex·​I"·​means·​a·​Party·​included·​in·​Annex·​I·​to·​the·​Convention,​·​as·​may·​be·​amended,​·​or·​a·​Party·​which·​has·​made·​a·​notification·​under·​Article·​4,​·​paragraph·​2(g)​,​·​of·​the·​Convention;​]
57 40
58 *[Further·​definitions·​may·​be·​required·​at·​a·​later·​stage·​in·​the·​negotiating·​process.​]*
59 41
60 ##·​Article·​2·​*(purpose)​*42 ##·​Article·​2·​*(purpose)​*
61 43
62 **Option·​1:​**44 1.​·​The·​purpose·​of·​this·​Agreement·​is·​to·​[enhance·​the·​implementation·​of·​the·​Convention·​and·​to·​achieve·​its·​objective][further·​implement·​the·​objective·​of·​the·​Convention·​set·​out·​in·​its·​Article·​2·​[through·​enhanced·​action,​·​cooperation·​and·​support]]·​so·​as:​
45
46 ····​1.​·​To·​hold·​the·​increase·​in·​the·​global·​average·​temperature·​to
47
48 ········​**Option·​1:​**·​below·​2·​°C·​above·​pre-​industrial·​levels,​
63 49
64 1.​·​The·purpose·of·this·Agreement·is·​[to·enhance·the·implementation·of·​the·​Convention·​[and]·​[to·achieve·objective·of·the·​Convention·​as·​stated·​in·its·Article·​2].​·​[In·​order·​to·​strengthen·​[and·​support]·​the·​global·​response·​to·​the·​urgent·​threat·​of·​climate·​change,​[Parties·​[agree·​to]·​to·​take·​urgent·​action·​and·enhance·​[cooperation][and][co​ncomitant][support]]·​so·as·to:​]50 ········​**Option·​2:​**·​well·below·2°C·above·​pre-​industrial·​levels·​[and·to·​[rapidly]·scale·​up·​global·efforts·​to·limit·temperature·increase·​to·below·1.​5·​°C]·​[,​while·recognizing·​that·​in·​some·​regions·​and·vulnerable·ecosystems·high·​risks·​are·​projected·​even·​for·​warming·​above·​1.​5·​°C],​
65 51
66 ····​1.​··​Hold·the·​increase·​in·​the·​global·​average·​temperature·​[below·​1.​5·​°C]·​[or]·​[well]·​[below·2·​°C]·above·preindustrial·​levels·​by·​ensuring·​deep·​cuts·​in·​global·​greenhouse·​gas·​[net]·​emissions;​52 ········​**Option·3:​**·below·​1.​5°C·​above·pre-​industrial·​levels,​
67 ····​2.​··​Increase·their·ability·​to·adapt·to·​the·adverse·​impacts·​of·climate·​change·​[and·​to·​effectively·​respond·​to·​the·​impacts·​of·the·implementation·of·response·measures·and·to·loss·​and·​damage].​53 ···​taking·into·account·​the·best·available·science,​·​equity,​·​sustainable·development,​·​the·need·​to·ensure·food·security·​and·the·availability·of·means·​of·​implementation,​·​by·​ensuring·​deep·​reductions·​in·​global·​greenhouse·​gas·​[net]·​emissions;​
68 ····​3.​·​[Pursue·​[a·​[global]·​transformation]·​[tractable·​shift]·​[pathways]·​towards·​[a·​low·​[carbon]·​[GHG·​emissions]·​and·​climate·​resilient·​societies]·​[sustainable·​development],​·​to·​foster·​societies·​that·​are·​resilient·​to·​climate·​change·​and·​economies·​with·​low·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​[and·​to·​ensure·​that·​food·​production·​and·​distribution·​are·​not·​threatened;​]
69 54
70 2.​·This·Agreement·shall·be·implemented·on·​the·basis·​of·equity·​and·science,​·​and·in·accordance·with·​the·principle·​of·​[equity·​and]·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​[in·​the·​light·​of·​different·​national·​circumstances,​]·​[the·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·​the·Convention],​·​while·​ensuring·​the·​integrity·​and·​resilience·​of·natural·ecosystems,​·​[the·integrity·​of·​Mother·​Earth,​·​the·​protection·​of·​health,​·​a·​just·​transition·​of·​the·​workforce·​and·​creation·​of·​decent·​work·​and·​quality·​jobs·​in·​accordance·​with·​nationally·​defined·​development·​priorities]·​and·​the·​respect,​·​protection,​·​promotion·​and·​fulfilment·​of·​human·​rights·​for·​all,​·​including·​indigenous·​peoples,​·​including·​the·​right·​to·​health·​and·​sustainable·​development,​·​[including·​the·​right·​of·​people·​under·​occupation]·and·​to·ensure·​gender·​equality·​and·the·​full·​and·​equal·​participation·​of·​women,​·​[and·​intergenerational·​equity].​55 ····2.​·To·increase·their·ability·to·adapt·​to·​the·adverse·​impacts·​of·climate·change·​[and·to·effectively·respond·to·​the·impacts·​of·​the·implementation·​of·response·measures·​and·​to·loss·​and·damage];​
71 56
72 **Option·2:​**·​No·text57 ····​3.​·​To·pursue·sustainable·​development·​in·​a·​manner·​that·​fosters·​climate·​resilience·​and·​low·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions,​·​and·​that·​does·​not·​threaten·​food·​production·​and·​distribution;​
58
59 ····​4.​·​To·​make·​finance·​flows·​consistent·​with·​a·​pathway·​towards·​low-​emission·​and·​climate-​resilient·​development,​·​in·​the·​context·​of·​sustainable·​development·​priorities·​and·​efforts·​to·​eradicate·​poverty.​
60
61 2.​·​This·​Agreement·​will·​be·​implemented·​on·​the·​basis·​of·​equity·​and·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​principle·​of·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​in·​the·​light·​of·​different·​national·​circumstances·​and·​on·​the·​basis·​of·​respect·​for·​human·​rights.​
73 62
74 ##·​Article·​2bis·​*(general)​*63 ##·​Article·​2bis·​*(general)​*
75 64
76 **Option·​1:​**65 **Option·​1:​**
77 66
78 1.​··​[All·​Parties·​[shall]·​regularly·prepare,​·​communicate·​[and·implement]·​[intended]·​nationally·determined·​[contributions][compo​nents]·​[on·​[mitigation]·​and·​adaptation]·​[undertakings·​in·adaptation·planning]·​[and·means·of·​implementation]\*·​[towards·​achieving·​the·​[purpose·​of·​this·​Agreement·​as·​set·​out·​in·Article·​2]·​[objective·​of·​the·​Convention·​as·​set·​out·​in·its·​Article·​2],​]·​[in·accordance·with·Article·4·​of·​the·​Convention]·​[in·​accordance·​with·​the·​provisions·​of·​this·​Agreement·including·​the·specific·​provisions·​related·​to·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​and·​means·​of·implementation.​]]67 1.​··All·​Parties·shall·undertake·efforts·defined·​in·Articles·3,​·​4,​·​6,​·​7,​·​8·and·9·​towards·​achieving·​the·purpose·​of·​this·​Agreement·​as·​set·​out·​in·​its·​Article·​2,​·​and·communicate·such·efforts·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​provisions·​of·​this·​Agreement.​·​Over·time·such·efforts·will·represent·a·progression·​taking·​into·​account·​Parties·​different·​national·​circumstances·​and·development·stages·while·​recognizing·​that·​the·​extent·​of·the·​efforts·​taken·​by·​developing·​country·​Parties·​will·​depend·​on·​the·​extent·​of·​support·​they·​receive.​
79 2.​··​[Each·​Party's·​[intended]·​nationally·​determined·​contribution·​will·​represent·​a·​progression·​in·​the·​light·​of·​Parties'·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​commitments·​under·​the·​Convention.​]68
80 3.​··​[The·extent·​to·​which·​developing·​country·​Parties·​will·effectively·implement·this·​Agreement·​will·​depend·​on·​the·effective·​implementation·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties·​of·their·​commitments·​on·the·provision·​of·finance,​·​technology·development·and·​transfer·​and·​capacity-​building.​]69 2.​··​Subsequent·efforts·​will·be·informed·​by·the·results·​of·​the·global·stocktake·as·defined·​in·​Article·​10,​·​and·​represent·​a·​progression·​taking·​into·​account·​Parties’·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·respective·capabilities,​·​in·light·​of·​different·​national·​circumstances.​
81 4.​··​[Successive·​[intended]·​nationally·​determined·​contributions·​will·​be·​[informed·​by·​the·​result·​of·​the·​global·​stocktake·​as·​defined·​in·​Article·​10]·​and·​communicated·​before·​the·​expiry·​of·​the·​previous·​[intended]·​nationally·​determined·​contribution·​by·​the·​Party·​concerned.​]
82 70
83 \*·​*without·​prejudice·​to·​the·​terminology·​to·​be·​used·​to·​describe·​Parties'·​commitments,​·​undertakings·​and·​efforts·​under·​the·​Paris·​Agreement*
84 71
85 **Option·​2:​**72 **Option·​2:​**
86 73
87 No·text74 1.​·​[All·Parties·​[shall]·​regularly·​prepare,​·​communicate·​[and·​implement]·​[intended]·​nationally·​determined·​[contributions][compo​nents]·​[on·​[mitigation]·​and·​adaptation]·​[undertakings·​in·​adaptation·​planning]·​[and·​means·​of·​implementation]·​3·​[towards·​achieving·​the·​[purpose·​of·​this·​Agreement·​as·​set·​out·​in·​Article·​2·​of·​the·​Convention]
75 [objective·​of·​the·​Convention·​as·​set·​out·​in·​its·​Article·​2],​][in·​accordance·​with·​Article·​4·​of·​the·​Convention][in·​accordance·​with·​the·​provisions·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​including·​the·​specific·​provisions·​related·​to·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​and·​means·​of·​implementation.​]
76
77 2.​·​Each·​Party’s·​[intended]·​nationally·​determined·​contribution·​will·​represent·​a·​progression·​in·​the·​light·​of·​Parties’·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​commitments·​under·​the·​Convention
78
79 3.​·​The·​extent·​to·​which·​developing·​country·​Parties·​will·​effectively·​implement·​this·​Agreement·​will·​depend·​on·​the·​effective·​implementation·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties·​of·​their·​commitments·​on·​the·​provision·​of·​finance,​·​technology·​development·​and·​transfer·​and·​capacity-​building.​
80
81 4.​·​Successive·​[intended]·​nationally·​determined·​contributions·​will·​be·​[informed·​by·​the·​result·​of·​the·​global·​stocktake·​as·​defined·​in·​Article·​10·​of·​the·​Convention]·​and·​communicated·​before·​the·​expiry·​of·​the·​previous·​[intended]·​nationally·​determined·​contribution·​by·​the·​Party·​concerned.​]
82
88 83
89 ##·​Article·​3·​*(mitigation)​*84 ##·​Article·​3·​*(mitigation)​*
90 85
91 1.​·​**Collective·​long-​term·​goal**86 1.​·​**Collective·​long-​term·​goal**
92 87
93 ····​[Parties·​[collectively][cooper​atively]·aim·​to·​reach·​the·​global·​temperature·​goal·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​2·​through:​88 ····​**Option·​1:​**·Parties·collectively·aim·​to·​reach·​the·​global·​temperature·​goal·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​2·​through·​[a·​peaking·​of·​global·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​as·​soon·​as·​possible,​·​recognizing·​that·​peaking·​requires·​deeper·​cuts·​of·​emissions·​of·​developed·​countries·​and·​will·​be·​longer·​for·​developing·​countries;​·​rapid·​reductions·​thereafter·​to·​[40–70·​per·​cent][70–95·​per·​cent]·​below·​2010·​levels·​by·​2050;​·​toward·​achieving·​net·​zero·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​[by·​the·​end][after·​the·​middle]·​of·​the·​century]·​informed·​by·​best·​available·​science,​·​on·​the·​basis·​of·​equity·​and·​in·​the·​context·​of·​sustainable·​development·​and·​poverty·​eradication.​
94 ····
95 ····​1.​·​[a·​peaking·​of·​global·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​as·​soon·​as·​possible[,​·​recognizing·​that·​peaking·​requires·​deeper·​cuts·​of·​emissions·​of·​developed·​countries·​and·​will·​be·​longer·​for·​developing·​countries]]
96 ····​2.​·​[rapid·​reductions·​thereafter·​[in·​accordance·​with·​best·​available·​science]·​to·​at·​least·​a·​X·​[-​Y]·​per·​cent·​reduction·​in·​global·​[greenhouse·​gas·​emissions][CO2[e]]·​compared·​to·​20XX·​levels·​by·​2050]];​
97 ····​3.​·​[achieving·​zero·​global·​GHG·​emissions·​by·​2060-​2080]
98 ····​4.​·​[a·​long-​term·​low·​emissions·​transformation]·​[toward·​[climate·​neutrality][decarboni​zation]·​[over·​the·​course·​of·​this·​century]·​[as·​soon·​as·​possible·​after·​mid-​century];​
99 ····​5.​·​[equitable·​distribution·​of·​a·​global·​carbon·​budget·​based·​on·​historical·​responsibilities·​and·​[climate]·​justice]·​[on·​the·​basis·​of·​equity·​and·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities]·​[in·​the·​context·​of·​sustainable·​development·​and·​eradication·​of·​poverty][while·​ensuring·​that·​food·​security,​·​production·​and
100 ····​distribution·​is·​not·​threatened][informed·​by·​the·​best·​available·​science].​
101 89
102 ····​1bis.​·​[To·achieve·​this,​·policies·​and·measures·should·take·into·account·different·​socio-​economic·​contexts,​·​be·​comprehensive,​·​cover·​all·​relevant·​sources,​·​sinks·​and·reservoirs·of·​greenhouse·​gases·​and·​adaptation,​·​and·​comprise·​all·​economic·​sectors·​[for·​developed·​countries]]90 ····​**Option·2:​**·​Parties·collectively·aim·to·reach·the·global·temperature·goal·referred·to·in·Article·2·through·a·longterm·​global·​low·​emissions·​[transformation·​toward·​[climate·​neutrality][decarboni​zation]]·​over·​the·​course·​of·this·century·​informed·​by·​best·​available·​science,​·​on·​the·​basis·​of·​equity·​and·in·​the·​context·​of·​sustainable·​development·and·poverty·eradication.​
103 91
104 2.​·​**Individual·​efforts**92 2.​·​**Individual·​efforts**
105 93
106 ····​Each·​Party·​shall·​regularly·​prepare,​·​communicate·​[and·​maintain]·​[successive]·​[NDMCs[^1]][INDC]·​and·​[shall][should][other​]·​[take·​appropriate·​domestic·​measures]·​[have·​in·​place][identify·​and]·​[pursue]·​[implement]·​[domestic·​laws,​·​[nationally·​determined]·​policies·​or·​other·​measures]·​[designed·​to]·​[implement][achieve][​carry·​out][that·​support·​the·​implementation·​of]·​its·​[NDMCs*][INDC]].​94 ····​Each·​Party·​shall·​regularly·​prepare,​·​communicate·​[and·​maintain][successive]​·​###4
107 95 and·​[shall][should][other​][take·​appropriate·​domestic·​measures]·​[have·​in·​place][identify·​and]·​[pursue]·​[implement]·​[[domestic·​laws],​[nationally·​determined]·​policies·​or·​other·​measures]·​[designed·​to]·​[implement][achieve][​carry·​out][that·​support·​the·​implementation·​of]·​its·​###].​
108 ····​[Placeholder·​for·​article·​3.​8·​and·​3.​9]
109 ····​[Placeholder·​for·​context·​CBDRCC[,​·​in·​the·​light·​of·​different·​national·​circumstances]]
110 ····​[Placeholder·​referring·​to·​article·​4·​of·​the·​Convention]
111 ····​[Placeholder·​for·​support]
112 96
113 3.​·​**Differentiated·​efforts**97 3.​·​**Differentiated·​efforts**
114 98
115 ····​**Option·​1:​**99 ····​**Option·​1:​**
116
117 ····​In·​accordance·​with·​Article·​4,​·​paragraph·​2,​·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​developed·​country·​Parties·​and·​other·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​I·​shall·​undertake·​quantified·​economy-​wide·​absolute·​emission·​reduction·​and·​limitation·​commitments/​targets,​·​which·​are·​comparable,​·​measurable,​·​reportable·​and·​verifiable,​·​cover·​all·​greenhouse·​gases·​and·​are·​implemented·​domestically·​without·​any·​conditions.​100 ····​In·​accordance·​with·​Article·​4,​·​paragraph·​2,​·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​developed·​country·​Parties·​and·​other·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​I·​shall·​undertake·​quantified·​economy-​wide·​absolute·​emission·​reduction·​and·​limitation·​commitments/​targets,​·​which·​are·​comparable,​·​measurable,​·​reportable·​and·​verifiable,​·​cover·​all·​greenhouse·​gases·​and·​are·​implemented·​domestically·​without·​any·​conditions.​
118 101
119 ····​3bis.​·​In·​accordance·​with·​Article·​4,​·​paragraphs·​1,​·​3,​·​4,​·​5·​and·​7,​·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​developing·​country·​Parties·​should·​undertake·​diversified·​enhanced·​mitigation·​actions/​efforts·​in·​a·​measurable,​·​reportable,​·​and·​verifiable·​manner,​·in·​the·​context·​of·​sustainable·​development·​and·​supported·​and·​enabled·​by·​the·​provision·​of·​adequate·​finance,​·​technology·​and·​capacity-​building·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties.​102 ····​3bis.​·​In·​accordance·​with·​Article·​4,​·​paragraphs·​1,​·​3,​·​4,​·​5·​and·​7,​·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​developing·​country·​Parties·​should·​undertake·​diversified·​enhanced·​mitigation·​actions/​efforts·​in·​a·​measurable,​·​reportable,​·​and·​verifiable·​manner,​in·​the·​context·​of·​sustainable·​development·​and·​supported·​and·​enabled·​by·​the·​provision·​of·​adequate·​finance,​·​technology·​and·​capacity-​building·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties.​
120 103
121 ····​**Option·​2:​**104 ····​**Option·​2:​**
105 ····​Each·​Party·​that·​has·​previously·​communicated·​absolute·​economy·​wide·​emissions·​reduction·​or·​limitation·​targets·​should·​continue·​to·​do·​so·​and·​all·​Parties·​should·​aim·​to·​do·​so·​over·​time.​
122 106
123 ····Option·​(a)​:​·​Each·Party·that·​has·​previously·​[communicated]·​[implemented]·​absolute·​economy-​wide·​emissions·​reduction·​or·​limitation·​targets·​should·​continue·​to·do·so·and·​all·​Parties·​should·​aim·​to·​do·​so·​over·​time.​107 ····3bis.​·​Developed·country·Parties·​should·​continue·​to·take·the·lead.​
124 ····
125 ····​Option·​(b)​:​·​Developed·​country·​Parties·​[and·​other·​Parties·​[in·​a·​position][that·​determine]·​to·​do·​so]·​should·​take·​the·​lead·​in·​mitigation·​efforts,​·​including·​by·​[communicating]·​[and·​implementing]·​absolute·​economy-​wide·​emissions·​reduction·​[or·​limitation]·​targets·​and·​all·​other·​Parties·​should·​aim·​to·​do·​so·​over·​time.​
126 108
127 ····​3bis·​[Developed·​country·​Parties·​should·​continue·​to·​take·​the·​lead].​[^2]109 4.​·​**Flexibility**
128 110
129 4.​·​**Flexibility**·LDCs·​[and·​SIDS][and·​African·​states]·​may·​communicate·​their·​[NDMC*][INDC]·at·​their·​discretion,​·​including·​information·​on·​strategies,​·​plans·​and·​actions·​for·​low·GHG·​development,​·​reflecting·​their·​special·​circumstances.​111 ····LDCs·​[and·​SIDS][and·​African·​states]·​may·​communicate·​their·​###·at·​their·​discretion,​·​including·​information·​on·​strategies,​·​plans·​and·​actions·​for·​low·greenhouse·​gas·​development,​·​reflecting·​their·​special·​circumstances.​
130 112
131 5.​·​**Progression/​ambition**·​Each·​Party's·​successive·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​[shall][should][will]​·​represent·​a·​progression·​beyond·​the·​Party's·​previous·​efforts·​and·​reflect·​its·​highest·​possible·​ambition·​[based·​on·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities·​[[and]·​in·​light·​of·​different·​national·​circumstances·​[and·​best·​available·​science]]·​[based·​on·​provision·​of·​finance,​·​technology·​and·​capacity-​building·​to·​developing·​countries].​[^3]113 5.​·​**Support**
132 114
133 6.​·​**Information**·​In·communicating·their·​[proposed]·​[intended]·​[NDMC*][INDC],​·Parties·​shall·​provide·​the·​information·​necessary·​for·​clarity,​·​transparency·​and·understanding,​·in·accordance·with·​[decision·​1/​CP.​21][decision·​1/​CP.​20·​]·​[and·​any·​subsequent·​decisions·​of·​the·​CMA.​]·​[Article·​12·​of·​the·​Convention·​and·​the·​relevant·​arrangement·​for·​reporting·​information·​adopted·​by·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Convention·​(COP)​·​including·those·resulting·from·​the·Bali·Action·Plan·​and·​the·information·listed·​in·decision·1/​CP.​20.​]115 ···​**Option·1:​**·​Developed·country·Parties·​and·other·developed·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​to·​the·​Convention·​[and·other·Parties·with·​the·capacity·to·do·​so]·​shall·​provide·​new·​and·additional·​financial·​resources,​·​technology·​transfer·​and·​capacity-​building·​to·​meet·the·agreed·full·​costs·​incurred·​by·​developing·​country·​Parties·​in·complying·with·​their·​obligations·​under·​this·​Article.​
134 116
135 7.​·​**Features**[^4]117 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​Developing·​country·​Parties·​are·​eligible·​for·​support·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Article.​
136 118
137 ····​**Option·1:​**·Each·Party's·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​[shall][should]·​be·quantified·or·quantifiable,​·​[be·unconditional,​·​at·least·in·part·​],​·​maintain·coverage·​of·emissions·​and·removals·​covered·​previously,​·​and·​strive·​for·​coverage·​of·​all·​significant·​emissions·​and·​removals·​over·​time.​·​Additional·​guidance·​may·​be·​elaborated·​by·​decision·​[of·​the·​CMA][1/​CP.​21].​119 ····​**Option·3:​**·The·extent·to·which·developing·country·Parties·will·effectively·implement·their·commitments·will·depend·on·​the·effective·​implementation·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties·​of·​their·​commitments·​related·​to·​financial·​resources,​·​transfer·​of·​technology·​and·​capacity-​building.​
138 120
139 ····​**Option·​2**:​·​Each·​Developed·​country·​Party's·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​shall·​be·​quantified,​·​cover·​all·​key·​categories·​of·​emissions·​by·​sources·​and·​removals·​by·​sinks·​and·​use·​common·​Intergovernmental·​Panel·​on·​Climate·​Change·​(IPCC)​·​metrics,​·​guidance·​and·​guidelines·​for·​the·​estimation·​of·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​and·​removals;​·​and·​others·​strive·​to·​communicate·​this·​over·​time.​·​Additional·​guidance·​may·​be·​elaborated·​by·​the·​[CMA]·​[IPC]·​at·​its·​[x]·​session121 6.​·​**Progression/​ambition**
140 122
141 ····​**Option·3**:​·​Guidance·​on·the·features·​of·​[NDMCs*][INDC]·​to·be·elaborated·by·​decision·​[of·​the·​CMA·​][1.​CP/​21].​123 ····​Each·Party’s·successive·​###·​[shall][should][will]​·​represent·​a·​progression·​beyond·​the·Party’s·​previous·​efforts·​and·​reflect·​its·​highest·​possible·​ambition·​[based·​on·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​in·​light·​of·different·national·circumstances].​
142 124
143 ····​**Option·​4**:​·​Guidance·​on·​the·​features·​of·​[NDMCs*][INDC]·​to·​be·​elaborated·​by·​decision·​of·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​x·​session.​125 7.​·​**Information**
144 126
145 ····​**Option·5**:​·​No·text·​in·agreement127 ····​[In·communicating·their·​###,​·​all·​Parties·​shall·​provide·​the·​information·​necessary·​for·​the·​clarity,​·​transparency·​and·​understanding·​in·accordance·​with·​decision·​1/​CP.​21·​and·​any·​subsequent·​decisions·​of·​the·​CMA].​
146 128
147 8.​·​**Timing**129 8.​·​**Timing**
148 130
149 ····1.​·​*First·communication·option·for·agreement[^5]*131 ····Parties·shall·communicate·an·​###·​every·five·​years·​in·​accordance·​with·​decisions·​of·​the·​CMA·​being·​informed·​by·​the·​outcomes·​of·​the·​global·​stock·​take·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​10.​
150
151 ········​**Option·​1[^6][^7]:​**·​Each·​Party's·​first·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​is·​that·​listed·​in·​[Annex·​[x]·​to·​the·​Agreement][the·​registry][the·​website].​
152
153 ········​**Option·​2:​**·​Each·​Party·​[shall][should]·​communicate·​its·​first·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​no·​later·​than·​upon·​[ratification·​or·​acceptance·​of]·​[joining]·​this·​Agreement.​
154
155 ········​**Option·​3:​**·​No·​provision·​on·​first·​communication·​in·​agreement·​and/​or·​decision
156
157 ····​2.​·​*Subsequent·​communications*
158
159 ········​**Option·​1:​**·​*communication·​to·​5·​year·​time·​period*
160
161 ········​1.​·​Every·​5·​years,​·​*harmonised*·​[NDMC*][INDC]
162
163 ············​Each·​Party·​shall·​[[communicate·​its·​[successive]·​[new]]·​[update·​its]·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​by·​[year·​x]·​[2020]·​[2021]·​and·​every·​five·​years·​thereafter·​on·​a·​[synchronized][common​]·​basis,​·​[or·​resubmit·​an·​existing·​[NDMC*][INDC]]·​[for·​the·​subsequent·​five-​year·​time·​frame],​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​outcomes·​of·​the·​global·​stocktake·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​10.​
164
165 ········​2.​·​*Submit·​INDC*
166
167 ············​All·​Parties·​shall·​submit·​their·​[intended]·​[proposed]·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​[12·​[–18]·​months·​prior·​to]·​[well·​before]·​[finalization·​[inscriptions]
168
169 ········​3.​·​Finalize·​[NDMC*][INDC]
170
171 ···········​[[with·​a·​view·​to·​[inscription·​in·​[Annex]·​x[^8]][finalization]·​[at·​least·​three·​months·​prior·​to][well·​before]·​the·​session·​of·​the·​CMA·​at·​which·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​will·​be·​collectively·​updated]];​·​[*placeholder·​for·​an·​option·​regarding·​an·​"indicative"·​or·​"intended"·​subsequent·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​for·​[five]·​years·​after·​the·​year·​of·​the·​submitted·​contribution.​*]
172
173 ········​**Option·​2:​**·​*communication·​before·​the·​end·​of·​the·​period·​of·​implementation*
174
175 ········​Successive·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​[shall]·​[will]·​[other]·​be·​communicated·​by·​Parties·​after·​completion·​of·​the·​current·​implementation·​cycle.​
176
177 ····​3.​·​*Consultative·​period/​ex·​ante[^9]
178
179 ········​**Option·​1:​**·​[In·​the·​12·​[–18]·​month·​period·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​x]·​[The·​CMA·​shall·​facilitate·​[conduct]]·​[All·​Parties·​shall·​participate·​in]·​a·​[preparatory]·​process·​to·​[facilitate]·​[enhance]·​the·​clarity,​·​transparency·​and·​understanding·​of·​the·​[intended]·​[proposed]·​[NDMC*][INDC],​·​including·​their·​aggregate·​effect·​in·​the·​light·​of·​the·​long-​term·​temperature·​goal·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​2,​·​including·​through·​the·​production·​of·​an·​aggregate·​synthesis·​report.​·​The·​[preparatory]·​process·​shall·​be·​conducted·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​to·​be·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session.​
180
181 ········​**Option·​2:​**·​No·​provision·​on·​consultative·​period/​ex·​ante
182
183 ····​5.​·​*Adjustments*
184
185 ········​A·​Party·​may·​at·​any·​time·​adjust·​its·​existing·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​with·​a·​view·​to·​enhancing·​its·​level·​of·​ambition·​[,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​simplified·​adjustment·​procedure·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​19,​·​paragraph·​3].​·​[Adjustments·​towards·​lower·​ambition·​levels·​may·​only·​be·​communicated·​in·​case·​the·​[developing·​country]·​Party's·​efforts·​are·​[severely]·​affected·​by·​an·​extreme·​natural·​event,​·​economic·​shock·​or·​force·​majeure.​][Developing·​country·​Parties·​may·​adjust·​their·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​at·​their·​discretion·​depending·​upon·​the·​adequacy·​and·​availability·​of·​finance,​·​technology·​development·​and·​transfer·​and·​capacity-​building·​support.​]
186
187 9.​·​**Housing**
188
189 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​[The·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​communicated·​by·​Parties·​shall·​be·​[listed][published]·​[in·​an·​online·​registry·​maintained·​by·​the·​secretariat][·​in·​Annex·​[X]·​to·​this·​Agreement][on·​the·​UNFCCC·​website].​]
190
191 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​[The·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​communicated·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties·​shall·​be·​inscribed·​in·​Annex·​A·​to·​this·​Agreement.​
192 ····
193 ····​The·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​communicated·​by·​developing·​country·​Parties·​shall·​be·​inscribed·​in·​Annex·​B·​to·​this·​Agreement.​]
194
195 132
196 10.​·​**Accounting**[^10]133 9.​·​The·​CMA·​shall·​decide·​on·​common·​timeframes·​for·​####,​·​no·​later·​than·​its·​[X]·​session.​
197 134
198 ····​**Option·​1:​**:​·​[In·​tracking·​progress·​towards·​achieving·​their·​[NDMC*][INDC],​·​Parties·​shall·​apply·​the·​principles·​of·​transparency,​·​accuracy,​·​completeness,​·​comparability,​·​consistency,​·​avoidance·​of·​double·​counting·​and·​environmental·​integrity.​]135 10.​·​**Adjustments**
199 136
200 ····​**Option·2:​**·​[In·tracking·progress·towards·achieving·their·​[NDMC*][INDC],​·​Parties·shall·apply·​the·principles·of·transparency,​·accuracy,​·​completeness,​·​comparability,​·​consistency,​·​avoidance·of·​double·​counting,​·​and·​environmental·​integrity.​]137 ····​A·Party·may·at·any·time·adjust·its·existing·​###·​with·a·view·​to·​enhancing·​its·​level·​of·ambition·​[,​·​in·accordance·with·the·simplified·adjustment·​procedure·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​19,​·​paragraph·​3].​
201 138
202 ····​[The·​rules·​and·​guidance·​related·​to·​the·​tracking·​of·​progress·​towards·​achieving·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​accounting·​[that·​are·​set·​forth·​in·​[relevant·​COP·​decisions·​and·​in]·​decision·​1/​CP.​21],​·​including·​with·​respect·​to·​land·​use·​[and·​landuse·​change]·​[and·​forests]·​[and·​REDD-​plus]·​[and·​internationally·​transferred·​mitigation·​outcomes],​·​[shall·​be·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session·​and·​may·​be·​amended·​by·​any·​subsequent·​decisions·​of·​the·​CMA]·​[so·​as·​to·​improve·​the·​clarity,​·​transparency·​and·​environmental·​integrity·​of·​this·​Agreement.​]139 11.​·​**Housing**
203 140
204 ····​**Option·3:​**141 ····​The·​###·​communicated·by·​Parties·​shall·​be·​recorded·​[in·​an·​online·​registry·​maintained·​by·​the·​secretariat][in·​Annex·​[X]·​to·​this·​Agreement].​
205 ····
206 ····​1.​·​[Taking·​into·​consideration·​the·​principles·​of·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​and·​Article·​4,​·​paragraph·​9,​·​of·​the·​Convention]·​[The·​rules·​and·​guidance·​related·​to·​accounting·​[that·​are·​set·​forth·​in·​[relevant·​COP·​decisions·​and·​in]·​decision·​1/​CP.​21],​·​including·​with·​respect·​to·​land·​use·​[and·​land-​use·​change]·​[and·​forests][·​and·​REDD-​plus][and·​internationally·​transferred·​mitigation·​outcomes],​·​[shall·​be·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session·​and·​may·​be·​amended·​by·​any·​subsequent·​decisions·​of·​the·​CMA]·​[so·​as·​to·​improve·​the·​clarity,​·​transparency·​and·​environmental·​integrity·​of·​this·​Agreement.​]
207 142
208 ····​2.​·​[In·​accounting·​for·​its·​[NDMC*][INDC],​·​each·​Party·​shall,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​guidance·​developed·​under·​paragraph·​[x](a)​·​above]:​143 12.​·​**Accounting**
209 144
210 ········​1.​·​[Use·​the·common·​metrics,​·​guidance·​and·​guidelines·​accepted·​by·​the·​IPCC·​for·​the·​estimation·​of·greenhouse·gas·emissions·and·removals·and·​agreed·​by·​the·​CMA];​145 ····​Parties·shall·​[track·progress·towards][account·​for]·​their·​###.​·​In·​[tracking·​progress·​towards][accounting·​for]·​their·​###,​·​Parties·​shall·​promote·​environmental·​integrity,​·transparency,​·​accuracy,​·​completeness,​·​comparability·​and·consistency,​·​and·ensure·​the·avoidance·​of·double·counting,​·​in·accordance·with·guidance·adopted·​by·​the·​CMA.​
211 ········​2.​·​[Ensure·​methodological·​consistency·​between·​the·​definition·​of·​the·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​and·​its·​implementation];​
212 ········​3.​·​[Include·​an·​explanation·​for·​the·​exclusion·​from·​the·​[NDMC*][INDC]of·​any·​key·​categories·​of·​emissions·​and·​removals,​·​and·​strive·​to·​include·​these·​over·​time];​
213 ········​4.​·​[[Ensure·​that]·​Once·​a·​source,​·​sink·​or·​activity·​is·​accounted·​for·​in·​a·​[NDMC*][INDC],​·​Parties·​shall·​continue·​to·​include·​it];​
214 ········​5.​·​[[Ensure·​that]·​internationally·​transferred·​mitigation·​outcomes·​to·​meet·​its·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​are·​real,​·​permanent,​·​additional·​and·​verified,​·​are·​subject·​to·​systems·​to·​ensure·​that·​units·​are·​not·​counted·​more·​than·​once·​in·​tracking·​progress·​towards·​nationally·​determined·​mitigation·​commitments,​·​and·​are·​supplemental·​to·​domestic·​action].​
215 146
216 ····​**Option·​4:​**·​Deal·​with·​accounting·​in·​Transparency·​of·​Action·​and·Support147 13.​·​**Methods·​and·guidance**
217 148
218 ····​**Option·5:​**·​No·provisions·on·accounting·​and·land·use149 ····​In·the·context·of·their·​###,​·​when·​recognizing·​and·implementing·mitigation·​actions·​with·​respect·​to·​anthropogenic·​emissions·​and·​removals,​·​Parties·​[may·​draw·​from·​and·​build·​on]·​[shall·​take·​into·​account],​·​as·​appropriate,​·​existing·​methods·​and·​guidance,​·​under·​the·​Convention·​and·​from·​the·​IPCC·​as·​adopted·​by·​the·​COP.​
219 ····
220 ····​*Differentiation·​modulator:​·​(A·​choice·​to·​be·​made·​for·​options·​1,​·​2,​·​and·​3)​.​*
221 150
222 ····​**Option·1:​**·​[Taking·​into·​consideration·​the·​principles·​of·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​·​and·​article·​4.​9·​of·​the·​Convention]151 ····​**Response·measures**
223 152
224 ····​**Option·2:​**·​*No·differentiation·modulator·applied·in·this·specific·paragraph·​(does·not·prejudge·how·or·where·differentiation·is·treated·in·this·section)​.​*153 ····​[Preamble:​·​Parties·acknowledge·the·importance·of·cooperation,​·​including·around·economic·diversification·to·reduce·the·adverse·impacts·of·the·implementation·of·response·measures.​]
225 154
226 11.​·​**Methods·​and·guidance**155 14.​·​[Parties·​shall·​give·​full·​consideration·​to·​what·​actions·​are·​necessary·​under·​this·​Agreement·​to·​meet·​the·​specific·​needs·​and·concerns·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties·​arising·​from·​the·​impact·​of·​the·​implementation·​of·​response·​measures,​·​including·​in·​terms·​of·​economic·​diversification,​·​and·​taking·​into·​consideration·​that·​poverty·​eradication·​and·​social·​and·​economic·​development·​are·​the·​first·​and·​overriding·​priorities·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties.​
227 156
228 ····​**Option·1:​**·​In·​the·context·​of·​*[NDMC*][INDC],​*·​when·recognising·and·implementing·mitigation·actions·​in·respect·​of·​anthropogenic·​emissions·​and·​removals·​[including·​from·​land·​use·​[or·​REDD+]],​·​Parties·​may·​draw·​from·​[/​build·​on]·​existing·​methods·​and·​guidance·​under·​the·​UNFCCC·​and·​the·​IPCC.​157 15.​·​Parties·agree·to·enhance·​actions·under·this·Agreement,​·​including·through·strengthening·​institutional·​arrangements,​·​and·​to·​adopt·​modalities·​and·procedures·for·enhancing·those·arrangements.​·​To·this·end·​the·CMA·shall·​establish·​a·​cooperative·​mechanism·​to·​address·​the·adverse·​impacts·​of·​the·​implementation·​of·​response·​measures·​on·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·​as·​included·​in·​decision·​-​/​CP.​21.​]
229 158
230 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​*No·​provisions·​on·​accounting·​and·​land·​use*159 ····​**REIOs**
231 160
232 12.​·​**Long-​term·strategies**161 16.​·​Parties,​·​including·regional·​economic·​integration·​organisations·​and·​their·​member·​States,​·​that·​have·​reached·​an·​agreement·​to·​[implement·​their·​###s·​jointly]·​[act·​under·​Article·​3,​·​paragraph·​2,​·​jointly],​·​shall·​notify·​the·​secretariat·​of·​the·​terms·​of·​the·​agreement,​·​including·​the·​emission·​level·​allocated·​to·​each·​Party·​within·​the·​relevant·​time·​period,​·​at·​the·​time·​when·​they·​communicate·​their·​###s.​·​The·​secretariat·​shall·​in·​turn·​inform·​the·​Parties·​and·​signatories·​to·​the·​Convention·​of·​the·​terms·​of·​this·​Agreement.​
233 162
234 ····​[Parties·​[are·invited][should·strive·​]][invite·Parties,​·​on·a·voluntary·basis]·​to·formulate·and·communicate·longerterm·low-​emission·development·strategies·​[in·​accordance·​with·the·​modalities·​to·​be·​decided·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session][Developed·​country·​Parties·​shall·​formulate·​low-​emission·​development·​strategies·​with·​time·​frames·​for·​achieving·​zero·​emissions.​·​Developing·​country·​Parties·​are·​encouraged·​to·​develop·​a·​long-​term·​green·​and·lowcarbon·​development·​strategy,​·​plan·​or·​programme,​·​as·​appropriate].​163 17.​·​[In·the·event·of·failure·by·the]·​[Each]·​Part[y]·​[ies]·​to·such·an·agreement·​[to·achieve·their·​common·​###s],​·​each·​party·​to·​that·​agreement]·​shall·​be·​responsible·​for·​its·emission·level·as·​set·​out·​in·​that·​agreement·in·​accordance·​with·paragraph·​[14]·​above·​and·Articles·​[9]·​and·​[11].​
235 164
236 ····​[The·​secretariat·​shall·​maintain·​Parties'·​communicated·low-​emission·development·strategies·​in·​a·public·registry.​]165 18.​·​If·​Parties·​[implementing·their·​###s·jointly]·​[acting·jointly]do·​so·​in·the·​framework·​of,​·​and·​together·​with,​·a·regional·economic·​integration·​organization·​which·​is·​itself·​a·​Party·​to·​this·​Agreement,​·​each·​member·​State·​of·​that·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·​individually,​·​and·​together·​with·​the·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·​shall[,​·​in·​the·​event·​of·​failure·​to·​achieve·​the·​common·​###s,​]·​be·​responsible·​for·​its·​emission·​level·​as·​set·​out·​in·​the·​agreement·​notified·​under·​paragraph·​(1)​·​in·​accordance·​with·​paragraph·​[14]·​above·​and·​Articles·​[9]·​and·​[11].​
237 166
238 13.​·​**Response·Measures**167 19.​·​If·Parties·​[implementing]·​[acting]·​jointly·​do·​so·​in·​the·​framework·​of,​·​and·​together·​with,​·​a·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization,​·​any·​alteration·​in·​the·​composition·​of·​the·​organization·​shall·​not·​affect·​existing·​###s·​and·​shall·​only·​apply·​for·​the·​purposes·​of·​those·​###s·​that·​are·​communicated·​subsequent·​to·​the·​alteration.​
239 168
240 ····​*[Preamble:​·​Parties·acknowledge·​the·​importance·​of·​cooperation·​including·​around·​economic·​diversification·​to·​reduce·​the·​adverse·​impacts·​of·​the·​implementation·​of·​response·​measures.​]*169 ····​**Cooperative·approaches**
241 170
242 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​[Parties·​shall·give·full·consideration·​to·what·actions·are·necessary·under·this·Agreement·to·meet·​the·specific·​needs·​and·​concerns·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties·​arising·​from·​the·​impact·​of·​the·​implementation·​of·​response·​measures,​·​including·​in·​terms·​of·​economic·​diversification,​·​and·​taking·​into·​consideration·​that·​poverty·​eradication·​and·​social·​and·​economic·​development·​are·​the·​first·​and·​overriding·​priorities·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties.​171 ····​[Parties·​shall,​·where·​engaging·​on·​a·​voluntary·​basis·​in·cooperative·approaches·​that·involve·​the·use·​of·internationally·transferred·mitigation·​outcomes·​towards·​###,​·​promote·​sustainable·​development·​and·​environmental·​integrity·​and·​apply·​robust·​accounting·​to·​ensure,​·​inter·​alia,​·​the·​avoidance·​of·​double·​counting,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​guidance·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA.​]
243 ····
244 ····​Parties·​agree·​to·​enhance·​actions·​under·​this·​Agreement,​·​including·​through·​strengthening·​institutional·​arrangements,​·​and·​to·​adopt·​adopt·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​for·​enhancing·​those·​arrangements.​·​To·​this·​end·​the·​CMA·​shall·​establish·​a·​cooperative·​mechanism·​to·​address·​the·​adverse·​impacts·​of·​the·​implementation·​of·​response·​measures·​on·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·​as·​included·​in·​decision·​-​/​CP.​21.​]
245 172
246 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​No·​text173 21.​·​**Long-​term·strategies**
247 174
248 14.​·​**Unilateral·Measures**175 ····​All·​Parties·​should·​voluntarily·​formulate·​and·​communicate·​long-​term·​low-​emission·​development·​strategies
249
250 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​[Developed·​country·​Parties·​shall·​not·​resort·​to·​any·​form·​of·​unilateral·​measures·​against·​goods·​and·​services·​from·​developing·​country·​Parties·​on·​any·​grounds·​related·​to·​climate·​change,​·​recalling·​the·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​in·​particular·​its·​Article·​3,​·​paragraphs·​1,​·​4·​and·​5,​·​and·​Article·​4,​·​paragraphs·​3,​·​5,​·​7,​·​8,​·​9·​and·​10,​·​and·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​principles·​of·​equity,​·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​the·​obligations·​of·​developed·​country·​Parties·​to·​provide·​financial·​resources,​·​transfer·​of·​technologies·​and·​capacity-​building·​support·​to·​developing·​country·​Parties.​]
251
252 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​No·​text.​
253
254 15.​·​**REIOS**·​[Parties,​·​including·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organizations·​and·​their·​member·​States,​·​may·​jointly·​communicate·​and[/​or]·​implement·​their·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​[detailing·​in·​their·​joint·​communication·​the·​combined·​level·​of·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​and·​individual·​levels·​of·​the·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​of·​each·​member·​State·​of·​that·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization.​·​If·​Parties·​acting·​jointly·​do·​so·​in·​the·​framework·​of,​·​and·​together·​with,​·​a·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization,​·​any·​alteration·​in·​the·​composition·​of·​the·​organization·​after·​adoption·​of·​this·​Agreement·​shall·​not·​affect·​existing·​[NDMC*][INDC]under·​this·​Agreement.​·​Any·​alteration·​in·​the·​composition·​of·​the·​organization·​shall·​apply·​only·​for·​the·​purposes·​of·​those·​commitments·​under·​Article·​3·​that·​are·​adopted·​subsequent·​to·​that·​alteration.​·​If·​Parties·​act·​jointly·​to·​implement·​their·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​in·​the·​framework·​of,​·​and·​together·​with,​·​a·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·​that·​is·​itself·​a·​Party·​to·​this·​Agreement,​·​each·​member·​State·​of·​that·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·​individually·​and·​together·​with·​the·​regional·​economic·​integration·​organization·​shall,​·​in·​the·​event·​of·​failure·​to·​achieve·​the·​total·​combined·​level·​of·​[NDMC*][INDC],​·​be·​responsible·​for·​the·​level·​of·​its·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​as·​communicated·​in·​accordance·​with·​this·​Article.​]
255
256 16.​·​**Cooperative·​approaches**
257
258 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​Parties·​may·​also·​cooperate·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·​their·​[NDMC*][INDC].​
259
260 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​[Parties,​·​when·​using·​cooperative·​approaches,​·​shall·​ensure·​that·​they·​deliver·​real,​·​permanent,​·​additional·​and·​verified·​internationally·​transferrable·​mitigation·​outcomes,​·​which·​shall·​be·​counted·​only·​once.​][The·​cooperation·​of·​Parties·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·​mitigation·​activities·​to·​implement·​their·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​may·​include·​cooperation·​through·​the·​Warsaw·​Framework·​for·​REDD-​plus,​·​mechanisms·​developed·​under·​the·​COP·​and·​cooperative·​approaches·​involving·​the·​international·​transfer·​of·​mitigation·​outcomes·​that·​meet·​standards·​and·​guidelines·​to·​be·​decided·​on·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session·​that·​are·​aimed·​at·​ensuring·​environmental·​integrity·​and·​the·​delivery·​of·​real,​·​permanent,​·​additional·​and·​verified·​internationally·​transferrable·​mitigation·​outcomes·​that·​shall·​be·​counted·​only·​once·​in·​tracking·​progress·​towards·​[NDMC*][INDC].​·​The·​CMA·​shall·​provide·​that·​a·​mechanism·​for·​supporting·​sustainable·​development·​is·​available·​to·​assist·​Parties·​in·​fulfilling·​their·​[NDMC*][INDC],​·​while·​respecting·​the·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​of·​the·​host·​Party.​][^11]
261
262 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​Parties·​acknowledge·​the·​importance·​of·​cooperation·​instruments·​to·​enhance·​mitigation·​commitments·​at·​the·​local,​·​regional·​and/​or·​international·​level.​
263
264 ····​**Option·​4:​**·​No·​provision
265
266 17.​·​**Support**[^12][^13]​
267
268 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​The·​developed·​country·​Parties·​and·​other·​developed·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​to·​the·​Convention·​[and·​other·​Parties·​with·​the·​capacity·​to·​do·​so]·​shall·​provide·​new·​and·​additional·​financial·​resources,​·​technology·​transfer·​and·​capacity-​building·​to·​meet·​the·​agreed·​full·​costs·​incurred·​by·​developing·​country·​Parties·​[and·​Parties·​whose·​special·​circumstances·​are·​recognized·​by·​the·​COP]·​in·​complying·​with·​their·​obligations·​under·​this·​Article.​
269
270 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​[Developing·​country·​Parties][and·​other·​countries·​with·​economies·​in·​transition][and·​Parties·​whose·​special·​circumstances·​are·​recognized·​by·​the·​COP][Parties·​in·​need·​of·​support]·​are·​eligible·​for·​support·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Article.​
271
272 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​The·​extent·​to·​which·​developing·​country·​Parties·​will·​effectively·​implement·​their·​commitments·​will·​depend·​on·​the·​effective·​implementation·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties·​of·​their·​commitments·​related·​to·​financial·​resources,​·​transfer·​of·​technology·​and·​capacity-​building.​
273
274 18.​·​**International·​Transport·​Emissions**
275
276 ····​**Option·​1:​**·​Parties·​[shall][should][other​]·​pursue·​limitation·​or·​reduction·​of·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​from·​international·​aviation·​and·​marine·​bunker·​fuels,​·​working·​through·​the·​International·​Civil·​Aviation·​Organization·​and·​the·​International·​Maritime·​Organization,​·​respectively,​·​with·​a·​view·​to·​agreeing·​concrete·​measures·​addressing·​these·​emissions,​·​including·​developing·​procedures·​for·​incorporating·​emissions·​from·​international·​aviation·​and·​marine·​bunker·​fuels·​into·​low-​emission·​development·​strategies.​
277
278 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​No·​text
279 176
280 ##·​[Article·​3bis]·​*(REDD-​plus)​*177 ##·​[Article·​3bis]·​*(REDD-​plus)​*
281 178
282 1.​·​[Mechanisms·for·forest·mitigation·​and·adaptation·are]·​[A·REDD-​plus·mechanism·is]·​hereby·defined.​179 1.​·​Parties·are·encouraged·to·​conserve·​and·enhance,​·​as·appropriate,​·​sinks·and·reservoirs·of·GHG·​as·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​4·​paragraph·​1(d)​·​of·​the·​Convention.​
283 180
284 2.​·The·REDD-​plus·mechanism·consists·​of·relevant·decisions·​of·the·Conference·​of·​the·Parties,​·​including·decisions·​9·​to·​15/​CP.​19·​and·​decision·​XX/​CP.​21.​181 2.​·​Parties·are·encouraged·​to·incentivize,​[including·​by·​scaling·​up·​resources]·​the·​reduction·​of·​emissions·​from·​deforestation·​and·forest·degradation·​and·​to·​promote·​the·​conservation·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​and·​enhancement·​of·​forest·​carbon·​stocks·​in·​developing·​countries,​·​while·​enhancing·​the·​non-​carbon·​benefits;​·​and·​to
182 support·​alternative·​policy·​approaches,​·​such·​as·​joint·​mitigation·​and·​adaption·​approaches·​for·​the·​integral·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests,​·​including·​alleviating·​poverty·​and·​building·​ecosystem·​resilience,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​previous·​COP·​decisions·​related·​to·​forests.​
285 183
286 3.​·​The·​purpose·​of·​the·​REDD-​plus·​mechanism·​shall·​be·​to·​incentivize·​the·​reduction·​of·​emissions·​from·​deforestation·​and·​forest·​degradation·​and·​to·​promote·​conservation,​·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​and·​enhancement·​of·​forest·​carbon·​stocks·​in·​developing·​countries,​·​while·​enhancing·​the·​non-​carbon·​benefits·​derived·​as·​a·​result·​of·​the·​multiple·​functions·​of·​forests,​·​including·​alleviating·​poverty·​and·​building·​ecosystem·​resilience.​
287
288 4.​·​[The·​Joint·​Mitigation·​and·​Adaptation·​Mechanism·​(JMA)​·​is·​established·​to·​support·​the·​integral·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​as·​an·​alternative·​to·​results-​based·​payments,​·​in·​accordance·​to·​decision·​X/​CP.​21.​]
289 184
290 ##·​[Article·​3ter]·​*(mechanism·​to·​support·​sustainable·​development)​*185 ##·​[Article·​3ter]·​*(mechanism·​to·​support·​sustainable·​development)​*
291 186
292 **Option·​1:​**187 ···​**Proposed·​Mechanism·​1**
293
294 1.​·​A·​mechanism·​is·​established·​to·​support·​sustainable·​development,​·​to·​be·​available·​to·​assist·​Parties·​in·​fulfilling·​their·​[NDMC*][INDC].​·​This·​mechanism·​shall·​be·​under·​the·​authority·​and·​guidance·​of·​the·​CMA·​and·​be·​supervised·​by·​a·​body·​designated·​by·​the·​CMA,​·​and·​would·​aim·​to:​
295
296 ····​1.​·​Enhance·​mitigation·​ambition·​and·​the·​mobilization·​of·​financing·​for·​climate·​action;​
297 ····​2.​·​Incentivise·​and·​enable·​participation·​in·​cost-​effective·​mitigation·​action·​by·​public·​and·​private·​entities·​acting·​under·​the·​responsibility·​of·​a·​Party.​
298
299 2.​·​The·​CMA·​shall·​adopt·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​for·​the·​mechanism·​referred·​above·​on·​its·​first·​session.​]
300
301 ····​*Additional·​elements·​to·​article·​3ter·​to·​be·​reflected·​in·​the·​article·​(these·​are·​also·​applicable·​to·​paragraph·​46·​of·​the·​decision)​:​*
302
303 ····​-​·​*Additional·​element·​-​·​own·​contribution·​-​·​EU·​submission·​on·​paragraph·​34*·​"Deliver·​where·​desired·​by·​Participating·​Parties·​a·​net·​contribution·​to·​mitigation·​over·​and·​above·​the·​current·​[NDMC*]/​[INDC]·​of·​the·​Parties·​participating".​
304 ····​-​·​*Approval·​by·​the·​Parties·​involved*
305 ····​-​·​*Article·​3·​ter·​enabling·​creation·​of·​multiple·​mechanisms*
306 ····​-​·​*Sustainable·​development·​criteria·​of·​the·​host·​country*
307
308 **Option·​2:​**
309
310 1.​·​Recommends·​that·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session·​consider·​establishing·​a·​mechanism·​to·​support·​sustainable·​development·​to·​be·​available·​to·​assist·​Parties·​in·​fulfilling·​their·​[NDMC*][INDC].​·​This·​mechanism·​would·​be·​under·​the·​authority·​and·​guidance·​of·​the·​CMA·​and·​be·​supervised·​by·​a·​body·​designated·​by·​the·​CMA,​·​and·​would·​aim·​to:​
311
312 ····​1.​·​Enhance·​mitigation·​ambition·​and·​the·​mobilization·​of·​financing·​for·​climate·​action;​
313 ····​2.​·​Incentivize·​and·​enable·​participation·​in·​cost-​effective·​mitigation·​action·​by·​public·​and·​private·​entities·​acting·​under·​the·​responsibility·​of·​a·​Party;​
314 188
315 2.​·​Requests·the·​SBSTA·​to·elaborate·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​for·​the·​mechanism·​for·​sustainable·​development·​referred·​to·in·paragraph·34·above·​and·report·to·​the·IPC·at·its·​[X]·​session·with·​a·view·to·​the·​IPC·​making·​recommendations,​·​for·​consideration·​and·​adoption·​by·​the·​CMA·at·its·first·​session,​·​that·​inter·​alia:​189 1.​·​[A·​mechanism·to·​support·​sustainable·​development·​[in·developing·country·Parties]·​is·hereby·established·under·​the·authority·​and·guidance·​of·​the·​CMA,​·​shall·​be·​supervised·​by·​a·​body·​designated·​by·​the·​CMA,​·and·shall·aim·​to:​
316 190
317 ····1.​·Provide,​·​where·desired·by·the·participating·​Parties,​·​for·​the·​creation·​and·​issuance·​of·​real,​·​permanent,​·​additional·​and·​verified·​mitigation·​outcomes·​that·​may·​be·​used·​to·​meet·​[NDMC*][INDC]·​in·​a·​manner·​that·​is·​supplementary·​to·​domestic·​action,​·​is·​consistent·​with·​the·​rules·​and·​guidance·​for·​accounting,​·​and·​provides·​for·​a·​share·​of·​proceeds·​for·​adaptation;​191 ······1.​·Promote·sustainable·development·​[in·developing·country·Parties];​
318 ····2.​·Deliver,​·​where·desired·​by·participating·Parties,​·​a·net·decrease·or·avoidance·​of·emissions;​192 ······2.​·Incentivise·and·​facilitate·​participation·​in·​mitigation·​action·​by·public·and·private·entities·under·the·​responsibility·​of·a·​Party;​
319 ····3.​·Build·on·the·mechanism·defined·in·Article·12·of·the·Kyoto·​Protocol·​and·​related·​decisions·​of·​the·​Conference·​of·​the·​Parties·​serving·​as·​the·​meeting·​of·​the·​Parties·​to·​the·​Kyoto·​Protocol;​]·​{paragraph·​46·​option·​1·​of·​the·​decision}193 ······3.​·Enhance·mitigation·ambition·by·​[developing·country]·Parties·​[,​·​by·incentivising·supplementary·voluntary·climate·action,​·​beyond·their·​###];​
194 ······​4.​·​Deliver,​·​where·​desired·​by·​participating·​Parties,​·​a·​net·​decrease·​in,​·​or·​avoidance·​of,​·​emissions;​
195 ······​5.​·​Assist·​Parties·​[with·​a·​###·​reflecting·​an·​absolute·​target·​in·​relation·​to·​a·​base·​year]·​to·​fulfil·​their·​###,​·​through·​the·​use·​of·​mitigation·​outcomes·​from·​mitigation·​activities·​[in·​developing·​country·​Parties];​
196 ······​6.​·​Ensure·​environmental·​integrity,​·​including·​by·​ensuring·​that·​such·​mitigation·​shall·​not·​be·​claimed·​more·​than·​once,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​guidance·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA·​pursuant·​to·​Article·​[3,​·​paragraph·​14].​]
320 197
321 **Option·​3**198 2.​·​[The·CMA·​shall·​ensure·​that·​a·​share·​of·​the·​proceeds·​from·​activities·​under·​the·​mechanism·​are·​used·​to·​cover·​administrative·​expenses·​as·​well·​as·​to·​assist·​developing·​country·​Parties·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable·​to·​the·​adverse·​effects·​of·​climate·​change·​to·​meet·​the·​costs·​of·​adaptation.​]
322 199
323 [For·​the·​purpose·​of·​meeting·​a·​portion·​of·​its·​mitigation·​commitment·​under·​Article·3,​·​any·​Party·​may·​elect·​to·​use·​certified·​units·​(CU)​·​generated·​under·​the·​new·​market-​based·​mechanism·​defined·​under·​decision·​2/​CP.​17,​·​paragraph·​83,​·​subject·​to·​the·​adoption·​by·​the·​CMA·of·​modalities·​and·​procedures·elaborating·​each·​of·​the·​elements·​in·​decision·​1/​CP.​18·​paragraph·​51,​·​and·​the·​adoption·​of·​eligibility·​rules·for·participation·​which·​promote·​fair·​and·​equitable·​access·​for·​all·​Parties.​·​These·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​shall·​ensure·​that·​the·​design·​and·​operation·​of·​the·​mechanism·delivers·net·global·emission·​reductions,​·​through·​the·​cancellation·​of·​a·​share·​of·​units·​generated,​·​transferred,​·​used·​or·​acquired·​from·​offsetting·​activities.​]200 3.​·​[The·​CMA·shall·​adopt·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​for·this·​mechanism·at·its·first·session.​]
324 201
325 **Option·4:​**202 **Proposed·Mechanism·​2**
326 203
327 Establishes·​a·​mechanism·​to·​support·​holistic·​and·​integrated·​approaches·​to·​sustainable·​development·​in·​harmony·​with·​nature·to·​be·​available·​to·​assist·developing·​country·Parties·​in·​fulfilling·​their·​[NDMC*][INDC]·including·in·​a·​balanced·​manner·mitigation,​·​adaptation,​·​provision·​of·​finance,​·​technology·​transfer·​and·​capacity·​building.​·​This·​mechanism·​shall·​be·​under·​the·​authority·​and·​guidance·​of·​the·​CMA·​and·​be·​supervised·​by·​a·​body·​designated·​by·​the·​CMA,​·​and·would·​aim·​to:​204 1.​·​[A·​mechanism·​is·​hereby·​established·​to·​support·​holistic·​and·​integrated·​approaches·​to·​sustainable·​development·​in·​harmony·​with·​nature,​·to·​be·​available·​to·​assist·​[developing·​country]·Parties·​in·​fulfilling·​their·​###,​·including,​·in·​a·​balanced·​manner,​·mitigation,​·​adaptation,​·​provision·​of·​finance,​·​technology·​transfer·​and·​capacity·​building.​·​This·​mechanism·​shall·​be·​under·​the·​authority·​and·​guidance·​of·​the·​CMA,​·​shall·​be·​supervised·​by·​a·​body·​designated·​by·​the·​CMA,​·​and·shall·​aim·​to:​
205 ······​1.​·​Enhance·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​ambition·​and·​the·​provision·​or·​mobilization·​of·​public·​financing,​·​technology·​transfer·​and·​capacity·​building,​·​in·​an·​integrated·​manner·​for·​climate·​action;​
206 ······​2.​·​Enhance·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​ambition·​and·​the·​provision·​or·​mobilization·​of·​public·​financing,​·​technology·​transfer·​and·​capacity·​building,​·​in·​an·​integrated·​manner·​for·​climate·​action;​
207 ······​3.​·​Support·​the·​implementation·​of·​the·​joint·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​approach·​for·​the·​integral·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​as·​an·​alternative·​policy·​approach·​to·​results-​based·​payments;​
208 ······​4.​·​Fully·​respect·​mitigation·​contributions·​of·​participating·​Parties·​to·​ensure·​that·​the·​global·​mitigation·​effort·​is·​not·​undermined.​
328 209
329 (a)​·​Enhance·mitigation·​and·adaptation·ambition·​and·​the·provision·mobilization·of·public·financing·​technology·​transfer·​and·​capacity·​building·​in·​an·​integrated·​manner·​for·​climate·​action;​210 2.​·​The·CMA·​shall·​adopt·​modalities·​and·procedures·​for·the·mechanism·​at·​its·​first·​session.​]
330
331 (b)​·​Enhance·​non-​market-​based·​approaches·​and·​enable·​participation·​in·​joint·​cost-​effective·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​actions·​by·​public·​and·​private·​entities·​acting·​under·​the·​responsibility·​of·​a·​Party.​
332
333 (c)​·​Support·​the·​implementation·​of·​the·​joint·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​approach·​for·​the·​integral·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​forests·​as·​an·​alternative·​policy·​approach·​to·​results-​based·​payments.​
334
335 (d)​·​Fully·​respect·​mitigation·​contributions·​of·​participating·​Parties·​to·​ensure·​that·​the·​global·​mitigation·​effort·​is·​not·​undermined.​
336
337 The·​CMA·​shall·​adopt·​modalities·​and·​procedures·​for·​the·​mechanism·​referred·​above·​on·​its·​first·​session.​]
338
339 **Option·​5:​**
340
341 No·​Article·​3ter.​
342 211
343 ##·​Article·​4·​*(adaptation)​*212 ##·​Article·​4·​*(adaptation)​*
344 213
345 1.​·​Parties·​hereby·​[establish][share]·the·​[global·​goal][long-​term·vision]·of·​enhancing·​adaptive·​capacity,​·​strengthening·​resilience·​and·​reducing·​vulnerability·​to·​climate·​change,​·​[in·​accordance·​with·​the·​objective,​·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​including·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​]·​with·​a·​view·​to·​[[enabling][contribut​ing·​to]·​[climate-​resilient]·sustainable·​development]·​[and]·ensuring·​adaptation·​in·​the·​context·​of·​the·​goal·​of·​holding·​the·​increase·​in·​the·​global·​average·​temperature·​[below·2·​°C][below·​[2·​or]·​1.​5·​°C]·referred·​to·​in·​Article·​2].​214 1.​·​Parties·​hereby·establish·the·global·​goal·​of·​enhancing·​adaptive·​capacity,​·​strengthening·​resilience·​and·​reducing·​vulnerability·​to·​climate·​change,​·​[in·​accordance·​with·​the·​objective,​·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​including·​common·​but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities,​]·​with·​a·​view·​to·contributing·​to·sustainable·​development·​[and·ensuring·​adaptation·​in·​the·​context·​of·​the·​goal·​of·​holding·​the·​increase·​in·​the·​global·​average·​temperature·​below·​[2·​degrees·​C][[2·​or]·​1.​5·​degrees·C·referred·​to·​in·​Article·​2].​
346
347 ····​Parties·​recognize·​that·​adaptation·​is·​a·​global·​challenge·​faced·​by·​all·​with·​local,​·​subnational,​·​national,​·​regional·​and·​international·​dimensions,​·​and·​that·​it·​is·​a·​key·​component·​of·​and·​contribution·​to·​the·​long-​term·​global·​response·​to·​climate·​change·​to·​protect·​people,​·​livelihoods·​and·​ecosystems[,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​urgent·​and·​immediate·​needs·​of·​those·​developing·​countries·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable].​
348
349 2.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​[Parties·​recognize·​that·​adaptation·​[will][may]·​be·​needed·​regardless·​of·​the·​level·​of·​mitigation·​reached·​[and·​that·​[greater·​aggregate·​levels·​of·​mitigation·​can·​reduce·​the·​need·​for·​additional·​adaptation·​efforts][the·​greater·​their·​collective·​mitigation·​efforts,​·​the·​less·​adaptation·​is·​needed·​[in·​the·​long·​term]][less·​adaptation·​will·​be·​needed·​if[,​·​inter·​alia,​]·​their·​collective·​mitigation·​efforts·​are·​greater]].​]
350
351 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​[The·​[global·​goal][long-​term·​vision]·​for·​adaptation·​shall·​be·​the·​basis·​for,​·​inter·​alia:​
352 215
353 ····​1.​·Assessment·​of·​the·adequacy·​of·support·​from·​developed·​country·​Parties[[^14]]·​to·​developing·country·Parties[[^15]]·​and·a·platform·to·​undertake·​such·​an·​assessment·​through·​strengthened·​measurement,​·​reporting,​·​and·​verification·​of·​support;​216 2.​·​Parties·recognize·that·adaptation·​is·​a·global·challenge·faced·by·all·with·local,​·subnational,​·​national,​·​regional·​and·​international·​dimensions,​·​and·that·​it·​is·​a·​key·​component·​of·and·​contribution·​to·​the·​long-​term·​global·​response·​to·​climate·​change·​to·​protect·​people,​·​livelihoods·​and·​ecosystems,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​urgent·​and·​immediate·​needs·​of·​those·​developing·​countries·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable.​
354 ····​2.​·​Recognition·​of·​adaptation·​efforts·​of·​developing·​countries;​
355 ····​3.​·​Recognition·​of·​increased·​adaptation·​needs·​and·​associated·​costs·​in·​light·​of·​mitigation·​efforts,​·​taking·​into·​account·​that·​adaptation·​will·​be·​needed·​regardless·​of·​the·​level·​of·​mitigation·​reached,​·​and·​also·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​relationship·​between·​aggregate·​mitigation·​ambition,​·​associated·​climate·​change·​impacts,​·​and·​adaptation·​needs·​and·​cost,​·​and·​recognizing·​there·​are·​limits·​to·​adaptation.​]
356 217
357 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​no·​text218 3.​·​Adaptation·efforts·​of·​developing·​countries·​shall·​be·​recognized,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​modalities·​to·​be·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session.​
358 219
359 3.​·​**Option·1:​**·​Parties·​[acknowledge][X]·​that·​adaptation·action·should·follow·a·country-​driven,​·​gender-​responsive,​·​participatory·​and·fully·​transparent·​approach,​·​[respecting·​[human·​rights][right·​to·​life][rights·​of·people·under·occupation]·​and]·​taking·​into·​consideration·​vulnerable·​groups,​·​communities·​and·​ecosystems,​·​and·​should·​be·​based·​on·​and·​guided·​by·​the·best·available·science·​and[,​·​as·​appropriate,​]·​traditional·​and·​indigenous·​[and·​local·​knowledge·​systems][[peoples·​knowledge]·​and·​[local]·​knowledge,​]·​[taking·​into·​account·​relevant·​activity·​on·​adaptation·of·​UN·​specialized·​organizations]·​with·​a·​view·​to·​integrating·​adaptation·​into·​relevant·​social,​·​economic·​and·​environmental·​policies·​and·​actions,​·​where·​appropriate.​220 4.​·Parties·recognize·​the·need·for·​adaptation·regardless·of·the·level·of·mitigation·reached,​·​that·greater·levels·​of·​mitigation·​can·​reduce·​the·​need·​for·​additional·​adaptation·efforts,​·​[and]·​that·greater·adaptation·​needs·​involve·​greater·​adaptation·​costs[·​and·​that·​greater·​rates·​and·magnitude·of·climate·change·increase·​the·​likelihood·​of·​exceeding·​adaptation·​limits].​
360 221
361 ····​**Option·​2:​**·Parties·​acknowledge·​that·​adaptation·​action·​should·​follow·​a·​country-​driven,​·​gender-​responsive,​·​participatory·​and·​fully·​transparent·​approach,​·​taking·​into·​consideration·​vulnerable·​groups,​·​communities·​and·​ecosystems,​·​and·​should·​be·​based·​on·​and·​guided·​by·​the·​best·​available·​science·​and,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​traditional·indigenous·and·​local·​knowledge·​systems,​·​[taking·​into·​account·​relevant·​activity·​on·​adaptation·​of·​UN·​specialized·​organizations,​]·​with·​a·​view·​to·​integrating·​adaptation·​into·​relevant·​socio-​economic·​and·​environmental·​policies·​and·​actions,​·​where·​appropriate.​222 5.​·Parties·​acknowledge·​that·​adaptation·​action·​should·​follow·​a·​country-​driven,​·​gender-​responsive,​·​participatory·​and·​fully·​transparent·​approach,​·​taking·​into·​consideration·​vulnerable·​groups,​·​communities·​and·​ecosystems,​·​and·​should·​be·​based·​on·​and·​guided·​by·​the·​best·​available·​science·​and,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​traditional,​·indigenous·peoples
223 knowledge·​and·​local·​knowledge·​systems,​·​with·​a·​view·​to·​integrating·​adaptation·​into·​relevant·​socioeconomic·​and·​environmental·​policies·​and·​actions,​·​where·​appropriate.​
362 224
363 4.​·​Parties·​further·​recognize·​the·​importance·​of·​[international·​cooperation·​and]·​support·​for·​adaptation·​efforts·​and·​the·​importance·​of·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​needs·​of·​those·​developing·​countries·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable,​·recognizing·​the·​particular·​vulnerabilities·​of·Least·Developed·Countries·​and·Small·Island·​Developing·​States.​·​[Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​of·​the·​Convention·​shall·​enhance·​the·​support·​for·​the·​implementation·​of·​paragraph·​7·​of·​this·​Article,​·​national·​adaptation·​plans·​and·​the·​other·​adaptation·​actions,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​provisions·​of·​Article·​4·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​recognizing·​the·​urgent·​and·​immediate·​needs·​and·​special·​circumstances·​of·​developing·country·​Parties,​·​especially·​those·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable.​]225 6.​·​Parties·​recognize·​the·​importance·​of·​support·​and·international·​cooperation·​for·​adaptation·​efforts·​and·​the·​importance·​of·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​needs·​of·​those·​developing·​countries·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable·​[,​recognizing·​the·​particular·​vulnerabilities·​of·​the·least·developed·countries·​(LDCs)​·and·small·island·​developing·States·​(SIDS)​].​
364 226
365 5.​·​Parties·​[shall][should]·​enhance·​[their]·​cooperation·​[for·​enhancing·​action·​on·​adaptation,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​Cancun·​Adaptation·​Framework],​·​[including·​with·​respect·​to][which·​may·​include]:​
366 227
228 7.​·​Parties·​should·​strengthen·​their·​cooperation·​for·​enhancing·​action·​on·​adaptation,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​Cancun·​Adaptation·​Framework,​·​including·​with·​regard·​to:​
367 229
368 ····1.​·​Sharing·​information,​·​good·​practices,​·​experiences·​and·​lessons·​learned,​·​including,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​as·it·relates·​to·​science,​·​planning,​·​policies·​and·​implementation·​of·​adaptation·​actions;​230 ······1.​·​Sharing·​information,​·​good·​practices,​·​experiences·​and·​lessons·​learned,​·​including,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​as·these·relate·​to·​the·​science,​·​planning,​·​policies·​and·​implementation·​of·​adaptation·​actions;​
369 ····2.​·​[Strengthening·​institutional·​arrangements·​[[,​·including·​those]·under·​the·​Convention]·to·​support·​the·​synthesis·​of·​relevant·​information·​and·​knowledge·as·​well·​as·​the·​provision·​of·​technical·​[support·​and]·guidance·​[and·support][to·​[the]·Parties];​]231 ······2.​·Strengthening·​institutional·​arrangements,​·including·​those·under·​the·​Convention,​·to·​support·​the·​synthesis·​of·​relevant·​information·​and·​knowledge·and·​the·​provision·​of·​technical·support·​and·guidance·to·the·Parties;​
370 ····3.​·​[Advancing][*alternat​ive·verb*]·scientific·​knowledge·​on·​climate,​·​including·​research·​and·systematic·​observation·​of·​the·​climate·​system·​in·​a·​manner·​that·​informs·the·​development·​and·​delivery·​of·climate·​services·​and·​supports·decision-​making;​232 ······3.​·​Strengthening·​scientific·​knowledge·​on·​climate,​·​including·​research,​·systematic·​observation·​of·​the·​climate·​system·and·​early·​warning·​systems,​·in·​a·​manner·​that·​informs·​climate·​services·​and·​supports·decisionmaking;​
371 ····4.​·​[Assessment·of·the·​[effectiveness][adequ​acy]·of·support·​[referred·to·​in·​paragraph·​2·​(option·​2(a)​)​·​of·​this·​Article]·​with·​a·view·to·ensuring·transparency·and·accountability;​]233 ······4.​·​Assisting·developing·country·Parties·​[[and·other·countries]·in·need]·​to·identify·effective·​adaptation·​practices,​·​adaptation·​needs,​·​priorities,​·​support·​provided·​and·received·​for·​adaptation·​actions·​and·​efforts,​·​and·​challenges·​and·​gaps,​·​in·​a·​manner·​consistent·​with·​encouraging·​good·​practices;​
372 ····5.​·​[Assisting·​[developing]·​countries·​[,​·​including·​Parties·​whose·​special·​circumstances·​are·​recognized·​by·​the·decisions·​of·​the·​COP]·​[and·​other·​Parties·​in·​need·​of·​support,​·​including·​countries·​with·​economies·​in·​transition]·​to·​identify·​[effective·​adaptation·​practices,​]·​adaptation·​needs,​·​priorities,​·​[support·​provided·​and·received·for·​adaptation·​actions·​and·​efforts,​]·​challenges·​and·​gaps·​[in·​a·​manner·​consistent·​with]·​and·​encouraging·​good·​practices;​]234 ······5.​·​Improving·​the·effectiveness·​and·durability·of·​adaptation·​actions.​
373 ····​6.​·​[Improving·​the·​effectiveness·​and·​durability·​of·​adaptation·​actions.​]
374 235
375 6.​·Each·Party,​·​in·accordance·with·​[Article·4,​·​paragraph·1,​·​of·​the·Convention·and]·​its·national·​circumstances·​[,​·​commitments·​related·​to·sustainable·development,​]·​and·priorities·should·engage·​in·the·implementation·​of·adaptation·planning·processes·and·​actions,​·​including·​the·development·​or·​enhancement·​of·relevant·plans,​·​policies,​·​and/​or·contributions,​·​which·may·include:​236 8.​·Encourages·United·Nations·specialized·organizations·​and·agencies·​to·​support·​the·efforts·​of·Parties·to·implement·the·actions·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​7·​of·​this·​Article,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​provisions·​of·​paragraph·​5·​of·​this·​Article.​
376 237
377 ····​1.​·​[Process·to·formulate·​and·implement]·​national·adaptation·​plans;​238 9.​·​Each·Party·shall,​·​as·appropriate,​·​engage·in·​the·​implementation·​of·​adaptation·planning·​processes·​and·​actions,​·​including·​the·​development·​or·​enhancement·​of·​relevant·plans,​·​policies·​and/​or·​contributions,​·​which·​may·​include:​
378 ····​2.​·​Assessment·​of·​climate·​change·​impacts·​and·​vulnerability·​with·​a·​view·​to·​formulating·​nationally·​determined·​prioritized·​actions,​·​taking·​into·​account·​vulnerable·​people,​·​places,​·​and·​ecosystems.​
379 ····​3.​·​Strengthening·​[[governance·​and]·​enabling·​environments·​for][arrangements·​for·​the·​implementation·​of]·​adaptation;​
380 ····​4.​·​Monitoring,​·​evaluating·​and·​learning·​from·​adaptation·​plans,​·​policies,​·​programmes·​and·​actions;​
381 ····​5.​·​Building·​resilience·​of·​socioeconomic·​and·​ecological·​systems,​·​including·​through·​economic·​diversification·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​natural·​resources;​
382 ····​6.​·​[Strategies·​and·​approaches·​for·​enhancing·​the·​effectiveness·​of·​adaptation·​planning·​and·​actions·​in·​the·​context·​of·​broader·​economic·​and·​development·​efforts.​][Enhancing·​the·​implementation·​of·​plans·​policies·​and·​actions·​in·​a·​manner·​that·​is·​continuous,​·​effective,​·​and·​that·​shall·​have·​continuous·​and·​enhanced·​international·​support·​in·​the·​context·​of·​broader·​economic·​development·​efforts.​]
383 239
384 7.​·​[Each·Party·​may·​submit·​an·​adaptation·​communication·​[or·​communications·​on·​undertakings·​on·​adaptation,​·​with·​a·​view·​to·​implement·​[those·​undertakings][its·​adaptation·​actions][,​·efforts,​]]·​that·​may·​include:​240 ······​1.​·​Implementation·of·​adaptation·​actions,​·​undertakings·and/​or·efforts;​
241 ······​2.​·​The·​process·​to·​formulate·​and·​implement·​national·​adaptation·​plans;​
242 ······​3.​·​Assessment·​of·​climate·​change·​impacts·​and·​vulnerability,​·​with·​a·​view·​to·​formulating·​nationally·​determined·​prioritized·​actions,​·​taking·​into·​account·​vulnerable·​people,​·​places·​and·​ecosystems;​
243 ······​4.​·​Monitoring·​and·​evaluation·​and·​learning·​from·​adaptation·​plans,​·​policies,​·​programmes·​and·​actions;​
244 ······​5.​·​Building·​resilience·​of·​socioeconomic·​and·​ecological·​systems,​·​including·​through·​economic·​diversification·​and·​sustainable·​management·​of·​natural·​resources.​
385 245
386 ····​1.​·Its·​priorities,​·good·practices,​·​lessons·​learned,​·needs,​·​plans·​and·​actions;​246 10.​·Each·​Party·​shall,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​submit·​an·​adaptation·​communication,​·​which·​may·​include·​its·​priorities,​·support·​needs,​·​plans·​and·​actions.​
387 ····​2.​·​[The·​level·​of·​support·​needed·​by·​developing·​country·​Parties·​to·​enhance·​adaptation·​action;​]]
388 247
389 ····​7.​bis·​[Developed·country·Parties·​shall·communicate·their·actions·on·provision·​of·support·​to·developing·countries.​]248 11.​·​The·adaptation·communication·referred·​to·in·paragraph·​10·​of·​this·​Article·​shall·​be,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​submitted·​and·​updated·​independently,​·​or·​as·​a·​component·​of·​or·​in·​conjunction·​with·​other·​communications,​·​including·​a·​national·​adaptation·​plan,​·​a[n·​intended]·​nationally·​determined·​contribution·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​[3,​·​paragraph·​2][2·​bis.​]·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​and/​or·​a·​national·​communication.​
390 249
391 8.​·​[The·adaptation·communication·​[or·communications·on·undertakings·on·adaptation]·​referred·​to·in·​paragraph·​7·​of·​this·​Article,​·​in·a·manner·that·does·not·create·an·additional·burden·on·​[developing·country]·​Parties,​·​may·be:​250 12.​·​Developing·country·Parties·​[[and·other·countries·​]in·need]·shall·​receive·​continuous·​and·​enhanced·​international·​support·​for·​the·​implementation·​of·​paragraphs·​9·​to·11·​of·​this·​Article,​·​in·accordance·with·the·provisions·of·Articles·6,​·7·and·​8·​of·​this·​Agreement.​
392 251
393 ····​1.​·Submitted·independently,​·​as·​a·component·of,​·or·​in·conjunction·​with·another·communication·​[or·document],​·​including·​a·​national·​adaptation·​plan[,​·​intended·​nationally·​determined·​contribution][nationa​lly·​determined·​mitigation·​contribution],​·​and/​or·​a·​national·​communication;​252 13.​·There·shall·​be·​a·global·stocktake·on·​adaptation·every·5·years,​·​consistent·with·the·global·stocktake·referred·to·in·​Article·​10,​·​and·​guided·​by·​modalities·​to·​be·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session,​·​with·​the·​purpose·​of:​
394 ····​2.​·​Updated·​or·​submitted·​[periodically]·​[in·​conjunction·​with·​mitigation·​cycles]·​[for·​those·​Parties·​who·​want·​to·​submit·​an·​adaptation·​component·​in·​their·​[INDC]]·​[or·​updated·​periodically].​]
395 253
396 9.​·​[The·​[[an]·adaptation·​communication[s]][or·undertakings·​on·​adaptation]·referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·7·​of·​this·​Article·​[shall][may]·​be·​[recorded·​in·​a·​registry][made·​publicly·​available·​by·​the·​secretariat·​[on·​the·​UNFCCC·​website]]·​[in·​accordance·​with·​modalities·​to·​be·​decided·​by·​the·​[CMA][CMP]·​at·​its·​first·​session].​]254 ······​1.​·​Recognizing·​and·​enhancing·​the·​implementation·​of·adaptation·action·based·​on·the·adaptation·​communication·referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·10·​of·​this·​Article;​
397 255 ······​2.​·​Assessing·​the·​adequacy·​and·​effectiveness·​of·​support·​for·​adaptation;​
398 10.​·​[[There·shall·be·a·​[high-​level·session][global·stocktake]·on·​adaptation·every·​[X]·​years·​with·​the·​purpose·​of·​[raising·​the·​profile·​of·​adaptation·​efforts·​undertaken·​and·​considering·​experiences,​·​challenges·​and·​future·​priorities,​·​with·​a·​view·​to·​increasing·​the·​effectiveness·​of·​adaptation·​actions][enhancing·​the·​implementation·​of·​adaptation·​action·​based·​on·​[the]·​[an]·​adaptation·​communication[s]][or·​undertakings·​on·​adaptation]·referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·7·​of·​this·​Article,​·​assessing·​the·​adequacy·​of·​support·​and·​recognizing·​the·​adaptation·​efforts·​of·​developing·​countries],​·​guided·​by·​modalities·​to·​be·​adopted·​by·​the·​[CMA][CMP]·​at·​its·​first·​session.​]256 ······​3.​·​Reviewing·​the·overall·progress·​in·​achieving·​the·global·goal·​on·​adaptation·referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·1·​of·​this·​Article.​
399
400 11.​·​[[The·​AC,​·​the·​LEG,​·​the·​AF,​·​the·​GCF,​·​the·​LDCF,​·​the·​SCCF,​·​the·​TEC,​·​the·​CGE,​·​and·​other·​relevant·​bodies][Institutional​·​arrangements·​for·​adaptation·​under·​the·​Convention]·​shall·​serve·​this·​Agreement.​·​The·​CMA·​shall,​·​based·​on·​a·​review·​of·​institutional·​arrangements·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​further·​elaborate·​the·​adaptation·​framework·​for·​this·​Agreement·​in·​order·​to·​enhance·​its·​coherence·​and·​effectiveness,​·​building·​on,​·​consolidating·​and·​coordinating·​institutional·​arrangements·​relevant·​to·​adaptation·​under·​the·​Convention.​]
401
402 12.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​[[Developing·​country]·​Parties·​[in·​need][other·​Parties·​in·​need·​of·​support]·​are·​eligible·​for·​support·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Article]
403
404 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​[Developed·​country·​Parties·​shall·​provide·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​needs·​of·​those·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable,​·​with·​long-​term,​·​scaled-​up,​·​predictable,​·​new·​and·​additional·​finance,​·​technology·​and·​capacity-​building,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​relevant·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​to·​implement·​urgent·​and·​short-​,​·​medium-​·​and·​long-​term·​adaptation·​actions,​·​plans,​·​programmes·​and·​projects·​at·​the·​local,​·​national,​·​subregional·​and·​regional·​levels,​·​in·​and·​across·​different·​economic·​and·​social·​ecosystems.​].​]
405
406 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​no·​text·​*(text·​on·​adaptation·​support·​to·​be·​considered·​in·​Articles·​6,​·​7,​·​8,​·​and·​9)​*
407 257
408 ##·​Article·​5·​*(loss·​and·​damage)​*258 ##·​Article·​5·​*(loss·​and·​damage)​*
409 259
410 **Option·​I:​**260 **Option·​I:​**·​The·​following·​text·​to·​be·​included·​as·​Article·​5·​(Loss·​and·​Damage)​
411 261
412 1.​·​An·international·mechanism·​to·address·​loss·​and·​damage·​is·​hereby·​defined·​under·​this·​agreement/​protocol·​and·​shall·be·bound·​by·​the·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·the·Convention,​·​in·particular·common·but·​differentiated·​responsibilities·​and·​respective·​capabilities.​262 **Option·II:​**:​·​The·following·​text·​to·​be·part·​of·Article·4·alongside·adaptation·provision
413 263
414 2.​·The·purpose·of·the·mechanism·shall·​be·​to·​promote·​and·support·​the·​development·​and·​implementation·​of·​approaches·​to·​address·​loss·​and·​damage·​associated·​with·the·adverse·effects·of·climate·change,​·​inter·alia,​·​extreme·​events·​and·​slow·​onset·​events,​·​in·​developing·​countries·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable·​to·​the·​adverse·​effects·​of·​climate·​change.​264 1.​·​[The·Warsaw·International·Mechanism·for·Loss·​and·Damage·​associated·​with·Climate·Change·Impacts·shall·serve·this·Agreement.​
415 265
416 3.​·The·​international·​mechanism·​on·​loss·​and·​damage·​shall·​draw·​upon,​·​further·​develop·​and·​elaborate·​on·​the·work·​of·​the·​Warsaw·​International·​Mechanism·on·Loss·​and·Damage·pursuant·​to·​relevant·​COP·​decisions,​·​including·​the·development·​of·​modalities·​and·procedures·for·​the·mechanism's·operation·and·​support.​·​It·​can·​involve,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​existing·​bodies·​and·​expert·​groups·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​as·​well·​as·​relevant·​organizations·​and·​expert·​bodies·​outside·​the·​Convention,​·​and·​be·​informed·​by·​relevant·​precedents·​in·​international·​law.​266 2.​·Upon·​the·completion·​of·​its·​review·​at·​the·​twenty-​second·​session·​of·​the·​COP,​9·​the·​Warsaw·​International·​Mechanism·shall·be·subject·​to·​the·authority·​and·guidance·of·​the·CMA·​and·supported·through·the·Financial·Mechanism·of·​the·​Convention.​
417 267
418 4.​·The·international·mechanism·on·loss·and·​damage·​shall·​be·subject·​to·the·authority·​and·guidance·of·​the·​governing·​body/​CMP/​CMA·​and·​supported·​through·​the·​financial·​mechanism·​of·​the·​Convention.​268 3.​·A·climate·change·displacement·coordination·facility·​shall·​be·established·​under·​the·​[Warsaw·​International·​Mechanism][CMA]·​to·​help·​coordinate·​efforts·​to·address·climate·​change·​induced·​displacement,​·​migration·​and·planned·relocation.​
419 269
420 5.​·The·governing·body/​CMP/​CMA·shall,​·​at·its·first·session,​·​establish·a·​climate·​change·displacement·coordination·facility·​to·help·coordinate·efforts·to·address·the·​displacement·​of·​people·​as·​a·​result·​of·​the·​extreme·​impacts·​of·​climate·​change.​270 4.​·A·process·​to·develop·approaches·​to·​address·irreversible·and·permanent·damage·resulting·from·human-​induced·​climate·​change·​will·​be·​initiated·​under·​the·​[Warsaw·​International·​Mechanism][CMA]·​with·​a·​view·​to·​completing·​this·​process·​within·​four·​years.​]
421 271
422 6.​·​The·​governing·​body/​CMP/​CMA·​shall,​·​at·​its·​first·​session,​·​initiate·​a·​process·​to·​develop·​approaches·​to·​address·​irreversible·​and·​permanent·​damage·​resulting·​from·​human-​induced·​climate·​change,​·​and·​shall·​endeavour·​to·​complete·​this·​process·​within·​four·​years.​]272 ##·​Article·​6·​*(finance)​*
423 273
424 **Option·II:​**·​No·​reference·​to·​loss·​and·​damage·​(no·​Article·​5)​.​]274 **Directional·goal**
425 275
426 ##·​Article·​6·​*(finance)​*276 1.​·​Developed·country·​Parties·​shall·​provide·​[new,​]·​[additional,​]·​[adequate,​]·​[predictable,​]·​[accessible,​]·​[sustained]·​and·​[scaled-​up]·​financial·​resources·​to·​assist·​developing·​country·​Parties·​with·​respect·​to·​both·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation.​·​Other·​Parties·​may·​on·​a·​voluntary,​·​complementary·​basis,​·​provide·​resources·​to·​developing·​countries,​·​including·​through·​South-​South·​cooperation·​initiatives.​
427 277
428 1.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​[[Over·​time,​]·​[climate]·​finance·​[flows]·​[from·​developed·​country·​Parties]·​should·​be·​consistent·​with·​[the·​transformation·​to][a·​pathway·​towards]·​low-​emission·​and·​climate·​resilient·​[societies·​and·​economies][developmen​t][,​·​[including]·​in·​the·​context·​of·​[developing]·​countries'·​sustainable·​development·​priorities·​and·​efforts·​to·​eradicate·​poverty].​]278 **Mobilization**
429 279
430 ····​**Option·2:​**·​[Climate·​finance,​·​as·defined·​in·Article·1·of·this·Agreement,​·shall·​be·​provided·​from·​developed·​country·​Parties·and·other·​Parties·included·​in·Annex·​II·​of·​the·​Convention·​in·​the·​context·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties',​·​needs,​·​sustainable·​development·​priorities,​·​food·​security·​and·​efforts·​to·eradicate·poverty.​]280 2.​·​**Option·1:​**·​All·​Parties·​shall·​take·​action·​to·​mobilize,​·​and/​or·​facilitate·​the·​mobilisation·​of,​·​climate·​finance·from·a·wide·variety·​of·sources,​·public·and·private,​·​bilateral·and·​multilateral,​·​including·​additional·​sources,​·​as·​well·​as·​through·​facilitative·​policy·​frameworks,​·​in·​line·​with·​their·​respective·​and·​evolving·​responsibilities·​and·​capabilities,​·​with·​developed·​country·​Parties·taking·​the·lead,​·​noting·​the·significant·​role·​of·public·funds.​·​[Some·​Parties·may·need·support·in·order·​to·take·action.​]
431 281
432 2.​·​**Option·1:​**·​[[Developed·​country·​Parties·​and·​other·​developed·​country·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​to·​the·​Convention][Developed​·​country·Parties·should·take·​the·lead·​and][Developed·​country·​Parties[,​·​Parties·​with·​economies·​in·​transition]·​[and·​Parties·​in·​a·​position·​to·​do·​so]]·​[All·​Parties·​in·​a·​position·​to·​do·​so]·​[shall][should][other​]·​provide·​[support][[new·​and·additional]·​financial·resources]·​to·​assist·​developing·​country·​Parties·​[including·​Parties·​whose·​special·​circumstances·​recognized·​by·​[Article·​4.​8·​of·​the·​Convention][COP·​decisions]]·​with·​respect·​to·​both·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​[as·​well·​as·​addressing·​loss·​and·​damage]·​[and·​others·​in·​a·​position·​to·​do·​so·​should·​complement·​such·​efforts].​]282 ····​**Option·2:​**·Developed·​country·​Parties·​and·​other·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​to·​the·​Convention·​shall·mobilize·​financial·​resources·beyond·​their·​previous·​efforts,​·​supporting·​country-​driven·​strategies,​·​and·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​needs·​and·​priorities·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties.​
433 283
434 ····​**Option·2:​**·​[Developed·​country·​Parties·​and·other·developed·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​to·​the·​Convention·​shall·​provide·​new·and·additional,​·​adequate,​·​predictable,​·​accessible,​·​sustained·​and·​scaled-​up·​financial·​resources·​to·​developing·​countries·​to·​enhance·​actions·​with·​respect·​to·​both·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​to·​contribute·​to·​the·​achievement·​of·​the·​[objective][purpose]·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​based·​on·​the·​principles·​and·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention.​]284 ····​**Option·3:​**·​As·​part·​of·​a·​shared·​effort,​·​led·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties,​·Parties·should·cooperate·​to·promote·​the·mobilization·​of·climate·finance·from·a·wide·variety·​of·sources,​·​instruments·and·​channels,​·​including·​public,​·​private,​·​bilateral,​·​multilateral,​·​domestic,​·​and·​international.​
435 285
436 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​[Parties·​in·​a·​position·​to·​do·​so,​·​including·​developed·​country·​Parties,​·​should·​provide·​support·​to·​assist·​developing·​country·​Parties·​in·​need·​of·​support·​with·​respect·​to·​both·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation.​]286 **Mainstreaming**
437 287
438 3.​·​[Parties·​should·​integrate·​climate·​considerations,​·​including·​resilience,​·​into·​international·​development·​assistance.​]288 3.​·​[Parties·​should·​integrate·​climate·​considerations,​·​including·​resilience,​·​into·​international·​development·​assistance.​]
439 289
440 4.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​[All·​Parties·​shall·​take·​action·​to·​mobilize,​·​and/​or·​facilitate·​the·​mobilisation·​of,​·​climate·​finance·​in·​line·​with·​their·​respective·​and·​evolving·​responsibilities·​and·​capabilities.​·​Some·​Parties·​may·​need·​support·​in·​order·​to·​take·​action.​]·​[The·​actions·​taken·​by·​Parties·​in·​the·​mobilization·​of·​climate·​finance·​shall·​reflect·​and·​be·​dynamically·​adapted·​to·​future·​changes·​in·​needs,​·​developments·​and·​environmental·​and·​economic·​realities,​·​reflecting·​evolving·​capabilities·​and·​responsibilities.​]290 **Scale**
441 291
442 ····​**Option·2:​**·​[Developed·country·Parties·​and·​other·Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​to·​the·​Convention·​shall·​mobilize·​financial·​resources·​beyond·​their·​previous·efforts,​·​supporting·​country-​driven·​strategies,​·​and·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​needs·​and·​priorities·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties.​]292 4.​·​**Option·1:​**·​The·mobilization·of·climate·finance·​[shall][should]·​be·scaled·up·​in·a·predictable·and·​transparent·​manner·​[beyond·​previous·​efforts]·​[from·​USD·​100·​billion·​per·​year]·​from·​2020[,​·​recognizing·​the·important·role·of·​the·​Green·​Climate·​Fund·​in·​the·​scaling·​up·​of·​financial·​resources·for·​the·implementation·​of·this·agreement,​·​as·well·​as·​other·​multilateral·​mechanisms·​and·​other·​efforts].​
443 ····
444 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​[As·​part·​of·​a·​shared·​effort,​·​Parties·​should·​cooperate·​to·​promote·​the·​mobilization·​of·​climate·​finance·​from·​a·​wide·​variety·​of·​sources,​·​instruments·​and·​channels,​·​including·​public,​·​private,​·​bilateral,​·​multilateral,​·​domestic,​·​and·​international.​]
445 293
446 5.​·​[Parties·should·strive·​to·improve·enabling·environments·​and·policy·frameworks·​to·attract·​and·mobilize·climate·finance,​·noting·that·cooperative·action·​and·support·may·​enhance·​such·​efforts.​]·​6.​·​[Parties·​should·​mobilize·​enhanced·​results-​based·​payments·​for·​verifiable·​achieved·​emission·​reductions·​related·​to·​existing·​approaches·​under·​the·​Convention.​]294 ····​**Option·2:​**·​The·provision·​and·mobilization·of·financial·resources·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties·​and·other·developed·​Parties·included·in·Annex·II·shall·represent·a·progression·beyond·their·previous·​efforts·​with·​clearly·​identified·​pathways·​to·annual·expected·levels·​of·​available·​resources·​towards·​achieving·​short-​term·​collective·​quantified·​goals·​for·​the·​post·​2020·​period·​to·​be·​periodically·​established·​and·​reviewed.​·​Financial·​resources·​shall·​be·​scaled·​up·​from·​a·​floor·​of·​US$100·​billion·​per·​year,​·​including·​a·​clear·​burden-​sharing·​formula,​·​and·​in·​line·​with·​needs·​and·​priorities·​identified·​by·​developing·​country·​Parties·​in·​the·​context·​of·​contributing·​to·​the·​achievement·​of·​the·​purpose·​as·​defined·​in·​Article·​2·​of·​this·​Agreement.​·​It·​shall·​take·​into·​account·​an·​equitable·​regional·​distribution·​of·​financial·​resources·​and·​a·​gender-​sensitive·​approach,​·​and·​include·​the·​implementation·​of·​Articles·​5·​and·​6·​of·​the·​Convention.​
447 295
448 7.​·​[Parties·​should·​[reduce·​international·​support·​for·​high-​emission·​[and·​maladaptive]·​investments]·​[and[/​or]][or]·​[enhance·​international·​support·​for·​low-​emission·​and·​climate-​resilient·​investments].​]296 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​As·​part·​of·​a·​shared·​mobilization·​effort·Parties·​should,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​paragraphs·​X-​Y,​·​enhance·​the·​scale·​and·​effectiveness·​of·​climate·​finance·​by:​·​mobilizing·​climate·​finance·​from·​a·​wide·​variety·​of·​instruments·​and·​channels;​·​provide,​·​when·​in·​a·​position·​to·​do·​so,​·​support·​to·​developing·​countries·​in·​need·​of·​support;​·​appropriately·​prioritize·​support;​·​improve·​enabling·​environments;​·​integrate·​climate·​considerations·​into·​international·​development·​assistance;​·​and·reduce·​international·​support·​for·​high-​emissions·​investments.​
449 297
450 8.​·​[[Parties·and·​the·​institutions·​serving·​this·​Agreement·​should·​simplify·​procedures·​for·​accessing·​financial·​resources·​and·​improving·​readiness·​[for·​developing·​and·​vulnerable·​country·​Parties]·​to·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·​[including][in·​particular]·​the·​LDCs·​and·​SIDS][In·​the·​provision·​of·​support,​·​and·​in·​order·​to·​enhance·​the·​impact·​and·​country-​[drivenness][driven·​approach]·​of·​such·​support,​·​readiness·​and·​country·​programme·​measures·​[shall][should]·​be·​prioritized.​·​The·​institutions·​serving·​this·​agreement·​[shall][should]·​enhance·​the·​delivery·​of·​resources·​for·​readiness·​and·​simplify·​approval·​procedures·​for·​accessing·​finance·​[by·​developing·​countries],​·​in·​particular·​for·​LDCs,​·​SIDS,​·​and·​African·​States·​[and·​other·​vulnerable·​countries],​·​in·​a·​coordinated·​manner].​]298 **Balance·​mitigation·​–·​adaptation**
451 299
452 ····​*{Placement·proposal:​·​to·be·moved·​to·decision·section}*300 5.​·​The·provision·of·scaled-​up·​financial·​resources·​should·​aim·​to·achieve·a·​balance·​between·​adaptation·​and·​mitigation,​·​taking·​into·​account·​country-​driven·​strategies,​·​and·​the·​priorities·​and·​needs·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·​especially·​those·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable·​to·​the·​adverse·​effects·​of·​climate·​change,​·​[including·​LDCs,​·​SIDS,​·​and·​Africa],​·​considering·​the·​need·​for·​public·​and·​grant-​based·​resources·​for·​adaptation.​
453 301
454 9.​·​[Parties·​recognise·​that·​the·​appropriate·​pricing·​of·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions·​in·​its·​many·​forms,​·​is·​an·​important·​instrument·​for·​the·​reorientation·​of·​investment·​and·finance·​flows·​consistent·​with·​a·​pathway·​towards·​low·​emission·​and·​climate·​resilient·​economies·​and·​societies.​]·​{Placement·​proposal:​·​to·​be·​moved·​to·​section·​on·​mitigation}302 **Loss·​and·damage**
455 303
456 10.​·​**Option·1:​**·​[Parties·recognize·​the·role·​of·a·wide·variety·of·​sources,​·​public·​and·private,​·​bilateral·and·multilateral,​·​including·alternative·sources.​]304 6.​·​The·CMA·shall·​ensure·​that·​adequate·​support·​is·​available·​to·​the·International·Mechanism·to·address·Loss·​and·Damage·​as·​defined·​in·​Article·​(XX)​,​·​as·​well·​as·​to·​promote·​and·support·the·development·​and·​implementation·​of·​approaches·​to·​address·​irreversible·​and·​permanent·​damage·​resulting·​from·​human-​induced·​climate·​change.​
457 305
458 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​[[Public·​funds·​from·​developed·​country·​Parties,​·​distinct·​from·​Official·​Development·​Assistance,​·​will·​be·​the·​main·​source·​of·​finance·​[indemnization·​mechanism·​based·​on·​historical·​responsibilities],​]·​noting·​[a·​wide·​variety·​of·​sources][that·​sources·​may·​include·​a·​wide·​variety·​of·​sources,​·​public·​and·​private,​·​bilateral·​and·​multilateral,​·​including·​additional·​sources·​[to·​meet·​developing·​country·​needs·​[including·​Parties·​whose·​special·​circumstances·​were·​recognized·​by·​COP·​decisions]·​for·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​actions]].​·​In·​the·​mobilization·​of·​finance·​from·​various·​sources,​·​Parties·​shall·​abide·​by·​the·​principles·​of·​fiscal·​sovereignty·​and·​avoid·​incidence·​on·​developing·​country·​Parties[,​·​particularly·​disguise·​distortions·​to·​trade].​]306 **Communication**
459 307
460 11.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​[The·​mobilization·​of·​climate·​finance·​[shall][should][other​]·​be·​scaled·​up·​[in·​a·​predictable·​and·​transparent·​manner]·​[beyond·​previous·​efforts]·​[from·​USD·​100·​billion·​per·​year]·​from·​2020[,​·​recognizing·​the·​important·​role·​of·​the·​Green·​Climate·​Fund·​in·​the·​scaling·​up·​of·financial·​resources·for·the·implementation·of·this·agreement,​·​as·well·​as·​other·​multilateral·​mechanisms·​and·​other·​efforts].​]308 7.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​[Developed·country]·Parties·​[and·​other·developed·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II]·​[shall][should]·​[periodically][bienni​ally]·​communicate·​[relevant,​·​indicative]·​information·​on·​[the·​[provision]·​[and·​mobilization]·​[and·​implementation]·​of·​[financial·​resources][support·​to·​developing·​countries],​·​including·​[available]·​quantitative·​and·​qualitative·​information·​on·​the]·​projected·​[efforts·​to·​mobilize·​[and·​attract]·​climate·​finance][levels·​of·​public·​[climate·​finance][financial·​resources·​to·​be·​provided·​to·​developing·​country·​Parties].​
461 309
462 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​[The·​provision·​and·​mobilization·​of·​financial·​resources·​by·​developed·​country·​Parties·​and·​other·​developed·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​shall·represent·a·progression·​beyond·​their·​previous·​efforts·​towards·​achieving·​short-​term·​collective·​quantified·​goals·​for·​the·post·2020·period·​to·​be·periodically·established·​and·​reviewed.​·​Financial·​resources·​shall·​be·​scaled·​up·​from·​a·​floor·​of·​US$100·​billion·​per·​year,​·​including·​a·​clear·​burden-​sharing·​formula·​[among·​them],​·​and·​in·​line·​with·​needs·​and·​priorities·​identified·​by·​developing·​country·​Parties·​[including·​Parties·​whose·​special·​circumstances·​were·​recognized·​by·​COP·​decisions]·​in·​the·​context·​of·​contributing·​to·​the·​achievement·​of·​the·​[objective][purpose]·​(Article·​2/​XX)​·​of·​this·​Agreement.​·​It·​shall·​take·​into·​account·​an·​equitable·​regional·​distribution·​of·​financial·​resources·​and·​a·​gender-​sensitive·​approach,​·​and·​include·​the·​implementation·​of·​Articles·​5·​and·​6·​of·​the·​Convention.​]310 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​Developed·​country·​Parties·​and·​other·​developed·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​shall·biennially·communicate·on·​the·provision·​and·mobilization·​of·​financial·​resources,​·​including·​quantitative·​and·qualitative·information·on·​the·projected·​levels·​of·public·financial·resources·to·be·provided·to·​developing·​country·​Parties.​
463 311
464 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​[As·​part·​of·​a·​shared·​mobilization·​effort·Parties·​should,​·in·accordance·with·paragraph·​X-​Y,​·enhance·the·​scale·​and·​effectiveness·​of·​climate·​finance·​by:​·​mobilizing·​climate·​finance·​from·​a·​wide·​variety·​of·​instruments·​and·​channels;​·​provide,​·​when·​in·​a·​position·​to·​do·​so,​·​support·​to·​developing·​countries·​in·​need·​of·​support;​·​appropriately·​prioritize·​support;​·​improve·​enabling·​environments;​·​integrate·​climate·​considerations·​into·​international·​development·​assistance;​·​and·​reduce·​international·​support·​for·​high-​emissions·​investments.​]312 ····​**Option·​3:​**·Parties·​should·periodically·communicate·relevant,​·​indicative·​information·​about·​their·​plans·​related·​to·​paragraphs·​X-​Y,​·as·appropriate.​
465 313
466 12.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​[[Developed·​country·​Parties·​[and·​other·​developed·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II]][Parties]·​[shall][should][other​]·​[periodically][bienni​ally]·​communicate·​[relevant,​·​indicative]·​information·​on·​[the·​[provision]·​[and·​mobilization]·​[and·​implementation]·​of·​financial·​resources,​·​including·​[available]·​quantitative·​and·​qualitative·​information·​on·​the]·​projected·​[efforts·​to·​mobilize·​[and·​attract]·​climate·​finance][levels·​of·​public·​[climate·​finance][financial·​resources·​to·​be·​provided·​to·​developing·​country·​Parties·​[including·​countries·​with·​special·​circumstances·​recognized·​by·​COP·​decisions]]][about·​their·​plans·​related·​to·​paragraph·​X-​Y,​·​as·​appropriate].​]314 **Stocktake**
467 315
468 ····​**Option·2:​**·​[Developed·​country·Parties·​and·other·developed·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​shall·​biennially·​communicate·​on·the·provision·and·mobilization·​of·financial·​resources,​·​including·​quantitative·​and·​qualitative·​information·​on·the·projected·​levels·​of·​public·​financial·​resources·​to·​be·​provided·​to·​developing·​country·​Parties.​]316 8.​·​The·stocktake·​shall·​take·​into·​account·​available·​information·​by·​[developed·​country]·Parties·​and·Agreement·bodies·​on·efforts·related·​to·climate·finance.​·​{Note:​·​Pending·outcome·of·discussions·on·​Article·​10}
469 ····
470 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​[Parties·​should·​periodically·​communicate·​relevant,​·​indicative·​information·​about·​their·​plans·​related·​to·​paragraph·​X-​Y,​·​as·​appropriate.​]
471
472 13.​·​[The·​[stocktake·​shall·​take·​into·​account·​available·​information·​by·​[developed·​country]·​Parties·​and·​Agreement·​bodies·​on·​efforts·​related·​to·​climate·​finance][CMA·​shall·​facilitate·​the·​communication·​of·​finance·​efforts·​for·​the·​stocktake·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​10,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​[annual·​reports][biennial·​assessment]·​of·​the·​Standing·​Committee·​on·​Finance].​]·​{Pending·​outcome·​of·​discussions·​on·​Article·​10}
473 317
474 14.​·​[Developed·​country·​Parties·​and·​other·​developed·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​to·​the·​Convention·​shall·​at·​least·​biennially·​provide·​transparent,​·​complete,​·​consistent,​·​comparable·​and·​accurate·​information·​on·​financial·​resources·​provided·​and·​mobilized·​through·​public·​interventions·​to·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​guidelines·​to·​be·​adopted·​by·​the·​CMA·​at·​its·​first·​session,​·​including·​through·​a·​clear·​definition·​of·​climate·​finance·​as·​stipulated·​in·​Article·​1·​of·​this·​agreement.​·​These·​guidelines·​shall·​be·​developed·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention·​and·​relevant·​decisions·​of·​the·​COP·​mutatis·​mutandis·​under·​the·​Agreement,​·​and·​will·​be·​part·​of·​the·​common·​framework·​for·​transparency·​of·​action·​and·​support·​under·​Article·​9·​of·​this·​Agreement.​]·​{Placement·​proposal:​·​to·​be·​moved·​to·​Article·​9}318 **MRV**
475 319
476 15.​·​[When·accounting·​for·financial·resources·​provided·​and·mobilized·​through·​public·​interventions,​·​Developed·​country·​Parties·​and·other·developed·Parties·included·​in·Annex·II·to·the·Convention·shall·ensure·​that:​320 9.​·​Transparent,​·​complete,​·​consistent,​·​comparable,​·​and·accurate·​information·​on·​support·​for·developing·country·​Parties·​provided,​·mobilized·​through·​public·​interventions·​and·received·shall·​[regularly][bienniall​y]·​be·provided·by·​[X]·in·accordance·with·​the·modalities,​·​procedures·and·guidelines·to·​be·​adopted·​at·​the·​CMA,​·​at·​its·​first·​session,​·​as·​stipulated·​in·​Article·​9,​·​paragraph·​8.​·​{Note:​·​pending·​outcome·​of·​Article·​9}
477 321
478 ····​1.​·​Such·financial·​resources·​accounted·​for·​specifically·​target·​climate·​adaptation,​·​mitigation·​and·​crosscutting·​activities·​as·​their·​main·​objective·​in·​line·​with·​criteria·​from·​the·​IPCC322 **Financial·Mechanism**
479 ····​2.​·​Any·​uncertainty·​is·​to·​be·​overcome·​following·​the·​principle·​of·​conservativeness,​·​where·​it·​is·​preferable·​that
480 financial·​resources·​are·​under-​reported·​rather·​than·​over-​reported;​
481 ····​3.​·​Where·​multiple·​actors·​are·​involved,​·​the·​resulting·​financial·​resources·​are·​only·​counted·​once;​
482 ····​4.​··​Mobilized·​private·​financial·​resources·​are·​only·​reported·​where·​there·​is·​a·​clear·​causal·​link·​with·​a·​public·​intervention·​and·​the·​activity·​would·​not·​have·​moved·​forward,​·​or·​moved·​forward·​at·​scale,​·​in·​the·​absence·​of·​the·​public·​intervention;​
483 ····​5.​·​Mobilized·​multilateral·​financial·​resources·​are·​adjusted·​so·​that·​only·​the·​share·​attributed·​to·​Developed·​country·​Parties·​and·​other·​developed·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​to·​the·​Convention·​is·​accounted·​for.​]·​{Placement·​proposal:​·​to·​be·​moved·​to·​Article·​9}
484 323
485 16.​·​The·provision·​of·​[scaled·​up]·​financial·​resources·​[should]·​[shall]·​aim·​to·​achieve·​a·​balance·​between·​adaptation·​and·​mitigation,​·​taking·​into·​account·​country-​driven·​strategies,​·​and·​the·priorities·and·needs·​of·developing·country·​Parties,​·​especially·​those·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable·​to·​the·​adverse·​effects·​of·​climate·​change,​·​including·​leastdeveloped·​countries·​(LDCs)​,​·​small·​island·​developing·​States·​(SIDS)​,​·​and·​Africa,​·​considering·​the·​need·​for·​public·​and·​grant-​based·​resources·​for·​adaptation.​324 10.​·​The·Financial·Mechanism·​of·​the·Convention,​·​including·its·operating·entities,​·shall·​serve·​as·​the·financial·mechanism·of·this·Agreement.​
486 325
487 17.​·​[The·provision·of·​financial·​resources,​·​[including·​for·​the·​transfer·​of·​technology]·​[and·​capacity-​building]·shall·ensure·facilitated·​[direct]·​and·​enhanced·​direct·​access,​·​pursue·​a·​country-​driven·​approach,​·​[delivered·​through]·​[aim·​at]·​simplified·​procedures,​·​and·​[continuous]·​readiness·​support·​[to·​developing·​countries]·​[especially·​those·​countries·​that·​are·​particularly·​vulnerable·​to·​the·adverse·effects·​of·climate·change,​·including·least-​developed·countries·​(LDCs)​·​small·​island·​developing·​States·​(SIDS)​,​·and·Africa]·​[in·particular·​to·capacity-​constrained·developing·countries,​·​in·particular·​LDCs·​and·​SIDs].​·​It·​shall·​likewise·​ensure·​adequacy·​and·​predictability·​of·​resources,​·​and·​avoid·​double·​counting.​]326 11.​·The·CMA·​shall·provide·guidance·​to·​the·entities·entrusted·​with·​the·​operation·​of·the·Financial·Mechanism·​of·the·​Convention·​on·​the·​policies,​·programme·​priorities·and·eligibility·criteria·related·​to·​this·​Agreement,​·​through·​the·​COP.​
488 327
489 18.​·​[The·​CMA·​shall·​ensure·​that·​adequate·​support·​is·​available·​to·​the·​International·​Mechanism·​to·​address·​Loss·​and·​Damage·​as·​defined·​in·​Article·​(XX)​,​·​as·​well·​as·​to·​promote·​and·​support·​the·​development·​and·​implementation·​of·​approaches·​to·​address·​irreversible·​and·​permanent·​damage·​resulting·​from·​human-​induced·​climate·​change.​]328 **Access**
490 329
491 19.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​[The·​Financial·​Mechanism·​established·​by·​Article·​11·​of·​the·​Convention,​·including·​its·​operating·​entities,​·shall·​serve·​as·​the·Financial·Mechanism·of·this·Agreement.​]330 12.​·The·​Financial·​Mechanism·​of·the·​Convention,​·​and·​its·​operating·​entities,​·​serving·​the·​Agreement·​shall·​aim·​to·​ensure·​efficient·​access·​to·​support·​for·​developing·​country·​Parties.​
492 331
493 ····​**Option·2:​**·​[The·Financial·Mechanism·established·​by·​Article·11·​of·​the·Convention,​·​including·the·Green·Climate·Fund·​and·​the·​Global·​Environment·​Facility·​as·​its·​operating·​entities,​·​and·​related·​funds,​·​shall·​serve·​as·​the·​Financial·​Mechanism·​of·this·Agreement.​·​The·​CMA·​shall·​provide·​guidance,​·​for·​consideration·​by·​the·​COP,​·on·the·policies,​·​programme·​priorities,​·​and·​eligibility·​criteria·​of·​the·​operating·​entities·​of·​the·​Financial·​Mechanism,​·​acknowledging·​that·​the·​relevant·​decisions·​of·​the·​COP·​agreed·​before·​adoption·​of·​this·​Agreement·​shall·​apply·​mutatis·​mutandis.​]332 13.​·​[The·​[stocktake·shall·take·into·​account·​available·​information·​by·​[developed·country]·​Parties·​and·Agreement·bodies·on·efforts·​related·to·climate·finance][CMA·​shall·facilitate·​the·communication·​of·​finance·​efforts·​for·​the·stocktake·referred·to·in·Article·​10,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​[annual·​reports][biennial·​assessment]·of·​the·Standing·Committee·​on·​Finance].​]·​{Pending·​outcome·​of·discussions·on·Article·10}
494 333
495 ····​**Option·3:​**334 *Note:​·​A·joint·​submission·​was·​received·​from·​Turkey·​and·​Ukraine·​for·​Art·​2.​bis·​“Parties·​with·​special·​circumstances·​have·​been·​recognized·​by·​the·​COP·​and·​other·​Parties·​that·​are·​undergoing·​the·​process·​of·​transition·​to·​market·​economy,​·​shall·​have·​access·​to·​financial·​support,​·​including·​for·​the·​transfer·​of·​technology,​·​under·​the·​Agreement·​to·​enhance·​implementation·​of·​the·​policies·​and·​strategies·​in·​relation·​to·​climate·​change·​for·​action.​*
496 ····
497 ····​1.​·​The·​Financial·​Mechanism·​established·​by·​Article·​11·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​including·​its·​operating·​entities,​·​shall·​serve·​as·​the·​Financial·​Mechanism·​of·​this·​Agreement.​·​The·​guidance·​to·​the·​entity·​or·​entities·​entrusted·​with·​the·​operation·​of·​the·​financial·​mechanism·​of·​the·​Convention·​in·​relevant·​decisions·​of·​the·​COP,​·​including·​those·​agreed·​before·​the·​adoption·​of·​the·​agreement,​·​shall·​apply·​mutatis·​mutandis·​to·​the·​Financial·​Mechanism·​of·​this·​Agreement.​
498 ····​2.​·​The·​existing·​operating·​entities·​of·​the·​Financial·​Mechanism·​(the·​Green·​Climate·​Fund·​and·​the·​Global·​Environment·​Facility,​·​including·​the·​Special·​Climate·​Change·​Fund·​and·​the·​Least-​Developed·​Countries·​Fund)​·​shall·​serve·​this·​Agreement.​·​Other·​funds·​may·​be·​established·​under·​this·​agreement.​
499 ····​3.​·​The·​Adaptation·​Fund·​Board,​·​established·​by·​decision·​1/​CMP.​3·​shall·​be·​designated·​as·​an·​operating·​entity·​entrusted·​with·​the·​operation·​of·​the·​financial·​mechanism,​·​referred·​to·​in·​Article·​xx,​·​for·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement.​
500 335
501 ##·​Article·​7·​*(technology·​development·​and·​transfer)​*336 ##·​Article·​7·​*(technology·​development·​and·​transfer)​*
502 337
503 1.​·​All·​Parties[,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​in·​particular·​Article·​4·​[and·​Article·​11]],​·​noting·​the·​importance·​of·​[meeting·the]·technology·​[requirements]·for·​the·​implementation·​of·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​actions·​under·​this·​Agreement·​and·​recognizing·​existing·​deployment·​and·​dissemination·​efforts·​[and·​the·​urgency·​of·​realizing·​technology·​development·​and·​transfer],​·​[shall][should]·​strengthen·​cooperative·​action·​[among·​Parties]·​[to·​accelerate·​and·​upscale]·​[on]·​[technology·​development·​and·​transfer]·​[through]·​[,​·​inter·​alia:​338 1.​·​All·​Parties[,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​in·​particular·​Article·​4·​[and·​Article·​11]],​·​noting·​the·​importance·​of·​technology·for·​the·​implementation·​of·​mitigation·​and·​adaptation·​actions·​under·​this·​Agreement·​and·​recognizing·​existing·​deployment·​and·​dissemination·​efforts,​·​[shall][should]·​strengthen
504 339 cooperative·​action·​[to·​accelerate·​and·​upscale]·​[on]·​[technology·​development·​and·​transfer]·​[through]·​[,​·​inter·​alia:​
505 ····​1.​·​[Improving·​endogenous·​capacities·​and·​enabling·​environments·​according·​to·​nationally·​determined·​needs·​and·​priorities,​·​in·​accordance·​with·​Article·​4,​·​paragraph·​5,​·​of·​the·​Convention];​
506 ····​2.​·​[Addressing·​barriers·​[in·​accessing·​to][for]·​the·​transfer·​of·​safe,​·​appropriate·​and·​environmentally·​and·​socially·​sound·​technologies·​[by·​developing·​countries];​]
507 ····​3.​·​Fostering·​cooperative·​approaches·​to·​research·​and·​development].​
508 ····
509 2.​·​**Option·​1**:​·​Parties·​share·​the·​long-​term·​vision·​for·​technology·​development·​and·​transfer·​to·​improve·​resilience·​to·​climate·​change·​and·​reduce·​emissions.​
510
511 ····​**Option·​2**:​·​Parties·​share·​a·​long-​term·​vision·​regarding·​the·​importance·​of·​urgently·​realizing·​technology·​development·​and·​transfer·​to·​improve·​resilience·​to·​climate·​change·​and·​reduce·​emissions,​·​which·​is·​hereby·​agreed.​
512
513 ····​*Note:​·​Option·​1·​and·​Option·​2·​for·​paragraphs·​2-​3·​are·​to·​be·​considered·​together*
514
515 3.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​A·​technology·​framework·​is·​hereby·​established·​to·​pursue·​that·​vision,​·​including·​to·​enhance·​the·​development·​and·​transfer·​of·​socially·​and·​environmentally·​sound·​technologies.​
516 340
517 ····​**Option·2:​**·​A·technology·​framework·​is·​hereby·​established·​to·​achieve·​that·​vision,​·​with·​a·​view·​to·​enhancing·​the·​development·​and·transfer·of,​·​and·access·​to,​·​socially·​and·​environmentally·​sound·​technologies·​by·​[addressing·​[mutually·​agreed]·​barriers·​and]·​guiding·​the·​work·​of·​the·​Technology·​Mechanism·​and·​further·​to·​facilitate·​the·​understanding·​of·​[the·​intended·​nationally·​determined·contributions·​of·​Parties·​pertaining·​to]·​technology·​provision·​under·​the·Agreement.​341 ······​1.​·​[Improving·endogenous·capacities·​and·enabling·environments·according·​to·​nationally·​determined·needs·and·priorities,​·​in·accordance·with·Article·4,​·​paragraph·​5,​·​of·​the·Convention];​
342 ······​2.​·​[Addressing·​barriers·​[in·​accessing·​to][for]·​the·​transfer·​of·​safe,​·​appropriate·​and·​environmentally·​and·​socially·​sound·​technologies·​[by·​developing·​countries];​]
343 ······​3.​·​Fostering·​cooperative·​approaches·​to·​research·​and·​development].​
518 344
519 4.​·​**Option·1:​**·​In·accordance·with·Article·4,​·​paragraph·​5,​·​of·​the·Convention,​·​developed·country·Parties·shall·provide·financial·​resources·​to·​address·​barriers·​created·​by·​policies·​and·intellectual·​property·​rights·​(IPRs)​·​and·​facilitate·​access·​to·​and·​the·​deployment·​of·​technology,​·​including,​·​inter·​alia,​·​by·​utilizing·​the·​Financial·​Mechanism·​and/​or·​establishing·​a·​funding·​window·​under·​the·​GCF·​to·​meet·​the·​full·​costs·​of·​IPRs·​of·​environmentally·​sound·​technologies,​·​know-​how·​and·​such·​technologies·​will·​be·​provided·​to·​developing·​country·​Parties·​free·​of·​cost·​in·​order·​to·enhance·their·​actions·​to·​address·​the·​adverse·​effects·​of·​climate·​change.​345 2.​·Parties·share·​a·long-​term·vision·on·​the·importance·​of·fully·realizing·technology·development·​and·transfer·​in·​order·​to·improve·resilience·​to·​climate·​change·​and·​to·​reduce·​greenhouse·​gas·​emissions.​
520 346
521 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​No·text347 3.​·​A·​technology·​framework·​is·​hereby·​established·​to·​provide·​overarching·​guidance·​to·​the·​work·​of·​the·​Technology·​Mechanism·​in·​promoting·​and·​facilitating·​enhanced·​action·​on·​technology·​development·​and·​transfer·​in·​order·​to·​support·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​in·​pursuit·​of·​the·​long-​term·​vision·​referred·​to·​in·​paragraph·​2·of·​this·​Article.​
522 348
523 5.​··​The·​Technology·​Mechanism·shall·​serve·​this·​Agreement·​[and·shall·be·strengthened·​in·line·​with·​its·​mandate·​for·this·purpose].​349 4.​·​Accelerating,​·​encouraging·​and·​enabling·​innovation·​is·​critical·​for·​an·​effective,​·​long-​term·​global·​response·​to·​climate·​change·​and·​providing·​affordable·​and·​reliable·​energy·​access·​and·​promoting·​economic·​development.​·​Such·​effort·​shall·​be·supported,​·​as·appropriate,​·​by·​the·​Technology·​Mechanism·​and·​Financial·​Mechanism·​of·​the·​Convention,​·​for·​research·​and·​development,​·​collaborative·​approaches,​·​and·​[meeting·​the·​cost·​of·​the·​transfer·​of][facilitating·​access·​to]·​technology,​·in·particular·​for·early·stages·​of·​the·​technology·​cycle,​·​to·​developing·​countries.​
524 350
525 6.​·​**Option·1:​**·​Developing·country·Parties·​[and·Parties·​in·​need·​of·​support,​·​including·​countries·​with·​economies·​in·​transition]·​are·​eligible·​for·​support·​in·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·Article.​351 5.​··​The·Technology·Mechanism·shall·serve·​this·Agreement.​
526 352
527 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​[In·​accordance·​with·​Article·​4,​·​paragraphs·​3[·​and·​5][,​·​5·​and·​9],​·​of·​the·​Convention,​]·​[developed·​country·​Parties]·​[Parties·in·a·position·​to·​do·​so]·​and·​other·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​to·​the·​Convention·​shall·​[continue·​to·​provide·​regular·​reports]·​[regularly·​prepare,​·​communicate·​and·​implement·​their·​commitments·​on·​the·​support·of·​technology·​provisions·​for·​[developing·​countries]·​Parties·​[,​·​including·​Parties·​whose·​special·​circumstances·​are·​recognized·​by·​COP·​decisions],​]·​[provide·​enhanced·​support],​·​including·​financial·​support,​·​for·​strengthening·​cooperative·​action·​the·​implementation·​of·the·​technology·​framework·​through·​the·​Technology·​Mechanism·​[and·​the·​Financial·​Mechanism].​·​[The·​availability·​of·​the·​financial·​support·​shall·​include·​through·​the·​Financial·​Mechanism.​]·​[The·​overall·​implementation·​of·​the·​commitments·​will·​be·​periodically·​assessed·​through·​a·​global·​stock-​take·​in·​accordance·​with·​Article·​10·​of·​this·​Agreement.​]353 6.​·​Developing·​country·​Parties·​are·eligible·​for·support·in·​the·​implementation·​of·​this·Article.​
528 354
529 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​No·text355 7.​·​[In·​accordance·​with·​Article·​4,​·​paragraphs·​3[·​and·5][,​·​5·​and·​9],​·​of·​the·​Convention,​]·​[developed·​country]·​[All]·​Parties·​[and·​other·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​to·​the·​Convention]·​shall·​provide·​support,​·​including·​financial·​support,​·​for·​strengthening·​cooperative·​action·​on·​technology·​development·​and·​transfer·​and·​for·​the·​implementation·​of·​the·​technology·​framework·​through·​the·​Technology·​Mechanism·​and·​the·​Financial·​Mechanism.​·​[The·​overall·​implementation·​of·​the·​commitments·​will·​be·​assessed·​periodically·​through·​a·​global·​stocktake·​in·​accordance·​with·​Article·​10·​of·​this·​Agreement.​]·​Parties·​shall·​regularly·​communicate·​the·​progress·​in·​implementing·​the·​provision·​of·​support·​[in·​a·​measurable,​·​reportable·​and·​verifiable·​manner]·​[in·​accordance·​with·​Articles·​6·​and·​9·​of·​this·​Agreement].​
530
531 ····​**Option·​4:​**·​[Developed·​countries]·​[All]·​Parties·​shall·​regularly·​communicate·​the·​progress·​[of·​implementation]·​[made·​in·​implementing]·​[pertaining·​to·​the·​financial·​provisions]·​the·​provisions·​and·​support·​for·​technology·​development·​and·​transfer·​in·​accordance·​with·​Articles·​6·​and·​9·​of·​this·​Agreement·​[,​·​taking·​into·​account·​the·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention]·​[in·​a·​measurable,​·​reportable·​and·​verifiable·​manner].​·​[The·​overall·​implementation·​of·​the·​commitments·​will·​be·​periodically·​assessed·​through·​a·​global·​stock-​take·​in·​accordance·​with·​Article·​10·​of·​this·​Agreement.​]
532
533 7.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​Developed·​country·​Parties·​and·​other·​Parties·​included·​in·​Annex·​II·​to·​the·​Convention·​shall·​provide·​support·​for·​the·​research,​·​development·​and·​application·​of·​environmentally·​sound·​technologies·​and·​facilitate·​the·​transfer·​of·​and·​access·​to·​such·​technologies·​for·​developing·​country·​Parties,​·​including·​by,​·​inter·​alia,​·​strengthening·​cooperative·​action,​·​providing·​financial·​resources·​to·​address·​barriers·​caused·​by·​the·​absence·​of·​domestic·​research·​and·​development·​capability·​and·​innovations,​·​and·​enhancing·​access·​to·​environmentally·​sound·​technologies·​and·​know-​how.​
534
535 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​No·​text
536 356
537 ##·​Article·​8·​*(capacity-​building)​*357 ##·​Article·​8·​*(capacity-​building)​*
538 358
539 1.​·​Capacity·building·​under·​this·​Agreement·​should·​enhance·​the·​capacity·​and·​ability·​of·​[developing·​country·​Parties]·​[countries,​]·​[in·​particular·​countries·​with·​the·​least·​capacity,​]·​[such·​as][in·particular]·​[LDCs·​and·SIDs][and·Africa][and·​countries·​with·​economies·​in·​transition][in·​accordance·​with·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention],​·to·​take·​effective·​climate·​change·​action,​·​[including·​to,​]·inter·​alia,​·​implement·​adaptation·​and·​mitigation·​actions;​·facilitate·​technology·​development·​and·​the·​[absorption][dissemin​ation·​and·​deployment]·​of·​technology·​[on·​mutually·​agreed·​terms];​·​facilitate·access·​to·​[climate]·finance;​·​facilitate·relevant·​aspects·​of·​education,​·​training·​and·​public·​awareness;​·and·facilitate·the·​[reporting·​of]·transparent,​·​timely·​and·​accurate·​communication·​of·​information.​359 1.​·​Capacity-​building·​under·​this·​Agreement·​should·​enhance·​the·​capacity·​and·​ability·​of·​[countries]·​[developing·​country·​Parties,​·in·​particular·​countries·​with·​the·​least·​capacity,​·such·​as·​LDCs·​and·SIDS·and·African·​countries·​[,​in·​accordance·​with·​the·​principles·​and·​provisions·​of·​the·​Convention]]·to·​take·​effective·​climate·​change·​action,​·including,​·inter·​alia,​·to·implement·​adaptation·​and·​mitigation·​actions,​·​and·facilitate·​technology·​development,​·dissemination·​and·​deployment,​·access·​to·climate·​finance,​·relevant·​aspects·​of·​education,​·​training·​and·​public·​awareness,​·and·​the·​transparent,​·​timely·​and·​accurate·​communication·​of·​information.​
540
541 2.​·​Capacity-​building·​should·​be·​country-​driven,​·​based·​on·​and·​responsive·​to·​national·​needs·​and·​foster·​country·​ownership·​[of·​Parties,​·​in·​particular·​for]·​[by]·​developing·​country·​Parties·​and·​[[other·​Parties·​in·​need·​of·​support,​·​including]·​[of·​Parties·​in·​need·​of·​support]**·​countries·​with·​economies·​in·​transition],​·​including·​at·​the·​national,​·​subnational·​and·​local·​levels.​·​Capacity-​building·​should·​be·​guided·​by·​lessons·​learned,​·​including·​those·​from·​capacity·​building·​activities·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​and·​should·​be·​an·​effective,​·​iterative·​process·​that·​is·​participatory,​·​cross-​cutting·​and·​gender-​responsive.​·​**[CMA·​shall·​at·​its·​first·​session·​establish·​criteria,​·​rules·​and·​procedures·​for·​determining·​Parties·​in·​need·​of·​support.​·​*{issue·​to·​be·​dealt·​under·​the·​decision·​section}*]
542 360
543 3.​·Developed·​country·Parties·​[shall][should]·​enhance·​support·​for·​actions·​for·​capacity-​building·​in·​developing·​countries·​[and·​other·​Parties·​in·​need·​of·support].​·​[Other·Parties·in·a·​position·​to·​do·​so]·​are·​also·​encouraged·​to·​provide·​support·for·​actions·​for·​capacity-​building·​in·​developing·​countries.​·​All·​Parties·​[are·​encouraged·​to·​cooperate]·​[should·​cooperate]·​to·​enhance·​the·​capacity·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties·​[in·need·of·support]·​to·implement·this·Agreement.​361 2.​·Capacity-​building·should·be·country-​driven,​·​based·​on·and·responsive·​to·national·needs,​·​and·foster·country·ownership·​of·​Parties,​·​[in·​particular,​·​for·​developing·​country·​Parties,​]·​including·at·the·national,​·​subnational·and·local·levels.​·​Capacity-​building·​should·​be·​guided·​by·​lessons·​learned,​·​including·​those·​from·​capacity-​building·​activities·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​and·​should·​be·​an·​effective,​·​iterative·​process·​that·​is·​participatory,​·​cross-​cutting·​and·​gender-​responsive.​
544 362
545 4.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​Developed·​country·​Parties·shall·regularly·​prepare,​·​communicate·​and·​implement·​plans,​·​policies,​·​actions·​and·​measures·​on·​capacity-​building·​support·​to·​developing·​country·​Parties·​in·​order·​to·​progressively·​scale·​up·​such·​support·​and·​cooperation·​to·​enhance·​the·​capacity·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties·​to·​implement·​this·​Agreement,​·​including·through·regional,​·​bilateral·and·multilateral·approaches.​363 3.​·​All·​Parties·should·cooperate·​to·​enhance·​the·​capacity·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties·​to·​implement·​this·​Agreement.​·​Developed·country·Parties·should·enhance·support·​for·​actions·​for·​capacity-​building·​in·​developing·​countries.​
546 364
547 ····​**Option·​2:​**·All·​Parties·should·​regularly·​prepare·​and·​communicate·​actions·​or·​measures·​on·​capacity-​building·​in·​order·​to·​enhance·​the·​capacity·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties·​in·​need·​of·​support·​to·​implement·​this·​Agreement,​·​including·​through·​regional,​·​bilateral·​and·​multilateral·​approaches.​·​Developing·​country·​Parties·​shall·​regularly·​communicate·​progress·​made·​on·​implementing·any·capacity-​building·​plans,​·​policies,​·​actions·​or·​measures,​·​including·the·impact·and·estimated·results·of·support·​received·​for·​capacity-​building.​365 4.​·All·​Parties·enhancing·​the·​capacity·​of·​developing·​country·​Parties·​to·​implement·​this·​Agreement,​·​including·​through·​regional,​·​bilateral·​and·​multilateral·​approaches,​·​shall·​regularly·​communicate·​on·​these·​actions·​or·​measures·​on·​capacity-​building.​·​Developing·​country·​Parties·​shall·​regularly·​communicate·​progress·​made·​on·​implementing·​capacity-​building·​plans,​·​policies,​·​actions·​or·​measures·to·implement·this·Agreement.​·​*{Note:​·​pending·on·Article·9}*
548 366
549 ····​**Option·3:​**·​No·text·​*{issue·​to·be·​dealt·​with·​in·​the·Article·​on·transparency}*367 5.​·​Capacity-​building·activities·shall·​be·enhanced·through·appropriate·​institutional·​arrangements·​to·​support·​the·implementation·​of·​this·​Agreement,​·​including·​the·​appropriate·​institutional·​arrangements·​established·​under·​the·​Convention·​that·​serve·​this·​Agreement·​[to·​the·​extent·​that·​they·​serve·​this·​Agreement].​·​The·​CMA·​shall·​decide·​on·the·​initial·​institutional·​arrangements·​for·​capacity-​building·​at·​its·​first·​session.​
550
551 5.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​The·​provision·​of·​capacity-​building,​·​including·​under·​this·​Agreement,​·​shall·​be·​enhanced·​through,​·​inter·​alia,​·​effective·​institutional·​arrangements.​·​Existing·​institutional·​arrangements·​shall·​therefore·​be·​enhanced,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​to·​improve·​the·​provision·​of·​capacity-​building.​·​In·​order·​to·​further·​enhance·​and·​coordinate·​capacity·​building·​in·​accordance·​with·​this·​Agreement,​·​an·​international·​capacity-​building·​mechanism·​is·​hereby·​established·​to·​serve·​the·​Agreement.​
552
553 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​Institutional·​arrangements·​related·​to·​capacity-​building·​serving·​this·​Agreement·​should·​enhance·​the·​effectiveness·​of·​capacity·​building·​efforts.​
554
555 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​Institutional·​arrangements·​related·​to·​capacity-​building·​serving·​the·​Agreement·​should·​enhance·​the·​[provision·​and][effectiveness]·​of·​capacity-​building·​efforts·​[and·​new·​programmes·​should·​be·​implemented·​in·​order·​to·​improve·​the·​provision·​of·​capacity-​building][and·​new·​institutional·​arrangements·​should·​be·​explored·​in·​order·​to·​improve·​the·​provision·​of·​capacity-​building].​·​[A·​new·​institution·​should·​be·​established]·​[Institutional·​arrangements·​under·​the·​Convention·​shall·​be·​enhanced·​and·​complemented·​as·​appropriate]·​to·​improve·​the·​provision·​of·​capacity-​building·​to·​serve·​the·​Agreement.​
556
557 ····​**Option·​4:​**·​The·​agreement·​shall·​ensure·​effective·​institutions·​to·​enhance·​the·​implementation·​of·​capacity-​building·​activities.​·​Existing·​institutions·​shall·​enhance·​their·​work·​and,​·​to·​ensure·​proper·​coordination·​among·​these·​institutions,​·​a·​new·​institution·​is·​hereby·​established.​
558 368
559 ##·​Article·​8·​bis369 ##·​Article·​8·​bis
560 370
561 Parties·​shall·​cooperate·​in·​taking·​measures,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​to·​enhance·​climate·​change·​education,​·​training,​·​public·​awareness,​·​public·​participation·​and·​public·​access·​to·​information,​·​recognizing·​the·​importance·​of·​these·​steps·​with·​respect·​to·​enhancing·​actions·​under·​this·​Agreement.​371 Parties·​shall·​cooperate·​in·​taking·​measures,​·​as·​appropriate,​·​to·​enhance·​climate·​change·​education,​·​training,​·​public·​awareness,​·​public·​participation·​and·​public·​access·​to·​information,​·​recognizing·​the·​importance·​of·​these·​steps·​with·​respect·​to·​enhancing·​actions·​under·​this·​Agreement.​
562 372
563 ##·​Article·​9·​*(transparency)​*373 ##·​Article·​9·​*(transparency)​*
564 374
565 1.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​A·​robust·​transparency·​framework·​covering·​both·​action·​and·​support,​·​differentiated·​between·​developed·​and·​developing·​countries,​·​building·​on·​the·​arrangements·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​related·​decisions·​of·​the·​COP·​and·​mechanisms·​established·​by·​the·​Cancun·​Agreements·​(decision·​1/​CP.​16)​,​·​applicable·​to·​all·​Parties,​·​and·​providing·​flexibility·​to·​developing·​countries·​is·​hereby·​established.​375 1.​·​**Option·​1:​**·​A·​robust·​transparency·​framework·​covering·​both·​action·​and·​support,​·​differentiated·​between·​developed·​and·​developing·​countries,​·​building·​on·​the·​arrangements·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​related·​decisions·​of·​the·​COP·​and·​mechanisms·​established·​by·​the·​Cancun·​Agreements·​(decision·​1/​CP.​16)​,​·​applicable·​to·​all·​Parties,​·​and·​providing·​flexibility·​to·​developing·​countries·​is·​hereby·​established.​
376 ····​**Option·​2:​**·​A·​unified·​and·​robust·​transparency·​framework,​·​covering·​both·​action·​and·​support,​·​with·​built-​in·​flexibility·​to·​take·​into·​account·​Parties’·​differing·​capacities,​·​and·​applicable·​to·​all·​Parties·​is·​hereby·​established.​
377 ····​**Option·​3:​**·​Building·​on·​existing·​arrangements·​under·​the·​Convention,​·​a·​transparency·​framework·​for·​action·​and·​support·​that·​takes·​into·​account·​Parties·​different·​capacities·​and·​is·​applicable·​to·​all·​Parties·​is·​hereby·​established.​
566 378
567 ····​**Option·2:​**·​A·unified·​and·robust·transparency·​system,​·​covering·​both·​action·​and·​support,​·​with·​built-​in·​flexibility·​to·take&m